6 - Sexual Assault Prevention - Risk Management
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6 - Sexual Assault Prevention - Risk Management Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Managing the Risks A Risk Management Presentation for UT Dallas Student Organizations Sexual Assault Prevention Presentation 6 of 8 Center for Student Involvement - - utdallas.edu/csi
  • 2. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention OBJECTIVES • To understand the parameters of what constitutes sexual assault and how this relates to state law and University policy. • To understand the risks and detrimental effects of sexual assault as they relate to you individually and to your organization. • To be able to confront the most common myths related to sexual assault and consent. • To learn how to best respond to and support survivors of sexual assault. • To understand the difference between risk reduction and prevention. • To learn how to take proactive steps to reduce your risk of becoming a victim of sexual assault. • To become aware of available campus and community resources. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 3. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention DEFINITIONS Sexual assault is any unwanted, non-consensual sexual contact against an individual by another. Sexual misconduct includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature directed towards another individual that does not rise to the level of sexual harassment but is unprofessional and inappropriate for the workplace or classroom. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 4. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention DEFINITIONS Sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, verbal or physical conduct of a physical nature when: • Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of employment or student status; • Submission to or rejection of such conduct is used as a basis for evaluation in making personnel or academic decisions affecting that individual; • Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s performance as an employee or student or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 5. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SECTION : HOW DOES THIS RELATE TO YOU? SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 6. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 7. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention TEXAS STATE LAW State Law – Section 22.011 of the Texas Penal Code identifies sexual assault as a 2nd degree felony in the State of Texas Texas Penal Code available online at statutes.legis.state.tx.us/Docs/PE/htm/PE.22.htm#22.011 SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 8. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention POLICY UT Dallas is committed to creating and maintaining an educational environment in which all persons who participate in University programs and activities can work together in an atmosphere free of sexual and relationship violence. Sexual assault, dating violence, and stalking offenses, regardless of the motive or the manner in which they are executed, are criminal behaviors and produce an environment counter to the mission and goals of the University. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 9. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention PENALTIES Students can face expulsion from the University in sexual assault and harassment cases. In the State of Texas, sexual assault is considered a felony offense, and the consequences, more often then not, can lead to incarceration for anyone found guilty. Persons involved in a sexual assault or sexual harassment case can face University sanctions as well as criminal or civil penalties. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 10. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention HOW THIS IMPACTS STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS Knowing the facts about sexual assault is important for student organization leaders because: • It will help you to create student events that foster an environment of mutual respect and reduce the risk for a sexual assault happening as a result of the event. • As a student leader on campus, other students may come to you seeking support and/or guidance related to their own experience(s) of sexual assault.   SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 11. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention WHAT YOU CAN DO • Do not leave drinks unattended. • Use a “buddy” system where you can alert your buddy upon feeling threatened or uncomfortable in a situation. • Maintain constant awareness of your surroundings. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 12. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention PREVENTION vs. RISK REDUCTION It is important to note that the only people who can truly prevent sexual assault are those who choose to perpetrate it. A student can follow all of the recommendations for risk reduction and still become a victim of sexual assault. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 13. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SECTION : ISSUES OF CONSENT SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 14. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention DEFINITION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT Sexual Assault occurs when a sexual act is directed against another person when that person has not consented, is incapable of consenting, or when the act is forced. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 15. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention CONSENT IS ... • Based on choice • Active, not passive • Only possible when there is equal power • Giving one’s permission by actively saying, “Yes” • Negotiable at each stage of intimacy: saying yes to one sexual act does not indicate yes to everything SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 16. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention CONSENT IS NOT ... • Giving in because of fear or coercion • Based on manipulation, deception, or lying • Possible when one person has more power • Clear when alcohol and drugs are involved…Substances impair our ability to consent as well as our ability to read another’s signals/body language SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 17. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention PREDATORY DRUGS • Alcohol is the most frequently used drug to facilitate sexual assault. • Other drugs include GHB, Rohipnol, and Ketamine which often affect memory and the ability to control one’s limbs/ body. • These can be easily slipped into someone’s individual drink or into a group drink that is not being monitored. • The use of these drugs to facilitate sex with someone without their knowledge constitutes sexual assault. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 18. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SECTION : FACT OR FICTION? CONFRONTING THE MYTHS AROUND SEXUAL ASSAULT SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 19. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention MYTH # Only women can be raped or sexually assaulted. FACT # Rape and sexual assault are about power and control and not about the biological sex or gender identity of the victim or offender. Whether identifying as male, female, or transgender, all can become victims. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 20. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention MYTH # If a man sexually assaults another man then both men must be gay. FACT # Sexual assault is about power and control and not about sexual desire or attraction. In the above scenario, the offender’s and victim’s sexual orientations are unknown and exist apart from each other and the sexual assault. Men are most often the offenders of sexual assault, regardless of the gender identity of the victim. The vast majority of these male offenders are heterosexually identified. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 21. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention MYTH # Victims or survivors of sexual assault are often to blame for what happened to them because of what they were wearing or how much they had to drink. FACT # Regardless of what a person is wearing, how much they have to drink, or who they are hanging out with, no one asks or deserves to be sexually assaulted. Remember, the person who is responsible for the sexual assault is the person who commits it. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 22. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention MYTH # When someone says “no” in response to a sexual advance, they are just playing “hard to get.” FACT # If someone says, “no,” to a sexual advance, then that “no” needs to be respected. Continuing to push, coerce, or manipulate someone into doing something sexual that they don’t want to do constitutes sexual assault. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 23. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention MYTH # If the word, “no,” is not actually voiced during a sexual act, then the act is consensual. FACT # The absence of a “no” does not mean that an act is consensual. Remember, consent can only be achieved when: 1.Both participants are fully conscious; 2.Both participants are equally free to act; 3.Both parties have clearly communicated their willingness/ permission; and 4.Both parties are positive and sincere in their desires. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 24. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SECTION : THE EFFECTS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 25. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention FOR THE VICTIM SURVIVOR SHORT-TERM • Numbness • Difficulty concentrating • Uncontrollable crying • Flashbacks • Anger and rage • Withdrawal from support • Guilt and shame systems LONG TERM • Alcoholism/Drug addiction • Eating Disorder • Chronic physical pain (i.e. migraines, fibromyalgia, etc.) SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 26. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention FOR THE OFFENDER • Guilt and shame • Possible investigation by Student Judicial Services and disciplinary action by UTD • Possible investigation by law enforcement, court trial, and imprisonment SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 27. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention FOR THE STUDENT ORGANIZATION If the victim and/or offender are in your student organization: • Decreased ability to be active participants in the organization due to the time, energy, and financial strain of managing the after-effects of sexual assault • Harmful intra-organization splitting along loyalty lines (especially if both parties are in organization) • Tarnished reputation of your organization if the sexual assault happened as a result of one of your sponsored events SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 28. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SECTION : REDUCING YOUR RISK SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 29. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention REDUCING YOUR ORGANIZATION’S RISK • Have someone designated to monitor and control the distribution of alcohol. • Establish an organizational culture that does not tolerate sexually predatory behaviors and holds the offenders of such behavior accountable with tangible consequences. • Intervene when you observe coercive or questionable behavior. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 30. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention REDUCING YOUR ORGANIZATION’S RISK • Attend functions, parties, etc. with at least one other person that you trust. Arrive together and leave together. • Maintain control of your particular drink. If you set it down or it is out of your control for any period of time, throw it out and get a new one. • Have resources available for the ongoing education of your organization’s members. • Begin and continue dialogues about these issues. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 31. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SECTION : SUPPORTING A SURVIVOR SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 32. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention KEY ASPECTS OF SUPPORT • Listen • Believe • Validate • Offer Options • Focus on empowering the victim/survivor rather than making choices for them • Know available resources SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 33. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention ON-CAMPUS RESOURCES United Against Sexual Assault, 24-hour year round confidential hotline - - 972-883-2575 University Sexual Assault Policy - dox.utdallas.edu/policy SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 34. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention ON-CAMPUS RESOURCES Student Health Center - utdallas.edu/healthcenter - 972-883-2747 UT Police Department - utexas.edu/police/ - A student who experiences any form of sexual assault is encouraged to immediately call the police (911) SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 35. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention ON-CAMPUS RESOURCES Office of the Dean of Students UTD Women’s Center -utdallas.edu/deanofstudents/ -utdallas.edu/womenscenter/ grievances.html -972-883-6555 -972-883-6391 -To file a complaint against another UTD Police student. -utdallas.edu/police -972-883-2222 UTD Counseling Center -utdallas.edu/counseling/ UTD Health Center -972-883-2575 -utdallas.edu/healthcenter/ -972-883-2747 SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 36. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SUMMARY • Sexual assault is an umbrella legal term that describes a variety of sexual violations, including (but not limited to) rape, attempted rape, and sexual abuse. • Sexual assault occurs when a sexual act is directed against another person when that person has not consented, is incapable of consenting, or when the act is forced. • Rape and sexual assault are about power and control and not about the biological sex or gender identity of the victim or offender. • Sexual assault is a felony crime in the state of Texas. University policy prohibits students from committing acts of sexual assault. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 37. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SUMMARY • Remember, consent can only be achieved when: - Both participants are fully conscious; - Both participants are equally free to act; - Both parties have clearly communicated their willingness/ permission; and - Both parties are positive and sincere in their desires. • The risk reduction strategies your organization should take include: - Attending functions, parties, etc. with at least one other person that you trust. Arrive together and leave together; - Establishing an organizational culture that does not tolerate sexually predatory behaviors; and - Intervening when you observe coercive or questionable behavior. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 38. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention SUMMARY • The best way to support a survivor who discloses their experience to you is to actively listen, believe what they say, validate their feelings, and offer them options in terms of follow-up care and support. • Voices Against Violence (VAV) counselor/advocates can help survivors with better understanding their options regarding follow-up medical care, legal and administrative measures, and can also offer assistance with accommodations to help ease the academic load following a sexual assault. • A survivor’s options in terms of legal and administrative measures include calling the police to make a report and/or contacting Student Judicial Services (SJS) to file a formal complaint against the alleged offender if that person is a UT student. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 39. Managing the Risks Sexual Assault Prevention ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS Discuss with your organization’s leadership • Faculty/staff advisor • Risk Management Officer (or other officer) • Alumni members/organization SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • 40. Review Your Knowledge 1) Click on the link below to get started https://elearning.utdallas.edu/webct/ entryPageIns.dowebct 2) Click on Trainings, Organizations, and Research 3) Click login. Enter your net id and password. 4) Click on Risk Management Training quizzes. 5) Click on the quiz title that you will take. 6) Click Begin Assessment. As you proceed through the quiz make sure that you click Save and View Next 7) Once you have Answered and Saved all ten questions click finish. 8) Wait for the submission report. 9) Once the submission report is confirmed click View Attempt. If you have scored an 80% you may move on to the next quiz. If you have not scored an 80% you must retake the quiz until you have received a score of 80%. MANAGING THE RISKS