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Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
Introduction to fixed prosthodontics
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Introduction to fixed prosthodontics

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introduction to fixed prosthodontics, types of cast restorations, indications and contraindicaitons.

introduction to fixed prosthodontics, types of cast restorations, indications and contraindicaitons.

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  • 1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
  • 2. Introduction to Fixed Prosthodontics By Dr Amira Gomaa
  • 3. <ul><li>1- Definitions of Fixed Prosthodontics </li></ul><ul><li>2- Aims </li></ul><ul><li>3- Indications </li></ul><ul><li>4- Contraindications </li></ul><ul><li>5- Types of Cast Restorations </li></ul><ul><li>6- Components of FPD </li></ul>
  • 4. 1- Definitions <ul><li>Fixed prosthodontics is the specialized area of dentistry involved in the replacement of missing teeth with a cast prosthesis permanently cemented in place. </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed Partial Denture (PDF) or Bridge : </li></ul><ul><li>Defined as a prosthetic appliance permanently attached to remaining </li></ul><ul><li>teeth, which replaces one or more </li></ul><ul><li>missing teeth. </li></ul>
  • 5. 2- Aims of Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>The aims of fixed prosthodontic treatments are to: </li></ul><ul><li>Restore function and mastication </li></ul><ul><li>Restore aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain health and integrity of dental arch </li></ul><ul><li>Support the treatment of problems related to TMJ </li></ul>
  • 6. 2-Aims of Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>Restore function and mastication </li></ul>
  • 7. 2-Aims of Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>Restore aesthetics </li></ul>
  • 8. 2- Aims of Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>Maintain health and integrity of dental arch </li></ul>Loss of a mandibular first molar not replaced with an FPD. The typical consequences are supraclusion of opposing teeth
  • 9. 2- Aims of Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>Support the treatment of problems related to TMJ </li></ul>
  • 10. 3- Indications for Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>One or two adjacent teeth </li></ul><ul><li>are missing in the same arch. </li></ul><ul><li>The supportive tissues are healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable abutment teeth are present. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient is in good health and wants to have the prosthesis placed. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient has the skills and motivation to maintain good oral hygiene. </li></ul>
  • 11. 4- Contraindications for Fixed Prosthodontics <ul><li>Necessary supportive tissues </li></ul><ul><li>are diseased or missing. </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable abutment teeth are not present. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient is in poor health. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient is not motivated to have the prosthesis placed. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient has poor oral hygiene habits. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient cannot afford the treatment. </li></ul>
  • 12. 5- Types of Cast Restorations <ul><li>1- Inlay </li></ul><ul><li>2- Onlay </li></ul><ul><li>3- Porcelain Veneers </li></ul><ul><li>4- Full crown . </li></ul><ul><li>5- Three-quarter crown . </li></ul><ul><li>6- Porcelain‑fused‑to‑metal crown (PFM) </li></ul><ul><li>7- Fixed bridge </li></ul><ul><li>8- Resin bonded bridge . </li></ul>
  • 13. Types of Cast Restorations <ul><li>1- Inlay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers a portion of the occlusal and proximal surface. </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Types of Cast Restorations <ul><li>2- Onlay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers the proximal surfaces and most or all of the occlusal surface. </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Types of Cast Restorations <ul><li>3- Porcelain Veneers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin shell-like covering placed to improve the appearance of anterior teeth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elimination of diastema </li></ul><ul><li>Enamel h ypoplesia </li></ul><ul><li>Erosion and abrasion </li></ul>
  • 16. Diastema before treatment Erosion Enamel hypoplesia Enamel hypoplesia Enamel hypoplesia After treatment
  • 17. <ul><ul><li>Enamel hypoplesia Before treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After treatment </li></ul></ul>Enamel hypoplesia Before treatment After treatment
  • 18. <ul><li>4- Full crown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completely covers the anatomic crown of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an individual tooth .. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recurrent caries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fractured crown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amelogenesis imperfecta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tetracyclin e stain </li></ul></ul>Types of Cast Restorations 
  • 19. Recurrent caries before treatment Recurrent caries before treatment <ul><ul><li>Fractured crown Before treatme nt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fractured crown After treatment </li></ul></ul>Recurrent caries After treatment
  • 20. <ul><ul><li>Tetracycline stain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amelogenesis imperfecta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amelogenesis imperfecta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>after </li></ul></ul>Larg Diastema before treatment Larg Diastema After treatment
  • 21. <ul><li>5- Three‑quarter crown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers the anatomic crown of a tooth except for the facial portio n. </li></ul></ul>Types of Cast Restorations  Partial Crow
  • 22. <ul><li>6- P orcelain‑fused‑to‑metal crown (PFM ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full metal crown with outer surfaces covered with a veneer of porcelain . </li></ul></ul>Types of Cast Restorations 
  • 23. <ul><li>7- Fixed bridge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A prosthesis for one or more missing teeth within the same arch . </li></ul></ul>Types of Cast Restorations 
  • 24. <ul><ul><li>Also known as a Maryland bridge , with wing like extensions coming from the proximal sides. </li></ul></ul>8- Resin bonded bridge
  • 25. <ul><li>Components of FPD: </li></ul><ul><li>Abutment: A tooth serving as attachment to FPD </li></ul><ul><li>Pontic: The artificial tooth suspended from abutment teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Retainer: Extracoronal restorations cemented to prepared abutment teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Connector: rigid o non-rigid joint connection between the pontic and the retainer </li></ul>
  • 26. A bridge found in a mummy
  • 27. Thank You!

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