How would you search for answers? Ask the audience Ask a friend Flip through a textbook Google it up! Search the literature
It depends on the question! How do I look like in the pictures in the newspapers? Friends & Audience Where to download the latest song? Google What is the blood supply to the femur? Textbook What are the effects of soft drinks on fracture healing? Journals
What’s wrong with textbooks? Excellent for the principles & basic knowledge Usually single authored chapters Likely biased, author’s opinion Not peer-reviewed Outdated (at least 4 years) except the frequently updated online books (not PDF eBooks)
Usefulness of Information Hurwitz SR, Slawson DA, Shaughnessy A. Orthopaedic information mastery: applying evidence-based information tools to improve patient outcome while saving orthopaedists’ time. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000;82:888–895.
Satisficing ‘‘where busy clinicians will be satisfied with the information they can readily summon, while sacrificing quality for convenience” كبب وليّس ، يطلع كويس Carter BS, Leuthner S. Decision making in the NICU—strategies, statistics and ‘‘satisficing.’’ Bioethics Forum. 2002;18:7–15.
Before we move on, What are the differences between articles & books? Are all articles good? Are all journals good? How does an article look like?
Read the article titles If relevant, read the abstract If you read the abstract & it’s relevant get the full text
Journal Name, Volume, Issue, Pages Article Title Authors & Contact Info MeSH Terms Abstract When you search by keywords, you search in these areas
How does a full text article look like? Same information as abstract, PLUS Introduction Methods Results Discussion References
Where are articles stored? Articles are published in Journals Journals are published by Publishers Journals are indexed by Databases (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE) Instead of going to each publisher website & look for articles, you search for articles in a database There are many companies/websites that searches a database (e.g., Medline): PubMed, OVID