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Agile UX Breakfast Briefing Jun13
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Agile UX Breakfast Briefing Jun13






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Agile UX Breakfast Briefing Jun13 Agile UX Breakfast Briefing Jun13 Presentation Transcript

  • Agile UX (Breakfast Edition) Ross Philip – Principal UX Consultant
  • Good Morning…
  • What we will cover… • Agile development: What and Why? • The UX Challenge • Adapting UX for Agile • Lean UX • Agile & Lean UX in the wild: Experiences, problems and solutions
  • Traditional Waterfall • Risky and Expensive • Standish Group Chaos Report (2000)  25% of all projects fail outright • UK Study (1027 Projects) – 13% did not fail  Waterfall scope management single largest factor • US Defence Dept. (1995) - $37 Billion USD  46% of systems did not meet needs (cf functional spec) • 6700 Projects (Larman)  4/5 key factors for failure attributable to waterfall method  Inflexible requirements  Problems with late integration
  • Waterfall vs. Agile • Visibility - based on delivery of working software • Adaptability - Iterative planning and feedback copes with changing requirements • Business Value – planning, feedback and delivery of working software • Risk – Greatly reduced throughout. Adaptability and working software. VersionOne Diagram
  • Agile manifesto [1] • Individuals and Interactions over processes and tools  Social and Collaborative – Goals & Motivation  Small Teams – Close Quarters • Working software over comprehensive documentation  Eliminates Waste  BUT – No big design up front
  • Agile manifesto [2] • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation  Customer involved throughout • Responding to change over following a plan  Adaptable  Identify and resolve issues ASAP Lockheed Skunk Works and Extreme programming  (KANBAN/JIT) – Lean processes
  • The State of Agile (2012) – Highlights [1] n=4048 • More Companies practicing Agile  84% • Practicing longer  36% 2-5 years (38% 1-2 years) practising Agile • Being Applied on More Projects  76-100% projects – 37% • Increasing number of teams and projects  2-5 teams (38%), 10+ teams (30%)  0-5 projects (59%), 10+ projects (30%) • Methods - Scrum & Scrum variants (72%)
  • The State of Agile (2012) – Highlights [2] n=4048 • Failure • Issues at organisational level • Barriers to further adoption
  • The State of Agile (2012) – Highlights [3] n=4048 • Concerns • Reasons to adopt • Benefits
  • What we will cover… • Agile development: What and Why? • The UX Challenge • Adapting UX for Agile • Lean UX • Agile & Lean UX in the wild: Experiences, problems and solutions
  • How Does Agile Account For Design? Conceptual Design? Little if any up front How will product service be understood? Focus on Architectural modelling & programming User Interface Design? Not explicit Product owner - concept User Involvement? User Stories, but no users UX Track? Not indigenous Functional Testing UAT vs. UX
  • Agile UX Challenges • UX work needs to be adapted to fit • Need to present and explain users' needs effectively • Big design up-front is not Agile • No developer engagement with UX
  • Who best to represent the users?
  • Shift in Focus – The 3 Is Business Intentions Shared Vision Org Landscape Business Model Content Strategy Competitor Insights Customer Insights ‘Super Users’ In Context Call Centres GOOB! Social Media – The Buzz! Rapid Personas Tech Implementation Tech Choices - & Constraints Patterns & Libraries Legacy Considerations Non-functional Requirements UX in Agile needs to stay focussed on the 3 areas
  • Collocation – Almost essential • Cross-functional teams – Lose traditional barriers • The problem with developers!  Essential Empathy • Efficient Communication • Quick Collaboration • Efficient Problem Solving • Better team spirit
  • What we will cover… • Agile development: What and Why? • The UX Challenge • Adapting UX for Agile • Lean UX • Agile & Lean UX in the wild: Experiences, problems and solutions
  • Agile UX Approach Sprint 0 Sprint 1 Sprint 2 Sprint 3 Sprint 4 Sprint 5 Design 1 Design 2 Design 3 Design 4 design 5 Dev 1 Dev 2 Dev 3 Dev 4 Dev 5 Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Test 4 Monday Friday pm am Recruitment Test Planning Design Workshop Sprint Planning Usability Testing Showcase & Retrospective Review Feedback Prioritise Actions Finalise Test Planning Design Design Customer Research Design Design Stand Up Stand Up Stand Up
  • UX Design Has always been… • … about collaborating with customers • … iterative • … customer feedback driven • … accommodating to change • … multidisciplinary (at least in concept) But • Spread design effort throughout, not upfront  Bad Waterfall!!!
