British literature through time

9,144 views
8,874 views

Published on

It's a brief summary of the periods in british literature

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
13 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
9,144
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
46
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
513
Comments
0
Likes
13
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

British literature through time

  1. 1. BRITISH LITERATURE THROUGH TIME
  2. 2. OLD ENGLISH <ul><li>ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD </li></ul><ul><li>449 – 1066 </li></ul>
  3. 3. CONTENT <ul><li>Strong belief in fate </li></ul><ul><li>Juxtaposition of the church and pagan worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Admiration of heroic warriors who prevail in battle </li></ul><ul><li>Express religious faith and give moral instruction through literature </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  4. 4. EFFECT <ul><li>Christianity helps literacy to spread </li></ul><ul><li>Introduces Roman alphabet to Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Oral tradition helps unite diverse people and their myths </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  5. 5. Style / Genres <ul><li>Oral tradition of literature </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry is the dominant genre </li></ul><ul><li>Unique forms includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Caesura </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>4 beat rhythm </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  6. 6. Historical Context <ul><li>Life centered around ancestral tribes/clans that ruled themselves </li></ul><ul><li>At first the people were warriors from invading outlying areas: Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Danes </li></ul><ul><li>Later they became primarily agricultural </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  7. 7. Key Literature: Authors <ul><li>Beowulf </li></ul><ul><li>Exeter Book </li></ul><ul><li>The Venerable Bede </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  8. 8. MIDDLE ENGLISH PERIOD <ul><li>(The MEDIEVAL Period) </li></ul><ul><li>1066 – 1485 </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  9. 9. CONTENT <ul><li>Plays that instruct the illiterate masses in morals and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Chivalric code of honor </li></ul><ul><li>Religous devotion </li></ul><ul><li>Romances </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  10. 10. STYLE / GENRE <ul><li>Oral tradition continues </li></ul><ul><li>Folk ballads </li></ul><ul><li>Mystery and miracle plays </li></ul><ul><li>Morality plays </li></ul><ul><li>Stock epithets </li></ul><ul><li>Kennings </li></ul><ul><li>Moral tales </li></ul><ul><li>Frame stories </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  11. 11. EFFECT <ul><li>Church instructs its people through the morality and miracle plays </li></ul><ul><li>An illiterate population is able to hear and see the literature </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  12. 12. Historical Context <ul><li>Crusades bring the development of a money economy for the first time in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Trading increases deamatically as a result of the Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>William the Conquerer crowned king in 1066 </li></ul><ul><li>Henry III crowned king in 1154, brings a judicial system, royal courts, juries, and chivaly to Britain </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  13. 13. Key Literature: authors <ul><li>Domesday Book </li></ul><ul><li>L’Morte de Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Geoffrey Chaucer </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  14. 14. The Renaissance <ul><li>1485 – 1660 </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  15. 15. CONTENT <ul><li>World view shifts from religion and afterlife to one stressing the human life on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Popular them: development of human potential </li></ul><ul><li>Popular theme: exploding the many aspects of love: </li></ul><ul><li>Unrequited love </li></ul><ul><li>Constant love </li></ul><ul><li>Timeless love </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE <ul><li>Courtly love </li></ul><ul><li>Love subject to change </li></ul>
  16. 16. STYLE / GENRES <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>sonnet </li></ul><ul><li>Dramma : </li></ul><ul><li>Written in verse </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedies, comedies, historics </li></ul><ul><li>Methaphysical poetry : </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate unexpected metaphors called conceits </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  17. 17. Historical Context <ul><li>War of Roses ends in 1485 and political stability arrives </li></ul><ul><li>Printing press helps stabilize English as a language and allows more people to read a variety of literature </li></ul><ul><li>Economy chages from farm-based to one of international trade </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  18. 18. Key Literature: authors <ul><li>William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>John Donne </li></ul><ul><li>Cavalier poets </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphysical poets </li></ul><ul><li>Christopher Marlowe </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Marvel </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  19. 19. Neoclassical Period <ul><li>(The Restoration) </li></ul><ul><li>1660 – 1798 </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  20. 20. CONTENT <ul><li>Emphasis on reason and logic </li></ul><ul><li>Stresses harmony, stability and wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Locke: a social contract exists between the government and the people. The government governs guaranteeing «natural rights» of life, liberty, and property </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  21. 21. STYLE / GENRE <ul><li>Satire: uses irony and exaggeration to poke fun at human faults and foolishness in order to correct human behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Essays </li></ul><ul><li>Letters, diaries, biographies </li></ul><ul><li>Novels </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  22. 22. EFFECT <ul><li>Emphasis on the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Belief that man was basically evil </li></ul><ul><li>Approach to life «the world as it should be» </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  23. 23. Historical Context <ul><li>50% of men are functionally literate (a dramatic rise) </li></ul><ul><li>Fenced enclosure of land cause the demise of traditional village life </li></ul><ul><li>Factories begin to spring up as the industrial revolution starts </li></ul><ul><li>Impoverished masses begin to grow as farming life declines and factories build </li></ul><ul><li>Coffe houses – where educated men spend evenings with literary and political associates </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  24. 24. Key Literature: authors <ul><li>Alexander Pope </li></ul><ul><li>John Dryden </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Swift </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Dafoe </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>John Bunyan </li></ul>URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  25. 25. URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE
  26. 26. URSULA HUANCAS DONAYRE

×