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Contemporary Patterns of School Segregation in Richmond: Genevieve Siegel-Hawley Presentation
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Contemporary Patterns of School Segregation in Richmond: Genevieve Siegel-Hawley Presentation

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Presentation given by Genevieve Siegel-­Hawley during the March 2013 Looking Back, Moving Forward conference in Richmond, Virginia, hosted by University of Richmond and Virginia Commonwealth ...

Presentation given by Genevieve Siegel-­Hawley during the March 2013 Looking Back, Moving Forward conference in Richmond, Virginia, hosted by University of Richmond and Virginia Commonwealth University.

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Contemporary Patterns of School Segregation in Richmond: Genevieve Siegel-Hawley Presentation Contemporary Patterns of School Segregation in Richmond: Genevieve Siegel-Hawley Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Contemporary Patterns of SchoolSegregation in the RichmondMetro AreaGenevieve Siegel-HawleyVirginia Commonwealth University
  • William Fox, then and now35%65%1987White Black43%54%3%1992White BlackOther62%30%4%3% 1%2010White Black LatinoAsian Other
  • Big takeaways1. Region’s enrollment has becomemultiracial2. High proportions of black (andincreasingly Latino) students continue toattend schools that are segregated byboth race and poverty3. School segregation rising withindistricts, even as segregation betweendistricts remains high View slide
  • Enrollment by Race, Richmond-Petersburg60%37%2% 1%1989-199051%37%3%6%3%2010-2011WhiteBlackAsianLatinoTwo or More View slide
  • Black Students in Segregated MinoritySchools, Richmond-Petersburg37.548.335.611.46.18.01989-1990 1999-2000 2010-201190-100% Minority School 99-100% Minority School
  • Latino Students in Segregated MinoritySchools, Richmond-Petersburg4.913.5 13.51.40.3 0.51989-1990 1999-2000 2010-201190-100% Minority School 99-100% Minority School
  • School racial isolation overlaps withconcentrated poverty• In 2010, 75% of students in the region’sintensely segregated minority schoolsqualified for free and reduced priced lunch.• Fully 85% of students did so in apartheidschool settings.
  • FENCES BETWEEN AND WITHINSCHOOL DIVISIONS
  • “We deal here with the right of all of ourchildren, whatever their race, to an equal start in lifeand to an equal opportunity to reach their full potentialas citizens. Those children who have been denied thatright in the past deserve better than to see fencesthrown up to deny them that right in the future.”--Justice Thurgood Marshall, Milliken, 1974
  • Within vs. Between District Segregation72%28%1989Between DistrictsWithin Districts54%46%2010
  • WITHINDISTRICTS
  • Black-White School DissimilarityIndex, Richmond, Henrico, Chesterfield0.46 0.490.590.520.59 0.610.37 0.38 0.381992 1999 2008Richmond City Henrico County Chesterfield County
  • Percentage of White Henrico 9-12th graders residing inoriginal, proposed and final high school attendance boundaries0.010.020.030.040.050.060.070.080.090.0100.0Deep Run Freeman Godwin Glen Allen Henrico Hermitage HighlandSpringsTucker VarinaOriginal Option A Option C Option D FinalSource: ACS, 2006-2010
  • BETWEEN DISTRICTSRichmond, Chesterfield and Henrico, 1992-2008
  • Urban/Suburban Enrollment byRace, Richmond-Petersburg, 1989-20100%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%White Black Asian Latino White Black Asian LatinoUrban Schools Suburban Schools1989-19901999-20002010-2011
  • According to the Brookings Institution, the Richmondregion reports 5 of the top 20 fastest growing exurbs interms of the white population. NewKent, Louisa, Caroline, Goochland and Powhatancounties were included on the list.
  • A REGIONAL COMPARISON
  • 0.000.100.200.300.400.500.600.700.801990 2000 2010White-Black/Black-WhiteRichmond MetroSchoolsBlockGroups0.000.100.200.300.400.500.600.700.801990 2000 2010White-Black/Black-WhiteDissimilarityIndexLouisville-Jefferson CountySchool and residential segregationSource: NCES’ CCD, 1992-1993, 1999-2000, 2008-2009; U.S. Census SF3, 1990, 2000, 2010