  • Agile Experience Design Manifesto • Inclusive – Rather than elitist • Emergent with direction – Rather than up front • Integrated and collaborative – Rather than handed over the fence • Considerate of Customer, business and technology needs – Rather than biased towards a single factor (or two)
  • Agile Design - Iterative & Incremental • Develop wireframes/Prototypes to support User Stories • Design only what is needed and when • Collaborative Design  Sketching/Paper-based • Lo-fi Wireframes  Balsamiq ideal • Beware Hi-fi designs e.g. Axure  Costly to change • The ‘Wall’ • Collocation - Efficient
  • Key Agile UX Support Methods • User Research – Identify and Validate Stories  Ethnography/Contextual Inquiry  Interviews  Surveys  Focus Groups  User Panel • Personas • Story Mapping • Collaborative Design • Wireframing/Prototyping • Rapid Usability Testing
  • This is about… observing customers first hand as they interact with your service. You get… a better understanding of the experience from the users/customers’ perspective, in their context of use.  Get Native  Be A Customer  Service Safari  Contextual Analysis Advantage… Brings the data to life by observing real customers in real situations. Disadvantage… Time consuming and can be expensive. Ethnographic studies
  • This is about… meeting customers, one-to-one or in a group and asking them about their experience You get… deep insight into customers’ goals, motivations, behaviour and feelings. Advantages… good understanding of customers’ perceptions/reactions and needs Disadvantages… can be costly and time consuming. Not contextual - Saying vs. Doing!  Surveys  Interviews/Contextual Interviews Focus groups
  • Understanding your users and their haenges y Personas This is about…ensuring that the target users are represented in the design process, guiding product decisions You get…believable personas, understanding, & empathy by outlining the key characteristics, goals, pains, needs & desires Advantage… Keeps users represented throughout process Disadvantage… Not a substitute for user research. Can be time consuming
  • Agile/Lean Persona (Proto Personas) 1. Sketch Name 2. Behavioural And Demographic Info 3. Pain Points and Needs 4. Potential Solutions
  • Understanding your users and their haenges y Story Mapping This is about…ensuring that User Stories are prioritized whilst maintaining meaningful groupings for development and testing. You get…full picture of backlog and easy chunking of functionality for releases. Advantage… They support rich discussion about journeys, potential problems, solutions and validation. Disadvantage… Require additional time investment but easy to learn. Requires space!
  • Collaborative Design This is about… tapping into the broad range of perspective, understanding and problem solving skills across the team, stakeholders and users. You get… more potential solutions based on a broad range of knowledge and perspectives on the problems space. Advantage… greater likelihood of finding the most effective solution (s). Disadvantage… can be time consuming and ideally requires participants to be tech savvy
  • Wireframes/Prototypes This is about…ensuring that you explore design options, and identify and resolve issues as early as possible in the design process. You get…feedback on the usability, user experience and design whilst rapidly iterating the solution Advantage… clear visualisation and testing of design solutions and rapid improvement Disadvantage… avoiding the temptation to over-design
  • Rapid usability testing This is about…capturing feedback on developing design solutions for rapid iteration You get…feedback on the designs as they are being used by representative users Advantage… very insightful feedback Disadvantage… ensuring users are representative, time consuming, and interpreting results  3-6 participants per round (Panel)  30-45 min session  Remote Testing/Observation  Priority stories (unknowns/high risk)
  • Other Techniques • Hot Air Balloon/Speedboat – Drivers & Anchors • Product in a Box • Competitor Review • Analytics • Customer Journey Mapping • Design Mapping & Sketchboarding • Storyboarding • IA Design & Analysis • Expert Analysis
  • …Design & Research… Requirements are assumptions… Only if it makes a difference… Just enough and no more… Oh… and iterate!
