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Islamic studies comparative study of religions final


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  • 1. Comparative Study of Religions Islam, Christianity and Judaism
  • 2. Group Members Muhammad Zulfiqar Siddique Khan  FA07-BET-119 Naveed Abdul Sattar  FA07-BET-122 Qasim Javed Bukhari  FA07-BET-127 Rizwan Ghani  FA07-BET-131 Sami-ur-Rehman  FA07-BET-145 3
  • 3. Judaism Moses and Abraham Torah (Holy-Book) Monotheism Halakhah Law 4
  • 4. Region of Judaism Israel 2000BCE Language “Hebrew” 5
  • 5. Essentials of JudaismA kippah (skull cap) Tzitzit (prayer shawl) Tefillin (two boxes containing Bible) A kittel (over garment, worn by prayer leaders) 6
  • 6. Teachings of Judaism Monotheism Torah is divine revelation 7 , main text contain (sub-text) 13 points (controversial) 7
  • 7. 13 points of Judaism1. Creator, alone made every thing, doing well2. One, Only God3. Not a human, free from physical matter4. First and Last5. Only to pray6. All works of Prophets are true7. Moses, teacher, chief of Prophets8. Torah is the only revelation 8
  • 8. 13 points of Judaism9. They Believe that Torah will not be changed10. God knows all deeds of human11. Reward and Punishment on deeds12. Belief on Messiah, will come13. It will come and please the Creator 9
  • 9. Prayers of Judaism3 times a day 10
  • 10. Holiday in Judaism Saturday 11
  • 11. House of Payer Synagogue Jerusalem Synagogue 12
  • 12.  Temple Mount is the holiest site in Judaism The Western Wall 13
  • 13. Regions Israel Germany Poland North Africa USA UK Canada Argentina 14
  • 14. Christianity Jesus Bible(Jewish Bible + New Testament) Jesus is the Son of God Cannon Law Languages “Aramaic, Greek” 15
  • 15. History of Christianity 1stcentury AD Jerusalem Christianity began as a sect within Judaism 16
  • 16. Region of Christianity 33 BC Palestine 17
  • 17. Text of Christianity Bible Total73 Main 4 18
  • 18. Beliefs of Christianity Jesus the Christ ( Son of God ) , Messiah The Death and Resurrection of Jesus Salvation The Trinity Scriptures 19
  • 19. Places of Worship Church 20
  • 20. Islam 622CE Means “Submission of Allah’s Will” Adherent of Islam is knows as “Muslim” Muhammad (SAW) is Last Prophet Require to observe Five Pillars 21
  • 21. Basic Beliefs Belief in one God (Allah Almighty) Belief in all Prophets Belief in all Books reveled by Allah Belief in Angles Belief in Day of Judgment 22
  • 22. Five Pillars of Islam  The shahadah (Kalmah Shahadat)  Salah  Zakat  Sawm  Hajj Unite Muslims in one Community 23
  • 23. Islam Prophet Muhammad (SAW) Quran Sharia (The Islamic Law) Hadith 24
  • 24. Teachings of Islam Worships  Salat (Prayer)  Saum (Fasting)  Hajj  Zakat (Charity) Allpeople are created Equal A complete way to lead a life 25
  • 25. Larders in Islam Prophet Muhammad (SAW)  Ahl-e-Bayt  Sahabah  Khulfa-e-Rashedeen  Imams 26
  • 26. Text & Books of Islam Quran Sunnah Hadith Fiqh Sharia Kalam Tasawwuf (Sufism) 27
  • 27. Places of Worship Mosques 28
  • 28. Major branches Sunni Shia 29
  • 29. Muslims About 1.1 to 1.8 Billion 2nd Largest Religion in World 30
  • 30. Largest Populations1. Indonesia (183 million)2. Pakistan (134 million)3. India (121 million)4. Bangladesh (114 million)5. Turkey (66 million)6. Iran (62 million)7. Egypt (59 million)8. Nigeria (53 million)9. Algeria (31 million)10. Morocco (29 million) 31
  • 31. Social Effects of Religion Belief Solved problems like  Economical  Political  Moral and etc. Benefits in Quite a Variety of Way Physical Health Punctuality Satisfaction Charity Unity 32
