Poverty Reduction And Good Governance, Nepal

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Poverty Reduction and Good Governance, a powerpoint presentation by Uttam Raj Regmi

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Poverty Reduction And Good Governance, Nepal

  1. 1. Poverty Reduction & Urban Good Governance, Nepal By Uttam Regmi
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The overall economic objective of Government of Nepal has been reduction of widespread poverty. The Tenth Plan continues the emphasis on reduction of poverty as the overriding objective of plan. The target according to the Tenth Plan is to reduce poverty level to 30 % by 2007.The fact that the country failed to achieve the goal of poverty reduction during the Eight and Ninth Plan is attributed primarily to factors external to economy and lack of good governance. ( Dr. Meena Acharya, 2003) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Strategy for Poverty Reduction in Nepal <ul><li>Promoting poor , underprivileged and women </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable social development </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilizing local resources </li></ul><ul><li>Building awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting urban good governance </li></ul>
  4. 4. Urban Good Governance for Poverty Reduction <ul><li>Urban good governance is the most important factor in eradicating poverty and promoting sustainable development through improved good governance. </li></ul><ul><li>Although around 85 % of the population of Nepal still live in rural areas, urban centers are growing rapidly at a rate of up to 7 % per annum – the highest urban growth in the world . ( UDLE, 2003). Nepal becomes increasingly urbanized, focus to improve governance in town and cities has become very important. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Urbanization Trend ( 1881-2001) Source: CBS
  6. 6. Problems of Urban Governance in Nepal <ul><li>Inadequate accountability of public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Low level involvement of civil society in local governance </li></ul><ul><li>Too much bureaucracy and Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of public confidence in justice </li></ul><ul><li>High Levels of inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Degrading environment </li></ul><ul><li>High Level of Migration </li></ul>
  7. 7. Proposed Solution for Good Governance <ul><li>Grant autonomy to public sector </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralize essential services in region </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society participation in governance </li></ul><ul><li>Control corruption and misuse of authority </li></ul><ul><li>Create public awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Develop partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Develop rural and urban linkage. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>The battle against poverty can be won by the concreted effort of all the stakeholders having common objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>The government has to work in partnership with NGOs, INGOs, Public Sector, Private Sector and International Regime to reach a common goal that is poverty reduction through good urban governance. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Thanks

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