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The Crowdsourced Learning manifest
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The Crowdsourced Learning manifest


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Crowdsourced Learning: the power of the synergy that is achieved through the billions of interactions among the millions of experts in the world, freely helping each other to learn from the best each …

Crowdsourced Learning: the power of the synergy that is achieved through the billions of interactions among the millions of experts in the world, freely helping each other to learn from the best each other is.

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  • 1. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor A work by Jorge Couchet Copyright © Jorge Couchet, 2010 License Copyright © Jorge Couchet, 2010 This work is licensed under the : You are free to copy, distribute and transmit (to share), and to adapt (to remix), this work, under the following conditions: • Attribution: you must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). • Share Alike: If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same, similar or a compatible license. If you are in doubt about any proposed reuse, you should contact the author via Web page:
  • 2. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor THE CROWDSOURCED LEARNING MANIFEST The open Web: its impact in the world There is not doubt that the most important technological, economic and social development of the past decades is the emergence of a global, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) based network: the Internet. Internet, through open protocols and standards, decentralization and lowering the cost of access and connection, has enabled an unprecedented connectedness in the human history. Now, this connectedness is reorganizing how we communicate, how we work, how we learn, and ultimately how we live. The open protocols, applications and content has led the success of Internet , and concurrently the success of one of the most important application on it, the World Wide Web (the 'Web'). This open nature has ignited a technological and social revolution that has enabled millions of people around the world to coordinate their attention to form bottom-up systems, in which the people in a decentralized way, are creating content, building relationships (connections) and having conversational interaction with a vocabulary consisting not just of words but pictures, videos, programs, and any kind of multimedia. One of the primary drivers of this technological and social revolution, are the online social networks, such as Facebook, SlideShare,, Digg, Twitter, and many others. These social networks, through the provision of free and intuitive to use technologies, have facilitated the people connectedness, and the co- creation and social distribution of open information and digital content. Thus, Internet, the Web over it, and the online social networks over the Web, enable everyone to become providers of knowledge, not just consumers, a fundamental shift in the way that knowledge and media are created and transmitted. A colony of ants through the chemical interactions between the individual ants creates a kind of ant superorganism capable of things that transcends the individual, as for example to found the shortest path to a food source. Similarly, a social network through the improved connectedness, and the interactions produced by the co-creation and sharing of digital content, is a kind of human superorganism capable of things that no single person can do. In other words, a social network is able to exhibit collective intelligence, also termed as crowdsourcing, wisdom of crowds, wikinomics and others. An example of this collective intelligence is Wikipedia, where thousands of contributors from across the world have collectively created the world’s largest encyclopedia, with articles of remarkably high quality. A project impossible to be addressed by a single person or even a company, but enabled by the social network articulated by the Wikipedia social rules and technology. In a decentralized way, everyone can change almost anything, and decisions about what changes to keep are made by a loose consensus of those who care. What is more, the people who do all this work don’t even get paid; they are volunteers. Collective intelligence has existed since mankind began to organize into groups, a very long time before the existence of Internet. But, Internet through its unique capabilities beyond prior human-technology systems; the ability to connect quickly globally heterogeneous systems (including humans), the ability to capture and retain details of the access and use of information, and the ability with minimal loss to relate and transmit information, have made possible completely new forms of collective action in acquiring, making sense of Web page:
  • 3. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor and sharing knowledge. This new forms of collective action have enabled an unprecedented potential for the human collectively intelligence, a potential capable to tackle complex problems impossible to be addressed before. Thus, the Internet and the open Web, through the everyone's local contributions to the multiple social networks (online or not), that make up the global human social network, have world consequences that directly or indirectly touch the lives of thousands every day, and help us to to transcend of ourselves, achieving much more than acting alone. The challenge: the opportunity Learning is essentially about change for improving, through learning people become different than they were before learning, different to address opportunities and challenges impossible before learning, different to appreciate and enjoy life in ways unknown before learning. Thus, learning is the way that everyone has to improve their lives, and through this change for improving, directly or indirectly touch the lives of thousands every day through everyone's social networks. Learning is inherently a human challenge. Or better, it is a everyone