HPEO 408 Unit 1 Presentation 1

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Presentation 1 for Unit 1 in HPEO 403

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HPEO 408 Unit 1 Presentation 1

  1. 1. Unit 1 - Part 1:Introduction to Occupational Health<br />HPEO 408 <br />Occupational Health Hazards<br />
  2. 2. Goal is to protect and promote the health, safety, and wellness of workers.<br />Injuries <br />Illnesses<br />Diseases<br />Deaths<br />How? … PREVENTION! <br />Occupational Health and Safety Program<br />2<br />Occupational Health<br />
  3. 3. Written plan to prevent accidents and occupational diseases<br />BC regulations (Part 3.1)<br />Workplace >20 employees and moderate risk to create injury<br />Workplace >50 employees<br />Elements<br />Responsibilities<br />Written rules and standard operating procedures<br />Maintenance of program records/statistics<br />Provisions for inspections, meetings, investigations, and training<br />3<br />Occupational Health and Safety Programs<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Hygiene Paradigm<br />
  5. 5. Proactive step, linked with recognition<br />Through:<br />Work process / job tasks<br />Equipment /operations <br />Materials (raw, intermediate, and end materials)<br />Anticipation of new hazards<br />Change in equipment/materials<br />Future legislation/regulations<br />New research<br />Consider design stage vs. operational stage<br />5<br />Anticipation<br />
  6. 6. All hazard types (3 main classes)<br />Chemical <br />Biological<br />Physical<br />Ergonomic*, Psychological*, Mechanical (safety)**<br />Routes of exposure <br />inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion<br />Other considerations<br />Multiple exposure effects (Synergistic/antagonistic )<br />Workforce (age, health conditions)<br />Other non-occupational exposures<br />6<br />Recognition<br />
  7. 7. The workplace:<br />Historical data (exposure data, accident/incident or illness reports)<br />Process information<br />Walkthrough (observations, talking with workers)<br />Regulatory or non-regulatory government agencies (ex. WCB, CCOHS, NIOSH):<br />process, toxicological, control information<br />injury and disease trends by sector<br />regulations/guidelines<br />7<br />Hazard Identification Resources<br />
  8. 8. Non specific references for process/toxicological/material information:<br />textbooks, research journals, MSDSs, Other internet sites<br />Suppliers/manufacture of equipment and materials<br />Union or professional organizations <br />processes, chemicals used, and controls available (sometimes)<br />Consult Colleagues, Specialists (i.e. academics), or Consultants<br />8<br />Hazard Identification Resources<br />
  9. 9. Sampling strategy <br />(who, where, when, why, how)<br />Measurement of hazards<br />Exposure intensity (i.e. exposure levels)<br />Probability of exposure (frequency, duration)<br />Routes of exposure<br />Data Evaluation (i.e. calculations)<br />Exposure calculation<br />Judgment<br />Standards/regulations<br />Other professional recommended guidelines<br />Internal company standards<br />9<br />Evaluation<br />
  10. 10. Hierarchy of control measures<br />Elimination<br />Substitution<br />Engineering<br />Administrative<br />Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)<br />Influences on selection of controls:<br />Design phase vs. operational phase<br />Costs (start up, ongoing, maintenance)<br />Ease / usability / effectiveness<br />Ability to integrate <br />Availability<br />10<br />Controls<br />
  11. 11. Important step often forgotten<br />Re-evaluation needed:<br />After controls put in place<br />Effectiveness (initial and ongoing)<br />Changes in operations/materials in process<br />Annual review<br />Regulation changes<br />11<br />Re-evaluation<br />
  12. 12. The Occupational Health Team<br />Managers<br />HR<br />Occupational health<br />Safety<br />Health Promotion<br />Safety<br />Safety officers/technicians<br />Emergency or rescue workers<br />Emergency Preparedness coordinator<br />Security<br />Health Promotion<br />Rehabilitation <br />Return to work coordinator<br />Wellness coordinator<br />Generalists<br />OH&S coordinator <br />HS&E coordinator<br />Environmental<br />Environmental coordinator<br />Environmental sustainability<br />Other specialists<br />Industrial hygienist /technicians<br />Ergonomists<br />Audiologist <br />Hazardous waste management coordinator<br />Occupational nurse<br />Occupational physician<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Chapter 1 (pg 3 – 32) <br />Provides an introduction of occupational health and the topics we will be covering throughout the course.<br />Chapter 23-26 (pg 727 – 791) <br />Skim/browse chapters only<br />Provides information on various occupational health professions<br />13<br />Readings<br />
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