CONTEXT FOR T.O.D.

        WESTERN CONTEXT
        •      SOLUTION TO SRAWL
        •      REDUCTION OF CONSUMTION OF RES...
CONTEXT FOR T.O.D.

        DELHI CONTEXT
        •      IMPROVING ACCESS TO PUBLIC TRANSIT
        •      REDUCE USE OF A...
Transit Oriented Development (TOD):
                   1                           2                            3
    Land...
Current Policies:
             In accordance with the changing transportation scenario in
             India over the last...
What are the Steps to
achieve these goals for Delhi?




                                 onlyromi@gmail.com
First, we need to….

     Think Macro (= Vision)
Then Act Micro (= Implementation)

         NCR
                      NCT...
The 5-Step Procedure:




                        onlyromi@gmail.com
Transit Oriented Development (TOD):




Romi Roy UTTIPEC
Planners with high level GIS expertise

                   Transportation modelers

                   Urban Economic Stra...
a) A Strategic Plan + “Implementation Body” for Delhi:




                     UTTIPEC
                                  ...
Vision for a “World Class” Delhi

                                 • Safe
                    • Clean with usable ‘green’ ...
Critical Goals of Delhi are directly related to its Urban Design & Planning:




Romi Roy UTTIPEC
Transportation modelers

                   Urban Economic Strategists

                   Planners with high level GIS ex...
Current Disjointed and Uncoordinated Planning




                       Why are these planned Separately ?




        TR...
Integrated Modeling & Planning
     INPUTS                  ALTERNATIVES                 OUTPUTS
    Infrastructure
      ...
Develop Scenarios Multimodal Rapid Transit Plan….




Romi Roy UTTIPEC
Develop Scenarios for Landuse allocation Zones….




           RITES have developed 4 scenarios besides modeling MPD2021
...
The current DDA 2021 Plan:
NO COORDINATION exists between Planned Landuses and Transportation Corridors!




Romi Roy UTTI...
Auto-Oriented City         SHIFT   Transit-Oriented City




                                                          Int...
High Density Mixed Use within 5-min walk of stations…



                                Transit Node




   Express
 Bus ...
Make Transit accessible within 5-min walk…

The Transportation - Landuse Pyramid (Curitiba):

 Reason for success of BRT i...
High Density Mixed Use within 5-min walk of stations…




  Delhi                                                         ...
Integrated Transportation and Landuse Plan

Portland 2040




                     Map Source: Portland 2040
Romi Roy UTTI...
Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes)

          Urban Economic Strategists

          Planners with local ...
Landuse Mixes and Density Distribution Strategy:
                   - Develop TOD Typologies

ONE SIZE DOES NOT FIT ALL!
 ...
Feeder Transit is the ‘key’ to success of Rapid Transit

                            Free Maps   Rapid Transit




       ...
Public Participation Process
                       The Process for the Plan


                                           ...
Landuse Mixes and Density Distribution Strategy:
                   - Create a Urban Design “Specific” Plans for each Stat...
Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes)

      Urban Economic Strategists

      Planners with local + intern...
Landuse Mixes and Density Distribution Strategy:
                                                   - Create TOD Guideline...
Develop a “Form-based” Zoning Code
… which provides Control of Public Realm, but allows flexibility of landuses.




Sourc...
“Form-based” Code: Control of Public Streets




       Streets for Trains, Buses, Pedestrians, cars and storm
           ...
“Form-based” Code: Control of Public interfaces
                                                                          ...
Critical Zoning Laws to be changed:
                                                                                      ...
Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes)

      Urban Economic Strategists

      Planners with local + intern...
a) A Strategic Plan + “Implementation Body” for Delhi:
                                                                   ...
b) Mechanism - Private Investment for Public Benefit:



                                         Designated Open Space
  ...
TOD ‘Test Sites’ for implementation:
 Test Site: Dwarka Corridor/
            Dwarka Sector 21             • Greenfield TO...
Thank you




Romi Roy UTTIPEC
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L-G Tod Uttipec May2009

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L-G Tod Uttipec May2009

  1. 1. CONTEXT FOR T.O.D. WESTERN CONTEXT • SOLUTION TO SRAWL • REDUCTION OF CONSUMTION OF RESOURCES • IMPROVING AIR QAULITY • PROVIDING EQUITY IN URBAN AREAS • REPAIRING SOCIAL SYSTEMS BY CREATING HEALTHY NEIGHBORHOODS Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  2. 2. CONTEXT FOR T.O.D. DELHI CONTEXT • IMPROVING ACCESS TO PUBLIC TRANSIT • REDUCE USE OF AUTOMOBILE • PROVIDING ACCESSIBILITY INFRASTRUCTURE FOR MAJORITY OF RESIDENTS • INCREASE PERCEPTION OF EQUITY • FACILITATE MORE DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  3. 3. Transit Oriented Development (TOD): 1 2 3 Landuse-Transport Transit System Public Realm Coordination: Design: Design: • Make it accessible to • Make Rapid Public Transit • Design public realm for maximum people; (RPT) RAPID and pedestrians, cyclists and Live work and play FREQUENT. public transit users. destinations near stations • Provide safe, quick, easy • Make car-use difficult • Eliminate private transport interchanges between (car-pool priority lanes, use as feeder service; modes & good paratransit. congestion pricing, provide efficient Feeder expensive parking & Services. • Make Public Transport licenses, etc.) cheaper/ affordable. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  4. 4. Current Policies: In accordance with the changing transportation scenario in India over the last two decades, there has been a change in the policies at, both, national level and in Delhi. a) National Urban Transport Policy – 2006, recommends: i. Integrated land use and transport policy ii. Priority to the use of public transport & non-motorized vehicles b) Master-plan for Delhi – 2021, proposes: i. MPD 2021 has given a thrust on redevelopment and redensification of existing urban areas and city improvement. It calls for a comprehensive redevelopment strategy for accommodating a large population, and strengthening of infrastructure facilities. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  5. 5. What are the Steps to achieve these goals for Delhi? onlyromi@gmail.com
  6. 6. First, we need to…. Think Macro (= Vision) Then Act Micro (= Implementation) NCR NCT Corridor District
  7. 7. The 5-Step Procedure: onlyromi@gmail.com
  8. 8. Transit Oriented Development (TOD): Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  9. 9. Planners with high level GIS expertise Transportation modelers Urban Economic Strategists Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes) Environmental Engineers Planners with local and international policy knowledge. Architects Graphic Designers Step 1. TOD : Visioning & Goal Setting Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  10. 10. a) A Strategic Plan + “Implementation Body” for Delhi: UTTIPEC External Consultants MPD-2021 Implementation TOD Vision & Framework Body Strategic Plan Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  11. 11. Vision for a “World Class” Delhi • Safe • Clean with usable ‘green’ areas • Well Connected & Walkable • Accessible Affordable Housing • Civic Pride • Democratic & Transparent Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  12. 12. Critical Goals of Delhi are directly related to its Urban Design & Planning: Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  13. 13. Transportation modelers Urban Economic Strategists Planners with high level GIS expertise Planners with local and international policy knowledge. Urban designers Hydrology and Water Engineers Environmental Engineers Architects Graphic Designers Step 2. Coordinating Landuse & Transportation Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  14. 14. Current Disjointed and Uncoordinated Planning Why are these planned Separately ? TRANPORTATION + LANDUSE + INFRASTRUCTURE MUST BE designed and implemented together – complimenting each other. Otherwise they will ALL FAIL…. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  15. 15. Integrated Modeling & Planning INPUTS ALTERNATIVES OUTPUTS Infrastructure Jobs & Housing Profile Investments SCENARIO A MCD; PWD; NDMC Infrastructure Cost Transport Network SCENARIO B Land Consumption DIMTS/ RITES Equity Consequences Development SCENARIO C Pattern VMT Landuse Data: DDA MPD 2021 Transport Emissions Population and Employment Projection, DELHI 2021 Combined Multimodal Landuse Transportation & Transport Plan TOD overlay Landuse Modeling
  16. 16. Develop Scenarios Multimodal Rapid Transit Plan…. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  17. 17. Develop Scenarios for Landuse allocation Zones…. RITES have developed 4 scenarios besides modeling MPD2021 Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  18. 18. The current DDA 2021 Plan: NO COORDINATION exists between Planned Landuses and Transportation Corridors! Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  19. 19. Auto-Oriented City SHIFT Transit-Oriented City Interchange BRT 7 min walk Rail/ Metro
  20. 20. High Density Mixed Use within 5-min walk of stations… Transit Node Express Bus Route Reason for success of BRT in Curitiba: Maximum people Live, Work & Play Romi Roy UTTIPEC within 5-min walk of RAPID TRANSIT Stations
