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Paris english

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  2. 2. Paris© 2010 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApSTranslation: Carina Nimann NielsenAll rights and copyright relating to the content of thisbook are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or itssuppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproducedin any shape or form without prior written permission fromVentus Publishing ApS.Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,in relation to reviews are allowed.ISBN 978-87-7061-414-62nd editionPictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced accordingto agreement with the following copyright ownersStig Albeck.The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and mayhave be subject to change after this book was published. Download free ebooks at
  3. 3. Paris Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI Download free ebooks at 4
  4. 4. Paris A Visit to Paris A Visit to Paris Paris is the city of cities, the place where romance rules and evokes memories or dreams in everyone. And there is really something to get on to. Paris is one of the largest cities in Europe and the impressive dimensions can be experienced everywhere: In the Eiffel Tower, the large squares, the wide boulevards, the art collection of the Louvre, and last but not least, the fabulous Versailles where the Sun Kings lived their carefree lives during the time that lead up to the French Revolution. Paris has something to offer to everyone. There are first rate sights, fashion houses, parks, cafés and areas with an atmosphere of their own such as the Latin Quarter and Montmartre. The Parisians themselves and the special atmosphere in the city all adds up to an abundance of potential experiences. If you want to go outside the city centre, it only takes a short while before you can stroll through the park of Versailles, test yourself against the strong Gauls in Parc Asterix or go on a tour of the Walt Disney universe. Have a nice trip! Download free ebooks at 5
  5. 5. Paris Historical outline In the 13th century, there were about 100,000 Historical outline inhabitants in Paris and it was during these years that France became a great power. Paris was a leading city financially and culturally and it was also During the centuries around the birth of Christ, the during this time that the parliament was founded. Celtic tribe Parisii settled on the Île de la Cité in the middle of the Seine, which is also part of the city The Hundred Years War between England and centre today. France began in 1337. The defeat in 1415 meant an English advance and Paris was occupied in 1420. The settlement was abandoned after being defeated by Roman troops under Caesar. Later, the Romans In 1429, Joan of Arc went to Paris and incited the founded the city Lutetia in the same place. troops to renewed resistance against England. Joan of Arc was wounded and captured by the English, Lutetia ceased to exist as a Roman city with the fall who burned her at the stake. After the French of the Roman Empire. In 360, the name of the city victory at Orléans and the following battles, the was changed to Paris after the previous Celtic English were driven out of Paris in 1437 and in inhabitants, and with the entry of the Franks in the 1453 out of France entirely. 5th century, the Roman period ended. In 508, the Christian King of the Franks, Clovis I, made Paris Throughout the Renaissance from the last half of the capital of his new kingdom. The importance of the 15th century, Paris underwent significant the city was reduced again during the 8th century, development. Again, many great buildings were however, when Aachen became the new capital. erected. In 1528, the construction of the Louvre Palace was begun by Francois I. Later kings have Throughout the 9th century, Danish Vikings had greater influence on the buildings, however. besieged the city on several occasions. Fighting and looting took place but more often than not, the In 1572, armed conflict broke out between the Vikings settled for a ransom to spare the city. Protestant Huguenots and Catholic groups. Severe fighting in connection with the wedding of Henry In 987, Paris became the capital of the kingdom of Navarre resulted in a massacre of the Huguenots. once again and the importance of the city increased. During the following years, the city was besieged by It became the beginning of a flourishing Catholics. In 1594, Henry of Navarre became a development and saw the construction of a number Catholic and king in Paris. of buildings that still stand today. At the beginning of the 17th century, construction In 1163, the construction of the Notre Dame was once again the order of the day and among Cathedral was begun. Les Halles from 1167, the first other things, the Pont-Neuf was built as the first construction of the Louvre, the Sainte Chapelle from bridge across the Seine. 1248 and the Sorbonne from 1253 are other examples of the great progress that took place in After the Sun King Louis the XIV acceded the Paris. Large areas on the northern bank of the Seine throne in 1643, the building activities escalated. were drained and developed. The culmination was the glorious palace Versailles, which was constructed from 1676. Download free ebooks at 6
  6. 6. Paris Historical outline The development continued steadily throughout the In 1889, Paris hosted the World Exhibition, whose 18th century under the absolute power of the Sun landmark was the Eiffel Tower. The Metro of Paris Kings, and the tensions in society triggered the was opened in 1900 and in the same year the city French Revolution on 14th July 1789 with the hosted the Olympic Games. This was during the storming of the Bastille. The rebellion against the prosperous Belle Époque, which is known for its royal power became final in 1792 when the 1st art nouveau. French Republic was proclaimed. From 1940-1944, Paris was occupied by Germany, In 1795, a royalist insurrection was suppressed by but because of the lack of industry, the city was Napoleon, who became emperor of France in 1804 spared from bombings at a ceremony in Notre Dame. He was forced to abdicate in 1814 only to return in 1815. He was In later years, France has established great, new forced from power again that same year and exiled cultural institutions such as the Centre Pompidou to the island of Saint Helena. Today, the Arc de and building projects such as the modern quarter La Triomphe stands in Paris as a monument that was Défense. Paris is – as always – undergoing begun during Napoleon’s heyday. development. During the 19th century, the old parts of the city were heavily modernised. The renovation entailed large, new, fashionable housing areas, and the famous wide boulevards of Paris were built. The Paris Commune was established in 1871. e Graduate Programme I joined MITAS because for Engineers and Geoscientists I wanted real responsibili click the advert Month 16 I was a construction supervisor in the North Sea advising and Real work helping foremen he Internationa al International opportunities wo or ree work placements solve problems s Download free ebooks at 7
  7. 7. Paris Tour 1. Paris Over the years, many events have taken place in Tour 1. Paris Notre Dame: Napoleon was crowned emperor here on 1 December 1804 for instance. Today, Notre Dame is a Catholic cathedral and the seat of the 1. Île de la Cité Archbishop of Paris. The facade facing west is divided into five levels, a tradition transferred from certain Romanesque churches. From below, you can see the three entrance portals, the Gallery of Kings (the row of statues), the level with the rose window, the Gallery of Chimeras and finally the two towers. Île de la Cité Metro: Cité There are three large rose windows in the Notre The island Île de la Cité is where Paris was founded. It Dame, one in the facade facing west and one in the is one of two islands in the Seine in the heart of the facades facing south and north respectively. The French capital (the other one is Île Saint Louis). When windows have been constructed during the 12th the city was founded, the Celtic people Parisii lived on and 13th century and the windows facing west and the island, which for a while was Roman before the north are still relatively original. The church room construction of the present, famous French buildings itself, from where it is possible to look at the rose were begun – Notre Dame being the first. windows and many other interesting details, is 34 meters high. 2. Notre Dame It is possible to take an exciting trip to the top of the 69 meters high towers. There is a good view of the roofs of Paris from here and the famous chimera monsters are found here. In the south tower, you can see the bell Emmanuel, which weighs 13,000 kilos. In the square right in front of Notre Dame the zero plate, Point Zéro, is found, from which distances from Paris are measured. Place du parvis de Notre Dame Metro: Cité Notre Dame is the impressive Gothic cathedral of Paris built from 1163-1330. Notre Dame is a significant cultural treasure and it is possible to spend hours here. Download free ebooks at 8
