7.3 u.s. moodle

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Imperialism

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7.3 u.s. moodle

  1. 1. Chapter 7.3 Moodle Assignment ENTERING THE WORLD STAGE, 18981917
  2. 2. 7.3 III. Roosevelt and Latin America
  3. 3. 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America
  4. 4. 1. OBJECTIVE Write Analyze the reasons that countries gained control of territory through imperialism and the impact on people living in the territory. 5. Trace the development of the United States as a world power with emphasis on: U.S. imperialism in Caribbean and Central America.
  5. 5. 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America Read Main Idea • The United States began to exert its influence over Latin America in the wake of the Spanish-American War.
  6. 6. 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America “Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick” • 2. How was the United States military used in acquiring new Write territories? • Roosevelt uses a “big stick” (the U.S. Navy) to control the Caribbean region.
  7. 7. a. • U.S. control over Cuba i. Platt Amendment 7.3 Key Terms and People • 3. Define: Platt Amendment Write • amendment to Cuba’s constitution • gave the U. S. rights to intervene in Cuba’s affairs and acquire naval bases and fueling stations • How did the U. S. influence in the Caribbean help develop the U.S. as a world power ?
  8. 8. 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America • 4. EXPLAIN: What benefits did the United States receive as a result of the Platt Amendment? p 214 /2nd column How did the U. S. influence in the Caribbean help develop the U.S. as a world power ? Write • The United States had the right to intervene in Cuban affairs; it had the right to buy or lease land for naval bases and coaling stations.
  9. 9. Platt Amendment
  10. 10. a. • U.S. control over Cuba ii. protectorate 5. Define: protectorate Write • a country under the control and protection of another country How did the U. S. influence in the Caribbean help develop the U.S. as a world power ?
  11. 11. Read • American soldiers in Cuba • How did the U. S. influence in the Caribbean help develop the U.S. as a world power ? In 1908, U.S. troops camp in front of the Presidential Palace in Havana. The U.S. flag is displayed. Cuba: After The War Cuba became a protectorate of the U.S.,[ a state or territory partly controlled by (but not a possession of) a stronger state but autonomous in internal affairs]; protectorates are established by treaty.
  12. 12. 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America • 6. How did Puerto Rico become a U.S. territory, while Cuba became a protectorate? p 214 /2nd column Write • The U.S. had promised in Teller Amendment in 1898 that Cuba would not be annexed; no such promise was made to Puerto Rico.
  13. 13. b. Governing Puerto Rico • 7. Define: Foraker Act Write • law that allowed the U.S. to appoint Puerto Rico’s governor and legislature How did the U. S. influence in the Caribbean impact the people living in this region?
  14. 14. b. Governing Puerto Rico • 8. What did a 1917 law grant to the people of Puerto Rico? Write • It granted U.S. citizenship to Puerto Ricans. How did the U. S. influence in the Caribbean impact the people living in this region?
  15. 15. How was United States policy used in controlling new territories? 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America • 9. FOCUS QUESTION: How did the United States govern Cuba and Puerto Rico? pp 214 & 215 Write • Cuba--Platt Amendment made it a U.S. protectorate • Puerto Rico--governed as a territory; Foraker Act allowed U.S. to appoint governor and upper house of legislature; gave U.S. citizenship to Puerto Ricans.
  16. 16. Page 214 1. Read Interpreting Political Cartoons Why do you think the artist used a Thanksgiving scene? 2. Recognizing Bias How does this cartoon portray the peoples of the acquired lands? 1. Interpreting Political Cartoons Possible Answers: Turkey may represents new territory to be carved up; Americans are thankful that the war is over so soon; that the new territories are now a part of the American family 2. Recognizing Bias: As little children who need to be looked after by America.
  17. 17. B. The Panama Canal
  18. 18. a. U.S. interest in a canal Write How did the U. S. influence in Latin America help develop the U.S. as a world power ? • 10. Why and how was the Panama Canal built? p 215 • Why: To create a shorter route between Atlantic and Pacific; This would make trading easier and shorten shipping time between coasts. • Also motivated so that it could avoid the need to maintain separate navies in the Atlantic and Pacific and also helped U.S. to achieve world power status • How: started by French company, finished by U.S. with 44,000 workers, 60 giant steam shovels, John Stevens as chief engineer
  19. 19. b. Panama’s revolution Write How did the U. S. influence in Latin America help develop the U.S. as a world power ? • 11. How did U.S. secure rights to build Panama Canal? p 215/ columns 1&2 • U.S. supported Panamanian rebellion against Colombia; received control of the Canal Zone as part of treaty with Panama
  20. 20. Panama Canal
  21. 21. C. • The Roosevelt Corollary 12. Define: The Roosevelt Corollary • addition to the Monroe Doctrine pledging that the United States would use force to keep Europe out of Latin America Write • Latin America owed money to European countries • U.S. feared Europe would use force to collect their debts • The United States wanted to protect its interests in Latin America How did the United States influence in Latin America help develop the U.S. as a world power ?
  22. 22. Read C. The Roosevelt Corollary • The Monroe Doctrine had said that the Western Hemisphere was off limits to European nations. However, the United States did not back this up. • In 1904 the Dominican Republic was unable to repay its European lenders. • President Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt Corollary. • Later the United States used the Roosevelt Corollary to justify other intervention in Latin American affairs.
  23. 23. C. The Roosevelt Corollary • 13. Why were European lenders so eager to invest in Latin America? p 216/ column 2 Write When or why are nations tempted to expand beyond their borders? • It would give Europeans power in Latin American countries • Latin America had many laborers, consumers, and raw materials
  24. 24. C. The Roosevelt Corollary • 14. What financial situation made Latin American nations particularly vulnerable to forceful takeover? p 216 / column 2 Write • They were in debt and unable to repay loans owed to European countries.
  25. 25. How did the United States influence in Latin America help develop the U.S. as a world power ? THE ROOSEVELT COROLLARY Read • Recall: What proverb inspired President Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine? p 217 / 2nd column • "Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far"
  26. 26. Teddy Roosevelt: Big Stick Diplomacy “Speak Softly and Carry a Big Stick”
  27. 27. D. Reshaping U.S. Diplomacy a. Taft’s dollar diplomacy • 15. Define: Taft’s dollar diplomacy Write • reliance on economic power instead of military force (the U.S. influenced Latin America by giving them money instead of using military force) How did the U.S. influence in Latin America help develop the U.S. as a world power ?
  28. 28. a. Taft’s dollar diplomacy • 16. How did President Taft use dollar diplomacy? p 217 / 2nd column Write How was United States policy was used in influencing/controlling new territories? • encouraged Americans to buy out European loans in Latin American countries
  29. 29. Taft’s dollar Diplomacy & Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy
  30. 30. b. President’s Wilson’s Moral diplomacy • 17. Define Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy Write • tried to nurture constitutional governments How was United States policy was used in influencing/controlling new territories?
  31. 31. b. President’s Wilson’s Moral diplomacy • 18. Why did President Wilson send troops into Haiti and Dominican Republic? p 217/ Write column 2 • The U.S. feared they would come under foreign control How was United States military used in controlling new territories?
  32. 32. Presidents Taft and Wilson • 19. How did Presidents Taft and Wilson reshape U.S. diplomacy? p 217/ column 2 Write • Taft--used economic power; • Wilson--tried to nurture constitutional governments
  33. 33. 7.3 Roosevelt and Latin America Read • 1. Who or what does the eagle represent? • 2. The cartoon was created in 1904 and shows U.S. flags planted in the Philippines, Panama, and Puerto Rico. What do the flags symbolize?

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