Hangul

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Hangul: Korean language and the formation of its characters.

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Hangul

  1. 1. Hangul
  2. 2. Origin <ul><li>Chinese writing in Korea (Chinese ocupation). </li></ul><ul><li>Different systems for writing: Hyangchal , Gukyeol and Idu . </li></ul><ul><li>1444 - Korean alphabet was invented and promulgated in 1446. </li></ul><ul><li>Different names for the alphabet: Hunmin jeongeum , Eonmeun and Gukmeun . </li></ul><ul><li>Modern name: Hangul. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean writing was associated with people of low status. </li></ul><ul><li>19th and 20th  Mixed writing system ( Hanja + Hangul ). </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1960’s Hanja is reintroduced in schools. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Features <ul><li>24 letters ( jamo ) in the Korean alphabet. </li></ul><ul><li>The shapes of the the consontants g/k, n, s, m and ng are graphical representations of the speech organs used to pronounce them. </li></ul><ul><li>The shapes of the vowels are based on three elements. </li></ul><ul><li>Spaces are placed between words. </li></ul><ul><li>The sounds of some consonants change. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean scholars have proposed an alternative method of writing Hangeul . </li></ul><ul><li>Korean can be written in vertical columns running from top to bottom and right to left, or in horizontal lines running from left to right. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hangeul alphabet
  5. 7. How to Write Korean
  6. 8. How to compose syllabic units
  7. 9. Formation of some vowels and diphthongs

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