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Management succession, interplanting


Management Succession and Interplanting …

Management Succession and Interplanting
Fruit and Vegetable Science
K. Jerome

Published in Education
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  • 1. Management 2 Grow more in less space Intensive Gardening Succession Planting Interplanting
  • 2. Intensive Gardening
    • Conventional gardens - rows about 3 feet apart
    • Easily cultivated with tractor or rototiller
    • Not efficient – much wasted space
  • 3. Intensive Gardening
    • Space-saving techniques:
    • wide-row planting
    • raised beds
    • intercropping
    • succession planting
    • vertical training
  • 4. Intensive Gardening
    • May require more time, labor
    • Closely spaced plants compete
    • Must have excellent soil preparation
  • 5. Intensive Gardening
    • Plants spaced to just touch at maturity
    • Less erosion
    • Nearly solid leaf canopy, living mulch
  • 6.  
  • 7. Intensive Gardening
    • Equidistant spacing pattern –
    • plants same distance from
    • each other within bed
    • Rows staggered
    • Distance recommended for plants - distance from center of one plant to center of next.
    • Efficient use of space, less area to weed and mulch
  • 8.  
  • 9. Intensive Gardening
    • Vegetables prone to certain diseases should not be planted too intensively
    • Example – tomatoes – need circulation to dry leaves
  • 10. Raised Beds
    • Soil excellent for root development:
    • Mixed with organic matter, fertilizer
    • Not walked on
    • Excellent drainage
    • Early warming
  • 11. Vertical Training
    • Growing plants upright
    • Cleaner fruit, easier to harvest,
    • more sun
    • Cucumbers
    • Tomatoes
    • Peas
    • Pole beans
  • 12. Vertical Training
    • trellises, nets, strings, cages, or poles
    • Some plants entwine themselves
    • Others need tying
    • Will cast shadow on other plants – trellises at back of garden (north side)
  • 13.  
  • 14. Succession Planting 1
    • Seed or transplant immediately takes place of harvested plant
    • Example:
    • harvest lettuce plant in early summer,
    • replace with Swiss chard transplant
    • harvest early crop of sweet corn,
    • follow with fall crop of broccoli or snow peas
  • 15. Succession Planting 2
    • Relaying - multiple plantings of one crop to provide continuous harvest.
    • Sweet corn, bush beans, cucs
    • 10-day to two-week intervals
  • 16. Succession Planting 3
    • Plant two or more varieties that differ in maturity time
    • New crop ready to take place of crop being removed
    • 50-day and 60-day beans
    • early-, mid-, and late-season corn
  • 17. Interplanting or intercropping
    • two or more types of vegetables together
    • Take advantage of different maturity rates, heights, spreads, rooting depths
    • Alternate rows within bed (plant row of peppers next to row of onions)
    • OR
    • Mix plants within row
  • 18. Interplanting
    • Planning essential for high production, quality
    • plant's growth period (how long)
    • growth pattern (tall, short, below or above ground)
    • possible negative effects on other plants
    • preferred season
    • light, nutrient, moisture requirements
  • 19. Interplanting
    • Examples:
    • corn, beans and squash –
    • 2 weeks after sowing corn seeds, plant pole beans close to corn rows to use corn stalks for support
    • tomato transplants between lettuce plants - lettuce harvested before tomato plants grow large
  • 20. Interplanting
    • Slow maturing, quick maturing plants like carrots and radishes planted at same time
    • Smaller plants close to larger plants, (radishes at the base of beans or broccoli)
    • Shade tolerant species like lettuce, spinach, and celery planted in shadow of taller crops
  • 21. Interplanting
    • Heavy feeders mixed with light feeders
    • Can help keep insect and disease problems under control
    • Pests crop-specific - prefer vegetables of one type or family
    • Mixing plants contains early pest damage within a small area