Download IAS PRE 2013 - CSAT Paper with Answer Keys

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Download IAS PRE 2013 - CSAT(paper-2) Paper with Answer Keys

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Download IAS PRE 2013 - CSAT Paper with Answer Keys

  1. 1. Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comUnion Public Service CommissionCSAT Paper-2 "Test Booklet Series - B"Directions for the following 2 (two) items 3. In a rare coin collection, there is one goldcoin for every three non-gold coins. 10Read the following passage and answer themore gold coins are added to the collectiontwo items that follow. Your answers to theseand the ratio of gold coins to non-golditems should be based on the passage only.coins would be 1 : 2. Based on thePassageEcological research over the lastinformation, the total number of coins inthe collection now becomesquarter of the century has established the (a) 90leterious effects of habitat fragmentationdue to mining highways and such other (b) 80intrusions on forests. When a large block offorests gets fragmented into smaller bits, the(c) 60edges of all these bits come into contact (d) 50with human activities resulting in thedegradation of the entire forests. Continuity 4. A gardener has 1000 plants. He wants toof forested landscapes and corridors gets plant them in such a way that the numberdisrupted affecting several extinction-prone of rows and the number of columnsspecies of wildlife. Habitat fragmentation is remains the same. What is the minimumtherefore considered as the most seriousthreat to biodiversity conservation. Ad hocnumber of plants thatthis purpose?he needs more forgrants of forest lands to mining companies (a) 14coupled with rampant illegalaggravating this threat.mining is(b) 241. What is the central focus of this passage ?(a) Illegal mining in forests(b) Extinction of wildlife(c) Conservation of nature(c) 32(d) 345. A Sum of 700 has to be used to give(d) Disruption of habitatseven cash prizes to the students of a2. What is the purpose of maintaining the school for their overall academiccontinuity of forested landscapes and performance. If each prize is 20 lesscorridors ?1. Preservation of biodiversity2. Management of mineral resourcesthan its preceding prize, what is the leastvalue of the prize ?3. Grant of forest lands for human (a) 30activitiesSelect the Correct answer using the codesgiven below:(a) 1 only(b) 1 and 2(c) 2 and 3(d) 1, 2 and 3(b) 40(c) 60(d) 80Downloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  2. 2. 46. Out of 120 applications for a post, 70 aremale and 80 have a driver’s license. Whatis the ratio between the minimum tomaximum number of males having driver’slicense ?(a) 1 to 2(b) 2 to 3(c) 3 to 7(d) 5 to 77. In a garrison, there was food for 1000soldiers for one month. After 10 days,1000 more soldiers joined the garrison.How long would the soldiers be able tocarry on with the remaining food ?(a) 25 days(b) 20 days(c) 15 days(d) 10 days8. The tank-full petrol in Arun’s motor-cyclelasts for 10 days. If he starts using 25%more everyday, how many days will thetank-full petrol last ?(a) 5(b) 6(c) 7(d) 89. A person can walk a certain distance anddrive back in six hours. He can also walkboth ways in 10 hours. How much timewill he take to drive both ways ?(a) Two hours(b) Two and a half hours(c) Five and a half hours(d) Four hoursDirections for the following 8 (eight)items :Read the following four passage andanswer the items that follow each passage.Your answers to these items should bebased on the passage only.Passage – 1The subject of democracy has becomeseverely muddled because of the way therhetoric surrounding it has been used inrecent years. There is, increasingly, anoddly confused dichotomy between thosewho want to ‘impose’ democracy oncountries in the non-Western world (inthese countries’ ‘own interest’, for course)and those who are opposed to such‘imposition’ (because of the respect for thecountries’ ‘own ways’). But the entirelanguage of ‘imposition’, used by bothsides, is extraordinary inappropriate sinceit makes the implicit assumption thatdemocracy belongs exclusively to the West,taking it to be a quintessentially ‘Western’idea which has originated and flourishedonly in the West.But the thesis and the pessimism itgenerates about the possibility ofdemocratic practice in the world would beextremely hard to justify. There wereseveral experiments in local democracy inancient India. Indeed, in understandingthe roots of democracy in the world, wehave to take an interest in the history ofpeople participation and public reasoningin different parts of the world. We have tolook beyond thinking of democracy only interms of European and Americanevolution. We would fail to understandthe pervasive demands forparticipatory living, on which AristotleDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  3. 3. 5spoke with far-reaching insight, if wetake democracy to be a kind of aspecialized cultural product of the West.It cannot, of course, be doubted thatthe institutional structure of thecontemporary practice of democracy islargely the product of European andAmerican experience over the last fewcenturies. This is extremely important torecognize since these developments ininstitutional formats were immenselyinnovative and ultimately effective. Therecan be little doubt that there is a major‘Western’ achievement here.10.Which of the following is closest to theview of democracy as mentioned in theabove passage ?