opportunity. Since ancient times we know that the most effective learning occurs through the learner's practice (learning by doing) and the personalized guide of an experienced tutor (one-to-one tutoring). Burke, Anania, Bloom and others, through experimental investigation, found that the average student under one-to-one tutoring outperformed 98 percent of the students taught under a traditional classroom setting. Bloom named this finding the '2 Sigma Problem'. Thus, learner by doing and one-to-one tutoring are the ideal way of learning, but the challenge is that they do not scale with the technologies available before Internet. But despite the advent of the Internet, we are far to solve the '2 Sigma Problem'. The root of this paradox is that technology alone is an enabler, but not the solution to the challenge posed by the learner by doing and the one-to-one tutoring ways to learn, because learning is not a technology challenge. The solution to this challenge is a everyone opportunity, in other words, we need to focus the potential for the human collectively intelligence enabled by Internet into solve this challenge. The big opportunity of our age is to uncover the collective intelligence power of the social networks in the learning field, and thus giving to everyone the opportunity to change for improving, which in turn will be igniting a chain reaction, propagated by the social networks themselves, that changes the world through decentralized everyone's local contributions in the fields enabled by the knowledge learned. That is the power of the open Web, and we can, if everyone wants, because reality is just the consensus of everyone, that is the everyone's power. Web page:
  • 4. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor The idea: Crowdsourced Learning Every1Tutor Everyone in the world is an expert in something, by the simple fact of doing something continuously (learning by doing), and if we are alive, certainly we are doing something (in fact more than one thing). And as the world is generously diverse, this everyone's knowledge covers every imaginable branch of human thought. That is our first ingredient in our recipe to catch the big opportunity aforementioned: there are six billions of experts in the world, sure that millions will be eager to help. Forget disabilities, gender, social status, race, religion, or whichever other categorization in which you are able to think, the knowledge makes no difference and is scattered in the everyone's mind. Everyone's mind has a bit of the human global knowledge, but the human global knowledge is not in one mind, not even remotely on all our systems (digital or analogic ones). The true knowledge resides in the everyone's brain, remember, learning in its essence, is a human endeavor (the everyone opportunity), not a technological one. Before the ICTs, the Internet and the open Web, there were three problems that prevented us to unfold the potential of this first ingredient; we had no way to easily connect all those experts, and even if we had access, still remain two problems. We did not have enough computing power for capturing, processing and retaining details of the access and use of information in an efficient manner. And worse, as reality is just the consensus of everyone, even if we had solved the two problems before, we did not have the mental models that allow us to freely harness this potential through the everyone's collaborative effort. Now, after several decades of Internet and Web evolution, we are at the critical moment that we have almost solved the first two problems, and we are beginning to understand and develop new mental models to harness our new abilities (see the Wikipedia, the Open Source movement, and so on). That is our second ingredient, we have at the top of the Web, our online social networks, waiting for us to uncover their collective intelligence power. The power of the synergy that is achieved through the billions of interactions among the millions of experts in the world, freely helping each other to learn from the best each other is. In other words, Crowdsourced Learning. But wait, we have available these two ingredients, however our education system is still stagnated in a model that is 500 years old (at least). What is happening? Why we do not use these two ingredients to free ourselves from ignorance? Because reality is just the consensus of everyone, that is the everyone's power, and also the everyone's curse (because of our resistance to change). We are just beginning to replace our old mental models, by models more appropriate for our newly acquired abilities. So, we urgently need new mental models that allow us to create the reality in which Crowdsourced Learning is possible. Humanity is like a child who have her/his legs ready for walking, but he/she does not know how. At this beginning, he/she is still crawling, but as the child becomes conscious of her/his abilities and get help from their parents and siblings, he/she stops crawling and starts to use the legs to walk. Precisely, create awareness and provide help, are the goals of the present manifest. The manifest aims to create a movement based in the power of our online social networks (because again, these goals are an everyone's task that is possible to achieve through our social networks), in order to develop and disseminate a new mental model that allow us to create the reality in which Crowdsourced Learning is possible. Web page:
  • 5. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor The basement of the movement to be created is encompassed by the following mantra: 'Everyone a Tutor.' Whatever your knowledge, skills and experiences are, you can make a difference in the life of someone who need them, by freely offering to be her/his tutor in you expertise area. Today, you help he/she being her/his tutor in you expertise area, tomorrow he/she will be your tutor in her/his expertise area , and thus is woven a new kind of social network, where everyone is a tutor. That will be the driving force of the Every1Tutor movement. The best learner is the motivated one, and nobody is more motivated than one who has a real problem to solve, but lacks of the knowledge and the expertise to address it in a satisfactorily way. That will be the Every1Tutor focus, a bottom-up approach, where is the learner, who at the precise time that he/she is having the need for learning, that sets the learning needs based on a real problem that he/she has (learner centered). And he/she will learn as is solving that problem (learning by doing), with the guidance of a tutor (one-to-one tutoring), provided by the Every1Tutor's social network. But also, the approach is bottom-up, because first, are the learners themselves in charge of improving the learning material and provide additional comments, questions, examples and other kinds of contributions. These contributions are mandatory, and will create the learner's learning track, which will be left freely available to the other members of the Every1Tutor's social network, so, the next time another learner has a problem that needs a knowledge/skills set approximately similar to the current learner, he/she will find the current learner's learning track, and this unique perspective will help her/him to learn faster. Second, besides the tutor, who is basically to provide guidance and answer deep questions (thus, enriching the learner's learning track), the remaining community members are allowed to collaborate in this learning process, as for example indicating some useful material available, answering some particular question, doing comments, etc. Contributions that also enrich the learner's learning track. Thus, through the learning tracks left in the Every1Tutor system, not only by the learner who ask for help, but also by the members that help her/him, the Every1Tutor's social network will evolve an emergent system able to provide Crowdsourced Learning in a more intelligent way (and easier for the Every1Tutor 's members), every time that everyone uses it. In other words, for each interaction that is made in the system, it gets exponentially smarter through the network effects and feedback loops that the learning tracks left in the system are providing. Roadmap (next steps) In the first year the main goals of the Every1Tutor movement will be: • (I) Start to offering to a maximum number of learners (to be determined), freely tutoring in the 'Learning programming' and 'The Accessibility Principles' areas, with the aim that through the learning by doing procedure, develop a first rough Operating System (social rules), for the Every1Tutor's social network (the Every1Tutor's social OS): • For example, the social OS must define which actors the social network have (learners, tutors, collaborators, supporters, ??), which are the actors responsibilities , how should be defined the real problem that the learner presents, if the learners have to learn in groups (minimum and maximum cardinality), the maximum number of learners who can be attended simultaneously by a tutor (to ensure the one-to-one tutoring while safeguarding the efficiency of the system), the rating system for the network's actors, determine whether to award prizes to the actors (based on what and the time intervals), and many more Web page:
  • 6. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor questions related to the social operation of the Every1Tutor's social network. • The social OS must follow the the same principles that made the Internet successful, it should be based in open protocols and standards, collaboration and contributions should be done in a decentralized way, and must minimize the cost of using the system by all the network's actors. • (II) Develop the basic software (the Every1Tutor's system OS), in order to support the Every1Tutor's social OS. The system OS must also support the capture of the learning tracks and the aggregation of them in order to improve the Every1Tutor's Crowdsourced Learning capabilities. The social OS must be designed and developed based in the following key features: • Adherence to technical standards through the pervasive use of open industry standards in order to enable interoperability. • Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) as the pathway to manage the services integration, ensuring security, flexibility, manageability and reliability. • Scalable and composable in order to benefit from the cloud computing approach to be able to respond to variable demand. • Will be using Bamboo Learning, a Firefox-based framework being developed at the aDeNu research group (for references go to: up_0.rar) • (III) Develop the Every1Tutor's communication plan through the developing of the communication material, and based in this material the diffusion, dissemination, education and proselytism of the Every1Tutor movement's principles with the goal of: • Create a community that in turn help to disseminate these principles. • Help in the developing of the social and system OSs. Web page:
  • 7. Crowdsourced Learning <–> Every1Tutor Conclusion Crowdsourced Learning: is the power of the synergy that is achieved through the billions of interactions among the millions of experts in the world, freely helping each other to learn from the best each other is. We already have the basic ingredients necessary to implement Crowdsourced Learning, the online social networks on the top of the open Web and the impressive computational capabilities behind it. We only need to go ahead only one step more, create and disseminate a new mental model that allows us to create an everyone consensus (the new reality), that Crowdsourced Learning is possible. That is all, basically is a mental step, not a physical one (these already are with us), we can, if everyone wants! If Every1Tutor fully succeeds promoting the Web as a medium to help each other to learn from the best each other is, the human being is taking a step further on the way to the self liberation from ignorance. If Every1Tutor, partially succeeds , its idea is planting a seed that will bear fruit in other more powerful ideas. If Every1Tutor fails … there are no walls, only signals to change of direction .. that is evolution! Please! Join at: Web page: