Alexandra Notay. ULI Advisory Services Panel Shaping the Future of Moscow
ULI Advisory Services PanelShaping the Future of MoscowPresentation at Moscow Urban Forum9th December 2011 Alexandra Notay, VP, Strategic Programmes, ULI
Urban Land Institute2 ULI’s mission is to provide leadership in the responsible use of land and in creating and sustaining thriving communities worldwide. Not-for-profit research and education institute founded 1936, USA Neutral and Non-lobbying 30,000+ members across 90 countries
What is an Advisory Panel?3 Selected group of senior executives and multidisciplinary specialists Address specific urban challenges and explore opportunities Volunteer their time unpaid Connect, learn and share with each other, the city and its people Objective and expert recommendations for a way forward
Presentation Agenda5 The ULI panel process Contributors Panel Observations: Global Lessons on Cities The Questions we were asked Panel Headlines Key themes + Recommendations Putting it all Together
Shaping the Future of MoscowOverviewJim Heid – Moscow Panel Chair Jim Heid, Founder, UrbanGreen
Questions:9 How does Moscow become a leading global city? What international experience could usefully be applied to ensure the effective integration of the proposed expansion area of the Moscow region into Moscow city?
Questions:10 How can Moscow develop a sustainable business model for further redevelopment of the city’s former industrial zones? How can the Moscow underground be developed according to international experience and best practices?
Global Lessons on Cities13 1. The economy of the future is very different than the economy of the past 2. Open doors and open minds foster vibrant economies 3. Reduced environmental impact and improved liveability is achieved through increased density
Global Lessons on Cities14 4. Fine grained mixed-use development is more economically resilient, more liveable and requires far less land than traditional single use developments 5. A holistic approach to transportation, including aggressive transportation management is essential
Global Lessons on Cities15 6. Education + Health Care have moved beyond simple provision of service to driving the innovation economy 7. Government needs to be an active partner who shares risk with the private sector for successful urban regeneration
Panel Headlines16 Big City, Great City or Global City? Global Moscow = Liveable Density Industrial Zones to Mixed-Use Communities Connectivity: Underground and Above Ground It Only Works if Government Works
Rosemary Feenan, International Director Global Research,Jones Lang LaSalleDavid Adam, Managing Director, Global Cities17 Big City, Great City or Global City? “50% of all cross-border real estate investment is in 30 cities and they’re all the big ones.” (Jones Lang LaSalle)
Global City? Moscow: Prove yourself20 Magnet for World Bank Knowledge Index: 60/146 Talent Strong legal Transparency International: Russia 31/82 systems Effective McKinsey City Rankings: 16/25 governance IBM Commuter Pain Survey: 8/20 (highest Urban Mobility pain) Connect with the AT Kearney Global City Index: 25/65 world Mercer Quality of Living Survey: Not ranked Liveability in top 50
Global Cities need global people Progress of Financial Centres Since 200721
The Fundamentals for Moscow as a Global City22 The Globally Mobile Investors Influence Citizens Liveability Power Visitors Talent Culture Scale Infrastructure Knowledge Centre Connectivity Internationalisation Density Ambition Governance Which Global City? Transparency Finance Centre Accountability Global Citizenship Predictability Tourist Destination Managing Transition International Hub Developing Foresight
Recommendations – global city23 Choose a Ranking focusing on 3 key areas: connectivity governance internationalisation Develop Metrics to measure success Leverage Current Strengths: keeper of European culture Make statements of global invitation 23
Christopher Choa, Vice President / Principal AECOM24 Global Moscow = Liveable Density“Moscow is losing a lot of people because it’s not livable.” (Interviewee)
Global Moscow = DENSITY25 All great cities are dense cities. density brings people together 100 densest cities = 30% global wealth = almost all global innovation density = wealth, when supported by: mixed land uses educated population vibrant urban environment Integrated transport private enterprise supportive governance
Global Moscow = DENSITY26 confusion of density and congestion
Global Moscow = DENSITY27 MOSCOW INNER LONDON MANHATTAN 10,300 residents/sq.km 10,900 residents/sq.km 26,800 residents/sq.km
Global Moscow = DENSITY28 global city density > 10,000 residents/sq.kmamsterdam frankfurt beijing shanghai new york paris
Global Moscow = VITALITY29 24-hour vitality: mixed land useslondon new york stockholm hong kong moscow
Global Moscow = VITALITY30 high-quality public spacetokyo shanghai new york
Global Moscow = CONNECTED31 urban contract: 70% of daily activities within- 10 minute walk 30 minute transit
Global Moscow = CITY FOR PEOPLE URBAN TEXTURE32 Moscow London New York inner outer southwark bronx
Global Moscow = REGENERATED33 ”We have found 15,000 hectares for you!” industrial zones along the small Railroad Ring
Erwin Daalhuisen, Senior Consultant Area Development, Fakton34 From Industrial Zones to Mixed-Use“Moscow has all these great assets on prime real estate but limited ideas. We can’t keep doing the same thing.” (Interviewee)
Redevelopment of industrial zones35 Modern industry will require less space Prioritisation, clustering and relocation of industries will free up many of the industrial zones These zones are suitable for redevelopment: Close to the city centre and universities Potentially great access by road and rail Industrial heritage Waterfront locations
