Management succession, interplanting


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Management Succession and Interplanting
Fruit and Vegetable Science
K. Jerome

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Management succession, interplanting

  1. 1. Management 2 Grow more in less space Intensive Gardening Succession Planting Interplanting
  2. 2. Intensive Gardening <ul><li>Conventional gardens - rows about 3 feet apart </li></ul><ul><li>Easily cultivated with tractor or rototiller </li></ul><ul><li>Not efficient – much wasted space </li></ul>
  3. 3. Intensive Gardening <ul><li>Space-saving techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>wide-row planting </li></ul><ul><li>raised beds </li></ul><ul><li>intercropping </li></ul><ul><li>succession planting </li></ul><ul><li>vertical training </li></ul>
  4. 4. Intensive Gardening <ul><li>May require more time, labor </li></ul><ul><li>Closely spaced plants compete </li></ul><ul><li>Must have excellent soil preparation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Intensive Gardening <ul><li>Plants spaced to just touch at maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Less erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly solid leaf canopy, living mulch </li></ul>
  6. 7. Intensive Gardening <ul><li>Equidistant spacing pattern – </li></ul><ul><li>plants same distance from </li></ul><ul><li>each other within bed </li></ul><ul><li>Rows staggered </li></ul><ul><li>Distance recommended for plants - distance from center of one plant to center of next. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient use of space, less area to weed and mulch </li></ul>
  7. 9. Intensive Gardening <ul><li>Vegetables prone to certain diseases should not be planted too intensively </li></ul><ul><li>Example – tomatoes – need circulation to dry leaves </li></ul>
  8. 10. Raised Beds <ul><li>Soil excellent for root development: </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed with organic matter, fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Not walked on </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Early warming </li></ul>
  9. 11. Vertical Training <ul><li>Growing plants upright </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner fruit, easier to harvest, </li></ul><ul><li>more sun </li></ul><ul><li>Cucumbers </li></ul><ul><li>Tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Peas </li></ul><ul><li>Pole beans </li></ul>
  10. 12. Vertical Training <ul><li>trellises, nets, strings, cages, or poles </li></ul><ul><li>Some plants entwine themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Others need tying </li></ul><ul><li>Will cast shadow on other plants – trellises at back of garden (north side) </li></ul>
  11. 14. Succession Planting 1 <ul><li>Seed or transplant immediately takes place of harvested plant </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>harvest lettuce plant in early summer, </li></ul><ul><li>replace with Swiss chard transplant </li></ul><ul><li>harvest early crop of sweet corn, </li></ul><ul><li>follow with fall crop of broccoli or snow peas </li></ul>
  12. 15. Succession Planting 2 <ul><li>Relaying - multiple plantings of one crop to provide continuous harvest. </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet corn, bush beans, cucs </li></ul><ul><li>10-day to two-week intervals </li></ul>
  13. 16. Succession Planting 3 <ul><li>Plant two or more varieties that differ in maturity time </li></ul><ul><li>New crop ready to take place of crop being removed </li></ul><ul><li>50-day and 60-day beans </li></ul><ul><li>early-, mid-, and late-season corn </li></ul>
  14. 17. Interplanting or intercropping <ul><li>two or more types of vegetables together </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of different maturity rates, heights, spreads, rooting depths </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate rows within bed (plant row of peppers next to row of onions) </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Mix plants within row </li></ul>
  15. 18. Interplanting <ul><li>Planning essential for high production, quality </li></ul><ul><li>plant's growth period (how long) </li></ul><ul><li>growth pattern (tall, short, below or above ground) </li></ul><ul><li>possible negative effects on other plants </li></ul><ul><li>preferred season </li></ul><ul><li>light, nutrient, moisture requirements </li></ul>
  16. 19. Interplanting <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>corn, beans and squash – </li></ul><ul><li>2 weeks after sowing corn seeds, plant pole beans close to corn rows to use corn stalks for support </li></ul><ul><li>tomato transplants between lettuce plants - lettuce harvested before tomato plants grow large </li></ul>
  17. 20. Interplanting <ul><li>Slow maturing, quick maturing plants like carrots and radishes planted at same time </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller plants close to larger plants, (radishes at the base of beans or broccoli) </li></ul><ul><li>Shade tolerant species like lettuce, spinach, and celery planted in shadow of taller crops </li></ul>
  18. 21. Interplanting <ul><li>Heavy feeders mixed with light feeders </li></ul><ul><li>Can help keep insect and disease problems under control </li></ul><ul><li>Pests crop-specific - prefer vegetables of one type or family </li></ul><ul><li>Mixing plants contains early pest damage within a small area </li></ul>