Donal McDaid. Transport in a Metropolis. Issues and Solutions

713 views
591 views

Published on

Published in: Travel, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
713
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
110
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Donal McDaid. Transport in a Metropolis. Issues and Solutions

  1. 1. Transport in a MetropolisIssues and SolutionsPresentation to Moscow Urban Forum | 8th December 2011We shape a better world | www.arup.com
  2. 2. Presentation Content• Introduction• Survey of travel behavior in Russian cities• Benchmarking Internationally – C40 cities• Where do we go from here?• Summary and conclusionsInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  3. 3. Travel behaviour in Russian CitiesInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  4. 4. Travel behaviour in Russian Cities• Research Study by Arup into travel demand and patterns in Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Krasnodar• Objective was to understand peoples perception of current transport provision, reasons for personal travel behavior and barriers to change• Transport Research (2010) based on: ‒ passenger interviews ‒ user preference surveysInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  5. 5. Travel behaviour in Russian Cities 700 Car Ownership (cars per 1,000 population) 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Germany UK USA Czech Russia Brazil Turkey China India Republic• Moscow and Russia figures well below EU and US• Significant scope for large increases in car ownership• This needs to be planned for and tackled nowInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  6. 6. Survey Findings - Moscow Commuter Travel40,0%35,0%30,0%25,0%20,0%15,0%10,0% 5,0% 0,0% Private Car Metro / Trains Surface PT Walking• Large share of commuting by public transport;• Relatively low car use, 18 – 20%;• Low share of walking trips (less than 10%)• No cycling.Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  7. 7. Survey Findings - Comparison of mode choice• Car ownership is lower than in most European conurbations• Commuter daily car use is also lower (about 21%) - congestion is however comparable or worse than in many of those conurbations 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% Others 50% Cycle 40% Walk 30% 20% PT 10% Car 0% -10% Krasnodar Moscow Saint Warsaw Barcelona Amsterdam Copenhagen PetersburgInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  8. 8. Survey Findings – Private car use 40,0% 35,8% 35,0% Reasons to use private car? 33,7% 30,0% 25,4% 25,0% 20,0% 15,0% 10,0% 5,2% 5,0% 0,0% Work / Home Price Comfort Time LocationInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  9. 9. Survey Findings – Car parking 60% Where do you park your car (commuters)? 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Parking at work Free On-street Paid On-street Paid Off-street P&R 49% workers predominantly park their car on-street, free of charge – this generates additional traffic and congestion during peak periods; paid car parking is rare (11%) – Wide availability of free car parking is likely to favour use of the private car over alternative modes. (Scope to increase? Instrument for raising funds?) almost no Park and Ride (4%) – potential associated with the Metro / rapid trams / buses.Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  10. 10. Survey Findings – Car users willingness to use Public Transport commuting shopping 32,8% 40,7% 67,2% 59,3% Significant number of commuters are willing to use alternative modes (67.2%); A large number of shoppers driving a car are willing to use public transport (59.3%). Infrastructure & Technologies ( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  11. 11. Survey Findings – Public transport users perspective  Overall negative perception of the transport services; Moscow  Most respondents (88.2%) consider current transport 12% provision as either ‘not good’ or ‘very bad’;15%  When the question is posed to car owners only, the perception of the transport services gets 73% Very Bad worse again in Moscow, with 79.4% of car owners Not good considering PT service as being Acceptable ‘very bad’ (vs. 73.1% of all respondents).Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  12. 12. Survey Findings – What do people think is the solution? 3,0 2,5 2,0 1,5 1,0 0,5 0,0Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  13. 13. Benchmarking Internationally – C40 Cities • Arup co-authored a report on an analysis of actions underway in the worlds megacities to address climate change • Surveys of member cities between March and April 2011 • A key component of this analysis was an assessment of the transport sector in each city and efforts to drive sustainable transport planningInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  14. 14. Benchmarking Internationally – C40 Cities• Key finding of the survey is that C40 City Authorities (Mayor) typically have the authority to tackle climate change, with transport a key lever in delivering on objectives.• Review of what other cities are doing in transport planning, considered under; – Personal Transport Modes – Passenger Transit within the City – Passenger and Freight transport to and from the cityInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  15. 15. Where do we go from here?Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  16. 16. Where do we go from here?• Key drivers for transport planning in Russian Cities include; – Increasing consolidation of population into cities – A need for integrated land-use and transport planning (contain ‘urban spread’) – Potential for significant car ownership growth – Urgent need to tackle existing congestion in cities – Climate changeInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  17. 17. Where do we go from here? – Assess needs and plan• City Authorities must plan and have the authority and resources to deliver integrated land use and transport planning – Requires skilled teams of planners and transport engineers within the City Authorities (e.g. DfTDTI Moscow) – Understand the issues and needs – Develop the appropriate planning tools (e.g. transport modelling as a tool, not a solution) – Establish clear development and transport planning policies, objectives and guidelines for city (including ‘Transport Impact Assessment’)Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  18. 18. A city for people, not cars• If you plan for cars, the result will be more cars. However, if you plan for people, the result will be more people!• In Moscow (as in many other cities), a minority (20 – 25%) of daily commuters creates major impacts for the majority of the population, also taking the majority of the public space;• Busy wide traffic corridors and lack of pedestrian facilities create severance, making it less attractive to walk or use public transport;Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  19. 19. Where do we go from here? – Demand ManagementSustainable cities need brave leaders Infrastructure & Technologies ( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  20. 20. Where do we go from here? – Expansion of PT NetworksTransport network integration mixture of;• Carefully planned expansion of mass transit networks• Better use of surface transport modes (Bus, LRT)• Development of Public Transport Interchanges• Use of ‘Park and Ride’Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  21. 21. Where do we go from here? – the humble bus• Bus networks will continue to have a significant role in city transport solutions and future planning• Strong drive to make the bus attractive again as a travel mode – Bus Rapid Transit – Reallocation of road space for priorityInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  22. 22. Make our streets attractive for walking and cycling• Moscow has a low share of walking only trips to work (less than 10%) vs. Cities with comparable climate (Warsaw 21%, Copenhagen 19%). Only 10- 15% of daily shopping trips are on foot;• climatic conditions do have an influence in transport choice, but it is not a major consideration for more than 40% commuters;Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  23. 23. Where do we go from here? – The return of the bike! The Copenhagenize Index - Bicycle-Friendly Cities 2011Infrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  24. 24. Where do we go from here? – Traffic NetworkManagement and Intelligent Transport SystemsInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  25. 25. Summary and Conclusions  Integration of land-use and transport planning  Optimisation of existing street and transport networks  Public Transport Network Integration  Restrict car travel and parking in city centres  Policies and measures to support walking and cycling  Freight management within city centresInfrastructure & Technologies( Transport Issues in a Metropolis)
  26. 26. Thank You For further information on the research800600 project, contact Arup at;400 36 Krasnoproletarskaya Street Ул. Краснопролетарская, д. 36200 4-th Floor 4-ый этаж 0 Moscow 127473 Москва, 127473 Russia Россия T+7 495 933 7557 Moscow@arup.com For further information on the C40 Cities Research visit www.c40cities.org/ Presentation to Moscow Urban Forum | 8th December 2011 We shape a better world | www.arup.com

×