  • What we will cover… • Agile development: What and Why? • The UX Challenge • Adapting UX for Agile • Lean UX • Agile & Lean UX in the wild: Experiences, problems and solutions
  • Lean UX • Combination of  Design Thinking  Agile  Lean Start-up method • Characteristics  Build/Measure/Learn  Creation of rapid prototypes to test market assumptions  Feedback to evolve much faster  Reduce waste – Inc. frequency of contact with customers to avoid incorrect assumptions
  • Lean UX Principles [1] • Cross-functional teams – High level of collaboration • Small Dedicated Collocated – Communication, Focus and Cameraderie • Progress = Outcomes not output… • Problem-focused teams (c.f. features) • Remove waste – If it doesn’t lead to the ultimate goal, remove from the process • Small batch size – create only what is needed at any given time • Continuous Discovery – Engagement with customer and feedback throughout  What is customer doing  Why are they doing it  Research done by the entire team
  • Lean UX Principles [2] • GOOB! • Shared understanding – over time… Documents not needed • No Rockstars, Gurus or Ninjas…team-based collaboration rules • Get the work out there - Out of heads and onto the wall - immersion • Making over analysis – Value in creating an idea, then taking it to customers • Learning over Growth – Figure out what to build before scaling it • Permission to fail – Need to experiment with ideas and most will fail. Culture needs to encourage this. Experimentation breeds creativity.  Risk taking > Big Ideas. Frequent failures > Mastery of skills. • Lose the deliverable – focus on design process achieving outcomes not artifacts
  • Concept/Plan • Contextual Analysis • User Profiling/Persona development • User Needs Analysis • IA Analysis Design • Wireframing • Prototyping • Co-Design Workshops • Competitive Design Evaluate • Usability Testing • Expert Evaluation • Eye-tracking • Accessibility Audits Live Support • Customer Surveys • Analytics • A/B Testing • Multi-variate Testing User-Centred Design (UCD) Process
  • Lean UX Process…look familiar? • Demos & Prototypes • Non-prototype • E-mail/Google Ad words • Landing Page/Button to nowhere • Collaborative Discovery • Continuous Discovery • Testing & Feedback capture • Iterate • Collaborative Design • Design Studios • Style Guides • Prototyping • Assumptions & Problem Statements • Known/Risk • Hypothesis • Outcomes • Personas Declare Assumptions Create an MVP Run an Experiment (Market Signals) Feedback & Research
  • Continuous Discovery - Testing Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Start Recruiting What to Test? Refine what will be tested Refine what will be tested Test Script Finalise Recruitment Testing Review Findings (Whole team) Next Steps based on Findings Weekly Cycles…
  • Continuous Monitoring… Customer 360° Diary Studies Focus Groups Card Sorting Usability Tests Third Party Reviews Customer Support E-mails & Call Centre Analytics User Forms Surveys
  • …So what’s the difference? What do you think?
  • What we will cover… • Agile development: What and Why? • The UX Challenge • Adapting UX for Agile • Lean UX • Agile & Lean UX in the wild: Experiences, problems and solutions
  • Agile in the wild So, what have been your: • Experiences? • Issues/Challenges? • Solutions? • Thoughts?
  • Some Useful Resources (Agile & Lean UX) Web Resources: • Jeff Gothelf Blog - http://www.jeffgothelf.com/blog/ • Lindsay Ratcliffe Blog - http://guigrrrl.blogspot.co.uk/ • State of Agile Survey - http://www.versionone.com/state-of-agile- survey-results/
  • Eye tracking Questions?
  • Thank You Ross Philip Principal User Experience Consultant User Vision 55 North Castle Street Edinburgh EH2 3QA T: 0131 225 0853 E: ross@uservision.co.uk W: www.uservision.co.uk