English pronunciation, intonation and stress

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One of the most difficult things about the English language is its pronunciation. Students focus their attention on the ponetic symbols and, sometimes, forget about other important elements such as intonation and, above all, stress.

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English pronunciation, intonation and stress

  1. 1. English pronunciation, intonationEnglish pronunciation, intonation and stressand stress
  2. 2. Topics  Stress.  IPA.  Pronunciation.  Intonation.  Strong and Weak forms.  To know more.
  3. 3. Stress  Phonemic.  Louder, longer and higher.  Fuller realisation. record n. v. holiday, alone, admiration, confidential, degree and weaker
  4. 4. Stress  Grammatical words Auxiliary verbs Prepositions Pronouns etc.  Stressed-timed.  Lexical words Nouns Verbs Adjectives etc.
  5. 5. IPA  International Phonetic Alphabet.  Received Pronunciation (RP).  Symbols:  Monophthongs (vowels).  Conosonants.  Diphthongs (2 vowels).  Triphthongs.
  6. 6. IPA. Monophthongs Front Central Back long short long short long short Close :  :  Mid  :  : Open   : 
  7. 7. IPA. Monophthongs            
  8. 8. IPA. Consonants Bilabial Labio- dental Dental Alveolar Post- alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal   ŋ Plosive   ɡ Affricate  ʃ ʒ Fricative  θ  ʃ ʒ   Approximant    Lateral 
  9. 9. IPA. Diphthongs RP Australian American GA Canadian low / /əʊ / /əʉ /o /ʊ Loud /a /ʊ /æ /ɔ /a /ʊ /a /ʊ lout [ ]əʊ lied /a /ɪ / e/ɑ /a /ɪ /a /ɪ light [ ]əɪ lane /e /ɪ /æ /ɪ /e /ɪ loin / /ɔɪ /o /ɪ / /ɔɪ leer / /ɪə / /ɪə / /ɪɚ lair / /ɛə /e /ː / /ɛɚ lure / /ʊə / /ʊə / /ʊɚ
  10. 10. IPA. Triphthongs  Stress on the first element.  /  /  /  /  /  /  /  /  /  /
  11. 11. Pronunciation  Pronouncing every word correctly…  Stressed language vs Syllabic language.  Example:  The beautiful mountain appeared transfixed in the distance.  He can come on Sundays as long as he doesn’t have to do any homework in the evening.
  12. 12. Intonation  Content words. Nouns (Most) Main verbs Adjectives Adverbs  Function words. Determiners Auxiliary verbs Prepositions Conjunctions Pronouns
  13. 13. Intonation. Practice Mark the stressed words in the following sentences. After you have found the stressed words, practice reading the sentences aloud.  John is coming over tonight. We are going to work on our homework together.  Ecstasy is an extremely dangerous drug.  We should have visited some more castles while we were traveling through the back roads of France.  Jack bought a new car last Friday.  They are looking forward to your visiting them next January.  Exciting discoveries lie in Tom's future.  Would you like to come over and play a game of chess?  They have been having to work hard these last few months on their challenging experiment.
  14. 14. Strong and Weak forms  Dictionary transcription.  /  /  Function words.  Little or no semantic content.  Closed class.  Weak forms do not usually appear in sentence-final position or in contrastive/emphatic use.
  15. 15. Strong and Weak forms orthography strong form(s) weak form(s) the  ,  a/an e, n , n some sm sm, sm̩  Determiners and Quantifiers.
  16. 16. Strong and Weak forms  Pronouns. orthography strong form(s) weak form(s) his   him   her   you  ,  your   she   he   we   them  ,  us  , 
  17. 17. Strong and Weak forms  Conjunctions orthography strong form(s) weak form(s) and  , , ̩, ̩ but   that  
  18. 18. Strong and Weak forms  Prepositions / ‘Particles’. orthography strong form(s) weak form(s) than   at   for   from  , , ̩ of  ,  to  ,  as  ,  there  
  19. 19. Strong and Weak forms  Auxiliaries. orthography strong form(s) weak form(s) can  , ̩ could   have  ,  has  ,  had  ,  will   Shall  , ,  Should   must  ,  do  ,  does  ,  am  , ̩ are   was   were  
  20. 20. To know more…  Listen&Read along (http://www.manythings.org/listen).  Listen&Repead podcast (http://www.manythings.org/repeat).  Minimal pairs (http://www.manythings.org/pp).  Daily Pronunciation Practice (http://www.manythings.org/lar).  Sounds&Letters (http://www.rafamoreno.com/Materiales/Sounds_Letters.pdf).  Pronunciation Drill (http://www.rafamoreno.com/Materiales/Pronunciation_Drill.pdf).

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