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Memory Games

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Transcript

  • 1. Memory Games Can We Improve Memory?
  • 2. Common Cents
    • Only one of the images of a penny on the following slide is correct.
    • Which one is it?
  • 3.  
  • 4. What’s Going On?
    • If you chose the first penny, you were correct!
    • Most people have a hard time making this choice.
    • You need to be able to recognize a penny when you see one.
    • You don't need to remember many details to distinguish a penny from a dime or quarter.
    • We're likely to remember only enough about an object to recognize it in everyday life.
  • 5. What About Faces?
    • How do we remember a face?
    • The upper part of the face seems to be more important for recognition than the lower part.
    • The hair is the most important factor, followed by the eyes, then the nose, and then to a lesser extent, the mouth and chin.
    • If you're going to rob a bank, wear a wig, and don't bother with the fake beard!
  • 6. Impersonating Elvis
    • The following pictures are famous people.
    • Each is shown with "The King's" hair.
    • Does the hair make it more difficult to recognize them?
    • Write down your guess for each figure.
  • 7. 1. 2. 3.
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. What’s Wrong With This Picture?
  • 12. Hair Matters Most!
    • The members of this track team all have the same face.
    • Unless we are paying close attention to facial features, hair plays a big part in forming an image of individuals.
  • 13. Thanks for the Memories
    • I will slowly read a list of words out loud.
    • Take three minutes to write down all the words you remember.
  • 14. Now Compare
    • sour
    • chocolate
    • nice
    • pie
    • candy
    • honey
    • sugar
    • soda
    • bitter
    • good
    • heart
    • taste
    • cake
    • tooth
    • tart
  • 15. Let’s Try it Again
    • mad
    • wrath
    • fear
    • happy
    • hate
    • fight
    • rage
    • hatred
    • temper
    • mean
    • fury
    • calm
    • ire
    • emotion
    • enrage
  • 16. What’s Going On?
    • Most people falsely remember the word ‘sweet’ on the first list and the word angry on the second list.
    • The words aren't there, but they are strongly suggested by the words that are on the list.
    • Memory is associative
    • Thinking about one thing gets you thinking related thoughts.
  • 17. Activity One
    • On the next slide, there are pictures of 20 different things.
    • Set a timer for two minutes then proceed to the next slide.
    • Look at the pictures for two minutes.
    • After two minutes advance to the next slide.
  • 18.  
  • 19. Instructions
    • Now write down as many of the things as you can remember on your piece of paper.
    • After you've written down as many things as you can remember, move to the next slide to check your list.
  • 20.
    • How many of the 20 things did you remember?
  • 21. Does Practice Make Perfect?
    • In 1927, a scientist tested 187 university students on their ability to memorize poetry, the meaning of Turkish words, dates of historical events, etc.
      • Some students practiced memorizing things.
      • Others learned techniques for remembering things.
      • The rest did nothing at all related to memory.
  • 22. The Results
    • The group that had learned techniques for memorizing things did much better on the test than the others.
    • The students who had practiced memorizing things and the students who had done nothing at all did about the same on the test as they did before.
  • 23. Why is This So?
    • Repeating the words over and over uses “working memory”
      • This works for some things – like short term recall of a phone number
      • You won’t remember something this way 5 minutes later
    • You don't improve memory just by repeating something over and over.
    • Working memory holds a small amount of information for a short time
  • 24. So What Does Work?
    • Elaborative encoding
    • Elaborative encoding connects new information to existing memories
      • This helps you remember the new information.
    • It helps move the information out of working memory and into long-term memory.
  • 25. Let’s Try It Again!
    • As you did before, look at the pictures on the following slide for two minutes
    • After 2 minutes move to the next slide and write down as many of the things as you can remember.
    • This time, while you are looking at the pictures, make up a story that has all of the items in it.
    • Try to imagine the story as you tell it to yourself, picturing each item.
    • Here we Go!
  • 26.  
  • 27. More Instructions
    • Now write down as many of the things as you can remember on your piece of paper.
    • After you've written down as many things as you can remember, move to the next slide to check your list.
  • 28.
    • How many did you remember this time?
  • 29. What’s Going On?
    • You are connecting the different pictures so that when you remember one, you remember the others too.
      • It's easier to remember when one item is attached to others.
      • You are making a mental picture that includes all the different items.
      • Making a mental picture helps you remember.
    • Making up a story may not help you remember all of the objects, but it helps you remember some of the objects a lot longer.
    • When you made a mental picture of the objects, you used your long-term memory.
  • 30. Let’s Try One More Time
    • This experiment is a bit harder.
    • On the next slide, there are pictures of 10 different objects.
    • Think of 10 different places where you could put something.
    • Choose any 10 places you like, but make sure that you can walk from one to the next easily and in the same order every time.
    • Imagine yourself walking from one place to another, looking at each one.
    • Make sure that you can remember all 10 places.
  • 31. More Instructions
    • Move to the next slide and look at the pictures for two minutes.
    • When you look at the pictures, imagine each object in one of the places you selected.
    • The sillier the picture you imagine, the more likely you are to remember it.
    • Do the same thing for every other item on the list.
    • Imagine yourself walking from one place to another and seeing the things you've imagined.
    • Now try it.
  • 32.  
  • 33. What Can You Remember?
    • Now write down as many of the things as you can remember on your piece of paper.
    • How did you do this time?
  • 34. Did you remember all 10?
  • 35. Why it Works
    • This trick helps you remember for the same reasons that telling yourself a story helped you remember.
    • You are connecting these different things and picturing them in your mind.
    • You are also giving yourself a hint that helps you pull out the memory.
    • You can apply these techniques to other things you want to remember.