(a) The subject of democracy is a muddledue to a desire to portray it as aWestern concept, ‘alien’ to non-Westerncountries.(b) The language of imposition ofdemocracy is inappropriate. There is,however, a need to consider thisconcept in the backdrop of culture of‘own ways’ of non-Western society.(c) While democracy is not essentially aWestern idea belonging exclusively tothe West, the institutionalstructure of current democraticpractices has been theircontribution.(d) None of the Statements (a), (b) and (c)given above is correct11. With reference to the passage, thefollowing assumptions have been made :1. Many of the non-Western countriesare unable to have democracy becausethey take democracy to be aspecialized cultural product of theWest.2. Western countries are always trying toimpose democracy on non-Westerncountries.Which of the above is/are validassumption/assumptions ?(a) 1 only(b) 2 only(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2Passage – 2Corporate governance is based onprinciples such as conducting the businesswith all integrity and fairness, beingtransparent with regard to all transactions,making all the necessary disclosures anddecisions, complying with all the laws of theland, accountability and responsibilitytowards the stakeholders and commitmentto conducting business in an ethicalmanner. Another point which is highlightedon corporate governance is the need forthose in control to be able to distinguishbetween what are personal and corporatefunds while managing a company.Fundamentally, there is a level ofconfidence thatis associated with acompany that is known to have goodcorporate governance. The presence of anDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  4. 4. 6active group of independent directors on theboard contributes a great deal towardsensuring confidence in the market.Corporate governance is known to be one ofthe criteria that foreign institutionalinvestors are increasingly depending onwhen deciding on which companies to investin. It is also known to have a positiveinfluence on the share price of the company.Having a clean image on the corporategovernance front could also make it easierfor companies to source capital at morereasonable costs. Unfortunately, corporategovernance often becomes the centre ofdiscussion only after the exposure of a largescam.12. According to the passage, which of thefollowing should be thepractice/practices in good corporategovernance ?1. Companies should always complywith labour and tax laws of the land.2. Every company in the country shouldhave a government representative asone of the independent directors onthe board to ensure transparency.3. The manager of a company shouldnever invest his personal funds in thecompany.Select the correct answer using thecodes given below:(a) 1 only(b) 2 and 3 only(c) 1 and 3 only(d) 1, 2 and 313. According to the passage, which of thefollowing is/are the majorbenefit/benefits of good corporategovernance ?1. Good corporate governance leads toincrease in share price of thecompany.2. A company with good corporategovernance always increases itsbusiness turnover rapidly.3. Good corporate governance is themain criterion for foreign institutionalinvestors when they decide to buy acompany.Select the correct answer using thecodes given below :(a) 1 only(b) 2 and 3 only(c) 1 and 3 only(d) 1, 2 and 3Passage – 3Malnutrition most commonly occursbetween the ages of six months and twoyears. This happens despite the child’s foodrequirements being less than that of anolder child. Malnutrition is often attributedto poverty, but it has been found that evenin households where adults eat adequatequantities of food, more than 50 per cent ofchildren-under-five do not consume enoughfood. The child’s dependence on someoneelse to feed him/her is primarily responsiblefor the malnutrition. Very often the motheris working and the responsibility of feedingthe young child is left to an older sibling. Itis therefore crucial to increase awarenessregarding the child’s food needs and how tosatisfy them.Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  5. 5. 714. According to the passage, malnutrition inchildren can be reduced(a) if the children have regular intake offood.(b) after they cross the age of five.(c) if the food needs of youngerchildren are known(d) if the responsibility of feeding youngerchildren is given to adults.15. According to the author, poverty is notthe main cause of malnutrition, but thefact that1. taking care of younger ones is not apriority for working mothers.2. awareness of nutritional needs isnot propagated by the Public Healthauthorities.Select the correct answer using the codesgiven below(a) 1 only(b) 2 only(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 2Passage – 4A number of empirical studies findthat farmers are risk-averse, though onlymoderately in many cases. There is alsoevidence to show that farmers’ riskaversion results in cropping patterns andinput use designed to reduce risk ratherthan to maximize income. Farmers adopta number of strategies to manage andcope with agricultural risks. Theseinclude practices like crop and fielddiversification, non-farm employmentstorage of stocks and strategic migrationof family members. There are alsoinstitutions ranging from share tenancyto kinship, extended family and informalcredit agencies. One major obstacle torisk sharing by farmers is that