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Paul Revere School Garden Design

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  • 1. Paul Revere School Permaculture Design
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  • 35.
      • Spanish immersion school
      • pre-K to 8th grade
      • 470 students, 80 staff
      • Becoming a local neighborhood school
  • 36. Visions & Goals
      • Build community within and outside the school
      • Foster social awareness and responsibility for the Earth
      • Vary the Learning Environment
        • Bring the classroom outside
        • Enable teaching art outside
        • Environmental & Conservations studies
        • Social Awareness
        • Science & Math  
  • 37. Visions & Goals
      • Show students where food comes from
        • Create food they can use in cafeteria
        • Students can take food home
        • Get families more involved with growing food
      • Support healthy eating 
        • Nutrition classes outdoors
        • Wean kids' palettes off processed foods
  • 38. Esthetic Visions & Goals
      • Beautify the school environment
      • Eliminate erosion at the upper school yard
      • Block the wind tunnel effect
      • Create more shade in areas with vegetation
      • Create warm and welcoming campus
  • 39. Assessment - Area
  • 40. Assessment - Area
  • 41. Assessment - Area Total Area: 1.75 acres
  • 42. Assessment - Zones
  • 43. Assessment - Zones
  • 44. Assessment - Zones
  • 45. Assessment - Water Sector
  • 46. Assessment - Water Sector Avg. Annual Rainfall (gallons) Upper yard 350,000 Upper roof 232,000 Lower yard 204,000 Lower roof 161,000 Total 947,000
  • 47. Eroding Soil at Terrace Level
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  • 48. Assessment - Solar Sector
  • 49. Assessment - Wind Sector
  • 50. Assessment - Resources
    • Passionate People
    & Involved Community
  • 51. Assessment - Existing Resources
      • 10 galvanized metal horse troughs
      • $700 credit to Berkeley Horticulture
      • 75% of waste recycled or composted
      • A few water spigots
      • Commitment by school to hire a year round gardening coordinator
      • Grassroots "Greening Committee"/ Slow Food
  • 52.
    • children 4 - 10 years of age
      • Small-scale water catchment
      • Bamboo and vines for wind break
      • Plant above ground
        • Avoid toxic soil / break up asphalt
        • Use horse troughs, bogs, straw bales, potato towers
    Strategy: Lower School
  • 53. Lower School
  • 54. Strategy - Water Catchment
      • Divert rain spout, capture in 55-gallon drums (80K g.)
      • Elevate drums if possible, otherwise use bicycle pump for kids to pump water to troughs
      • Main benefit: teach kids water is precious resource
  • 55. Strategy - Bamboo and Vines
      • Provide break for strong winds
      • Grow next to and up fences
      • Will need irrigation until established
  • 56. Problem: Massive Winds
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  • 57. Wind Break Simulation
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  • 58. Strategy: Wind Break ~ Bamboo & Vines
      • Bamboo ( Phyllostachys Rubromarginata, P. Myerri, P. Aurea, or Semi-Arundinaria Fastioso
      • Clematis ( Clematis hybrida, Clematis Paniculata
      • Climbing fig ( Ficus Pamilia
      • Five Leaf Alba ( Akebia Quinata
      • Confederate Jasmine ( Trachelospermum Jasminoides )
      • Burmese Honeysuckle ( Lonicera Hilderbrandiana )
      • Boston Ivy ( Parthenocissus Tricuspidata Lowii )
  • 59. Strategy - Seasonal Horse Troughs
      • Fall and Summer planting schedule.
      • Create a plethora of activities for students.
  • 60. Fall Planting
      • Trough 1: artichokes, borage, rosemary, nasturtiums, carrots, peas, broccoli and cauliflower
      • Troughs 2 & 3: kale, onion, chamomile, collards, lettuce, spinach, celery, cosmos daisies and snap dragons
      • Trough 4: mustard greens, cabbage, peppermint, radish, turnips, snap pea, beets and garlic
  • 61. Spring/Summer Planting
      • Trough 1: Tomatoes, basil, oregano, parsley, carrots, celery, borage, nasturtium and petunias. 
      • Trough 2: The three sisters:  beans, late corn, and squash, peas, parsley, amaranth and white geranium. 
      • Trough 3: cauliflower, celery, cucumber, chamomile, lettuce, kale, swiss chard, and collards.
      • Trough 4: sunflowers, peas, ornamental flowers,  pumpkins
  • 62. Herb trough    
      • Basil , chevril , dill , lavender , peppermint , lemon balm , lemon verbene , oregano , parsley , sage , thyme , tarragon . 
  • 63. Straw Bale Planting
      • Great for people with bad backs
      • Wheelchair friendly
      • Easy to maintain
      • Retain water
  • 64.   Sample Straw Bale Curriculum 
      • Orient to receive full sun and set vertically
      • Thoroughly soak
      • Light fertilization every 1-2 weeks, water daily
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      • Activity: Pull apart the bale, creating a small hole. Add a little soil, place the plant.
      • What to Plant: tomato, pepper, beans, squash; Ornamen-tal/medicinal: borage, basil, cilantro, parsley, nasturtium.
  • 65. Potato PowerTowers
      • Great class activity
      • Set up 3-6 potato towers
      • Love full to partial sun
  • 66. Upper  School kids 10-13
  • 67. Strategy - Upper School
      • Control water flow and erosion
        • Islands or french drain in upper yard
        • Earthworks along edge of upper yard
        • Terrace slope to create amphitheater
      • Bamboo and vines for windbreak
  • 68. Upper School
  • 69. Strategy - Islands or French Drain
      • Goal: Slow & sink water
      • Islands: Cut out blacktop squares and start with gravel
      • Later add plants and border with rice bales
      • Alternately, french drain diverts water to cistern or storm drain
  • 70. Strategy - Terrace Slope
      • Terrace slope to stabilize erosion undercutting yard
      • Use terraces to create amphitheater seating and outdoor teaching area
  • 71. Strategy - Terrace Slope
      • Three terrace levels
        • Retaining walls: wood/rebar or concrete
      • Planting
        • Thyme or ice plant ground cover
        • Planters for class projects 
      • Seating
        • Tree stumps or cobb crescents
        • Design needs further investigation
  • 72. Strategy - Terraced Cobb Seating
  • 73. Strategy - School-wide
      • On-site composting and/or worm bins
        • fun, ooey gooey teaching tool
      • Expand rain capture to all available sites
        • capture from upper blacktop
        • capture from roofs to cisterns
          • future planting areas
          • gravity watering hoses
  • 74. Timeline
    • Year 1
      • Plant horse troughs, straw bales, potato towers, bogs
      • Assess water flow at upper school
      • Begin planting bamboo and vine wind breaks
        • requires some blacktop breakup along fences
      • Create "islands" at upper school
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  • 75. Timeline
    • Year 1 or 2
      • Divert downspout at lower schoolyard
      • Begin composting or worm composting
    • Year 2
      • Plant into "islands" at upper schoolyard
      • Continue planting bamboo and vines
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    • Year 3
      •   Create terraces on the slope
  • 76.   Remaining Questions
      • Observe water flow during a rain event
      • What is the soil like under the blacktop where we propose to create islands?
      • More observation of wind pattern to determine predominant direction.
  • 77.  
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  • 78. pictures
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  • 79.  
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  • 80.  
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  • 81.  
  • 82. Upper playground
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  • 83.  
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  • 84.  
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  • 85.  
    •