General mental-ability-coding-decoding

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General mental ability, coding decoding

General mental ability, coding decoding

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  • 1. Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here www.upscportal.com General Mental Ability
  • 2. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here What is Coding-Decoding ? For transmitting secret messages from one place to another, especially in defense services, Coding is used. Decoding is the ability to break the secret code. The codes are based on various principles or patterns. In CSAT, questions based on coding-decoding could be given to judge the intelligence and mental ability of the candidates. The coded word itself does not make any sense unless we know the coding principle. For coding-decoding, following basic knowledge is required. 1. Forward Order of Letters A B C D E F G H I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 J K L M N 0 P Q R 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 S T U V W X Y Z 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Coding-Decoding
  • 3. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here 2. Reverse Order of Letters A B C D E F G H I 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 J K L M N 0 P Q R 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 S T U V W X Y Z 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3. Opposite Letters A-Z, H-S, B-Y, I-R, C-X, J-Q, D-W, K-P, E-V, L-0, F-U, M-N, G-T. The questions based on coding-decoding are broadly categorized into following categories
  • 4. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Type 1 Coding with Alphabet Letters: In such questions, the letters do not stand for themselves but are allotted some other values based on some logical patterns or analogies. By deciphering the principles or pattern involved the candidates are required to decode the coded word. Example 1: As ‘COUNSEL’ is to BITIRAK’ So ‘GUIDANCE’ is to (a) FOHYZJBB (b) HOHYBJBA (c) FPHZZKAB (d) FORHYZJBB Solution. (a) The pattern is C – 1 = B O – 6 = I U – 1 = T N – 5 = I S – 1 = R E – 4 = A L – 1 = K
  • 5. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Type 2 Coding with Numbers: The principle of coding with numbers is similar to that of coding with letters except the use of digits. Example 2: If in a certain language, E is coded as 2, H is coded as 1, N is coded as 7, P is codec as 5, A is coded as 0, T is coded as 8 and L is coded as 3, how is ELEPHANT coded in that language ? (a) 23251078 (b) 32210587 (c) 23527801 (d) 22315078 Solution. (a) E = 2, L = 3, E = 2, P = 5, H = 1, A = 0, N = 7, T = 8 Hence, only (a) is valid. Example 3: In a certain language, 1 is coded as C, 6 is coded as E, 0 is coded as L, 2 is coded a; G and 3 is coded as O. How is 1300626 coded in that language ? (a) OLCGELE (b) EGEOLEL (c) COLLGEE (d) COLLEGE Solution. (d) 1 = C, 3 = 0, 0 = L 0 = L, 6 = E, 2 = G, 6 = E Hence, only (d) is valid.
  • 6. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Type 3 Mixed coding (Alphabets + Digits): In such questions, both letters and numbers are assigned as code The candidates are required to identify the analogy given in the questions. Example 4: If ‘INDIA’ stands for ‘I - 14 - D - 9 - A’ and NEPAL’ stands for N - 5 _ P _ 1 _ L, then how will you code the GIRL ? (a) G9R12 (b) G15R10 (c) G10R9 (d) G9R11 Solution. (a) Assign the alphabetical number to the letters. Example 5: If ‘LOINESS’ is coded as `« ? # @ $ $ $’and MEN’ is coded as f @, then how will you code the MISSION’? (a) # $ $ # ? @ (b) # $ ? « f @ (c) # $ « f @ (d) $ # ? « f @ Solution. (a) The intelligent deciphering of the two codes gives the following M I S O L E N # $ ? « f @ So, MISSION will be coded as # $ $ # ? @ .
  • 7. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Type 4 Miscellaneous types: In such questions, a careful deciphering is required to find out the patterns. Example 6: If FRANCE’ is coded as NCEFRA’ and ‘CANADA’ is coded as ADACAN, then how will you code ‘MEDICINE’? (a) CNIEMEDI (b) CINEDEMI (c) CINEMEDI (d) CINEDEIM Solution. (c) The first half part is transferred after the second half part. The coding is made as follows So, the code of MEDICINE will be coded as ‘CINEMEDI’.
  • 8. www.upscportal.com Click Here to Join Online Coaching Click Here Click Here to Join Online Coaching: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/courses Click Here to Buy Study Material in Hard Copy: http://upscportal.com/civilservices/study-kit