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Closing the Western Frontier
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Closing the Western Frontier

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  • 1. The Western Frontier
  • 2. Essential Questions
    • What national issues emerged in the process of closing the western frontier?
    • Why does the West hold such an important place in the American imagination?
    • In what ways is the West romanticized in American culture?
  • 3. Key Tensions Native Americans Buffalo Hunters Railroads U. S. Government Cattlemen Sheep Herders Ranchers Farmers
  • 4. Key Tensions Ethnic Minorities Nativists Environmentalists Big Business Interests [mining, timber] Local Govt. Officials Farmers Buffalo Hunters Lawlessness of the Frontier “ Civilizing” Forces [The “Romance” of the West]
  • 5. the Railroad builders
  • 6. Railroad Construction
  • 7. “ The Big Four” Railroad Magnates Charles Crocker Mark Hopkins Leland Stanford Collis Huntington
  • 8. Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
  • 9. the cowboys
  • 10. The Bronc Buster Frederick Remington
  • 11. the GUNSLINGERS
  • 12. Colt .45 Revolver God didn’t make men equal. Colonel Colt did!
  • 13. Legendary Gunslingers & Train Robbers Jesse James Billy the Kid
  • 14. Dodge City Peace Commission, 1890
  • 15. the MINERS
  • 16. Prospecting
  • 17. Mining Centers: 1900
  • 18. The Cattlemen & the Sheep herders
  • 19. Land Use: 1880s
  • 20. New Agricultural Technology “ Prairie Fan” Water Pump Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]
  • 21. Barbed Wire Joseph Glidden
  • 22. The Range Wars Sheep Herders Cattle Ranchers
  • 23. Minority groups in the West
  • 24. Black “Exoduster” Homesteaders
  • 25. Blacks Moving West
  • 26. The “Chinese Question”
    • Exclusion Act (1882) - Oriental Exclusion Act - Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 27. The Tong Wars: 1850s-1920s Began in San Francisco in 1875.
  • 28. The Farmers
  • 29. Frontier Settlements: 1870-1890
  • 30. Homesteads From Public Lands
  • 31. What is the Message of this Picture?
  • 32. The Realty--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD
  • 33. Frederick Jackson Turner The Significance of the Frontier in American Society (1893)
  • 34. the plains indians
  • 35. Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1851) Colorado Gold Rush (1859)
  • 36. Colonel John Chivington Kill and scalp all, big and little! Sandy Creek, CO Massacre November 29, 1864
  • 37. Gold Found in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory! 1874
  • 38. The Battle of Little Big Horn 1876 Chief Sitting Bull Gen. George Armstrong Custer
  • 39. Helen Hunt Jackson A Century of Dishonor (1881)
  • 40. Dawes Severalty Act (1887): Assimilation Policy Carlisle Indian School, PA
  • 41. Arapahoe “Ghost Dance”, 1890
  • 42. Chief Big Foot’s Lifeless Body Wounded Knee, SD, 1890
  • 43. Indian Reservations Today
  • 44. the myth & legend of the west
  • 45. The Traditional View of the West
  • 46. William “Buffalo Bill” Cody’s Wild West Show
  • 47. Legendary Female Western Characters Calamity Jane Annie Oakley
  • 48. The Fall of the Cowboy Frederick Remington
  • 49. what were the long-term effects of the westward experience?
  • 50. Destruction of the Buffalo Herds The near extinction of the buffalo.
  • 51. Yellowstone National Park First national park established in 1872.
  • 52. National Parks
  • 53. Conservation Movement John Muir With President Theodore Roosevelt
  • 54. Sierra Club Founded in 1892

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