TATEMODERN“GlobalCities”www.borderlessculture.comDr Cindy Frewen, FAIAcfw@frewenarchitects.com@urbanverseGreat Urban Divid...
What if the world’s population of 7 billion lived inone large city, how large would that city be if itwere as dense as….
A typology of place identitiesEcotopiaNatureConservePlanet firstEnvironmentalUtopiaCommunitySharedAll together, loveSocial...
San Luis Obispo, CA1970sSome cities are happier,is there a HappinessDivide?
San Luis ObispoHappiest City in America
San Luis ObispoNo commutes, beautiful places sopeople accept lower income to live there.
ChinaIndiaBrazil U.S.DenmarkWorld Values Survey, Inglehart & Welzel www.worldvaluessurvey.orgThink about identity first, i...
MUMBAICollectivismHigh Power DistanceLong-term OrientationLOS ANGELESIndividualismEgalitarianShort-term OrientationHofsted...
LOS ANGELES, where homeless find the most publicspaces because they’d be thrown off privateproperty. Individual rules, sho...
MUMBAI INDIA, where people builda community but lack sanitationinfrastructure. Community rules,long term orientation.COLLE...
MUMBAILOS ANGELESHOFSTEDE CULTURAL DIMENSIONSInstitutional publichousing filledwith hate, crime.IndividualismEgalitarianSh...
litany2m in slums; illegal immigrants; highcrime/gangssystemsFear of deportation; low wages; propertyrights, taxes, utilit...
Tate ModernGrowth GapToo many people,not enough city
Shrink GapToo much city,not enough peopleHowzer cc flickr
Tate Modern
Largest cities over time from Europe toAsia, to Europe, to North Am, to Asia• 100 AD ROME 450,000• 1000 CORDOVA SPAIN 450,...
Modern cities are aphenomena of justthe last 100 years.
1950 2013 2100205020 billonWOW!!!And may be peaking inthe next few decades.
Reuters+2 billion by 2050
Most rapid urbanization is behind us.showing 1950 – 2007 - 2030WORLD29-49-60AFRICA15-37-51ASIA17-41-54EUROPE51-72-78LATIN ...
Shanghai 1990
Shanghai today
What a Modern GhostTown looks likeCreating Construction,Transplanting CultureOrdos China
More peoplethan cityRio de Janeiro
Tate ModernEquality Gap
Some places have larger gaps betweenrichest and poorestGini Coefficient describes incomeinequality; 0 = all have equal inc...
No income formany people,creates slums.Addis Ethiopia
When populations peak, so do cities. And probablynot at the same time. That’s Peak Urban.YouarehereNigeriaU.S.IndiaChina20...
CINDY FREWEN 2012Peak Urban happens when there’s moreplace than people. More city than people.
Tate ModernVision and LeadershipIs there also an Innovation Gap?Or can cities beimproved by design?
Curitiba BrazilSome cities find new life afterdecades of problems.
It’s many things, walkablestreets, public transit solutions,more parks, bike paths,embracing sustainable designsolutions. ...
Tech DifferencesAs technologyincreases, somecities will adoptrapidly and otherswon’t, creating alarger differencebetween c...
Heads Up displaywearable lenses
Digital Cities,For design futures,Simulating ideas
Layar –on android cellphoneJunaioIn the Sentient City,technology overlays everysurface.
Sensors connectpeople into the,Internet of Things
With BigUrban Data,we will mapevery thingabout a city,energy,walkablezones, crime,parties, ….
While other placeswill find low TechInnovation, likethese recycledbottle solar lights.
Sometimes an idea comes alonglike One Laptop Per Child. Here’sthe company’s image.
Here’s OneLaptop perChild in reality.
Arcosanti AZ, Paolo SoleriFlickr cc alterscape feb 2013Thank you!Dr Cindy Frewen, FAIAcfw@frewenarchitects.comwww.urbanver...
City Making - Houston Gathering frewen2013
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City Making - Houston Gathering frewen2013

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Given at the University of Houston Futures Gathering April 2013 on City Making.

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City Making - Houston Gathering frewen2013

