3 - Drug Use and Abuse - Risk Management
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3 - Drug Use and Abuse - Risk Management 3 - Drug Use and Abuse - Risk Management Presentation Transcript

  • Managing the Risks A Risk Management Presentation for UT Dallas Student Organizations Drug Use and Abuse Presentation 3 of 8 Center for Student Involvement - - utdallas.edu/csi
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse OBJECTIVES • Review facts about drug problems on college campuses • Identify the drugs of concern on college campuses • Learn how to tell if someone may have a drug problem • Understand the consequences associated with drug possession, use, or abuse • Identify ways student leaders can help someone who may have a drug problem • Identify ways student organizations can prevent drug abuse and appropriately intervene • Identify the resources for prevention and intervention DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : RECENT NEWS STORIES INVOLVING DRUGS ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse RECENT NEWS STORIES INVOLVING DRUGS ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES Southern Methodist University From December 2006 to May 2007, three SMU students died from excessive use of alcohol or drugs. Subsequent investigations revealed a campus culture that condoned illegal drug use, possession, and distribution. Oregon State University In April 2008, six OSU students were arrested at their off-campus residences in connection with a drug trafficking ring that was distributing cocaine, Ecstasy, and marijuana on and near the main campus. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse RECENT NEWS STORIES INVOLVING DRUGS ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES San Diego State University On May 6, 2008, 33 SDSU students were arrested on a variety of drug-related charges including distribution of illegal narcotics through several fraternity houses. Pennsylvania State University In April 2009, four Penn State students and two former students were charged with distribution of more than 400 pounds of marijuana. Two of the students arrested were dealing drugs out of their fraternity houses. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : WHAT ARE THE DRUGS OF CONCERN ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES? DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse ILLICIT DRUGS USED OR ABUSED ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES • Marijuana • Cocaine • Heroin • Hallucinogens DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse MARIJUANA Facts Risks • Common Names: Cannabis; • Nausea or vomiting Pot; Weed; Grass; Mary Jane • Coughing, asthma, and other respiratory problems • Marijuana (or cannabis) is a • Difficulty with short term fast-growing plant with sticky memory flowers that produces the • Racing heart or agitation psychoactive substance THC. • Anxiety or panic attacks • Headaches, dizziness, confusion • The primary effects sought by • Possible physical and those users are euphoria, psychological dependence relaxation, and changes in • Clumsiness, loss of perception. coordination DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse COCAINE Facts Risks • Common Names: Coke; Crack; • Increased body temperature Blow; Snow; Nose Candy and heart rate • Agitation, anxiety, and paranoia • Cocaine is a stimulant • Dizziness, nausea, or vomiting extracted and refined from the • Violent behavior Coca plant. • Kidney failure • Seizure, stroke, or heart attack • The primary effects sought by • Severe damage to the nose users include feelings of well- • Increased chances of being, decreased appetite, miscarriage, premature labor, heightened stimulation, sexual and stillbirth arousal, and increased focus. • High probability of dependence on cocaine DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse PRESCRIPTION DRUGS ABUSED ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES • OxyContin • Xanax • Vicodin • Ritalin • Fentanyl • Adderall • Ambien • Dexedrine • Valium DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse ADDERALL & RITALIN Facts Risks (when abused) • Common Names: Brain food, • Insomnia smarts, little speedy, and • Headaches Altoids • Fever • Common Names for Ritalin: • Increased heart rate Poor man’s cocaine, R pop, coke junior, study buddies, • Lower GPA and vitamin R • Extremely high addictive • The primary effects sought by potential users include staying awake, improving concentration, and losing weight. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse XANAX Facts Risks (when abused) • Common Names: Xanax; • Headaches, drowsiness, Niravam dizziness, and amnesia • Clumsiness, loss of muscle • Xanax is a sedative and coordination depressant prescribed for • Vivid dreams or hallucinations anxiety disorder, panic • Dry mouth attacks, and sleeplessness. • Changes in libido • Yellowing of the skin or eyes • It is used recreationally • Rash or an allergic reaction (abused) to relax and relieve • Regular or excessive use can stress. lead to dependence and addiction DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse OTC DRUGS AND OTHER SUBSTANCES ABUSED ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES • Dramamine • Salvia • Tylenol PM • Aspirin • Sominex • Diet pills • Cold Medicine/DXM • Alcohol DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : WHY DO COLLEGE STUDENTS TAKE DRUGS? DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse FACTORS AFFECTING DRUG USE OR ABUSE 1. Genetics and Family History 2. Parental Attitudes and Behaviors 3. Substance Abuse in High School 4. Perceived Expectations of Positive Effects 5. Mental Health Problems DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse FACTORS AFFECTING DRUG USE OR ABUSE 6. Social Influences 7. Student Organization Membership 8. Religion and Spirituality 9. Student Engagement 10. Competitive Sport Participation DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : WHAT ARE THE SIGNS THAT SOMEONE HAS A DRUG PROBLEM? DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse DRUG PROBLEM RED FLAGS • Life problems related to the drug use • Setting and exceeding limits • Making promises about use and breaking those promises • Lying about or trying to hide the amount/frequency of drug use • Forgetting or denying things that happened while intoxicated • Behaving very differently when intoxicated than when sober • Avoiding social functions where drugs are not available. • Feeling guilty, embarrassed, or remorseful about things done/said while intoxicated • Very high tolerance DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES ASSOCIATED WITH A DRUG PROBLEM? DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse DRUG PROBLEMS: POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON HEALTH AND WELL-BEING • Greater risk for health problems including infection from blood-borne pathogens, lung disease, heart problems, brain damage, liver damage, and death from overdose. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse DRUG PROBLEMS: POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON COLLEGE EDUCATION • College students who use or abuse illicit and prescription drugs do not perform well academically including having lower GPAs. • Federal and state laws bar certain students with past drug convictions from receiving financial aid. • Suspension is the recommended penalty for the illegal use, possession, and/or sale of a drug or drug paraphernalia. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse DRUG PROBLEMS: POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON GRADUATE SCHOOL OR EMPLOYMENT • Many companies have a “zero tolerance” policy for drug convictions regardless of the position. • Almost all professional schools including medicine and law conduct criminal background checks on applicants. • Most states require a criminal background check for those individuals seeking licensure in certain fields (e.g., teaching, law, and medicine). DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse DRUG PROBLEMS: POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON PARTICIPATION IN ATHLETIC ACTIVITIES •Many professional sports leagues and amateur athletic associations have banned the use or possession of illegal drugs, steroids, and certain prescription drugs by athletes. •Athletes who test positive for prohibited drugs and steroids may be subject to sanctions: -Loss of recognition -Removal of accomplishments from record books -Suspensions -Fines -Lifetime bans •Federal and state laws also make it illegal to possess or sell anabolic steroids without a valid prescription. Violations of these laws can include fines and jail time. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse DRUG PROBLEMS: POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON FAMILY, FRIENDS, AND PEERS • Drug abuse by a pregnant women can result in miscarriages, still births, underdevelopment, or risks to the developing baby’s health. • Family and domestic violence also occurs more frequently in households where one or more individuals is abusing or is addicted to drugs. • Abusing drugs (including the mixing of drugs and alcohol) can also lead to higher risk of injury or death as a result of car accidents. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP? DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse INTERVENING: DECIDING TO HELP Why should I be the one who gets involved? - As an officer or authorized representative of your student organization, you bear an important responsibility for keeping your members safe. How can one member’s actions affect my organization? - Use, possession, or distribution of illicit drugs or abuse of prescription drugs can expose your organization to university discipline, criminal charges, or lawsuits. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse INTERVENING: DECIDING TO HELP Am I just overreacting? - If you are noticing that a member of your organization is having problems you are not overreacting. Something is probably wrong. Why get involved if they are not hurting anyone? - Don’t wait for a friend or peer to “bottom out,” drop out of school, or hurt themselves or someone else before you decide to take action. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse INTERVENING: TAKING ACTION Talk with a Professional - Health Center: 972-883-4275 - Counseling Center: 972-883-2747 Conduct an Intervention - Help a peer or friend understand and accept the nature of their relationship with drugs, ask them to address the problem, and lead them to help. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse HOW TO CONDUCT AN INTERVENTION • Pay attention to specific behaviors that concern you • Share your concerns • Listen to what they say • Ask for what you want • Offer to find them help. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : WHAT CAN MY ORGANIZATION DO TO HELP? DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse PREVENTION: RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Engage in prevention and intervention dialogue - Talk with other officers, alumni, and parents about ways to maintain a drug-free culture. - Explain to all members the expectations for appropriate behavior and conduct at organization events. Identify members who may be at risk - Make sure your organization’s leaders know the signs associated with drug use or abuse. - Maintain good communication with the other leaders of your group to know when a member may be in trouble. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse PREVENTION: RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Understand the resources available - Review university and other resources that provide facts, risks, and prevention and intervention tools. - Attend a workshop or training session offered by the university or have someone come talk to your group. Attend/host prevention programs and events - Host an event, bring in a guest speaker to increase awareness about drug abuse. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse PREVENTION: RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES Develop policies and procedures - Include drug-free statements in important documents such as event flyers and recruitment materials. - Develop written steps for intervening if a member of your organization has a drug problem. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SECTION : SUMMARY AND REVIEW OF YOUR KNOWLEDGE DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SUMMARY • As a student leader, you are responsible for the health and safety of all of the members of your organization as well as their conduct during events and activities. • Abuse of prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications is one of the biggest drug-related problems on college and university campuses. • Intervening to help a peer who has a drug problem requires someone to recognize the signs, make the choice to help, and then take action. • Illicit drugs include any drug for which it is unlawful to use, possess, or distribute by law and include cocaine, marijuana, and Ecstasy. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SUMMARY • Prescription drug abuse is the use of prescription drugs – such as Xanax, Ritalin, and Adderall – in ways not intended by the prescribing doctor. • College students are more likely to abuse prescription drugs because they are widely available, free, and are not considered to be as harmful as illicit drugs. • There are signs – physical, psychological, and behavioral that you can watch out for that tell you that a friend or peer has (or may have) a drug problem. • Peer pressure, desire to belong to a student organization, and previous drug use in high school are all factors contributing to drug use (or abuse) in college. DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse SUMMARY • The illegal use, possession, or sale of drugs can result in severe consequences including loss of financial aid, suspension from school, lost job opportunities, physical harm, and criminal penalties. • Appropriate ways for a person to help someone with a drug problem include talking with a professional, calling the health center at 972-883-2747 DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse UNIVERSITY RESOURCES Interventions, Referrals, Training and Treatment • UTD Counseling Center 972-883-2575 utdallas.edu/counseling • Health Services 972-883-4275 DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse UNIVERSITY RESOURCES Educational Materials and Training • Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs - http://www.utexas.edu/student/vpsa/security/ drugfree/index.html • UHS Health Promotions Resource Center DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse UNIVERSITY RESOURCES University Discipline • http://www.utdallas.edu/judicialaffairs/ UTDJudicialAffairs-HOPV.html • Texas Law - http://www.utdallas.edu/thatguy/penalties/ DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Managing the Risks Drug Use and Abuse ADDITIONAL QUESTIONS • Discuss with your organization’s leadership -  Faculty/staff advisor - Risk Management Officer (or other officer) - Alumni members/organization DRUG USE and ABUSE ● MANAGING THE RISKS
  • Review Your Knowledge 1) Click on the link below to get started https://elearning.utdallas.edu/webct/ entryPageIns.dowebct 2) Click on Trainings, Organizations, and Research 3) Click login. Enter your net id and password. 4) Click on Risk Management Training quizzes. 5) Click on the quiz title that you will take. 6) Click Begin Assessment. As you proceed through the quiz make sure that you click Save and View Next 7) Once you have Answered and Saved all ten questions click finish. 8) Wait for the submission report. 9) Once the submission report is confirmed click View Attempt. If you have scored an 80% you may move on to the next quiz. If you have not scored an 80% you must retake the quiz until you have received a score of 80%. MANAGING THE RISKS