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Urbanization As Seen Through Late 19c - Early 20c Architecture
Characteristics of Urbanization During the Gilded Age <ul><li>Megalopolis. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Transit. </li></ul><ul><...
New Architectural  Style New Use of Space New Class Diversity New  Energy New  Culture (“Melting Pot”) New  Form of Classi...
CHICAGO: &quot;The Windy City&quot;
William Le Baron Jenney <ul><li>1832 – 1907 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Father of  the Modern Skyscraper” </li></ul>
W. Le Baron Jenney:  Central Y.M.C.A., Chicago, 1891
Louis Sullivan <ul><li>1856 – 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>The Chicago School of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Form follows fun...
Louis Sullivan:  Bayard Bldg.,    NYC,    1897
Louis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, Scott  Dept. Store, Chicago, 1899
D. H. Burnham <ul><li>1846 – 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Use of steel as a super structure. </li></ul>
DH Burnham:  Fisher [Apt.] Bldg, Chicago, 1896
D. H. Burnham:  Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902
DH Burnham:  Railway Exchange, Chicago, 1904
Frank Lloyd Wright <ul><li>1869 – 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Prairie House” School of  Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>“ Orga...
Frank Lloyd Wright: Allen-Lamb House, 1915
Frank Lloyd Wright: Hollyhock House [Los Angeles], 1917
Frank Lloyd Wright: “Falling Waters”, 1936
Interior of “Falling Waters”
F. L. Wright Furniture
F. L. Wright Glass Screens Prairie wheat patterns.
Frank Lloyd Wright: Susan Lawrence Dana House, Springfield, IL - 1902
Frank Lloyd Wright: Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936
Frank Lloyd Wright: Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959
NEW YORK CITY: &quot;Gotham&quot;
New York City Architectural Style:  1870s-1910s <ul><li>The style was less innovative than in Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Western  Union Bldg,.  NYC - 1875
Manhattan Life Insurance  Bldg. NYC - 1893
Singer Building  NYC - 1902
Woolworth  Bldg. NYC - 1911
Flatiron Building  NYC – 1902 D. H. Burnham
Grand Central Station, 1913
John A. Roebling: The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883
John A. Roebling: The Brooklyn Bridge, 1913
“ Dumbell “ Tenement
“ Dumbell “ Tenement, NYC
Jacob Riis:    How the Other Half Lived (1890)
Tenement Slum Living
Lodgers Huddled Together
Tenement Slum Living
Struggling Immigrant Families
Mulberry Street – “Little Italy”
St. Patrick’s  Cathedral
Hester Street – Jewish Section
1900 Rosh Hashanah Greeting Card
Pell St. - Chinatown, NYC
Urban Growth:  1870 - 1900
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Late 19c Urbanization

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Transcript of "Late 19c Urbanization"

  1. 1. Urbanization As Seen Through Late 19c - Early 20c Architecture
  2. 2. Characteristics of Urbanization During the Gilded Age <ul><li>Megalopolis. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Transit. </li></ul><ul><li>Magnet for economic and social opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Pronounced class distinctions. - Inner & outer core </li></ul><ul><li>New frontier of opportunity for women. </li></ul><ul><li>Squalid living conditions for many. </li></ul><ul><li>Political machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic neighborhoods. </li></ul>
  3. 3. New Architectural Style New Use of Space New Class Diversity New Energy New Culture (“Melting Pot”) New Form of Classic “Rugged Individualism” New Levels of Crime, Violence, & Corruption Make a New Start New Symbols of Change & Progress The City as a New “Frontier?”
  4. 4. CHICAGO: &quot;The Windy City&quot;
  5. 5. William Le Baron Jenney <ul><li>1832 – 1907 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Father of the Modern Skyscraper” </li></ul>
  6. 6. W. Le Baron Jenney: Central Y.M.C.A., Chicago, 1891
  7. 7. Louis Sullivan <ul><li>1856 – 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>The Chicago School of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Form follows function! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Louis Sullivan: Bayard Bldg., NYC, 1897
  9. 9. Louis Sullivan: Carson, Pirie, Scott Dept. Store, Chicago, 1899
  10. 10. D. H. Burnham <ul><li>1846 – 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Use of steel as a super structure. </li></ul>
  11. 11. DH Burnham: Fisher [Apt.] Bldg, Chicago, 1896
  12. 12. D. H. Burnham: Marshall Fields Dept. Store, 1902
  13. 13. DH Burnham: Railway Exchange, Chicago, 1904
  14. 14. Frank Lloyd Wright <ul><li>1869 – 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Prairie House” School of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>“ Organic Architecture” </li></ul><ul><li>Function follows form! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Frank Lloyd Wright: Allen-Lamb House, 1915
  16. 16. Frank Lloyd Wright: Hollyhock House [Los Angeles], 1917
  17. 17. Frank Lloyd Wright: “Falling Waters”, 1936
  18. 18. Interior of “Falling Waters”
  19. 19. F. L. Wright Furniture
  20. 20. F. L. Wright Glass Screens Prairie wheat patterns.
  21. 21. Frank Lloyd Wright: Susan Lawrence Dana House, Springfield, IL - 1902
  22. 22. Frank Lloyd Wright: Johnson Wax Bldg. – Racine, WI, 1936
  23. 23. Frank Lloyd Wright: Guggenheim Museum, NYC - 1959
  24. 24. NEW YORK CITY: &quot;Gotham&quot;
  25. 25. New York City Architectural Style: 1870s-1910s <ul><li>The style was less innovative than in Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>NYC was the source of the capital for Chicago. </li></ul><ul><li>Most major business firms had their headquarters in NYC  their bldgs. became “logos” for their companies. </li></ul><ul><li>NYC buildings and skyscrapers were taller than in Chicago. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Western Union Bldg,. NYC - 1875
  27. 27. Manhattan Life Insurance Bldg. NYC - 1893
  28. 28. Singer Building NYC - 1902
  29. 29. Woolworth Bldg. NYC - 1911
  30. 30. Flatiron Building NYC – 1902 D. H. Burnham
  31. 31. Grand Central Station, 1913
  32. 32. John A. Roebling: The Brooklyn Bridge, 1883
  33. 33. John A. Roebling: The Brooklyn Bridge, 1913
  34. 34. “ Dumbell “ Tenement
  35. 35. “ Dumbell “ Tenement, NYC
  36. 36. Jacob Riis: How the Other Half Lived (1890)
  37. 37. Tenement Slum Living
  38. 38. Lodgers Huddled Together
  39. 39. Tenement Slum Living
  40. 40. Struggling Immigrant Families
  41. 41. Mulberry Street – “Little Italy”
  42. 42. St. Patrick’s Cathedral
  43. 43. Hester Street – Jewish Section
  44. 44. 1900 Rosh Hashanah Greeting Card
  45. 45. Pell St. - Chinatown, NYC
  46. 46. Urban Growth: 1870 - 1900
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