EMOTIONS
IMAGINE LIFE WITHOUT• Happiness• Fear• Sadness• Surprise• Disgust
WHAT ARE EMOTIONS?
DEFINITION OF EMOTION• Emotion is a complex psychologicalphenomenon which occurs as animals orpeople live their lives.• It...
EMOTIONS INCLUDE THREE THINGS• conscious experience (feelings)• expressions which can be seen by others• actions of the bo...
EMOTION IS ASSOCIATED WITH• MOOD• TEMPERAMENT• PERSONALITY• DISPOSITION• MOTIVATION"
CATEGORIES OF EMOTIONS
CATEGORIES OF EMOTION• EMOTIONS ARE DIVIDED INTO TWOCATEGORIES• PRIMARY EMOTIONS• SECONDARY EMOTIONS
Primary emotion• A primary human emotion types are the onetriggered in response to an event
PRIMARY EMOTIONS• LOVE• JOY• ANGER• SADNESS• SURPRISE• FEAR
Secondary emotion• If we experience fear , the secondaryemotions would be : feel threatened or feelanger , depending on th...
SECONDARY EMOTIONS• PASSION• OPTIMISM• IRRITATION• DISGUST• SHAME• NERVOUSNESS
VARIETY OF EMOTIONS
HUMAN EMOTION• Human emotion is innate in all of us; it’ssomething we’re born with and something wedie with.• Happiness, s...
VARIETY OF EMOTIONS• POSITIVE HUMAN EMOTION• NEGATIVE HUMAN EMOTION
Positive emotion• Positive emotions that lead one to feel goodabout one’s self will lead to an emotionallyhappy and satisf...
POSITIVE HUMAN EMOTIONSOME OF THE POSITIVE EMOTIONS ARE• HOPEFUL• CONFIDENT• PEACEFUL
Negative emotion• Negative emotions sap your energy andundermine your effectiveness. In the negativeemotional state, you f...
NEGATIVE EMOTIONSSOME OF THE NEGATIVE EMOTIONS ARE• EXHAUSTED• PANIC• OBNOXIOUS
FACTORS AFFECTINGEMOTIONS
PERSONALITY
CULTURE
WEATHER
STRESS
AGE
GENDER
ENVIROMENTAL
How we perceive emotion
How we perceive emotionBody posture• The way we hold our bodies when we walk,stand and sit gives cues to others about oure...
• It clues them in to how relaxed or tense weare and how confident or shy we are.• depending on how close were standing to...
Speech Patterns• We may choose our words carefully whenwere angry or expressing happiness.• Our emotions cause us not only...
• Our speech patterns also change dependingon our emotional state• our regular cadence can increase or decreasein rate, an...
Gestures• Gestures take on different meanings indifferent cultures.• gesturing in general is one way humanscommunicate emo...
Facial expressions
• Our facial muscles -- there are 44 of them --are able to communicate important nonverbalmessages in a split second,
• anger, contempt, disgust, fear, happiness,sadness and surprise seem to be sevenuniversal facial expressions that all hum...
Physiological Cues• our emotions are accompanied by subtlephysiological change• A subtle flush of the face or increase in ...
THEORIES OF EMOTIONS
Cannon-bard theory of emotionIt states that• we react to a stimulus and experience theassociated emotion at the same time....
For example: I see a snake --> I am afraid --> Ibegin to tremble.
James-lange theory of emotionIt states that• emotions occur as a result of physiologicalreactions to events.• proposes tha...
• For example I am trembling, therefore I amafraid.
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE• Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the abilityto perceive, control and evaluate emotions.
FOUR BRANCHES• Salovey and Mayer proposed a model thatidentified four different factors of emotionalintelligence
• Perceiving Emotions: The first step inunderstanding emotions is to accuratelyperceive them. In many cases, this mightinv...
• Reasoning With Emotions: The next stepinvolves using emotions to promote thinkingand cognitive activity. Emotions help p...
• Understanding Emotions: The emotions thatwe perceive can carry a wide variety ofmeanings. If someone is expressing angry...
• Managing Emotions: The ability to manageemotions effectively is a key part of emotionalintelligence. Regulating emotions...
What have we learned?
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Emotions

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Emotions

  1. 1. EMOTIONS
  2. 2. IMAGINE LIFE WITHOUT• Happiness• Fear• Sadness• Surprise• Disgust
  3. 3. WHAT ARE EMOTIONS?
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF EMOTION• Emotion is a complex psychologicalphenomenon which occurs as animals orpeople live their lives.• It is Intense feeling that are directed atsomeone or something
  5. 5. EMOTIONS INCLUDE THREE THINGS• conscious experience (feelings)• expressions which can be seen by others• actions of the body (physiological arousal)
  6. 6. EMOTION IS ASSOCIATED WITH• MOOD• TEMPERAMENT• PERSONALITY• DISPOSITION• MOTIVATION"
  7. 7. CATEGORIES OF EMOTIONS
  8. 8. CATEGORIES OF EMOTION• EMOTIONS ARE DIVIDED INTO TWOCATEGORIES• PRIMARY EMOTIONS• SECONDARY EMOTIONS
  9. 9. Primary emotion• A primary human emotion types are the onetriggered in response to an event
  10. 10. PRIMARY EMOTIONS• LOVE• JOY• ANGER• SADNESS• SURPRISE• FEAR
  11. 11. Secondary emotion• If we experience fear , the secondaryemotions would be : feel threatened or feelanger , depending on the situation we areexperiencing.