the sametype of risks can affect a large number offarmers in the region. Empirical studiesshow that the traditional methods are notadequate. Hence there is a need for policyinterventions, especially measures thatcut across geographical regions.Policies may aim to tacklingagricultural risks directly or indirectly.Examples of risk-specific policies are cropinsurance, price stabilization and thedevelopment of varieties resistant to pestsand diseases. Policies which affect riskindirectly are irrigation, subsidized creditand access to information. No single risk-specific policy is sufficient to reduce riskand is without side-effects, whereaspolicies not specific to risk influence thegeneral situation and affect risks onlyindirectly. Crop insurance, as a policymeasure to tackle agricultural riskdirectly, deserves careful consideration inthe Indian context and in many otherdeveloping countries – because themajority of farmers depend on rain-fedagriculture and in many areas yieldvariability is the predominant cause oftheir income instability.Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  6. 6. 816. The need for policy intervention tomitigate risks in agriculture is because(a) Farmers are extremely risk-averse.(b) Farmers do not know how to mitigaterisks.(c) The methods adopted by farmers andexisting risk sharinginstitutions are not adequate.(d) Majority of farms depend on rain-fedagriculture.17. Which of the following observationsemerges from the above passage?(a) One can identify a single policy thatcan reduce risk without any side-effect.(b) No single risk-specific policy issufficient to reduce agriculturalrisk.(c) Policies which affect risk indirectlycan eliminate it.(d) Government’s policy intervention canmitigate agricultural risk completely.18. Consider the following statements :(i) A primary group is relativelysmaller in size.(ii) Intimacy is an essentialcharacteristic of a primary group.(iii) A family may be an example of aprimary group.In the light of the above statements,which one of the following is true?(a) All families are primary groups.(b) All primary groups are families(c) A group of smaller size is always aprimary group(d) Members of a primary group knoweach other intimately.19. Four friends A, B, C and D distributesome money among themselves in such amanner that A gets one less than B, Cgets 5 more than D, D gets 3 more thanB. Who gets the smallest amount ?(a) A(b) B(c) C(d) DDirections for the following 4 (four) items :Read the following statements and answerthe four items that follow :Five cities P, Q, R, S and T are connected bydifferent modes of transport as follows :P and Q are connected by boat as well asrailS and R are connected by bus and boat.Q and T are connected by air onlyP and R are connected by boat onlyT and R are connected by rail and bus.20. Which mode of transport would help oneto reach R starting from Q but withoutchanging the mode of transport ?(a) Boat(b) Rail(c) Bus(d) Air21. If a person visits each of the placesstarting from P and gets back to P, whichof the following places must he visit twice?(a) Q(b) R(c) S(d) TDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  7. 7. 922. Which one of the following pairs of cities isconcerned by any of the routes directlywithout going to any other city?(a) P and T(b) T and S(c) Q and R(d) None of these23. Between which two cities among the pairsof cities given below are there maximumtravel options available?(a) Q and S(b) P and R(c) P and T(d) Q and RDirections for the following 3 (three)items:Read the following passage and answerthe three items that follow:A tennis coach is trying to puttogether a team of four players for theforthcoming tournament. For this 7players are available: makes A, B and C;and females W, X, Y and Z. All playershave equal capability and at least 2males will be there in the team. For ateam of four, all players must be able toplay with each other. But, B cannot playwith W, C cannot play with Z and Wcannot play with Y.24. If Y is selected and B is rejected, the teamwill consist of which one of the followinggroups?(a) A, C, W and Y(b) A, C, X and Y(c) A, C, Y and Z(d) A, W, Y and Z25. If B is selected and Y is rejected, the teamwill consist of which one of the followinggroups?(a) A, B, C and W(b) A, B, C and Z(c) A, B, C and X(d) A, W, Y and Z26. If all the three males are selected, thenhow many combinations of four memberteams are possible?(a) 1(b) 2(c) 3(d) 427. The music director of a film wants toselect four persons to work on differentaspects of the composition of a piece ofmusic. Seven persons are available forthis work; they are Rohit, Tanya, Shobha,Kaushal, Kunal, Mukesh and Jaswant.Rohit and Tanya will not work together.Kunal and Shobha will not work together.Mukesh and Kunal want to worktogether.Which of the following is the mostacceptable group of people that can beselected by the music director?(a) Rohit, Shobha, Kunal and Kaushal(b) Tanya, Kaushal, Shobha and Rohit(c) Tanya, Mukesh, Kunal andJaswant(d) Shobha, Tanya, Rohit and MukeshDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  8. 8. 1028. Five people A, B, C, D and E are seatedabout a round table. Every chair isspaced equidistant from adjacent chairs. (i)C is seated next to A.(ii) A is seated two seats from D.(iii) B is not seated next to A.Which of the following must be true?(I) D is seated next to B.(II) E is seated next to A.Select the correct answer from the codesgiven below:(a) I only(b) II only(c) Both I and II(d) Neither I and IIDirections for the following 3 (three)items:Examine carefully the following statementsand answer three items that follow:Out of four friends A, B, C and D,A and B play football and cricket,B and C play cricket and hockey,A and D play basketball and football,C and D play hockey and basketball.29. Who does not play hockey?(a) D(b) C(c) B(d) A30. Who plays football, basketball andhockey?(a) D(b) C(c) B(d) A31. Which game do B, C and D play?(a) Basketball(b) Hockey(c) Cricket(d) Football32. ‘Geeta is older than her cousin Meena.Meena’s brother Bipin is older thanGeeta. When Meena and Bipin visitGeeta, they like to play chess. Meenawins the game more often than Geeta.Based on the above information, fourconclusions, as given below, have beenmade. Which one of these logicallyfollows from the information givenabove?(a) While playing chess with Geeta andMeena, Bipin often loses.(b) Geeta is the oldest among the three.(c) Geeta hates to lose the game.(d) Meena is the youngest of thethree.Directions for the following 4 (four) items:Read the following passage andanswer the four items that follow.Your answers to these items should bebased on the passage only.PassageFinancial markets in India haveacquired greater depth and liquidityover the years. Steady reforms since1991 have led to growing linkage adintegration of the Indian economy andits financial system with the globaleconomy. Weak global economicprospects and continuinguncertainties in the internationalDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  9. 9. 11financial markets therefore, have hadtheir impact on the emerging marketeconomies. Sovereign risk concerns,particularly in the Euro area, affectedfinancial markets for the greater partof the year, with the contagion ofGreece’s sovereign debt problemspreading to Indiaand othereconomies by way of higher-than-normal levels of volatility.The funding constraints ininternational financial markets couldimpact both the availability and costof foreign funding for banks andcorporates. Since the India financialsystem is bank dominated, bank’sability to withstand stress is criticalto overall financial stability. Indianbanks, however, remain robust,notwithstanding a decline in capitalto risk-weighted assets ratio and arise in non-performing asset levels inthe recent past. Capital adequacylevels remain above the regulatoryrequirements. The financial marketinfrastructure continues to functionwithout any major disruption. Withfurther globalization, consolidation,deregulation, and diversification ofthe financial system, the bankingbusiness may become more complexand riskier. Issues like risk andliquidity management and enhancingskill therefore assume greatersignificance.33. According to the passage, the financialmarkets in the emerging marketeconomies including India had theadverse impact in recent years due to1. weak global economic prospects.2. uncertainties in the internationalfinancial markets.3. sovereign risk concerns in the Euroarea.4. bad monsoons and the resultant croploss.Select the correct answer using the codesgiven below:(a) 1 and 2 only(b) 1, 2 and 3(c) 2 and 3 only(d) 2, 3 and 434. The Indian financial markets are affectedby global changes mainly due to the(a) increased inflow of remittances fromabroad.(b) enormous increase in the foreignexchange reserves.(c) Growing global linkages andintegration of the Indian financialmarkets.(d) Contagion of Greece’s sovereign debtproblem.35. According to the passage, in the Indianfinancial system, banks’ ability towithstand stress is critical to ensureoverall financial stability because Indianfinancial system is(a) controlled by the Government ofIndia.(b) less integrated with banks.(c) controlled by Reserve Bank of India.(d) dominated by banks.Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  10. 10. 1236. Risk and liquidity management assumesmore importance in the Indian bankingsystem in future due to1. further globalization.2. more consolidation and deregulationof the financial system.3. further diversification of the financialsystem.4. more financial inclusion in theeconomySelect the correct answer using the codegiven below:(a) 1, 2 and 3(b) 2, 3 and 4(c) 1 and 2 only(d) 3 and 4 only37. There are five hobby clubs in a collegeviz., photography, yachting, chess,electronics and gardening. The gardeninggroup meets every second day, theelectronics group meets every third day,the chess group meets every fourth day,the yachting group meets every fifth dayand the photography group meets everysixth day. How many times to all the fivegroups meet on the same day within 180days?(a) 3(b) 5(c) 10(d) 1838. A, B, C, D and E belong to five differentcities P, Q, R, S and T (not, necessary inthat order). Each one of them comes froma different city. Further it is given that:1. B and C do not belong to Q.2. B and E do not belong to P and R.3. A and C do not belong to R, S and T.4. D and E do not belong to Q and T.Which one of the following statements isnot correct?(a) C belongs to P(b) D belongs to R(c) A belongs to Q(d) B belongs to S39. Seven men, A, B, C, D, E, F and G arestanding in a queue in that order. Eachone is wearing a cap of a different colourlike violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow,orange and red. D is able to see in front ofhim green and blue, but not violet. E cansee violet and yellow, but not red. G cansee caps of all colours other than orange.If E is wearing an indigo coloured cap,then the colour of the cap worn by F is(a) Blue(b) Violet(c) Red(d) Orange40. There are some balls of red, green andyellow colour lying on a table. There areas many red balls as there are yellowballs. There are twice as many yellowballs as there are green ones. Thenumber of red balls(a) is equal to the sum of yellow andgreen balls.(b) is double the number of greenballs.(c) is equal to yellow balls minus greenballs.(d) cannot be ascertained.Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  11. 11. 13Directions for the following 2 (two) items:Read the following passage and answerthe two items that follow. Your answersto these items should be based on thepassage only.PassageCrude mineral oil comes out of theearth as a thick brown or black liquidwith a strong smell. It is a complexmixture of many different substances,each with its own individual qualities.Most of them are combinations ofhydrogen and carbon in varyingproportions. Such hydrocarbons are alsofound in other forms such as bitumen,asphalt and natural gas. Mineral oiloriginates from the carcasses of tinyanimals and from plants that live in thesea. Over millions of years, these deadcreatures form large deposits under thesea-bed; and ocean currents cover themwith a blanket of sand and silt. As thismineral hardens, it becomes sedimentaryrock and effectively shuts out the oxygen,so preventing the complete decompositionof the marine deposits underneath. Thelayers of sedimentary rock becomethicker and heavier. Their pressureproduces into crude oil in a process thatis still going on today.41.Mineral oil deposits under the sea do notget completely decomposed because they(a) are constantly washed by the oceancurrents.(b) become rock and prevent oxygenfrom entering them.(c) Contain a mixture of hydrogen andcarbon.(d) are carcasses of organisms lying insaline conditions.42. Sedimentary rock leads to the formationof oil deposits because(a) there are no saline conditions belowit.(b) it allows some dissolved oxygen toenter the dead organic matter belowit.(c) Weight of overlying sedimentlayers causes the production ofheat.(d) it contains the substances thatcatalyze the chemical reactionsrequired to change dead organismsinto oil.43. In a class of 45 students, a boy is ranked20th. When two boys joined, his rank wasdropped by one. What is his new rankfrom the end ?(a) 25th(b) 26th(c) 27th(d) 28th44. A thief running at 8 km/hr is chased by apoliceman whose speed is 10 km/hr.If the thief is 100 m ahead of thepoliceman, then the time required for thepoliceman to catch the thief will be(a) 2 min(b) 3 min(c) 4 min(d) 6 min45. A train travels at a certain average speedfor a distance of 63 km and then travels adistance of 72 km at an average speed of6 km/hr more than its original speed. If ittakes 3 hours to complete the totaljourney, what is the original speed of thetrain in km/hr ?(a) 24(b) 33(c) 42(d) 66Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  12. 12. 14Directions for the following 7 (seven)items:Read the following two passages andanswer the items that follow eachpassage. Your answers to these itemsshould be based on the passages only.Passage - 1The law in many parts of the worldincreasingly restricts the discharge ofagricultural slurry into watercourses. Thesimplest and often the most economicallysound practice returns the material to theland as semisolid manure or as sprayedslurry. This dilutes its concentration inthe environment to what might haveoccurred in a more primitive andsustainable type of agriculture andconverts pollutant into fertilizer. Soilmicroorganisms decompose the organiccomponents of sewage and slurry andmost of the mineral nutrients becomeavailable to be absorbed again by thevegetation.The excess input of nutrients, bothnitrogen and phosphorus – based, fromagricultural runoff (and human sewage)has caused many ‘healthy’ oligotrophiclakes (low nutrient concentrations, lowplant productivity with abundant waterweeds, and clear water) to change toeutrophic condition where high nutrientinputs lead to high phytoplanktonproductivity (sometimes dominated bybloom-forming toxic species). This makesthe water turbid, eliminates large plantsand, in the worst situations, leads toanoxia and fish kills; so called culturaleutrophication. Thus, importantecosystem services are lost, including theprovisioning service of wild-caught fishand the cultural services associated withrecreation.The process of culturaleutrophication of lakes has beenunderstood for some time. But onlyrecently did scientists notice huge ‘deadzones’ in the oceans near river outlets,particularly those draining largecatchment areas such as the Mississippiin North America and the Yangtze inChina. The nutrient-enriched water flowsthrough steams, rivers and lakes, andeventually to the estuary and oceanwhere the ecological impact may be huge,killing virtually all invertebrates and fishin areas up to 70,000 km2 in extent. Morethan 150 sea areas worldwide are nowregularly starved of oxygen as a result ofdecomposition of algal blooms, fuelledparticularly by nitrogen from agriculturalrunoff of fertilizers and sewage from largecities. Oceanic dead zones are typicallyassociated with industrialized nationsand usually lie off countries thatsubsidize their agriculture, encouragingfarmers to increase productivity and usemore fertilizer.Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  13. 13. 1546. According to the passage, why should thedischarge of agricultural slurry intowatercourses be restricted ?1. Losing nutrients in this way is not agood practice economically.2. Watercourses do not contain themicroorganisms that can decomposeorganic components of agriculturalslurry.3. The discharge may lead to theeutrophication of water bodies.Select the correct answer using the codegiven below.(a) 1 only(b) 2 and 3 only(c) 1 and 3 only(d) 1, 2 and 347. The passage refers to the conversion of“pollutant to fertilizer”. What is pollutantand what is fertilizer in this context ?(a) Decomposed organic component ofslurry is pollutant and microorganismsin soil constitute fertilizer.(b) Discharged agricultural slurry ispollutant and decomposed slurry in soilis fertilizer.(c) Sprayed slurry is pollutant andwatercourse is fertilizer.(d) None of the above expressions iscorrect in this context.48. According to the passage, what are theeffects of indiscriminate use of fertilizers ?1. Addition of pollutants to the soil andwater.2. Destruction of decomposermicroorganisms in soil.3. Nutrient enrichment of water bodies.4. Creation of algal blooms.Select the correct answer from the codesgiven below :(a) 1, 2 and 3 only(b) 1, 3 and 4 only(c) 2 and 4 only(d) 1, 2, 3 and 449. What is/are the characteristics of a waterbody with cultural eutrophication ?1. Loss of ecosystem services2. Loss of flora and fauna3. Loss of mineral nutrientsSelect the correct answer using the codegiven below:(a) 1 only(b) 1 and 2 only(c) 2 and 3 only(d) 1, 2 and 3Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  14. 14. 1650. What is the central theme of thispassage ?(a) Appropriate legislation is essential toprotect the environment.(b) Modern agriculture is responsible forthe destruction of environment.(c) Improper waste disposal fromagriculture can destroy the aquaticecosystems.(d) Use of chemical fertilizers isundesirable in agriculture.Passage – 2The miseries of the world cannot be curedby physical help only. Until man’s naturechanges, his physical needs will alwaysarise, and miseries will always be felt, andno amount of physical help will removethem completely. The only solution of theproblem is to make mankind pure.Ignorance is the mother of evil and of all themisery we see. Let men have light, let thembe pure and spiritually strong and educated;then alone will misery cease in the world.We may convert every house in the countryinto a charitable asylum, we may fill theland with hospitals, but human misery willcontinue until man’s character changes.51. According to the passage, which of thefollowing statements is most likely to betrue as the reason for man’s miseries ?(a) The poor economic and socialconditions prevailing in society.(b) The refusal on the part of man tochange his society.(c) The absence of physical and materialhelp from his society.(d) Ever increasing physical needs due tochanging social structure.52. With reference to the passage, thefollowing assumptions have been made:1. The author gives primary importance tophysical and material help ineradicating human misery.2. Charitable homes, hospitals, etc. canremove human misery to a greatextent.Which of the assumptions is/are valid?(a) 1 only(b) 2 only(c) Both 1 and 2(d) Neither 1 nor 253. Consider the following figures 1, 2, 3 and4:In the figures from 1 to 4 above, twosymbols are shown to change theirposition in a regular direction. Followingthe same sequence, which one of thefollowing will appear at the fifth stage ?Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  15. 15. 17Directions for the following 2 (two) items:In each item, there are two sets offigures; first four figures namedProblem figures and next four figuresnamed Answer figures indicated as (a),(b), (c) and (d). The problem figuresfollow a particular sequence. Inaccordance with the same, which oneof the four answer figures shouldappear as the fifth figure ?54. Problem figures:Answer figures:55. Problem figures:Answer figures:56. Consider the following diagrams :x men, working at constant speed, do acertain job in y days. Which one of thesediagrams shows the relation between xand y ?(a) diagram I(b) diagram II(c) diagram III(d) diagram IV57. Consider the following matrix :3 370 72 224 61 730 XWhat is the number at ‘X’ in the abovematrix ?(a) 5(b) 8(c) 9(d) 11Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  16. 16. 18CarMileage(km/l)HoursTotalPayment(Rs.)A 8 20 2120B 10 25 1950C 9 24 2064D 11 22 181258. Four cars are hired at the rate of Rs. 6per km plus the cost of diesel at Rs. 40 alitre. In this context, consider the detailsgiven in the following table:60. A cube has six numbers marked 1, 2, 3,4, 5 and 6 on its faces. Three views of thecube are shown below :What possible numbers can exist on thetwo faces marked (A) and (B), respectivelyon the cube ?Which car maintained the maximumaverage speed ?(a) Car A(b) Car B(c) Car C(d) Car D59. Examine the following three figures inwhich the numbers follow a specificpatter :(a) 2 and 3(b) 6 and 1(c) 1 and 4(d) 3 and 1Directions for the following 5 (five)items:Study the two figures given below andanswer the five items that follow :8414 128118 988? 11The missing number (?) in the third figureabove is(a) 7(b) 16(c) 21(d) 28Figure 1 : Number of Professors in selecteddisciplines in a University by sexDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  17. 17. 