As we all know, federal policies and investments can have a significant impact on urban form in amercian cities. This is perhaps most obviously the case in when it comes to funding new highways….
There are a number of more subtle ways in which federal policies can have an impact on sustainable development. For instance…
Motivated by a concern for the effect of federal investments and policies on local communities, HUD DOT and EPA formed the PSC in June 2009.Mission: To help American families in all communities — rural, suburban and urban — gain better access to affordable housing, more transportation options, and lower transportation costs. Its main mechanisms for doing this is coordinating investments and aligning policies in ways that support communities seeking greener and more sustainable forms of urban development
$409 million October 2010
1 Performance Measures for Sustainable Community Approaches Matthew Dalbey, US EPA Office of Sustainable Communities
Are HUD housing investments targeted to locations near jobs centers or well served by transit?
Are EPA investments – water SRF, brownfields assessments/clean ups, etc… – serving existing communities or promoting new greenfield development?
4 HUD DOT EPA Partnership For Sustainable Communities (PSC)
Formed: June 2009
Mission: To help American families in all communities — rural, suburban and urban — gain better access to affordable housing, more transportation options, and lower transportation costs.
Method: Coordinate investments and align policies
PSC Livability Principles Provide more transportation choices Promote equitable, affordable housing Enhance economic competitiveness Support existing communities Coordinate and leverage federal policies and investment Value communities and neighborhoods
Are outcomes consistent with the Livability Principles?
Principle #1 –More Transportation Choices Develop more convenient reliable, safe and economical transportation alternatives Key strategies… Broad goals… Indicators of progress… Lower HH Transportation Costs Expand transit services Transit trips per capita Improve transit performance Improved Public Health % of commute trips by bicycle or foot Increase % of new homes built near transit Reduced Oil Dependence VMT per capita Increase % of new homes built near employment/activity centers Improved Air Quality Unique to this Principle Reduced GHG Emissions Shared by another principle
PSC and Performance Measures Focus attention Promote accountability Promote informed decision making Transform discourse Make funding contingent upon continued progress Rural and urban difference Pilot the use of performance measures in a subset of the communities receiving assistance