Fundamentals of Urban Infrastructure“Hard” PhysicalInfrastructure context(systems)“Soft” PerceptionInfrastructure and values Moving from a Mechanistic to a Biological view of the city.
Forces that shape changeBusiness activity, Public policy,Employment Local Laws MACRO MICRO Demographics, Land use, Civic groups Architecture, Sustainability
Creating a moreenticing andwalkable publicrealm.
City Policy + ImplementationNYC World Class Streets Remaking NYC’s public realm: • Street Design Manual • Plaza Program • World Class Boulevards • Complete Streets Projects and Design Standards • Public Art Program • New Streetscape Materials • Coordinated Street Furniture Program • Weekend Pedestrian and Cycling Streets
Urban Design “The point of cities is multiplicity of choice.” – Jane Jacobs Take advantage Adjacency of offices and Supermarkets and of New York’s residences to services & farmers markets Rich Mix of Uses amenities encourage promotes local walking healthy nutrition
Urban DesignParks/ Play Areas/ Plazas Convenient parks and Design parks for Attractive plazas have plazas encourage local cultures and for mix of trees, lighting, active utilization range of age groups water fountains & movable/ fixed seating
Urban DesignTransit Access Provide attractive and sheltered seating areas to encourage use of transit routes Separate bus lanes from traffic to make transit more convenient
Urban DesignPedestrian Environment / Traffic CalmingCalm traffic with Reduce crossing landscaped medians and distances with curved roadway segments median refuge islands
Urban DesignPedestrian Environment / Streetscape Provide places of rest Enliven the sidewalk Attractive plazas have to complement with street cafes mix of trees, lighting, & active walking movable/ fixed seating and jogging Integrate public art into the streetscape
Urban DesignBicycle Network and Infrastructure Encourage use through Provide attractive signage, development of wayfinding, and Interconnected Bikeways secure bike parking
Site + Building DesignBicycle parking + storage Secure Bike Storage with Easy Access