Present Perfect x Present Perfect Continuous • Tony’s clothes are covered with paint. He has been painting the ceiling. We are interested in the activity. It doesn’t matter whether something has been finished or not. In this activity (painting the ceiling) has not been finished.
The ceiling was beige. Nowit is white. Tony has paintedthe ceiling.Here, the important thing is thatsomething has been finished. Haspainted is a completed action. Weare interested in the result of theactivity ( the painted ceiling), notin the activity itself.
Compare these examples:• My hands are very dirty. • The car is OK again I’ve been fixing my car. now. I’ve fixed it.• She’s been eating too • Somebody has eaten all much recently. my candy! The box is empty.• Where have you been? • Have you ever played Have you been playing tennis? tennis?
• Use the continuous to • Use the simple to say say how long an how much, how many activtity is still or how many times ( for happening: completed actions):• How long have you been • How many pages of that reading that book? book have you read?• They’ve been studying • They have studied English since 1:30 p.m English three times this week.