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BIM, Collaboration and Green Building
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BIM, Collaboration and Green Building

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BIM, Collaboration and Green Building …

BIM, Collaboration and Green Building

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  • 1. Lessons from the Field Dr. Carrie Sturts Dossick Dr. Gina Neff Brittany Fiore-Silfvast
  • 2. BIM + Collaboration = GREEN?
  • 3. BIM, Collaboration and Green Building
    • Temporary Teams
      • Establish how they are going to work
      • Dynamics of people working on the project
      • Companies that comprise the project
    • Through this – technology is introduced and negotiated
    • So, we saw organizational and technological innovation
    • You innovate in all of these ways both with new technology as well as existing technologies
  • 4. Methodology Case Studies National Interviews Chicago San Francisco Los Angeles New York Seattle Valley UW RRF Study Hill
    • 28 Architects, 22 Builders 15 Engineers (N=65)
    • 60-90 minute interviews on
    • experience, culture & communication
    • 7-12 months observation
      • of MEP coordination meetings
      • Interviews
      • Additional materials
  • 5. Methodology Case Studies National Interviews San Francisco Los Angeles Seattle Construction NSF Study Phase I Design
    • + Owners, BIM Experts,
    • Green Building Experts
    • 60-90 minute interviews on
    • experience, culture & communication
    • 18-month (300 hours)
    • observation of a green
    • building project
      • Interviews
      • Additional materials
  • 6. Methodology Fuzzy Set Analysis AIA Awards Database Green Award winning projects from the U.S. Types of BIM NSF Study Phase II Types of Collaboration Wide range of projects (N~200) Survey of architects
    • Causal Pathways between
    • Green, Collaboration, and BIM
  • 7. Meetings: Design Consultant Meetings
  • 8. Meetings: Owner, Architect & Contractor (OAC)
  • 9. Meetings: MEP Coordination Meeting
  • 10. Individual Scopes to Consolidated Model
  • 11. Company – Communication Divisions AOC meetings MEP meetings Engineers Subcontractor Architect Owner General Contractor Fabricator/ 2 nd tier sub
  • 12. Company - MEP Hierarchy “ Sometimes you just want to be able to talk to the people who know what you’re talking about” MEP PE GC Organization Fire Electrical Engineers Architect Owner Plumb HVAC Piping
  • 13.  
  • 14. Ramifications of Conflicting Obligations Project Orientation
    • Mutual Respect
    • Influence on Decisions
    • Confined to scope
    • Disenfranchised from decisions
    Scope Orientation
  • 15. Three Key Sets of Findings
    • Swift, Wary Trust
    • Documents used for Records & Collaboration
    • Messy Talk, Clean Technology
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18. Documents
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Tech or Talk?
    Clean Technology Messy Talk “ unexpected discoveries” (Suwa, et al. 2000) “ emergent” (Whyte, et al. 2008) “ documentation, data exchange and management” (Ku, et al. 2008)
  • 22. Messy Talk: Three Dimensions
    • Passive and Active
    • Formal and Informal
    • Flexible and Inflexible
  • 23. Findings Documentation and analysis Passive Communication Collaborative problem solving and system optimization Active Communication Direct digital and data exchange Talk and dialog
  • 24. Findings Annotation And note taking Formal Documentation Informal Dialog Procedural and legal documentation Talk and brainstorming Documentation “ For the meeting minutes, I need dialog.”
  • 25. Findings Inflexible Visualizations Flexible Visualizations Seeing and communicating Sketching, editing, and erasing
  • 26. MCA Report Findings
    • There is an increasingly important roll for technologists on project teams
    • Mobile computing technologies link the field to the office
    • The line is blurring between design and construction
    • BIM is enabling and expanding
    • prefabrication
  • 27. Acknowledgements
    • Thanks to our great research team:
    • Anne Anderson
    • Hoda Homayouni
    • JJ Powell
    • Naila Crawford
    • Chris Harihar Helen Juan
    • Kristin Gustafson Support provided by:
    • National Science Foundation
    • UW Royalty Research Foundation College of Built Environments Department of Communication
  • 28. THANK YOU !!!!