Because the parties involved in the internship process—students, colleges and universities, and employers—have differing objectives, it is critical to have a definition of “internship” upon which all parities can agree on. Currently, the term “internship” is used to describe various experiences. Moreover, there are no guidelines by which employers, educators, and students can consistently define “internships.” To establish uniformity in the use and application of the term “internships,” the UTSA Career Center in conjunction with National Association for Colleges and Employers will use the following definition:
An internship is a form of experiential learning that integrates knowledge and theory learned in the classroom, enables the student to gain practical experience as a professional under conditions conducive to educational development, an internship introduces the student the transition from college to work and a well structured internship program should help facilitate that transition. Furthermore, the internship experience should allow the student to network in professional fields they are considering for career paths, allow an opportunity for personal professional development, and give employers the opportunity to guide and evaluate talent.
Establish networking and professional communication skills
Enhances a student’s resume
Internships lead to full-time positions
Students who participate in work-based learning score higher in measures of student success Gault, J., Redington, J., Schlager, T. Undergraduate Business Internships and Career Success: Are they Related? Journal of Marketing Education 2000; 22; 45
Interns earn higher starting salaries than their non-interning cohort
Salary differential persists and increases over time between interns and non-interns
Intern vs. Non-Intern Salary
Impact of Internship Experience During Economic Recession Starting Salary Regressed on Job Market Period: Boom and Bust Job Markets.From “Determinants of Graduating Student Starting Salary in Boom and Bust Markets,” 2005, by J. C. Sandvig, C. K. Tyran, and S. C. Ross.
Students with internship experience are more likely to find work in a weak job market
Students who intern are more likely to find a job faster than students who do not
Allows the organization to recruit new college graduates.
Brings in entry level prospects, to do entry level jobs.
New employees bring a fresh perspective to the workplace.
Aids in the organization’s diversity efforts.
Employers believe work-based learning has benefits for them and for students
Employers hiring former interns is on the rise
93% of employers plan to hire interns in 2011, at a rate of 7% more than last year
44.6% of new hires came from employers’ own internship programs
Jack Gault, Evan Leach, Marc Duey, (2010) "Effects of business internships on job marketability: the employers' perspective", Education + Training, Vol. 52 Iss: 1, pp.76 - 88 Employers reporting hiring those with internship experience