  • 32. Comparison of Origin and History Islam Judaism Christianity Date founded 622 AD Unknown 33 BC Place founded Saudi Arabia Palestine Palestine Prophets Muhammad (SAW) Moses or Abraham JesusOriginal language(s) Arabic Hebrew Aramaic, Greek Early expansion Within 12 years, Little expansion; Within 60 years, entire Arabian mostly confined to churches peninsula; within Palestine Major cities in 100 years, Muslim Palestine, turkey, world stretched Greece and Rome from the Atlantic to (map); entire roman china empire by end of 4th cent.major splits Shia/Sunni, c. 650 Reform/Orthodox, Catholic/Orthodox, BC 1800s BC 1054 BC; Catholic/Protestant, 1500s BC 33
  • 33. Comparison of ReligiousBeliefs Islam Judaism ChristianityType of theism Strict Strict monotheism Trinitarian monotheism monotheismUltimate reality One God One God One God Names of God Allah (Arabic for Yahweh, Elohim Yahweh, the holy God) trinity Other spiritual Angels, demons, Angels and Angels and beings jinn demons demonsRevered humans Prophets, imams Prophets Saints, church fathers 34
  • 34. Comparison of ReligiousBeliefs Islam Judaism ChristianityIdentity of Jesus True prophet of False prophet Son of God, God God, whose incarnate, savior of message has been the world corrupted Birth of Jesus Virgin birth Normal birth Virgin birth Death of Jesus Did not die, but Death by crucifixion Death by crucifixion ascended into heaven during crucifixion Resurrection of Denied Denied Affirmed JesusSecond coming of Affirmed Denied Denied 35 Jesus
  • 35. Comparison of ReligiousBeliefs Islam Judaism Christianity Divine revelation Through Through prophets, Through prophets Muhammad, recorded in bible and Jesus (as god recorded in Quran himself), recorded in bibleView of sacred text Inspired, literal Views vary Inspired, some word of god, believe inerrant in inerrant in original original languages languages Human nature Equal ability to do Two equal impulses, "Original sin" good or evil one good and one inherited from adam bad - tendency towards evil Gods role in Predestination Divine revelation Predestination, salvation and forgiveness various forms of grace 36
  • 36. Comparison of ReligiousBeliefs Islam Judaism Christianity Good afterlife Eternal paradise Views vary: either Eternal heaven heaven or no afterlife Bad afterlife Eternal hell Views vary: either Eternal hell, eternal gehenna, temporary purgatory reincarnation, or no (catholicism) afterlife View of fellow Jews and Islam and Judaism is a trueabrahamic religions christians are christianity are false religion, but with respected as interpretations and incomplete "people of the extensions of revelation. Islam is a book," but they judaism. false religion. have wrong beliefs and only partial revelation. 37
  • 37. Comparison of Statistics andBasics Islam Judaism Christianityadherents called Muslims Jews Christians major Middle East, Israel, Europe, Europe, North and concentration Southeast Asia USA South America, rapid growth in Africa sacred text Quran (Koran) Bible (Torah) Bible (Jewish Bible + New Testament) other written Hadith Talmud, Midrash, Talmud, Midrash, authority Responsa Responsa church fathers, church councils, papal decrees (Catholic only) 38
  • 38. Comparison of Statistics andBasics Islam Judaism ChristianityReligious law Sharia Halakhah Canon lawClergy Imams Rabbis Priests, ministers, pastors, bishopsHouse of worship Mosque Synagogue Church, chapel, cathedralMain day of Friday Saturday SundayworshipReligion and state Integrated Separate Separate 39
  • 39. Why Differences ? Don’twon’t to reject their ancestors Teachings No Practice of Teaching 40
  • 40. References 41
  • 41. Thank you