19(a) 400(b) 500(c) 600(d) 700(a) 40%(b) 50%(c) 60%(d) 70%64. If the number of female PhysicsFigure 2 : Age of Physics Professors61. How many Physics Professors belong tothe age group 35 – 44?(a) 18(b) 16(c) 14(d) 1262. Which one of the following disciplineshas the highest ratio of males tofemales?(a) Physics(b) Mathematics(c) Chemistry(d) Economics63. What percentage of all PsychologyProfessors are females?professors in the age group 25 – 34equals 25% of all the Physics Professorsin that age group, then what is thenumber of male Physics Professors in theage group 25 – 34?(a) 9(b) 6(c) 3(d) 265. If the Psychology professors in theUniversity constitute 2% of all theprofessors in the University, then what isthe number of professors in theUniversity?66. Consider the following figures :Which one of the following figures wouldlogically come in the 7th position indicatedabove by a questions mark?(a)(b)(c)(d)Downloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  18. 18. 20(a) they gave him chocolates.(b) his father was proud of him.(c) he was satisfied with theDirections for the following 8 (eight)items :The following eight items (items 67 to 74)are based on three passages in English totest the comprehension of English languageand therefore these items do not haveHindi version. Read each passage andanswer the items that follow :English Passage – 1Seven-year-old Jim came home fromthe park without his new bicycle. “An oldman and a little boy borrowed it”, heexplained. “They are going to bring it backat four o’clock”. His parents were upsetthat he had given his expensive newbicycle, but were secretly proud of hiskindness and faith. Came four o’clock, nobicycle. The parents were anxious. But at4:30, the door bell rang, and there stood ahappy man and a boy, with the bicycle anda box of chocolates. Jim suddenlydisappeared into his bedroom, and thencame running out. “All right”, he said, afterexamining the bicycle. “You can have yourwatch back!”67. When Jim came home without hisbicycle, his parents(a) were angry with him(b) were worried(c) did not feel concerned(d) were eager to meet the old man andthe little boy68. Jim returned the watch to the old manand the little boy becausecondition of his bicycle.(d) they were late only by 30 minutes.English Passage 2It was already late when we set outfor the next town, which according to themap was about fifteen kilometers away onthe other side of the hills. There we feltthat we would find a bed for the night.Darkness fell soon after we left thevillage, but luckily we met no one as wedrove swiftly along the narrow windingroad that led to the hills. As we climbedhigher, it became colder and rain beganto fall, making it difficult at times to seethe road. I asked John, my companion, todrive more slowly. After we had travelledfor about twenty kilometers, there wasstill no sign of the town which wasmarked on the map. We were beginningto get worried. Then without warning, thecar stopped and we found we had run outof petrol.69. The author asked John to drive moreslowly because(a) the road led to the hills(b) John was an inexperienced driver(c) the road was not clearly visible (d)they were in wilderness70.The travelers set out for the townalthough it was getting dark because(a) they were in a hurry(b) the next town was a short distanceaway and was a hill–resort(c) they were in wilderness(d) the next town was a shortdistance away and promised a gooand rest for the night71. The travelers were worried after twentykilometers because(a) it was a lonely countryside(b) they probably feared of havinglost their way(c) the rain began to fall(d) it was getting colder as they droveDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  19. 19. 21English Passage 3A shout old lady was walking withher basket down the middle of a street inPetrograd to the great confusion of thetraffic and no small peril to herself. It waspointed out to her that the pavement wasthe place for foot-passengers, but shereplied, “I’m going to walk where I like.We’ve got liberty now”. It did not occur tothe dear lady that if liberty entitled thefoot-passenger to walk down the middleof the road it also entitled the taxi-driverto drive on the pavement, and that theend of such liberty would be universalchaos. Everything would be getting ineverybody else’s way and nobody wouldget anywhere. Individual liberty wouldhave become social anarchy.72. It was pointed out to the lady that sheshould walk on the pavement becauseshe was(a) a pedestrian(b) carrying a basket(c) stout(d) an old lady73. the lady refused to move from the middleof the street because(a) shw was not afraid of being killed(b) she felt that she is entitled to dowhatever she liked(c) she did not like walking on thepavement(d) she was confused74. The old lady failed to realize that(a) she was not really free(b) her liberty was not unlimited(c) she was an old person(d) roads are made for motor vehiclesonlyDirections for the following 6 (six) items:Given below are six items. Each itemdescribes a situation and is followed byfour possible responses. Indicate theresponse you find most appropriate.Choose only one response for each item.The responses will be evaluated basedon the level of appropriateness for thegiven situation.Please attempt all the items. There is nopenalty for wrong answers for these six items.75. You are the head of your office. There arecertain houses reserved for the allotmentto the office staff and you have been giventhe discretion to do so. A set of rules forthe allotment of the houses has been laiddown by you and has been made public.Year personal secretary, who is very closeto you, comes to you and pleads that ashis father is seriously ill, he should begiven priority in allotment of a house. Theoffice secretariat that examined therequest as per the rules turns down therequest and recommends the procedureto be followed according to the rules. Youdo not want to annoy year personalsecretary. In such circumstances, whatwould you do?(a) Call him over to your room andpersonally explain why theallotment cannot be done.(b) Allot the house to him to win hisloyalty.(c) Agree with the office note to showthat you are not biased and thatyou do not indulge in favouritism.(d) Keep the file with you and not passany orders.Answer: A /CDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  20. 20. 2276. While travelling in a Delhi-registeredcommercial taxi from Delhi to an adjacentcity (another State), your taxi driverinforms you that as he has no permit forrunning the taxi in that city, he will stopat its Transport Office and pay theprescribed fee of Rs. Forty for a day.While paying the fee at the counter youfind that the transport clerk is taking anextra fifty rupees for which no receipt isbeing given. You are in a hurry for yourmeeting. In such circumstances, whatwould you do?(a) Go up to the counter and ask theclerk to give back the money whichhe has illegally taken.(b) Do not interfere at all as this is amatter between the taxi driver andthe tax authorities.(c) Take note of the incident andsubsequently report the matter tothe concerned authorities.(d) Treat it as a normal affair andsimply forget about it.Answer: A /C77. A person lives in a far off village which isalmost two hours by bus. The villager’sneighbor is a very powerful landlord whois trying to occupy the poor villager’s landby force. You are the District Magistrateand busy in a meeting called by a localMinister. The villager has come all theway, by bus and on foot, to see you andgive an application seeking protectionfrom the powerful landlord. The villagerkeeps on waiting outside the meeting hallfor an hour. You come out of the meetingand are rushing to another meeting. Thevillager follows you to submit hisapplication. What would you do?(a) Tell him to wait for another two hourstill you come back from your nextmeeting.(b) Tell him that the matter is actually tobe dealt by a junior officer and that heshould give the application to him.(c) Call one of your senior subordinateofficers and ask him to solve thevillager’s problem.(d) Quickly take the application form him,ask him a few relevant questionsregarding his problem and thenproceed to the meeting.Answer: C/D78. There is a shortage of sugar in yourDistrict where you are the DistrictMagistrate. The Government has orderedthat only a maximum amount of 30 kgsugar is to be released for weddingcelebrations. A son of your close friend isgetting married and your friend requestsyou to release at least 50 kg sugar for hisson’s wedding. He expresses annoyancewhen you tell him about theGovernment’s restrictions on this matter.He feels that since you are the DistrictMagistrate you can release any amount.You do not want to spoil your friendshipwith him. In such circumstances, howwould you deal with the situation?(a) Release the extra amount of sugarwhich your friend has requested for.(b) Refuse your friend the extra amountand strictly follow the rules.(c) Show your friend the copy of theGovernment instructions and thenpersuade him to accept the loweramount as prescribed in the rules.(d) Advise him to directly apply to theallotting authority and inform him thatyou do not interfere in this matter.Answer: C/DDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
  21. 21. 2379. You are in-charge of implementing theFamily Planning programme in an areawhere there is a strong opposition to thepresent policy. You want to convince theresidents of the need for keeping smallfamilies. What would be the best way ofcommunicating this message?(a) By logically explaining to the residentsthe need for family planning to improvethe health and living standards.(b) By encouraging late marriages andproper spacing of children.(c) By offering incentives for adoptingfamily planning devices.(d) By asking people who have beensterilized or are using contraceptivesto directly talk to the residents.Answer: A /D80. You are a teacher in a University and aresetting a question paper on a particularsubject. One of your colleagues, whoseson is preparing for the examination onthat subject, comes to you and informsyou that it is his son’s last chance to passthat examination and whether you couldhelp him by indicating what questions aregoing to be in the examination. In thepast, your colleague had helped you inanother matter. Year colleague informsyou that his son will suffer fromdepression if he fails in this examination.In such circumstances, what would youdo?(a) In view of the help he had given you,extend your help to him.(b) Regret that you cannot be of any helpto him.(c) Explain to your colleague that thiswould be violating the trust of theUniversity authorities and you are notin a position to help him.(d) Report the conduct of your colleague tothe higher authorities.Answer: C/DDownloaded From: http://upscportal.comDownloaded From: http://upscportal.com
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