Topic 7 immigration Industrial Revolution

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Immigration during Industrial Revolution

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Topic 7 immigration Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. 2nd Industrial Revolution: 1860-1920
  2. 2. Write: Immigration transformed American life.
  3. 3. A new wave of immigrants came to America in the late 1800s and settled in rapidly changing cities.
  4. 4. Write: City=Urban Country=Rural
  5. 5. Write: Mass immigration at the turn of the 20th century made the country more diverse and transformed American life by filling a demand for workers, diffusing new traits into the American culture and impacting the growth of cities
  6. 6. Italian immigrants pose for a photograph on New York City’s Mulberry Street in 1900.
  7. 7. Write: They came from southern and eastern Europe Write: 18 million came between 1880 and 1920
  8. 8. Write: Angel Island was an immigrant process center in San Francisco Bay, mostly Asian immigrants ; Ellis Island was an immigrant process center in New York Harbor, European immigrants
  9. 9. Write:  Most were from southern and eastern Europe;  a few from East Asia;  faced discrimination;  many took low-wage jobs  and lived in crowded tenements
  10. 10. Write: They enabled immigrants to retain some of their culture and to adjust to life in America. What were the benefits of ethnic neighborhoods? Little Italy, showing life in lower Manhattan around the turn of the 20th century
  11. 11.  He emigrated from Russia to the United States. He immigrated to the United States from Russia.  In Russia, he's an emigrant. In the United States, he's an immigrant.
  12. 12. Push—reasons Europeans wanted to leave Europe, especially Southern and Eastern Europe Pull—reasons Europeans wanted to come to the United States: crop failures available land to farm extreme poverty available jobs oppressive governments allowed to have a voice in government persecution of religious beliefs a government that gave them more personal freedoms such as: religious freedom, speech, press, etc Write:
  13. 13. Write: Factory owners needed workers.
  14. 14. Write: native born Americans who resented immigrants
  15. 15. (a) What do the shadow figures look like? (b) Was the artist a nativist? (c) What point is the cartoonist trying to make? Write: (a) immigrants; (b) no; (c) the cartoonist is trying to show that the nativists were once immigrants themselves.
  16. 16. Write: Nativists felt threatened. They thought immigrants contributed to rising crime rates and took jobs from native-born Americans.
  17. 17. Some native born Americans wanted to help immigrants assimilate into the American culture. What did they do to help immigrants? Recent immigrants often attended Americanization classes held in the factory after their work shifts were completed. [YMCA Industrial Service.] Write: Schools and volunteer organizations taught immigrants English literacy skills and subjects needed for citizenship, such as American history and government. This process is called Americanization.
  18. 18. Write: federal law banning Chinese immigration for ten years and preventing Chinese from becoming citizens A cartoon shows Uncle Sam trying to keep Chinese immigrants out using the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1888. (Image courtesy Library of Congress) What was the Chinese Exclusion Act?

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