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HPEO 408 Unit 1 Presentation 1

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Presentation 1 for Unit 1 in HPEO 403

Presentation 1 for Unit 1 in HPEO 403

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  • 1. Unit 1 - Part 1:Introduction to Occupational Health
    HPEO 408
    Occupational Health Hazards
  • 2. Goal is to protect and promote the health, safety, and wellness of workers.
    Injuries
    Illnesses
    Diseases
    Deaths
    How? … PREVENTION!
    Occupational Health and Safety Program
    2
    Occupational Health
  • 3. Written plan to prevent accidents and occupational diseases
    BC regulations (Part 3.1)
    Workplace >20 employees and moderate risk to create injury
    Workplace >50 employees
    Elements
    Responsibilities
    Written rules and standard operating procedures
    Maintenance of program records/statistics
    Provisions for inspections, meetings, investigations, and training
    3
    Occupational Health and Safety Programs
  • 4. 4
    Hygiene Paradigm
  • 5. Proactive step, linked with recognition
    Through:
    Work process / job tasks
    Equipment /operations
    Materials (raw, intermediate, and end materials)
    Anticipation of new hazards
    Change in equipment/materials
    Future legislation/regulations
    New research
    Consider design stage vs. operational stage
    5
    Anticipation
  • 6. All hazard types (3 main classes)
    Chemical
    Biological
    Physical
    Ergonomic*, Psychological*, Mechanical (safety)**
    Routes of exposure
    inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion
    Other considerations
    Multiple exposure effects (Synergistic/antagonistic )
    Workforce (age, health conditions)
    Other non-occupational exposures
    6
    Recognition
  • 7. The workplace:
    Historical data (exposure data, accident/incident or illness reports)
    Process information
    Walkthrough (observations, talking with workers)
    Regulatory or non-regulatory government agencies (ex. WCB, CCOHS, NIOSH):
    process, toxicological, control information
    injury and disease trends by sector
    regulations/guidelines
    7
    Hazard Identification Resources
  • 8. Non specific references for process/toxicological/material information:
    textbooks, research journals, MSDSs, Other internet sites
    Suppliers/manufacture of equipment and materials
    Union or professional organizations
    processes, chemicals used, and controls available (sometimes)
    Consult Colleagues, Specialists (i.e. academics), or Consultants
    8
    Hazard Identification Resources
  • 9. Sampling strategy
    (who, where, when, why, how)
    Measurement of hazards
    Exposure intensity (i.e. exposure levels)
    Probability of exposure (frequency, duration)
    Routes of exposure
    Data Evaluation (i.e. calculations)
    Exposure calculation
    Judgment
    Standards/regulations
    Other professional recommended guidelines
    Internal company standards
    9
    Evaluation
  • 10. Hierarchy of control measures
    Elimination
    Substitution
    Engineering
    Administrative
    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    Influences on selection of controls:
    Design phase vs. operational phase
    Costs (start up, ongoing, maintenance)
    Ease / usability / effectiveness
    Ability to integrate
    Availability
    10
    Controls
  • 11. Important step often forgotten
    Re-evaluation needed:
    After controls put in place
    Effectiveness (initial and ongoing)
    Changes in operations/materials in process
    Annual review
    Regulation changes
    11
    Re-evaluation
  • 12. The Occupational Health Team
    Managers
    HR
    Occupational health
    Safety
    Health Promotion
    Safety
    Safety officers/technicians
    Emergency or rescue workers
    Emergency Preparedness coordinator
    Security
    Health Promotion
    Rehabilitation
    Return to work coordinator
    Wellness coordinator
    Generalists
    OH&S coordinator
    HS&E coordinator
    Environmental
    Environmental coordinator
    Environmental sustainability
    Other specialists
    Industrial hygienist /technicians
    Ergonomists
    Audiologist
    Hazardous waste management coordinator
    Occupational nurse
    Occupational physician
    12
  • 13. Chapter 1 (pg 3 – 32)
    Provides an introduction of occupational health and the topics we will be covering throughout the course.
    Chapter 23-26 (pg 727 – 791)
    Skim/browse chapters only
    Provides information on various occupational health professions
    13
    Readings