EMBRYOLOGY Pediatric GU Review UCSD Pediatric Urology George Chiang MD Sara Marietti MD Outlined from The Kelalis-King-Belman Textbook of Clinical Pediatric Urology 2007 (not for reproduction, distribution, or sale without consent)
clo·a·ca (klō-ā'kə) pronunciation n., pl. -cae (-sē'). 1. A sewer or latrine. 2. Zoology. 1. The common cavity into which the intestinal, genital, and urinary tracts open in vertebrates such as fish, reptiles, birds, and some primitive mammals. 2. The posterior part of the intestinal tract in various invertebrates.
Emil Zuckerkandl (September 1, 1849 in Raab, Hungary – May 28, 1910 in Vienna) was a Hungarian-Austrian anatomist. Educated at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1874). In 1875 he became privat-docent of anatomy at the University of Utrecht, and he was appointed assistant professor at the University of Vienna in 1879, being made professor at Graz in 1882. Since 1888 he has been professor of descriptive and topographical anatomy at the University of Vienna. Zuckerkandl has contributed many monographs to medical journals. Among his works the following may be mentioned: "Zur Morphologie des Gesichtschädels" (Stuttgart, 1877); "Über eine Bisher noch Nicht Beschriebene Drüse der Regio Suprahyoidea" (ib. 1879); "Über das Riechcentrum" (ib. 1887); and "Normale und Pathologische Anatomie der Nasenhöhle und Ihrer Pneumatischen Anhänge" (Vienna, 1892).
Match the Condition Retrocaval ureter Renal Agenesis ADPKD ARPKD Multicystic dysplastic kidneys Pelvic Ectopia Horeshoe Kidney Supernumerary Kidney Pronephros fails to develop and mesonephros fails to develop Failure of renal ascent Persistence of R subcardinal vein as IVC Ascent arrested by IMA Enlargement of collecting ducts with “sunburst pattern” Early ureteral obstruction or faulty ureteral bud 1 in 3000 pregnancies Division of ipsilateral ureteral bud Cysts form thru abnormal collecting duct branching Renal Vasculature and Kidney
1) Faulty mesodermal development during the 6th to 12th week 2) Deformation of abdominal wall by distended viscera or increased pressure 3) Primary abdominal wall defect resulting in decreased pressure
sau·tri·cle 1 (ytr-kl) n. 1. A membranous sac contained within the labyrinth of the inner ear and connected with the semicircular canals. 2. Botany A small bladderlike one-seeded indehiscent fruit, as in the amaranth.