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Secularism

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  • 1. SECULARISM
  • 2. What Does It Mean?
    Secularism is the concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and / or religious beliefs
  • 3. Secularism, also called Secularity or (adjectives: Secular or non religious) is the idea of something being not religious or not connected to a religious authority
  • 4. This means that anyone can choose to practice or not practice any religion they want, and the government cannot make them be a part of a religion if they do not want to
  • 5.
  • 6. It Also Means They Can Choose NOT To Be A Part Of Any Religion
  • 7. ROOTS
    • Secularism draws its intellectual roots from
    Greek and Roman philosophers  
    Medieval Muslim polymaths (people of great or varied learning)
    Enlightenment thinkers
    Modern freethinkers (people who have rejected authority and dogma, especially in religious thinking, in favor of rational inquiry and speculation)
    Agnostics
    Atheists
  • 8. WHY SECULARISM?
    It has been argued that secularism is a movement toward modernization, and away from traditional religious values 
  • 9. In political terms, secularism is a movement towards the separation of religion and government (often termed the separation of Church and State). This can refer to:
    • Reducing ties between a government and a state religion
    • 10. Replacing laws based on scripture (such as Torah and Sharia law) with civil laws
    • 11. Eliminating discrimination on the basis of religion
    This is said to
    • add to democracy
    • 12. Protect the rights of religious minorities
  • Secularism is often associated with the Age of Enlightenment in Europe and plays a major role in Western Society.
    Secular states also existed in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages  
  • 13. Due in part to the belief in the separation of church and state, secularists tend to prefer that politicians make decisions for secular rather than religious reasons
  • 14. Some of the well known states that are often considered “constitutionally secular" are:
    India  
    France
    Mexico
    South Korea
    Turkey
    But none of these nations have identical forms of governance
  • 15. Sources:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secularism
    http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secularism
  • 16. THANK YOU
    SaurabhDeshpande