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Arab Cultural and Community Center SF Site Design
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Arab Cultural and Community Center SF Site Design

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  • 1. Design Proposal The Arab Cultural & Community Center of San Francisco nora leininger deanna monacolily laurence Urban Permaculture Institute Urban Permaculture Design Course Spring 2010 brie mazurek jen schlaich
  • 2. The ACCC is on the corner of Laguna Honda and Plaza 2 Plaza Street, San Francisco, CA 94116-1421
  • 3. The ACCC is on the corner of Laguna Honda and Plaza 2 Plaza Street, San Francisco, CA 94116-1421
  • 4. The ACCC is on the corner of Laguna Honda and Plaza 2 Plaza Street, San Francisco, CA 94116-1421
  • 5. The ACCC is on the corner of Laguna Honda and Plaza 2 Plaza Street, San Francisco, CA 94116-1421
  • 6. The ACCC is on the corner of Laguna Honda and Plaza 2 Plaza Street, San Francisco, CA 94116-1421
  • 7. Alley & main garden access. Front yard.
  • 8. photos
  • 9. History, Vision and Goals
  • 10. HistorySite history: Cattle grazing in mid 19th century Building built in 1925 ACCC acquired in 1973, left vacantGeographic location: San Francisco, Forest Hill neighborhoodWatershed: San Francisco South Coastal
  • 11. Vision and GoalsACCCs Mission and Programs: Cultural programs: language, art, film, poetry, music, cooking Youth outreach: children ages zero to college; includes after-school tutoring program serving recently immigrated Yemeni children living in the Tenderloin, college counseling for high schoolers, and more Social services: citizenship training, jobs search resources, housing, immigration, cultural competency, legal referrals, women’s services, domestic violence, health and nutrition education
  • 12. Vision and Goals
  • 13. Vision and GoalsTo help the ACCC in itsmission, the garden willprovide:Community space:Thegarden will be a place forACCC community to cometogether for classes,meetings, and volunteeractivities, as well as a featureto attract visitors, newmembers, and theneighboring community. It willbe a place for the communityto celebrate, learn, work, andrelax together
  • 14. Vision and GoalsTo help the ACCC in its mission, the garden will provide:Education: The garden will be an educational tool for theCenter’s educational programs, to help educate children andadults about gardening, food production, sustainability,waste/composting, health, nutrition, and cooking. It will includesome vegetables, herbs, and fruits that are significant to Arabcuisine and culture, so the garden can be used in concert withthe Center’s cultural education programs, cooking classes, andcommunity service and outreach.
  • 15. Vision and Goals To help the ACCC in its mission, the garden will provide:Food production: Thegarden will produce foodthat can be harvested forthe Center’s members andvisitors, as well as low-income Yemeni familiesliving in Tenderloin, whomay have limited access tofresh produce.
  • 16. Vision and GoalsOther considerations for goals: Low-budget Low-maintenance Kid-friendly (potential daycare program)
  • 17. Assessment
  • 18. AssessmentSectors:DirectionsClimateSun/shadeWindViewNoisePollutionSlopeBoundaries/edgesAnimals and pestsAccessHuman useSoilWaterExisting vegetationWasteCommunityOn-site structures/resources
  • 19. Strategy  
  • 20. Base Map of Garden
  • 21. The most significant sectors Slope Water Noise Sun / Shade Human flow
  • 22. The site slopes from the upper South corner tothe lower North corner. Water sources include rain, catchment, hose, and greywater
  • 23. Laguna Honda is a noisy street
  • 24. Sun and Shade
  • 25. Zones
  • 26. Some Garden Elements
  • 27. Cob bench using earthbags for structure
  • 28. Garden Strategy overviewSectors: Climate: Optimize sunny areas, catch water, plant for climate to obtain yields Sun/shade: Plant to maximize use of sunny spots Wind: Block wind with trees and fence-climbers View: Block traffic and neighbors with trees and climbers Noise: Buffer with tree row Pollution: Buffer with tree row Slope: Catch and store water Boundaries/edges: Soften border with trees and plants Animals and pests: Address as needed
  • 29. Garden Strategy overviewSectors: Access: Maximize with use of paths and keyholes Human use: Use zonation; create an inviting space for relaxation, work, education, and celebration Soil: Sheet mulch to reinvigorate Water: Catch, store, and channel Existing vegetation: Mulch over weeds Planting: Plant in guilds with cultural keystone plants, and include other edibles to obtain high yields Waste: Install worm bin; potential for graywater On-site structures/resources: Incorporate into site
  • 30. Community StrategyCommunity: Educate and involve ACCC community at all stages to cultivate partnership, interest, and support Enlist the Permaculture community to install garden and maintain in early stages Promote through ACCC events and membership Incorporate with education and cultural programs Offer gardening, compost, etc., workshops to members Create culture of sharing, family, and fun: workdays, potlucks, community events, childrens programs Harvest days, volunteering, social service
  • 31. Plants and Animals  
  • 32. Plants and AnimalsAnimals:Bees, ducks?, gopher snakes?Plants:Cultural keystones requested byACCC: Trees: fig, lemon, pomegranate Vegetables and fruits: Persian cucumber, onion, garlic, zucchini, squash, cabbage, grape leaves, tomato Herbs: mint, thyme, sage, basil
  • 33. Plants and Animals Keystones and Guilds were created with consideration of: Permaculture Guild Principles e.g. N-fixer, dynamic accumulator, insectary Companion Planting e.g. grouping plants with similar feeding needs Climate best chance of success (save resources)
  • 34. Plants and AnimalsKeystone Species & Guilds Veggie GuildsApple & Plum Trees: Squash Guild: Persianborage, chives, crimson cucumbers, okra, zucchiniclover, foxglove, nasturtium (summer squash),parsley. pumpkin (winter squash), chayote, beans, peas,Fig Tree: borage, radish, sunflower,chrysanthemums, marigold, nasturtium, marigolds,nasturtium, pennyroyal. California Goldenrod, catnip.Lemon Tree: chamomile,marigold, crimson clover, {Dislikes: potato, aromaticnasturtium, sweet alyssum, herbs.}yarrow.
