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Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century
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Jan Gehl. Liveable Cities for the 21st Century

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  • 1. LIVEABLE CITIES –for the 21st CenturyPEOPLE ORIENTED CITY PLANNING AS STRATEGY JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTS URBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
  • 2. ”Life Between 4 Buildings” 1st edition 1971 Published in man versionsdecades 21 languages ofresearch ”New City Spaces” - 2001 ”Public Spaces Public Life - 1996 ”New City Life” - 2006
  • 3. Bangladesh, 2008 Vietnam, 2008 Iran, 2010
  • 4. Public Space as Meeting Place
  • 5. Public Space as Market Place
  • 6. Public Space as Connection Space
  • 7. The traditional city......forever
  • 8. The invaded city....from 1950s
  • 9. All Cities have Traffic Departments and perfectstatistics concerning traffic and parking *The cars are very visible and everpresent in the planning proces
  • 10. Do you know of any Citydepartment for pedestrians and public life?Hardly any City have statistics and dataconcerning the people who use the city *The people in the City tends to be veryinvisible and poorly represented in the planning proces
  • 11. The Carinvasion gets worser every day,until someone puts their foot down and decides to do something about it. Bogota, Colombia - 6 mio. Inh.
  • 12. The reconquered city...from 1980s
  • 13. Reconquered Cities:A change of Paradigme WANTED: - Lively City - Attractive City - Safe City - Sustainable City - Healthy City
  • 14. Lively City
  • 15. Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Polution + a City dominated by Attraction Nr. 1: PEOPLE
  • 16. Safe city
  • 17. Sustainable City
  • 18. Healthy City”Houston -the City with thefattest people of the World”
  • 19. Reconqured CitiesKeywordsWillingnes to placeconstraints to the vehiculartrafficLondon – Congestion Charge 2003
  • 20. Reconqured Cities Careful planning forKeywords: Walking and Public Life
  • 21. CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place
  • 22. Strøget (main street)pedestrianized 1962
  • 23. Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995, 2005
  • 24. Many more People are walking in the city
  • 25. 4 times more peoplespend time in the city
  • 26. In only 40 years the good season has been extended from 2 to 10 months
  • 27. Copenhagen Street: 2 Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle lanes, street trees, 2 lanes for 2 way traffic, and a substan- tial median to facilitate crossing the street ”We do not have to think and act as 1960s trafficengineers for ever -times are changing and trafficengineers are by now much smarter”
  • 28. Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: ”WORLDS FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE”Among the goals:”Everyone to walk 20% more by 2015!!!”
  • 29. Bicycling in Copenhagen-on a citywide network of bicycle lanes
  • 30. Bicycles are taken straight through thestreet crossings and the lanes are marked with blue Bicycle signals turns green six seconds before the car signals
  • 31. A bicycle culture have step by step been developed Everybody bike
  • 32. Cello- and bass players cycle
  • 33. Oct 2011: New Danish Red - Gren Government arriving onbicycles at the Palace to be commissioned by the Queen. No Limousines no more?
  • 34. Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk
  • 35. 70% continue to bike in the winter
  • 36. Official City Poster September 2007 CopenhagenThe No 1 BicycleCity in the World Goals for 2015: * 50% of all comuting on bicycles * Bicycle Accidents to be halved”
  • 37. Melbourne, - 3 mio. Inh.
  • 38. The Age c. 1980
  • 39. Places for People 1994 Places for People 2004www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • 40. MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004Pedestrian traffic weekdays daytime: +40%Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 %Stationary activities +200-300%
  • 41. Retail ResidentialOffice Vacancies Employment Bars and Pubs
  • 42. Copenhagen Melbourne oct 07
  • 43. A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS….
  • 44. ….. BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
  • 45. Main Street in Sydney to be transformed to Pedestrians, Bicycles and Light RailPresent situation George St. After conversion
  • 46. Vancouver , B.C. ,Order of priority: Walking, Bicycling, Transit and Deliveries. The Auto is last.
  • 47. Washington DC. 2010: Cycling down (in the middle of) Pensylvania Ave
  • 48. A GREENER, GREATER NEW YORK
  • 49. 9th Ave. Apr.089th Ave. Sep.08
  • 50. Phot:DOT/NYC
  • 51. Phot:DOT/NYC
  • 52. Broadway Boulevard 23 May 2009“When you can make it there you can make it anywhere,New York, New York !!”
  • 53. WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY
  • 54. LIFE & ACTIVITY IS THE FINEST ATTRACTION OF ALL
  • 55. In the home theChildren play were the activity is
  • 56. Outdoors children also prefer to play where other activities go on 100 80Minutes spent outdoors pr. Day 60 Park Pedestrian routes 40 Access roads(average) 20 weekday sunday weekday sunday Children 0-6 Children 7-14
  • 57. Life:an everlasting source of learning
  • 58. “Man is man’s greatest joy” (Old Icelandic saying)
  • 59. Always a two-way contact: To watch and be watched
  • 60. Life between buildings is soimportant, it is never forgotten in architectual drawings
  • 61. We are talking aboutlife itself!-everything worthtalking about happenswhen you are on yourfeet -that`s what wewere made for!
  • 62. There is much more to walking -than walking!A mode of transport - but with a potential for much more-and the ”much more” is by far the more interesting part!
  • 63. You can walk -and walk - and walk....
  • 64. -but you could just as well ”walk`n-talk” Slide 63
  • 65. - or ”walk`n-watch” (and be watched!)
  • 66. - or ”walk`n-wink” Slide 63
  • 67. -or you can ”stop`n watch”If you can find a vacant bollard ! (Campo in Siena, Italy)
  • 68. -or you can ”stop`n-talk”
  • 69. -or you can ”walk`n-waltz`”
  • 70. -or you can ”stop`n - watch`n - learn”
  • 71. -and whenever you feel likeyou can adress your fellowcitiziens
  • 72. Transport dimensionGetting from A to B - simple, cheap, low noise
  • 73. Social dimensionThe City as meetingplace
  • 74. People watching- the number one attraction in any city
  • 75. People watching - the number 1,2,3...10attraction in any city
  • 76. Sustainability dimensionA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
  • 77. Health dimension
  • 78. Democratic dimension”Open Society” dimensionDanse his sort her
  • 79. A heartfeltwelcome to a localshopping center(Australia)
  • 80. Friendly, safe city dimension
  • 81. The Economic dimensionAABOULEVARDEN - BEFORE THEREOPENING OF THE RIVERAABOULEVARDEN - AFTER THEREOPENING OF THE RIVER
  • 82. Sheer fun dimension ”a general human dimension”.....Oh, what a wonderfull World!