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Multiple personality disorder

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  • 1. MULTIPLE PERSONALITYDISORDER
  • 2. contents• Personality disorder• Multiple personality disorder• History• Causes• Symptoms• Facts• Treatment• conclusion
  • 3. PERSONALITY DISORDERA personalitydisorder is a type ofmental illness inwhich you havetrouble perceivingand relating tosituations and topeople — includingyourself.
  • 4. TYPES OF PERSONALITY DISORDER• Cluster A – odd or eccentric disorders• Cluster B – dramatic, emotional or erraticdisorders• Cluster C – anxious or fearful disorders
  • 5. MULTIPLE PERSONALITYDISORDER
  • 6. MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER• Multiple personality disorder has beenrecognized by physicians since the 19thcentury.• Also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder(DID)• Arises from continued and repeated physicalabuse beginning in early childhood.
  • 7. DEFINITION• which a person suffering from mentaldisturbance becomes dissociated into morethan one personalities.
  • 8. Alters• The different personalities that occur arecalled “ALTERS”• Alters may have experienced a distinctpersonal history, self image and identity,including a separate name, as well as age. Atleast two of these personalities recurrentlytake control of the person’s behavior.
  • 9. Alters• identities can resemble the main personality orthey may be a different age, sex, race, or religion• Each personality can have its own posture, set ofgestures, and hairstyle, as well as a distinct way ofdressing• Some alters may speak in foreign languages or withan accent.
  • 10. History• Before the 19 century peoplewith MPD were considered tobe possessed• They were imprisoned andtreated very poorly
  • 11. CAUSES• childhood abuse
  • 12. CAUSES• social environment of the patient
  • 13. CAUSES• problems in brain functioning
  • 14. Mental sufferings• Sleep apnea : lack of sleep• Amnesia : memory loss cannot recallinformation• Identity confusion : Random emotions andfeelings
  • 15. SYMPTOMS
  • 16. SYMPTOMS• Loss of Memory• Mental health problems, including depressionand anxiety• A blurred sense of identity• Social isolation• Flashbacks
  • 17. SYMPTOMS• A sense of being detached from yourself(depersonalization)• A perception of the people and things aroundyou as distorted and unreal (derealization)• Frequent mood swings
  • 18. Treatment
  • 19. Treatment• Most people with multiple personalitydisorder are diagnosed between the ages of20 and 40.• the most common treatment for MPD is longterm psychotherapy twice a week
  • 20. Treatment• The host and alters are encouraged tocommunicate with each other in order tointegrate or come together.• The treatment of MPD lasts an average of fouryears.
  • 21. Is dissociative identity disorder real?• It is a complex mental illness that affects onein every hundred people• MPD Is Not Schizopherania• Some people conclude that MPD is directlycaused by demon possession• it is very rare
  • 22. Facts
  • 23. FACTS• There are said to be 236 symptoms of MPD• Each personality has its own sense of self andhas its own habits of thought, emotions, andmemory• These identities may or may not be aware ofeach other
  • 24. FACTS• MPD occurs from 3-9 times more fequently inwomen than in men• Female patients often have more personalitiesthan men• People with MPD are above averageintelligence and highly creative
  • 25. Famous peoples with personalitydisorders• Amy winehouse• Lindsey lohan• Britney spears• Courtney love
  • 26. “CASE STUDY”
  • 27. Conclusion• What is Multiple personality disorder• Causes and Symptoms• Treatment
  • 28. Thank you for listening“If our hand gets too close to the candleflame, we pull it away. If a relationshipbecomes too frightening or threatening, weback away. If a memory hurts too much, wefind ways of avoiding it.”