  21. 21. Make Transit accessible within 5-min walk… The Transportation - Landuse Pyramid (Curitiba): Reason for success of BRT in Curitiba: Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  22. 22. High Density Mixed Use within 5-min walk of stations… Delhi Curitiba Segregated Uses, Random density Mixed Uses, Transit-Density Pyramid • Maximum People can Live & Work & Play - within 5-minute Walk from Transit Stations • Reverse Commutes will ensure transit use 24x7. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  23. 23. Integrated Transportation and Landuse Plan Portland 2040 Map Source: Portland 2040 Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  24. 24. Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes) Urban Economic Strategists Planners with local + international policy knowledge. Architects Environmental Engineers Planners with high level GIS expertise Graphic Designers Step 3. Public Process & TOD Typologies onlyromi@gmail.com
  25. 25. Landuse Mixes and Density Distribution Strategy: - Develop TOD Typologies ONE SIZE DOES NOT FIT ALL! Step1: Market study and documentation of areas within 5 min walk and 5-min bike ride from the stations. Step 2: Development Codes Re ver se Com mu te Delhi Development Masterplan with Example: TOD Typologies developed for Denver TOD Strategy Plan 7-minute walk from Metro overlaid. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  26. 26. Feeder Transit is the ‘key’ to success of Rapid Transit Free Maps Rapid Transit Rapid Transit DIMMTS Feeders Develop more Feeder Transit Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  27. 27. Public Participation Process The Process for the Plan Station Area Plan Land Use Scenario SUMMARIZE STATION DRAFT STAION AREA AREA LAND Implementation NEIGHBORHOOD PLANS CONCEPTS USE PLAN & Zoning changes ZONING Circulation Open Space • Education Session • Public Charrettes • Affordable Housing Targets • Draft plan review by UTTIPEC • Final Review by UTTIPEC Romi Roy UTTIPEC Source: PB PlaceMaking
  28. 28. Landuse Mixes and Density Distribution Strategy: - Create a Urban Design “Specific” Plans for each Station Area Station Area Specific Plans must be in keeping with the broader vision and overall strategic plan for the corridor and the city. Example: TOD Typologies developed for Denver TOD Strategy Plan Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  29. 29. Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes) Urban Economic Strategists Planners with local + international policy knowledge. Architects Environmental Engineers Graphic Designers Step 4. Development Codes onlyromi@gmail.com
  30. 30. Landuse Mixes and Density Distribution Strategy: - Create TOD Guidelines Create desired character sketches Phase 3: •Phase 1: 2: ••Capital Metro’s 40 acreNetwork and Station •Establishing the Street Parking Site near High density Mixed-use development with walkable blocks. serving Retail. Lakeline Station. Source: vmwp.com Source: vmwp.com Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  31. 31. Develop a “Form-based” Zoning Code … which provides Control of Public Realm, but allows flexibility of landuses. Source: Wikipedia
  32. 32. “Form-based” Code: Control of Public Streets Streets for Trains, Buses, Pedestrians, cars and storm water drainage! Source: Arup Bio-swales Built-to-edge Buildings for Safety & Comfort and human scale.
  33. 33. “Form-based” Code: Control of Public interfaces S Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Form-based_codes onlyromi@gmail.com
  34. 34. Critical Zoning Laws to be changed: S Remove Setbacks, Regulate Design Street Guidelines Require Entries on sidewalks Maximum Block Widths, for pedestrians, not cars! Minimum Frontages 80 . ax -1 10 m 00 M M 00 m m 80 -1 ax Sidewalks, Bio-swales .. Multimodal, pedestrian-oriented. Streets for Trains, Buses, cars Building Entries/ windows on Smaller blocks, interconnected and Pedestrians. Sidewalk (eyes on the street - streets create shorter travel routes for provides safety for pedestrians) pedestrians. Built-to-edge Buildings for Safety & Comfort. onlyromi@gmail.com
  35. 35. Urban designers (with knowledge of form based codes) Urban Economic Strategists Planners with local + international policy knowledge. Environmental Engineers Transportation Engineers Graphic Designers Step 5. Implementation and Monitoring onlyromi@gmail.com
  36. 36. a) A Strategic Plan + “Implementation Body” for Delhi: IMPLEMENTED EXAMPLE: (Reconnecting America) - for City of Denver The Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Strategic Plan for DENVER is a guide for prioritizing the planning and implementation activities of the City and County of Denver related to transit planning and transit-oriented development. City Council, Planning Board, departmental management, staff, and others will use it to: • Set priorities for where City resources should be directed in the short, mid and long-terms; • Identify effective implementation tools, policies and strategies to facilitate transit oriented development where appropriate; and • Ensure close coordination among City departments, staff and others as they undertake planning and implementation activities related to transit and transit-oriented development. External Consultants http://www.denvergov.org/TOD/TODStrategicPlan/tabid/395267/Default.aspx onlyromi@gmail.com
  37. 37. b) Mechanism - Private Investment for Public Benefit: Designated Open Space Provision and Maintenance. Taxes Requisites Private Upgradation of slums Investment and/ or provisions for Incentives Bonuses low-income communities. Provision of schools and civic facilities. Maintenance of public realm. Romi Roy UTTIPEC
  38. 38. TOD ‘Test Sites’ for implementation: Test Site: Dwarka Corridor/ Dwarka Sector 21 • Greenfield TOD sites • Infill TOD sites • Redevelopment TOD sites Dwarka Current State Moscow: Infill Corridor onlyromi@gmail.com
  39. 39. Thank you Romi Roy UTTIPEC
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