How child abuse affects development & how to recognize abuse


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Types of abuse. How to recognize abuse.

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  • Read over the law and elaborate through own experiences as you have witnessed working at the Village.
  • Physical ; Talk about what defines physical abuse. Such as; kicking, hitting, biting, or using an object to cause harm, etc
  • Sexual; Elaborate stimulation Sexual stimulation - is any stimulus including, but not limited to, bodily contact that leads to, enhances and maintains sexual arousal. Tip: Discuss the types of sexual abuse.
  • Explain that psychological abuse is also known as mental or emotional abuse. Children may fall as a victim to psychological abuse if and when they witness physical abuse amongst their caretakers, drug abuse in the home, sexual activities, etc.
  • Definition of consanguinity: blood relation, i.e, mother, father, brother sister, etc. Definition of affinity: relationships. Tip: Discuss adoptive families, biological families, kinship placements, etc.
  • Put the definition of family and unstable to discuss unstable family. This will help with the transition to examples of unstable families.
  • Tip: have a discussion about various types of unstable families
  • Discuss reactive attachment disorder. Share situations from work experiences.
  • Explain behaviors we have seen in the children who attend the Academy as well as other school programs.
  • Have an open discussion on various behaviors of children who have experienced abuse.
  • Discuss how children ’s behaviors when entering the program if they have experienced abuse.
  • How child abuse affects development & how to recognize abuse

    1. 1. Child abuse, neglect, unstable families affect, child development, and how to recognize abuse and neglect.
    2. 2. Abuse…what is abuse? <ul><li>Utah ’s state law defines abuse as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Causing harm or threatened harm to a child's health or welfare through neglect or abuse including nonaccidental physical or mental injury, incest, sexual abuse/exploitation, molestation, or repeated negligent treatment” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Code 62A-4a-401, et seq. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Types of abuse <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological: also known as emotional/mental </li></ul>
    4. 4. Physical Abuse <ul><ul><li>“ Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm ” </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Sexual Abuse <ul><ul><li>“ an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.” </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Psychological Abuse <ul><ul><li>“ a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.” </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Family Defined <ul><ul><li>“ In human context, a family is a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence” </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Unstable Defined <ul><ul><li>Definition of Unstable according to Webster ’s Dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A: not stable : not steady in action or movement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B: wavering in purpose or intent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C: lacking steadiness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>D: readily changing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E: characterized by lack of emotional control </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Examples of Unstable Family <ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse (child or domestic) </li></ul><ul><li>Drug/Alcohol abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution </li></ul>
    10. 10. Child Development Defined <ul><li>“ Child development refers to the biological and psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence.” </li></ul>
    11. 11. Affects of Abuse during Child Development <ul><li>Brain/cognitive development </li></ul><ul><li>Attachment </li></ul><ul><li>Academic abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviors </li></ul>
    12. 12. Brain/cognitive development <ul><li>Research has shown that there is a correlation between abuse experienced during childhood and brain/cognitive development. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repercussions can be challenges with organizational skills, expressing feelings and emotions appropriately and identifying appropriate social cues. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Attachment <ul><li>Children may have a difficult time forming healthy attachments. Often times children will push others away. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Academic abilities <ul><li>Lower school abilities and problematic school performance. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Behaviors <ul><li>Aggressive </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawn </li></ul><ul><li>Poor boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>The person abused might continue the cycle of abuse by abusing others </li></ul>
    16. 16. How to recognize abuse and neglect <ul><li>The child may have sudden change in behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Difficultly concentrating or learning that cannot correlate with psychological or physical reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Overly compliant, passive, or withdrawn </li></ul><ul><li>Is over cautious and watchful as if something bad is going to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Views relationship with parent negatively </li></ul>