  • 35.         BudgetTwo main concerns: 1. Cost for the ACC 2. Amount of maintenance they will need to doWe plan to minimize the costs as much as possible throughdonations where appropriate and other cost saving strategies,such as volunteers.
  • 36. BudgetConsiderations for budget were: water, materials to re-route gutter,barrels for water storage, drip irrigation, tools, bees, greenhouse,cob materials, worm bin, and plants.Highest cost is the price of water: 15,000 gallons est. for site/yearWe will minimize this through: Site design Use of a rainwater catchment system (greywater in future)
  • 37. Budget Roof-Water Catchment Potential: We plan to collect roof-water from two sections of our roof. There exists the potential to collect 10,070 gallons of water per year. OR 183 55-gallon barrels Rain harvesting savings estimated at 1,600 gallons = $1000 15,000gallons estimate needed per year- gallons rain (slow,spread,sink on-site) from rain events-550(3)gallons stored rain = 2350 gallons of water /yr paid by ACCC Cost estimate = $1294/year water bill ($107/ month)
  • 38.     BudgetTOTAL BUDGET ESTIMATEwater ($1294) + gutters ($246) + barrels ($180) + drip ($300)+ tools (free) + bees (free) + worm bin ($25) + cardboard(free) + cob (free) + greenhouse ($200) + plants ($515) =TOTAL $2760
  • 39. Questions and Areas for Further Assessment  
  • 40. Questions and Areas for FurtherAssessment to raise awareness . Making connections: Canvas neighborhood Connect with Permaculture guild. Connect with GFE (which is right nearby). Connect with SF beekeepers guild. How does the graywater system work? How exactly should an irrigation system be integrated? How will the garden be maintained over time? By whom? Design and plant the front yard and sidewalks. Get more specific about which annual plants rotate where over time. Design a better transition from concrete steps to garden. Design front yard archway to highlight alley entrance What could be grown that would be of cultural significance to the Tememe in the tenderloin? Include a birdbath? Where? Stacked funtions with rain water catchment/watering plants? Cultural significance of visible presence of water? Include an owl box on the pole in the main garden? Is it viable to implement a fog catchment system? Fog is a considerable element in the Forest Hill micro climate--we could gleam a considerable amount of water from a fog catchment system. How much will it cost to construct? How is one constructed? Where could it be placed?
  • 41. Timeline  
  • 42. TimelineYear 1, First 6 Months (Summer and Fall)Community Propose plan to ACC board, create awareness in ACC community Connect with GFE, Permaculture Guild, neighbors, ECO SF Earthworks workshops, ground-breaking party, volunteer days PDC Course--Include students in the implementation processElements Worm bin, cob bench, toolsGarden Remove the plastic landscape fabric, dig swales, make berms, and lay irrigation lines
  • 43. TimelineYear 1, First 6 Months (Summer and Fall )Build soil Sheet mulch, irrigation lines under sheet mulch, straw mulch, plant nitrogen fixers/green manure, plant some perennials, chop and dropYields Some vegetables, worm castings
  • 44. TimelineYear 1, Second 6 Months (Winter and Spring )Community Fruit tree planting, springtime planting, kids days, volunteer days Center members and employees using siteElements Add bees, rainwater catchment, small greenhouse, compost pile Design front yard and sidewalks, plant front yard treesGarden Plant trees and vegetables, build guilds, nurture the soil
  • 45. TimelineYear 1, Second 6 Months (Winter and Spring)Yields Some vegetables, worm castingsFeedback Loop Observe and reflect on the feedback the garden has offered through each of the seasons. Request and reflect on feedback from community. Reflect on the overarching vision, goals, and pattern of the garden. Respond and plan appropriately.
  • 46. TimelineYear 2 (Summer–Spring)Community Tenderloin outreach, youth and cultural programs, education, community events, summer solstice, PDCElements Add greywater systemGarden Plant vegetables and build guilds, nurture the soil, manage/prune baby fruit treesEstimated Yields Vegetables and herbs for community and outreach; compost; beauty; education, community, food, funFeedback Loop
  • 47. TimelineYear 3 (Summer–Spring )Community Tenderloin outreach, youth and cultural programs, education, community events, summer solstice, PDCElements Cob ovenGarden Rotate crops, manage fruit trees, plant veggies, feed soil Less reliance on tap with H20 harvesting and graywaterEstimated Yields Vegetables, herbs, and fruit for community and outreach; compost; beauty; education, community, food, funFeedback Loop