  1. 1. TATEMODERN“GlobalCities”www.borderlessculture.comDr Cindy Frewen, FAIAcfw@frewenarchitects.com@urbanverseGreat Urban DividesHouston Futures Spring Gathering13 April 2013
  2. 2. What if the world’s population of 7 billion lived inone large city, how large would that city be if itwere as dense as….
  3. 3. A typology of place identitiesEcotopiaNatureConservePlanet firstEnvironmentalUtopiaCommunitySharedAll together, loveSocialHi TechProgress, BASCompetition, winningEfficient, convenientTechonomicsFortressSeparationTribal, barriersFear, avoidancePoliticsCINDY FREWEN 2013
  4. 4. San Luis Obispo, CA1970sSome cities are happier,is there a HappinessDivide?
  5. 5. San Luis ObispoHappiest City in America
  6. 6. San Luis ObispoNo commutes, beautiful places sopeople accept lower income to live there.
  7. 7. ChinaIndiaBrazil U.S.DenmarkWorld Values Survey, Inglehart & Welzel www.worldvaluessurvey.orgThink about identity first, it’s in the place, buildings, and stories
  8. 8. MUMBAICollectivismHigh Power DistanceLong-term OrientationLOS ANGELESIndividualismEgalitarianShort-term OrientationHofstede’s Cultural Dimensions
  9. 9. LOS ANGELES, where homeless find the most publicspaces because they’d be thrown off privateproperty. Individual rules, short term solutions.INDIVIDUALISMEGALITARIANSHORT-TERM ORIENTATION
  10. 10. MUMBAI INDIA, where people builda community but lack sanitationinfrastructure. Community rules,long term orientation.COLLECTIVISMHIGH POWER DISTANCE
  11. 11. MUMBAILOS ANGELESHOFSTEDE CULTURAL DIMENSIONSInstitutional publichousing filledwith hate, crime.IndividualismEgalitarianShort-term OrientationStrong communities,terribleinfrastructureCollectivismHigh Power DistanceLong-term Orientation
  12. 12. litany2m in slums; illegal immigrants; highcrime/gangssystemsFear of deportation; low wages; propertyrights, taxes, utility/rent paymentsworldviewIndividuals fault vs. deserve better =disenfranchisedmyth/metaphorHollywood, bright lights, opportunity =Temporary visitors, better futureHOLLYWOOD BOLLYWOODlitany6m in slums; rural migrants; highunemployment; desperate poverty andsanitation; safesystemsFarms ruined; families strong; buildingcommunity thru collective industryworldviewBest they can do; future better througheducationmyth/metaphorGateway and “goddess of water” =continuity; connected to place & peopleCausal Layered Analysis (CLA)
  13. 13. Tate ModernGrowth GapToo many people,not enough city
  14. 14. Shrink GapToo much city,not enough peopleHowzer cc flickr
  15. 15. Tate Modern
  16. 16. Largest cities over time from Europe toAsia, to Europe, to North Am, to Asia• 100 AD ROME 450,000• 1000 CORDOVA SPAIN 450,000• 1500 BEIJING 675,000• 1800 BEIJING 1,100,000• 1900 LONDON 6,500,000• 1950 NEW YORK CITY 12,500,000• 2000 TOKYO 26,400,000• 2050 NEW DELHI 45,000,000Or MUMBAI
  17. 17. Modern cities are aphenomena of justthe last 100 years.
  18. 18. 1950 2013 2100205020 billonWOW!!!And may be peaking inthe next few decades.
  19. 19. Reuters+2 billion by 2050
  20. 20. Most rapid urbanization is behind us.showing 1950 – 2007 - 2030WORLD29-49-60AFRICA15-37-51ASIA17-41-54EUROPE51-72-78LATIN AM42-76-84NORTH AM64-79-8751 5478 84 87UN Population Division
  21. 21. Shanghai 1990
  22. 22. Shanghai today
  23. 23. What a Modern GhostTown looks likeCreating Construction,Transplanting CultureOrdos China
  24. 24. More peoplethan cityRio de Janeiro
  25. 25. Tate ModernEquality Gap
  26. 26. Some places have larger gaps betweenrichest and poorestGini Coefficient describes incomeinequality; 0 = all have equal income;1 = one person has all the income.
  27. 27. No income formany people,creates slums.Addis Ethiopia
  28. 28. When populations peak, so do cities. And probablynot at the same time. That’s Peak Urban.YouarehereNigeriaU.S.IndiaChina2010 21002050 2010 2050 21001.7B1.3BUNPopDivision
  29. 29. CINDY FREWEN 2012Peak Urban happens when there’s moreplace than people. More city than people.
  30. 30. Tate ModernVision and LeadershipIs there also an Innovation Gap?Or can cities beimproved by design?
  31. 31. Curitiba BrazilSome cities find new life afterdecades of problems.
  32. 32. It’s many things, walkablestreets, public transit solutions,more parks, bike paths,embracing sustainable designsolutions. People comingtogether to create a city.
  33. 33. Tech DifferencesAs technologyincreases, somecities will adoptrapidly and otherswon’t, creating alarger differencebetween cities.
  34. 34. Heads Up displaywearable lenses
  35. 35. Digital Cities,For design futures,Simulating ideas
  36. 36. Layar –on android cellphoneJunaioIn the Sentient City,technology overlays everysurface.
  37. 37. Sensors connectpeople into the,Internet of Things
  38. 38. With BigUrban Data,we will mapevery thingabout a city,energy,walkablezones, crime,parties, ….
  39. 39. While other placeswill find low TechInnovation, likethese recycledbottle solar lights.
  40. 40. Sometimes an idea comes alonglike One Laptop Per Child. Here’sthe company’s image.
  41. 41. Here’s OneLaptop perChild in reality.
  42. 42. Arcosanti AZ, Paolo SoleriFlickr cc alterscape feb 2013Thank you!Dr Cindy Frewen, FAIAcfw@frewenarchitects.comwww.urbanverse.net@urbanverse

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