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Management   succession, interplanting

Management succession, interplanting



Management Succession and Interplanting

Management Succession and Interplanting
Fruit and Vegetable Science
K. Jerome



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    Management   succession, interplanting Management succession, interplanting Presentation Transcript

    • Management 2 Grow more in less space Intensive Gardening Succession Planting Interplanting
    • Intensive Gardening
      • Conventional gardens - rows about 3 feet apart
      • Easily cultivated with tractor or rototiller
      • Not efficient – much wasted space
    • Intensive Gardening
      • Space-saving techniques:
      • wide-row planting
      • raised beds
      • intercropping
      • succession planting
      • vertical training
    • Intensive Gardening
      • May require more time, labor
      • Closely spaced plants compete
      • Must have excellent soil preparation
    • Intensive Gardening
      • Plants spaced to just touch at maturity
      • Less erosion
      • Nearly solid leaf canopy, living mulch
    • Intensive Gardening
      • Equidistant spacing pattern –
      • plants same distance from
      • each other within bed
      • Rows staggered
      • Distance recommended for plants - distance from center of one plant to center of next.
      • Efficient use of space, less area to weed and mulch
    • Intensive Gardening
      • Vegetables prone to certain diseases should not be planted too intensively
      • Example – tomatoes – need circulation to dry leaves
    • Raised Beds
      • Soil excellent for root development:
      • Mixed with organic matter, fertilizer
      • Not walked on
      • Excellent drainage
      • Early warming
    • Vertical Training
      • Growing plants upright
      • Cleaner fruit, easier to harvest,
      • more sun
      • Cucumbers
      • Tomatoes
      • Peas
      • Pole beans
    • Vertical Training
      • trellises, nets, strings, cages, or poles
      • Some plants entwine themselves
      • Others need tying
      • Will cast shadow on other plants – trellises at back of garden (north side)
    • Succession Planting 1
      • Seed or transplant immediately takes place of harvested plant
      • Example:
      • harvest lettuce plant in early summer,
      • replace with Swiss chard transplant
      • harvest early crop of sweet corn,
      • follow with fall crop of broccoli or snow peas
    • Succession Planting 2
      • Relaying - multiple plantings of one crop to provide continuous harvest.
      • Sweet corn, bush beans, cucs
      • 10-day to two-week intervals
    • Succession Planting 3
      • Plant two or more varieties that differ in maturity time
      • New crop ready to take place of crop being removed
      • 50-day and 60-day beans
      • early-, mid-, and late-season corn
    • Interplanting or intercropping
      • two or more types of vegetables together
      • Take advantage of different maturity rates, heights, spreads, rooting depths
      • Alternate rows within bed (plant row of peppers next to row of onions)
      • OR
      • Mix plants within row
    • Interplanting
      • Planning essential for high production, quality
      • plant's growth period (how long)
      • growth pattern (tall, short, below or above ground)
      • possible negative effects on other plants
      • preferred season
      • light, nutrient, moisture requirements
    • Interplanting
      • Examples:
      • corn, beans and squash –
      • 2 weeks after sowing corn seeds, plant pole beans close to corn rows to use corn stalks for support
      • tomato transplants between lettuce plants - lettuce harvested before tomato plants grow large
    • Interplanting
      • Slow maturing, quick maturing plants like carrots and radishes planted at same time
      • Smaller plants close to larger plants, (radishes at the base of beans or broccoli)
      • Shade tolerant species like lettuce, spinach, and celery planted in shadow of taller crops
    • Interplanting
      • Heavy feeders mixed with light feeders
      • Can help keep insect and disease problems under control
      • Pests crop-specific - prefer vegetables of one type or family
      • Mixing plants contains early pest damage within a small area