  12. 12. SECONDARY EMOTIONS• PASSION• OPTIMISM• IRRITATION• DISGUST• SHAME• NERVOUSNESS
  13. 13. VARIETY OF EMOTIONS
  14. 14. HUMAN EMOTION• Human emotion is innate in all of us; it’ssomething we’re born with and something wedie with.• Happiness, sadness, love, hatred, worries, andindifference – these are things that constantlyoccur in our daily lives.
  15. 15. VARIETY OF EMOTIONS• POSITIVE HUMAN EMOTION• NEGATIVE HUMAN EMOTION
  16. 16. Positive emotion• Positive emotions that lead one to feel goodabout one’s self will lead to an emotionallyhappy and satisfied result.
  17. 17. POSITIVE HUMAN EMOTIONSOME OF THE POSITIVE EMOTIONS ARE• HOPEFUL• CONFIDENT• PEACEFUL
  18. 18. Negative emotion• Negative emotions sap your energy andundermine your effectiveness. In the negativeemotional state, you find the lack of desire todo anything.
  19. 19. NEGATIVE EMOTIONSSOME OF THE NEGATIVE EMOTIONS ARE• EXHAUSTED• PANIC• OBNOXIOUS
  20. 20. FACTORS AFFECTINGEMOTIONS
  21. 21. PERSONALITY
  22. 22. CULTURE
  23. 23. WEATHER
  24. 24. STRESS
  25. 25. AGE
  26. 26. GENDER
  27. 27. ENVIROMENTAL
  28. 28. How we perceive emotion
  29. 29. How we perceive emotionBody posture• The way we hold our bodies when we walk,stand and sit gives cues to others about ouremotional state.
  30. 30. • It clues them in to how relaxed or tense weare and how confident or shy we are.• depending on how close were standing toanother person, it can also show aggression orlove, dominance or submission.
  31. 31. Speech Patterns• We may choose our words carefully whenwere angry or expressing happiness.• Our emotions cause us not only to feeldifferently, but also to speak differently
  32. 32. • Our speech patterns also change dependingon our emotional state• our regular cadence can increase or decreasein rate, and pitch, tone, volume and ourinflection and even accent may also beaffected.
  33. 33. Gestures• Gestures take on different meanings indifferent cultures.• gesturing in general is one way humanscommunicate emotion to each othernonverbally.
  34. 34. Facial expressions
  35. 35. • Our facial muscles -- there are 44 of them --are able to communicate important nonverbalmessages in a split second,
  36. 36. • anger, contempt, disgust, fear, happiness,sadness and surprise seem to be sevenuniversal facial expressions that all humansunconsciously recognize and interpret
  37. 37. Physiological Cues• our emotions are accompanied by subtlephysiological change• A subtle flush of the face or increase in heartrate or body temperature could be a clue tothe emotional state of the person youretalking to.
  38. 38. THEORIES OF EMOTIONS
  39. 39. Cannon-bard theory of emotionIt states that• we react to a stimulus and experience theassociated emotion at the same time.• we feel emotions and experience physiologicalreactions such as sweating, trembling andmuscle tension simultaneously.
  40. 40. For example: I see a snake --> I am afraid --> Ibegin to tremble.
  41. 41. James-lange theory of emotionIt states that• emotions occur as a result of physiologicalreactions to events.• proposes that you will interpret your physicalreactions and conclude that you arefrightened.
  42. 42. • For example I am trembling, therefore I amafraid.
  43. 43. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
  44. 44. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE• Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the abilityto perceive, control and evaluate emotions.
  45. 45. FOUR BRANCHES• Salovey and Mayer proposed a model thatidentified four different factors of emotionalintelligence
  46. 46. • Perceiving Emotions: The first step inunderstanding emotions is to accuratelyperceive them. In many cases, this mightinvolve understanding nonverbal signals suchas body language and facial expressions.
  47. 47. • Reasoning With Emotions: The next stepinvolves using emotions to promote thinkingand cognitive activity. Emotions help prioritizewhat we pay attention and react to; werespond emotionally to things that garner ourattention.
  48. 48. • Understanding Emotions: The emotions thatwe perceive can carry a wide variety ofmeanings. If someone is expressing angryemotions, the observer must interpret thecause of their anger and what it might mean.
  49. 49. • Managing Emotions: The ability to manageemotions effectively is a key part of emotionalintelligence. Regulating emotions, respondingappropriately and responding to the emotionsof others are all important aspect ofemotional management.
  50. 50. What have we learned?
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