Introduction to Oral Medicine

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Introduction Lecture about Oral Medicine

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Introduction to Oral Medicine

  1. 1. Dr /Maha Mahmoud Assistant professor of Oral Medicine Umm Al-Qura University
  2. 2. Learning outcomes <ul><li>Define Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>Define carrier options of Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>Review definition, roles and benefits of </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Medicine , Oral Diagnosis, Oral Radiology In Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>Define the field of oral Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Mention the skills and sequence needed for good Diagnosis </li></ul>
  3. 3. 03/06/11 What is Dentistry?
  4. 4. What is Dentistry? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dentistry is defined as the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases of the oral cavity, and/or the adjacent structures ; provided by a dentist, within the scope of his/her education, training and experience, in accordance with the ethics of the profession and applicable law. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Dentistry? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dentistry is defined as the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment (nonsurgical, surgical or related procedures) of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body ; provided by a dentist, within the scope of his/her education, training and experience, in accordance with the ethics of the profession and applicable law. “ (www.ada.org) </li></ul>
  6. 6. What career options are available to a Dentist ? <ul><li>Private Practice (Majority of Graduates) </li></ul><ul><li>Specialties (ex: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Endodontics, more!; ~20% Graduates) </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Dentistry/Research </li></ul>
  7. 7. Oral Medicine
  8. 8. Oral Medicine Dentistry also involves diagnosis and treatment of disorders or condition which could affect the oral and maxillofacial region
  9. 9. Oral Medicine <ul><li>Dentistry involves Also systemic health! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A dentist can make a preliminary diagnosis of systemic disease because many systemic diseases and conditions have oral manifestations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And provide Oral health care of medically compromized patients. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Oral medicine <ul><li>Oral medicine is the specialty of dentistry that is concerned With: </li></ul><ul><li>The diagnosis and management of disorders or condition affecting the oral and maxillofacial region </li></ul><ul><li>The oral health care of medically compromised patients </li></ul>
  11. 11. Oral Medicine field related to four major areas: <ul><li>(1) diseases of the oral mucosa, </li></ul><ul><li>(2) diseases or disorders of the orofacial region </li></ul><ul><li>(3) salivary gland </li></ul><ul><li>(4) orofacial pain </li></ul>The Third World Workshop on Oral Medicine (Chicago,1998 (
  12. 14. 2. Diseases or disorders of the orofacial region and maxillofacial area
  13. 16. 3. Salivary glands
  14. 18. 4. Orofacial pain and Temporomandibular disorders <ul><li>The specialty of Orofacial Pain focuses on the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of chronic orofacial pain disorders and jaw dysfunction. </li></ul>
  15. 19. Oral Diagnosis
  16. 20. Oral Diagnosis <ul><li>Oral diagnosis is that branch of dentistry dealed with the identification of oral disease whether of local or systemic origin. </li></ul>
  17. 21. Oral Diagnosis
  18. 22. Oral Diagnosis <ul><li>The clinician’s ability to arrive at an accurate diagnosis involves several skills </li></ul><ul><li>Using these skills, the practitioner can gather data in an orderly and concise way </li></ul><ul><li>The power of observation </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to listen </li></ul>
  19. 23. How to Diagnose a case? Case History Clinical examination Extraoral, Intraoral Review of data Differential Diagnosis Clinical tests, Laboratory tests, Imaging Studies Definite Diagnosis
  20. 25. Prof.Dr Khaled-Al-ashiry
  21. 26. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen <ul><li>1845-1923(Bavarian physicist). </li></ul><ul><li>Discover x-rays in November 8-1895 </li></ul>
  22. 27. November 8, 1895 <ul><li>Roentgen lab. </li></ul><ul><li>Well equipped </li></ul><ul><li>contains many screens </li></ul><ul><li>He used the Hittorf-Crookes tube in his experiments </li></ul>
  23. 28. First Radiograph <ul><li>December 22, 1895 </li></ul><ul><li>Radiograph of Mrs. Bertha Roentgen’s hand </li></ul>
  24. 29. Importance of radiographic examination <ul><li>1-Necessary component for comprehensive patient diagnosis. </li></ul><ul><li>2-Identify conditions that may otherwise go undetected clinically. </li></ul><ul><li>3-Provide a wealth of information about the teeth and supporting structures. </li></ul>
  25. 30. <ul><li>Radiology : A branch of medical science that deals with the use of x-rays , radioactive substance and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation : A form of energy in the form of waves or stream of particles. </li></ul><ul><li>X-ray : Wave type of energy that produced by special device called x-ray machine. </li></ul>
  26. 31. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology <ul><li>Radiography : The art and science of making radiographs by exposure of photosensitive x-ray films to x-rays. </li></ul><ul><li>Dental radiography : the production of image of teeth and adjacent structures by exposing a film to x-ray .A radiograph may also called ‘radiograme’ ,roentgenograme ,roentgenograph. </li></ul><ul><li>Dental radiographer : Any person who positions ,exposes ,and processes dental x-ray films </li></ul>
  27. 32. References <ul><li>Greenberg M and Glick M &. Ship J A. Burket’s Oral Medicine ,Diagnosis & Treatment , 10th ed. 2008, BC Decker, Inc. Page1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>Bricker SL, Langlais RP, Miller Cs. Oral Diagnosis, Oral Medicine, and Treatment planning. second edition. 2002, BC Decker Inc, Hamilton, London. </li></ul>
  28. 33. Web sites <ul><li>http://www.ada.org/2555.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://web.squ.edu.om/med-Lib/MED_CD/E_CDs/oral%20medicine/docs/ch01.pdf </li></ul>

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