Presentation given by Genevieve Siegel-Hawley during the March 2013 Looking Back, Moving Forward conference in Richmond, Virginia, hosted by University of Richmond and Virginia Commonwealth University.
Contemporary Patterns of School Segregation in Richmond: Genevieve Siegel-Hawley Presentation
Contemporary Patterns of SchoolSegregation in the RichmondMetro AreaGenevieve Siegel-HawleyVirginia Commonwealth University
William Fox, then and now35%65%1987White Black43%54%3%1992White BlackOther62%30%4%3% 1%2010White Black LatinoAsian Other
Big takeaways1. Region’s enrollment has becomemultiracial2. High proportions of black (andincreasingly Latino) students continue toattend schools that are segregated byboth race and poverty3. School segregation rising withindistricts, even as segregation betweendistricts remains high
Enrollment by Race, Richmond-Petersburg60%37%2% 1%1989-199051%37%3%6%3%2010-2011WhiteBlackAsianLatinoTwo or More
Black Students in Segregated MinoritySchools, Richmond-Petersburg37.548.335.611.46.18.01989-1990 1999-2000 2010-201190-100% Minority School 99-100% Minority School
Latino Students in Segregated MinoritySchools, Richmond-Petersburg4.913.5 184.108.40.206 0.51989-1990 1999-2000 2010-201190-100% Minority School 99-100% Minority School
School racial isolation overlaps withconcentrated poverty• In 2010, 75% of students in the region’sintensely segregated minority schoolsqualified for free and reduced priced lunch.• Fully 85% of students did so in apartheidschool settings.
“We deal here with the right of all of ourchildren, whatever their race, to an equal start in lifeand to an equal opportunity to reach their full potentialas citizens. Those children who have been denied thatright in the past deserve better than to see fencesthrown up to deny them that right in the future.”--Justice Thurgood Marshall, Milliken, 1974
Within vs. Between District Segregation72%28%1989Between DistrictsWithin Districts54%46%2010
Black-White School DissimilarityIndex, Richmond, Henrico, Chesterfield0.46 0.490.590.520.59 0.610.37 0.38 0.381992 1999 2008Richmond City Henrico County Chesterfield County
Percentage of White Henrico 9-12th graders residing inoriginal, proposed and final high school attendance boundaries0.010.020.030.040.050.060.070.080.090.0100.0Deep Run Freeman Godwin Glen Allen Henrico Hermitage HighlandSpringsTucker VarinaOriginal Option A Option C Option D FinalSource: ACS, 2006-2010
BETWEEN DISTRICTSRichmond, Chesterfield and Henrico, 1992-2008
Urban/Suburban Enrollment byRace, Richmond-Petersburg, 1989-20100%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%White Black Asian Latino White Black Asian LatinoUrban Schools Suburban Schools1989-19901999-20002010-2011
According to the Brookings Institution, the Richmondregion reports 5 of the top 20 fastest growing exurbs interms of the white population. NewKent, Louisa, Caroline, Goochland and Powhatancounties were included on the list.