Availability of industrial zones37 There is a chain of industrial heritage assets waiting to be redeveloped…
Availability of industrial zones38 There is a chain of industrial heritage assets waiting to be redeveloped…
Understand your Asset39 Move from data to analysis Evaluate and prioritise industrial zones on relative opportunity for regeneration Develop strategic, mixed- use vision for transformation of priority industrial zones
Create Value40 Complete clean up Exploit existing industrial heritage Invest in infrastructure Create pleasing public space
Define the Market41 Relocate government departments as pioneers and first users Mix in other uses for synergy Innovation Economy FinancialServices Housing and Retail Parks and Open Space
Innovation and Creativity42 Universities, hospitals and research institutes will become economic engines An entrepreneurial spirit has to be encouraged, start-ups must be nurtured, and access to financing must be ensured The city of Moscow can help in accelerating the transition
Russia lags in R&D spending43 World of Research & Development 2010 Circle size reflects relative of amount of annual R&D spending
The importance of higher education44 Successful cities have universities in the top echelons of the global rankings. Moscow is not yet represented. The best universities attract international talent and research. They also create jobs and wealth with strong links to local economies
Recommendations - Education45 Moscow needs minimum of two universities at high position in the international rankings by 2021 The initial building blocks include the internationalization of academic standards and the increasing international mobility of staff and students
Dr Michael Denkel, Urban Planner, Albert Speer & Partner GmbHRobert Ravelli, Associate Director, Contemporary Transport46 Connectivity: Underground and Above Ground“We need our cars. Public transport doesn’ttake us where we need to go. It’s notconvenient.” (Interviewee)
Connectivity – Underground and Above Ground47 … affects overall Quality of Life … enhances Development Opportunities 6% of land area of city contains 40% of work places. 9% of Moscow’s land is for roads – compared to 25% in European Cities. Metro system is at its limits.
Mobility and Land Use49 Comfortable and sustainable transport begins with the right settlement pattern… Balance between Land Use and Transportation Infrastructure. Encourage office developments outside Third Ring Road. Within MKAD mixed-use centres located at transport nodes. Locate more housing in the core to encourage walk to work Urban Extensions outside MKAD as self sufficient satellites.
Public Transport51 Better use of the existing systems to relieve pressure on Metro… Integrate all modes of transport into one agency and enhance intermodal connections Use Small Moscow Railway Ring for passenger transport. Upgrade regional rail lines to provide relief to Metro. Bus Rapid Transit on ring roads / radial roads Tram and Bus as feeders into district areas and rail lines
Street Management53 Insufficient road network contributes to congestion… Enhance road sub network as 2nd layer Reduce car detours by more rail and river crossings Give parking a price. Manage off-street parking. Make it have a value. Park and Ride lots at selected regional rail stations.
Street Management54 Uncontrolled On-Street Parking Low connectivity street network
Mobility Management55 Reduce the need to travel. Provide mobility choices. Change travel behaviour… Traffic and parking management by travel information, signage and telematics. Promote different modes of travel (bus, car sharing, taxi, bike, pedestrian) Manage delivery services and inner city freight transport.
Tom Murphy, Senior Resident Fellow, ULIand Former Mayor of Pittsburgh, USA57 It Only Works if Government Works “Moscow cannot be a global city unless the regional/city governance problems are resolved.” (Interviewee)
…to this, requires a city to be…59 1-2 December 2009
Management Liveable Cities Depend on Good Basic Services: Clean Safe Efficient Accountable Cost Effective
Invest in the future Leadership Vision Institutional Capacity Chicago, Navy Pier
Invest in the future Public/private financing Transparency Design Excellence Seattle, Public Library
Recommended Actions: Government Organise institutional capacity within the city government Maximise value creation and value capturing from redevelopment Engage in creative, lasting partnerships Show absolute and continuing commitment from the leadership of the city
Closing Question:64 What international experience could usefully be applied to ensure the effective integration of the proposed expansion area of the Moscow region into Moscow city?
Expansion?65 New Moscow Borders Appropriate as a long term strategy Controls to protect resources Limit new development Keep major new development in the core
Closing Recommendations66 Stay Focused on the Core Change the strategy for industrial zones Use government facilities as catalyst for regeneration Improve mobility networks and management Elevate education and internationalise Change the culture of government
Putting it all together –67 MOSCOW 2025 150 sqkm (15,000 ha) of regenerated industrial zones Pioneered by relocated, re- energized government departments Which anchor new mixed-use, live/work neighbourhoods All linked by railway ring Freeing up congestion in the central core Creating a more Liveable Moscow, and
68 Making Moscow – a LEADING GLOBAL CITY “I think that Moscow has a lot of the elements of a global city but it just needs a ‘little push’ to get there!” (Interviewee)
Questions?69 Welcome the world Change focus from industrial zones to mixed-use Government facilities as pioneer for regeneration Connect the city, the people and the sites Improve mobility networks and management Elevate higher education to world class status Change the culture of government