INFORMATION• Canterburys other important monuments are the modest Church of St Martin, the oldest church in England; the ruins of the Abbey of St Augustine, a reminder of the saints evangelizing role in the Heptarchy from 597;
THE CANTERBURY MONASTERY• St Martin’s Church, the • The reintroduction of ruins of St Augustine’s Christianity to southern Abbey, and Christ Britain by St Augustine, Church Cathedral commencing at St together reflect Martin’s Church where milestones in the Queen Bertha already history of Christianity in worshipped, and Britain. leading to the conversion of King Ethelbert.
COMPARATIONPAST PRESENT• The successive architectural • the development of Anglo- responses to Canterbury’s Saxon building in mortared developing role as focus of brick and stone, and the the Church in England – flowering of Romanesque adaptation of Roman and Gothic. buildings
INFORMATION• The Abbey scriptorium, which was one of the great centres of insular book production, and whose influence extended far beyond the boundaries of Kent and Northumbria.
INFORMATION• Canterbury’s importance • The architecture and as a pilgrimage centre remarkable stained glass based on Augustine and and furnishings of its other early saints was Canterbury Cathedral transformed by the thus provide a complete murder and canonization panorama of Gothic art, of Archbishop Thomas from its earliest Becket, whose Cathedral beginnings to its shrine attracted pilgrims culmination and decline. from all over Europe.
CATHEDRAL• The wealth and power of the Cathedral in the 12th century, when the offerings of large numbers of pilgrims helped the building of the magnificent enlargement of the east end, with its exceptional stained glass windows and the rebuilding of the choir and transepts following the fire of 1174.
ANGLON SAXON• The Cathedral’s rich panorama of Romanesque, early Gothic, and late Gothic art and architecture.
MODERN• Canterbury, in Kent, has • St Martins Church, St been the seat of the Augustines Abbey and spiritual head of the the cathedral are Church of England for directly and tangibly almost five centuries. associated with the history of the introduction of Christianity to the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms
CHURCH• Within the urban perimeter of Canterbury, three distinct cultural properties are on the World Heritage List: the modest St Martins Church; the ruins of St Augustines Abbey; and the superb Christ Church Cathedral,
THE STRUCTURES• Two distinct structures • Trinity Chapel and the seem to appear in Christ circular Corona Chapel. Church Cathedral, a major The two architects, building of medieval William of Sens, a architecture. To the east, Frenchman, and William partially covering a huge the Englishman, worked Romanesque crypt with at the site from 1174 to admirably carved capitals, 1184. is some of the most beautiful architectural space of early Gothic art: the choir