Logical reasoning-and-analytical-ability-statement-and-assumptions
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Logical reasoning and analytical ability, statement and assumptions

Logical reasoning and analytical ability, statement and assumptions

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Logical reasoning-and-analytical-ability-statement-and-assumptions Logical reasoning-and-analytical-ability-statement-and-assumptions Presentation Transcript

  • Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here www.upscportal.com Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here When we see clouds in the sky. We take preassumption that it may be rain. Each action has an assumption one in positive and another in negative. Let us suppose a baby born it may be a boy or a girl. So, here we take two assumptions. The candidate will be required to assess the given statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit in the Statement. To understand the pattern of these questions, it is very essential to know what the terms Statement and Assumptions do stand for. Hence, “An assumption is something that can be supposed or assumed on the basis of a given statement.” Statement and Assumptions
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Types of Questions Based on Assumption Type 1 Two-Assumptions Based In this type of questions a statement: is given, followed by two assumptions. The candidate is required to assess the given statement: and then decide which of the given assumptions to implicit in the Statement: . Directions (Examples 1 to 3) In each of the illustrations below is given a Statement: followed by Assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the Statement: and decide which of the given Assumptions is implicit? Give answer as (a) if only assumption I is implicit (b) if only assumption II is implicit (c) if neither I nor II is implicit (d) if both I and II are implicit
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here 1. Statement: The Union Government has decided to withdraw existing tax relief on various small savings schemes in a phased manner to augment its tax collection. Assumptions: I. People may still continue to keep money in small savings schemes and also pay taxes. II. The total tax collection may increase substantially. Solution. (d) Any measure is taken assuming that it would be accepted by the people. Therefore, both the assumptions are implicit in the statement . 2. Statement: The Government has decided to levy 2 per cent on the tax amount payable for funding drought relief programmes. Assumptions: I. The Government does not have sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes. II. The amount collected by way of surcharge may be adequate to fund these drought relief programmes.
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Solution. (d) If there were sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes, why this measure should be taken. Therefore, both the assumptions are implicit in the statement. 3. Statement: The Government has decided to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till mid night to reduce crowding of shoppers in these complexes during the weekends. Assumptions: I. People may still prefer to shop during the weekends. II. Many people may now do their shopping illusively during the late evening hour. Solution. (b) Only assumption II is implicit because the people may shopping illusively during the late evening hours thinking, so the Government has decided to allow the shopping complexes to remain open till mid night.
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Type 2 Three-Assumptions Based This type also consists of similar type of questions as in Type I, with the difference that here three assumptions are given and the candidate is required to choose that group which is implicit in context of the given statement. Directions: In each questions below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something supposed or token for granted. You hove to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. 4. Statement: If you desire to enjoy the best holidays to Europe join our exclusive EURO package”, An advertisement of a travel agency in an Indian newspaper. Assumptions: I. Many Indians travel of European countries to spend their holidays. II. These are other travel agencies in India which organize holiday tour to Europe.
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here III. Many people may still travel to Europe through other travel agencies. (a) All are implicit (b) Only I and II are implicit (c) Only I is implicit (d) Only I and III are implicit Solution. (a) All are implicit because on the basis of all the three assumptions this advertise is given. 5. Statement: Graduate with first class are eligible to apply for the admission to MBA courses in our institute”. An advertisement by a management institute. Assumptions: I. Only those who are first class graduates can be up with the studies for MBA courses. II. There are plenty of first class graduates who are likely to apply for admission to MBA.
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here III. Reputation of the institute may get affected, if students having less than first class are admitted. (a) Only I is implicit (b) Only II is implicit (c) Only III is implicit (d) Only I and II are implicit Solution. (b) The advertisement was issued assuming that sufficient number of first class graduates are likely to apply for admission to MBA.
  • www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Click Here to Join Online Coaching: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/courses Click Here to Buy Study Material in Hard Copy: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit