What is natural disaster’s A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from the earths natural hazards. A natural disaster can include loss of life, injury, economic loss, and environmental loss. The severity of the losses depends on the ability of the affected population to resist the hazard.
The World is always changing.Natural disasters are changes which areso great they may cause damage to theshape of the land or to the lives of peopleand other living things.Great changes happen deep inside theEarth and on its surface. The changes onthe outer part of the Earth happenbecause of different kinds of weather.
The term natural has consequentlybeen disputed because the eventsare not purely natural but result frominteraction between natural forcesand the human race.
Natural disasters are often frighteningand difficult for us to understand,because we have no control over whenand where they happen. What we cancontrol is how prepared we are ascommunities and governments to dealwith the dangers that natural disastersbring.
Places that are more likely to have naturaldisasters, such as the earthquake-prone PacificRing of Fire, or coastal areas vulnerable tohurricanes, require accurate methods ofpredicting disasters and warning the publicquickly. Once the people have been informed,evacuation routes must be provided so that theycan all leave quickly and safely, even if they travelby foot. Emergency warnings and evacuationplans are not enough, though. .
Example of natural disaster•Floods,•Tsunami,•Tornadoes,•Hurricanes/cyclones,•Volcanic eruptions,•Earthquakes,•Landslides.
Ring of FireThe Ring of fire or Pacific Ring of Fire is an area where large numbers of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean.
Facts The Ring of Fire is 40,000 km long and is shape as a horse shoe. The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to 75% of the worlds active and dormant volcanoes. It is sometimes called the circum-Pacific belt or the circum-Pacific seismic belt. 90% of the worlds earthquakes and 80% of the worlds largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire.
It is sometimes called the circum-Pacific belt or the circum-Pacific seismic belt. 90% of the worlds earthquakes and 80% of the worlds largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire.
RING OF FIREThe Ring of Fire is a chain of volcanoes that linethe Pacific Rim. The Pacific oceanic plate movesunder the Eurasian plate forming mountains andvolcanoes.
The Ring of Fire is a direct result of platetectonics and the movement and collisionsof lithospheric plates. The eastern section of the ringis the result of the Nazca Plate and the CocosPlate being subducted beneath the westwardmoving South American Plate
PLATES’ STRESSAlong the edges of the tectonic plates, stress buildsup until eventually the plates moves suddenly andviolently causing earthquakes.
JAPAN’S TECTONIC THREATThe islands of Japan were created by plate tectonics.The same internal forces have also challenged thepeople of Japan. Mt. Fuji, Japan’s tallest peak, is anactive volcano that causes threat to Japan.
Pacific Ring of Fire unleashes disaster- Example.•JAKARTA, 29 May 2006 - The earthquake that rocked Java was thelatest disaster in a part of the world known as the Pacific "Ring ofFire" that has seen a burst of seismic and volcanic activity that year.•From the nuclear-like explosion of Krakatoa volcano off the coast ofIndonesia in 1883 to the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster that killed220,000 in late 2004 the Rings awesome power is legend.•The eruption of Mount St Helens in the United States in 1980, thefreak quake that felled San Francisco in 1906 and the one thatdevastated Kobe, Japan, in 1995, were all part of the Ringsdevastating toll.
GeoscientistGeoscientist study the volcanoes rocks and ash to see what minerals are found in the earth. Also if we study volcanoes, we will know when it might blow so we can save lives in near by towns.
Role of organisationsNation Disaster Management Authority OfIndia- NDMA National vision - To build a safer and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, pro-active, multi-disaster and technology-driven strategy for disaster management through collective efforts of all Government Agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations. NDMA as the apex body is mandated to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red CrescentSocieties (IFRC) is the worlds largest humanitarian networkthat reaches 150 million people in 187 National Societiesthrough the work of over 13 million volunteers.
Disaster response continues to represent the largestportion of the International Federation work, withassistance to around 30 million people annually fromrefugees to victims of natural disasters. This sectionincludes our emergency response units and issuesrelating to humanitarian policies as they strive toimprove the quality of our immediate response andlong-term rehabilitation work.
National Crisis Management Cell (NCMC), the never center of all intelligence agencies of Pakistan that acts as focal point in all emergencies is one of the most prestigious governmental organization in Pakistan. RAD Federation was invited to draft a proposal forthe development of NCMC website along with National Security Threat Advisory system. After the initial kickoff meeting with director NCMC it was deemed necessary to analyze the nature of NCMC as an organization andfor this a week of in depth study was spent to produce a matching proposal.
At RAD Federation learned that the “Crisis Management represents one of the most difficult, challenging, urgent tasks that public managers face. Crisis environments are complex, dynamic and place lives, property, and continuity of operations in our communities at risk”.