  8. 8. Paris Tour 1. Paris 3. Crypte Archéologique The present buildings are not the original ones from the time of the French kings. Three preserved towers from the Middle Ages can be seen, however: The Caesar Tower, the Silver Tower and the Bonbec Tower. The general impression that you get today comes from the latest major renovation, which took place in 1858. Place du parvis de Notre Dame In 1914, the prison was closed and instead the Metro: Cité Conciergerie reopened as a national monument. On the square opposite the Notre Dame, you will There is access to part of the buildings that are also find the entrance to the Roman ruins of the early used by the Court of Justice of Paris. The most history of Paris. There are also sketches and models impressive sight when touring the buildings is the of Paris from the time when the city was called hall Salle des Gens d’Armes where the Royal Guard Lutetia by the Romans. lived. The Hall dates back to the 14th century and is 65 metres long and 27.5 metres wide. 4. Conciergerie 5. Palais de Justice Quai de l’Horloge 1 Metro: Cité The Conciergerie building was originally part of the Boulevard du Palais residential palace of the French kings before the royal court was moved across the Seine to the Metro: Cité Louvre in 1358. One of the special purposes of the Palais de Justice is a large complex of buildings that Conciergerie was to house the Royal Ministry of houses various courts of justice. The area is more Finance and Taxation. From 1391, the building was than 4 hectares and there are 24 kilometres of converted into a prison, something that has corridors, 7,000 doors and 3,150 windows in the happened to the Conciergerie many times through buildings. history. A number of prominent prisoners have occupied the cells of the building, including the The buildings were originally part of the royal French Queen Marie Antoinette. residence, which were built under King Louis IX. Most of the present court buildings are from the 18th century, however. Download free ebooks at 9
  9. 9. Paris Tour 1. Paris 6. Sainte Chapelle Sainte Chapelle was constructed from 1246 to 1248 as a chapel in the newly built residential buildings. King Louis IX bought relics of Christ from the emperor in Constantinople. Among the relics were the crown of thorns of Christ and a piece of the cross from the crucifixion of Christ. In the church, there is a lower chapel, which functioned as an ordinary church for the staff of the residential palace, and the grandiose upper chapel, which was the king’s private chapel. A visit to Sainte Chapelle is a fantastic experience, not least because of the many stained glass windows, which depict the story of the Bible in more than 1,100 images. The windows are considered among the finest in the world and the majority of them are original. Boulevard du Paris 4 Metro: CitéPlease click the advert Download free ebooks at 10
  10. 10. Paris Tour 1. Paris 7. Pont-neuf Quai de Conti 11 Metro: Odéon The Musée de la Monnaie is the former mint of Paris, erected 1767-1775. Coins were struck here until 1973, but now it is a museum. 9. Église de Saint-Germain-des-Prés Pont-neuf Metro: Pont-neuf The Pont-neuf bridge is the oldest bridge across the Seine in Paris. It was built from 1578 to 1607. The Pont-neuf connects the banks of the Seine via Île de la Cité. The bridge is 278 metres long and 28 metres wide. At the Pont-neuf Bridge on Île de la Cité, a statue of Henri V on horseback can be seen. It was originally set up in 1614 but destroyed in 1792 during the French Revolution. In 1818, it was recreated from the original casts and the metal from two statues of Napoleon. 8. Musée de la Monnaie Place St-Germain-des-Prés Metro: St-Germain-des-Prés The St-Germain-des-Prés Church is the oldest in Paris. It dates back to 542. The main part of the present exterior was built in the 11th century, however, but there are still elements of the original building. The bell tower was constructed from 990 to 1014 and it is the oldest preserved bell tower in France. The church was built as a Benedictine abbey church and it was a burial place for the Merovingian kings. A fire destroyed the other buildings in the abbey complex in 1794. Download free ebooks at 11
  11. 11. Paris Tour 1. Paris 10. Cour de Rohan 12. Palais de Luxembourg Rue de Jardinet Metro: Odéon The name Cour de Rohan covers three preserved courtyards from medieval Paris. It is a small oasis in the city and a unique opportunity for a meeting with the French capital of the 15th century. 11. Église Saint-Sulpice Rue de Vaugirard 19 Metro: Saint-Sulpice, Odéon The big palacial mansion, the Palais de Luxembourg was originally built for Maria de Medici, who was the mother of King Louis XIII and Henri VII’s widow. It was built at the beginning of the 17th century but changed considerably on several occasions throughout the 19th century. The Palais de Luxembourg was Napoleon’s first residence in Paris and from 1940 to 1944, it was the headquarters of the Luftwaffe. Today, the building houses the French Senate. Behind the Palais, the beautiful Luxembourg Gardens are situated with their great fountains. In the complex, the museum Musée de Luxembourg Place Saint-Sulpice has been set up and here it is possible to see various art exhibitions. Metro: Saint-Sulpice The St-Sulpice Church is the second biggest in Paris (surpassed only by the Notre Dame). It is 113 metres long, 58 metres wide and 34 metres high. A Romanesque church building used to stand here but it was demolished to make room for the St-Sulpice, which was built from 1646 to 1780. The church offers the biggest organ in France with no less than 15,836 organ pipes. It is also possible to see the original Parisian meridian line, which consists of an 11 metres tall obelisk with the actual meridian line in front of it. Download free ebooks at 12
  12. 12. Paris Tour 1. Paris it’s an interesting world Get under the skin of it.Please click the advert Graduate opportunities Cheltenham | £24,945 + benefits One of the UK’s intelligence services, GCHQ’s role is two-fold: to gather and analyse intelligence which helps shape Britain’s response to global events, and, to provide technical advice for the protection of Government communication and information systems. In doing so, our specialists – in IT, internet, engineering, languages, information assurance, mathematics and intelligence – get well beneath the surface of global affairs. If you thought the world was an interesting place, you really ought to explore our world of work. TOP GOVERNMENT EMPLOYER Applicants must be British citizens. GCHQ values diversity and welcomes applicants from all sections of the community. We want our workforce to reflect the diversity of our work. Download free ebooks at 13
  13. 13. Paris Tour 2. Paris Rue Monge 47 Tour 2. Paris Metro: Cardinal Lemoine This Roman arena was built in Lutetia and it seated 15,000 spectators. It was erected in the 2nd century 13. Panthéon and the remains were found during excavations in 1869. It is one of the only major, preserved buildings in Paris from the time of the Romans. During the invasion of the Barbarians around 280, some of the stones of the arena were taken and used to build ramparts on Île de la Cité. The arena was later turned into a cemetery and in the 13th century, the place was filled up with soil. Today, the arena is part of a public park. Place du Panthéon 15. Val-de-Grâce Metro: Cardinal Lemoine The Paris Panthéon was completed in 1790. It was originally built as a church for Saint Geneviève, who is patron saint of Paris. The name Panthéon is Greek and means the temple for all the gods. King Louis XV began the construction work. In 1744, he promised himself he would erect a great church here if he got over his severe illness. The king got well and the building of the church was begun in 1758. Place A. Laveran Apart from the interesting and beautiful interior of Metro: Gobelins the church, the Panthéon houses a number of After 23 years of childless marriage, King Louis sepulchral monuments for known Frenchmen, XIII and Queen Anne had a baby, who later including Emile Zola, Victor Hugo and Voltaire. became King Louis XIV. In joy and gratitude to the Virgin Mary, Anne had the Val-de-Grâce erected. 14. Arènes de Lutèce The boy, the coming Louis XIV, laid the cornerstone for the church in 1645 when he was 7 years old. The church was completed in 1667. The Val-de-Grâce with its beautiful dome of gilded lead is considered one of the most brilliant Baroque buildings in Paris. In connection with the Val-de- Grâce, there was a Benedictine convent where many sick and wounded people were treated during the Revolution. After the Revolution, a real hospital was set up in the convent buildings. Download free ebooks at 14
  14. 14. Paris Tour 2. Paris 16. Observatoire de Paris 17. Tour Montparnasse Avenue de l’Observatoire Metro: Denfert-Rochereau The idea of the Paris Observatory came from King Louis XIV´s minister of finance, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, who wanted to strengthen the maritime power and international trade of France, something that called for navigational skills. The construction work was begun in 1667 and in Rue de l’Arrivée 1672, the Observatory was completed. Already during the first year, the solar system was measured; Metro: Montparnasse-Bienvenue later the speed of light was measured and the planet Tour Montparnasse is a modern skyscraper and was Neptune was discovered from here in 1846. built as the tallest in France in the period from 1969 to 1973. It is 210 metres tall and among the tallest The Observatory is placed on and is the basis of the office buildings in Europe. On the 56th floor there is Parisian Meridian, which was acknowledged in a restaurant and on the 58th floor an observation France until 1911. The meridian itself can be seen on deck. Both places offer one of the best views in Paris. the floor in the Meridian Room. Download free ebooks at 15
  15. 15. Paris Tour 2. ParisPlease click the advert Deadline 15 January Download free ebooks at 16
  16. 16. Paris Tour 3. Paris Tour 3. Paris 19. Hôtel des Invalides 18. Dôme/the Invalides Esplanade des Invalides Metro: Varenne Louis XIV built the colossal military hospital in the period from 1671 to 1676. The buildings were both for the treatment of wounded French soldiers and set up as a home to war veterans. The facade is almost 200 metres wide and the buildings contain Esplanade des Invalides no less than 15 inner courtyards. Metro: Varenne There is another church in the complex apart from The Dôme church is among the best examples of the Dôme, namely the Saint-Louis-des-Invalides, French Baroque architecture from the 17th century. popularly called the Soldiers’ Church. The church Louis XIV erected the Dôme to house the sepulchral was consecrated in 1708. monuments of the French Sun Kings but this never came to be, as it was not completed until 1735, approximately 20 years after the death of Louis XIV. Today, the church is mostly known for housing the tomb of Napoleon, which was constructed centrally in an open crypt below the big dome decorated with the paintings of la Fosses from 1692 depicting the glory of Paradise. Besides the tomb of Napoleon, it is possible to see the tombs of other prominent Frenchmen, including Napoleon II and Ferdinand Foch, who was a French field marshal during the First World War. Download free ebooks at 17
  17. 17. Paris Tour 3. Paris 20. Champ de Mars 21. Tour Eiffel Champ de Mars Champ de Mars Metro: École Militaire The Champ de Mars are the large lawns where the Metro: Bir Hakeim cadets of the Military Academy used to be paraded. Gustave Eiffel’s world famous Eiffel Tower was The Academy, Ècole Militaire, lies to the south and constructed for the World Exhibition in 1889 as a the Eiffel Tower is to the north west. temporary monument to French engineering. Fate decided otherwise, however, and the Tower stayed. The Champ de Mars was also the scene of many of Today, it is one of the most famous buildings in the the historic ascents by balloon, including the first of world. its kind in 1783. The lawns also housed part of the World Exhibition in 1889. The Tower is 319 metres tall and it was the tallest building in the world until 1931 when the Empire State Building in New York took over this status. The first level on the way to the top is at a height of 57 metres and here there is a description of the history of the Tower. The second level is at a height of 115 metres, while the top is 274 metres above Paris. Going up by elevator is an experience in itself and here you can see Gustave Eiffel’s flat. Opposite the Tower on the other side of the Seine, the Palais de Chaillot is situated. It was built in Neoclassical style for the World Exhibition in 1937. There are many museums here, always a lively street life and a fantastic view of the Eiffel Tower. Download free ebooks at 18
  18. 18. Paris Tour 4. Paris The Place des Vosges was laid out in Renaissance Tour 4. Paris style at the beginning of the 17th century inspired by Italian architecture. It was originally called the Place Royale and considered one of the finest 22. Place de la Bastille squares in the world with its splendid buildings in perfect geometry. The dimensions of the Square are 140x140 metres. The Place des Vosges has a friendly atmosphere with its elegant park. Centrally placed in the park there is a statue of King Louis XIII on horseback. It was erected for the first time in the 17th century but was melted down during the Revolution. The present statue is from 1818. 24. Maison de Victor Hugo Place de la Bastille Metro: Bastille It was here the French Revolution began on 14 July 1789 with the storming of the Bastille – the fortified prison of the French Kings. The prison was demolished in 1789-1790. Centrally placed in the square is the July Column, Colonne de Juillet, a memorial to the July Revolution in 1830. The big, modern glass building on the Place de la Bastille is the new Opera of Paris, which was inaugurated in 1989. Until 1984, the Bastille Train Station was situated where the Opera is now. 23. Place des Vosges Place des Vosges 6 Metro: Bastille Victor Hugo wrote, among other things, most of Les Miserables during his stay in the house in Place des Vosges in 1832-1848. Apart from the story of the author and his writings, it is possible to see the furnishing of his time. Place des Vosges Metro: Bastille Download free ebooks at 19
  19. 19. Paris Tour 4. Paris 25. Musée Carnavalet The building Hôtel Sâle from 1656-1659 houses one of the greatest collections of Picasso’s work. Picasso’s artistic life all the way from his blue period can be seen in the many paintings, drawings and collages. 27. Centre Pompidou Rue de Sévigné 23 Metro: St-Paul The Musée Carnavalet is the city museum of Paris. Place Beaubourg The size of the museum is considerable and it is set up in two historic mansion buildings. The main Metro: Rambuteau building is the Hotel Carnavalet, which was built in The Pompidou Centre, which is also called the 1548, and since 1989, the Hôtel le Peletier from the Beaubourg Centre, was opened in 1977 as the new 17th century has also functioned as a museum community centre of Paris. It is named after building. Georges Pompidou, who was the President of France from 1969 to 1974. The house itself is very In the museum, the history of Paris is described and characteristic with the exposed pipes on the outside there are entire halls and rooms set up as they would of the building. The colours of the pipes indicate have been in earlier times. In the courtyard, there is their function: The blue pipes are ventilation pipes, one of the few surviving statues of Louis XIV. the green ones are water pipes and the yellow pipes are electric cables. Elevators and escalators for the 26. Musée Picasso convenience of the visitors are red. In the Pompidou Centre, you will find the National Museum of Modern Art, Musée National d’Art Moderne, which holds art from 1914 until today. Among the more than 50,000 objects of art, you can see works of for instance Miró, Matisse and Kandinsky. Three floors of the Pompidou Centre have been set up as a public library, Bibliothèque publique d’information, and on top of the building, there is a platform with a great view of Paris Rue de Thorigny 5 Metro: St-Sebastian Download free ebooks at 20
  20. 20. Paris Tour 4. Paris 28. Place Igor Stravinski 29. Hôtel de Ville Place de l’Hôtel de Ville Place Igor Stravinski Metro: Rambuteau Metro: Hôtel de Ville In the Stravinski square just south of the Pompidou The town hall of Paris was erected in 1882 after a Centre, you will find the colourful and charming model of the town hall from the 17th century, modern fountains, which elegantly represents the which was burned down during the Communard works of Stravinski. insurrection in 1872. It is possible to take a tour of the town hall and its beautiful interior.
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  22. 22. Paris Tour 4. Paris Over the years, the square in front of the building 31. Bourse du Commerce has seen many of the executions in the city; executions, which in some cases meant being drawn and quartered. The square has housed the town halls of the city since 1357. 30. Forum des Halles Rue Viarmes 2 Metro: Les Halles The Bourse du Commerce is the old grain exchange of Paris. It was originally erected in the 18th century and rebuilt in 1889. This peculiar, round building houses, among other things, the Chamber of Commerce of Paris and it is well worth a visit. Porte Berger 101 Metro: Les Halles 32. Palais Royal Forum des Halles is one of the modern shopping centres of Paris. It was built in 1979 in the place where the old market of the city was until it was demolished in 1971. The choice of architecture was disputed but the arrangement of the centre differs from ordinary centres as the shops are placed underground with a large, central opening towards Place du Palais Royal the sky. Among other things, you can see fountains and mosaic work. www.conseil- Metro: Palais Royal Cardinal Richelieu built this palatial mansion at the beginning of the 17th century. Richelieu lived here himself. When he died, he left the mansion by will to the king. Louis XIV grew up here and the mansion was named the Royal Mansion, Palais Royal. Today, the building houses a number of government functions and ministerial offices. Download free ebooks at 22
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  24. 24. Paris Tour 5. Paris This grand museum, Musée d’Orsay, whose Tour 5. Paris collections cover the period from 1848 to 1914, is set up in the old Orsay railway station, which was built in 1900. The station was the terminus of the 33. Musée d’Orsay Paris-Orléans railway, but already in 1939, it proved too small for the purpose and after servicing local trains for some years, it was closed. In 1958, the building became historic when Charles de Gaulle held a press conference here, which actually made him the new President of France. The railway station building was designed and built as a small palace because it had to be in harmony Rue de Bellechasse 1 with the Louvre on the other side of the Seine. This is also evident in the beautiful interior, which Metro: Solférino houses one of the national museums of art. Works RER: Musée d’Orsay of e.g. Manet, Rodin and Gaugin are exhibited here and also some of Monet’s paintings.Please click the advert Download free ebooks at 24
  25. 25. Paris Tour 5. Paris 34. Musée de Louvre The courtyard in the Louvre is called the Carrousel and this is where the triumphal arch, Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, is found. Napoleon had the arch erected 1806-1808 as a monument to the French military victory at Austerlitz in 1805. In 1989, the characteristic glass pyramid was erected in the courtyard of the Louvre as a new main entrance to the great art museum. The architect behind the 20-metre tall pyramid is Ieoh Ming Pei. The collections inside the Louvre Museum are enormous – enough for several days of visits. Among the highlights are Leonardo da Vinci’s ”Mona Lisa”, which can be found in the Denon wing, and ”Venus de Milo”, the Greek statue from the 2nd century B.C, which is in the central Sully wing. Generally, the art work of the museum dates up to 1850, and there are separate exhibitions of Roman, Greek, Oriental, Etruscan and Egyptian prehistoric finds together with other collections of e.g. European painting. Inside the Louvre buildings, you will also find the Musée de la Mode et du Cour Napoléon Textile (design and fashion) and the Musée des Art Décoratifs (applied art). They have both been set Metro: Musée de Louvre up in the Denon wing. Note, that the entrance to The world famous Louvre Museum is set up in the the museums is on Rue de Rivoli. former royal palace, which was founded in 1190 by King Philippe II. Originally, it was a defensive castle meant to protect Paris, which was situated on the Isle de la Cité, against conquerors. The construction of the present Louvre buildings was begun in 1535. Around 1600, King Henri IV erected the famous Grande Galerie. At the beginning of the 17th century, Louis XIII had the two wings of the palace erected – the so-called Denon and Richelieu wings. Catherine de Medici, however, began the Denon wing, as early as 1560. After the French Revolution, the palace was opened to the public as a museum in 1793. Throughout the 19th century, the former royal residence was also extended and renovated. Download free ebooks at 25
  26. 26. Paris Tour 5. Paris 35. Jardin des Tuileries 36. Place de la Concorde Place de la Concorde Terrasse des Tuileries Metro: Concorde Metro: Tuileries In the Concorde square, which was laid out in 1750, The Jardin des Tuileries is an elegant French garden, the 3300 year-old Egyptian obelisk is situated. It is which was laid out as a palace park under Louis XIV 23 metres tall, made of granite and it depicts the life in the 1660s. The name originates from the palace of Ramses II in hieroglyphs. The Place de la that was placed here until 1871, the Palais des Concorde was the scene of more than 1300 Tuileries. beheadings after the French Revolution, including that of Louis XIV. Palais des Tuileries was planned and begun in 1564 by Henri II’s widow, Catherine de Medici. In the From the Place de la Concorde you can see the 17th century, the palace was extended so it became Assemblée Nationale – the French National connected to the Louvre. Assembly - on the other side of the Seine. The palace building was constructed in 1728 and it is Louis XIV lived here while Versailles was being built, possible to go on a guided tour. and during the Revolution Louis was forced from Versailles to the Palais Tuileries. 1789 was also the To the north along the Rue Royale, you will find year when the new parliament established itself the Church of the Madeleine constructed in Greek temporarily in the indoor riding academy of the temple style. The Church of the Madeleine was Tuileries, Salle du Manège, which was one of the consecrated in 1842. biggest halls in the city. To the west in the Jardin des Tuileries, there are two exhibition buildings with brilliant works of art of Monet and Matisse and others. The buildings were orangery and Jeu de Paume-hall respectively. Jeu de Paume was the forerunner of modern tennis. Download free ebooks at 26
  27. 27. Paris Tour 5. Paris 37. Champs-Elysées Along the Champs-Elysées, there are a number of famous and exciting buildings, cafés and exclusive shops. A couple of hundred metres from the Tuileries on the right side, you will find the Elysée Palace, which is the residence of the French President. On the opposite side of the boulevard, you can see three buildings that were all erected for World Exhibitions: The Petit Palais and the Grand Palais (both from the Exhibition in 1900) and the Palais de la Découverte (from the 1937 exhibition). Champs-Elysées The Champ-Elysées is approximately two Metro: Champs Elysées Clémenceau kilometres long and the central part between the The world-famous boulevard Champs-Elysées was Place de la Concorde and the Triumphal Arch is laid out from the Jardin des Tuileries as an avenue called the Triumphal Way - la Voie Triomphale lined with trees in 1667. In 1709, it got its name after the Elysian Fields of Greek mythology.Please click the advert Download free ebooks at 27
  28. 28. Paris Tour 5. Paris 38. Triumfbuen/Arc du Triomphe 39. Opéra Garnier Place de l’Opéra Metro: Opéra The old Paris Opera from 1875 seats 2,200 people. The building is also called the Palais Garnier after Place Charles de Gaulle its architect. The building style is new Baroque and http://arc-de-triomphe.monuments- the Opera has served as an inspiration to several opera houses all over the world. Metro: Charles de Gaulle Etoille Inspired by the Romans, Napoleon began the The halls inside the opera building are impressive, erection of the Arc du Triomphe in 1805, but it was especially the big marble staircase and the great hall not completed until 1836. The reliefs show with its ceiling painting from 1964 by Marc Chagall. Napoleon’s victories and impressions of the There is also a minor opera museum here. Revolution. Underneath the Arch, there is a memorial to the Unknown Soldier. The Arch is 50 metres tall and from the top it is possible to see the axis from the Louvre to the new Triumphal Arch in la Défense. This view really does justice to the Champs-Elysées. Download free ebooks at 28
  29. 29. Paris Tour 5. Paris 40. Moulin Rouge 41. Basilique du Sacré-Coeur Boulevard de Clichy 82 Metro: Pigalle The Moulin Rouge in the district of Pigalle is one of the traditional cabarets of Paris. The name means the Red Windmill and that is also the sign on the roof by the entrance. The Moulin Rouge opened in 1889 and over the Parvis du Sacré Coeur years many stars have performed here, including Edith Piaf, Frank Sinatra and Josephine Baker. Metro: Abbesses The Montmartre Hill is the highest point in Paris and the beautiful Basilica of Sacré Coeur is situated on top of it. The 83 metre-tall, white Sacre Coeur was built from 1875-1914. The style is a blend but with a clear Byzantine inspiration. The name Sacré Coeur means (Jesus´) sacred heart. Inside the building, you can see a mosaic of Christ and it is possible to enter the dome. The area in front of the Sacré Coeur (and in Montmartre around the Place du Tertre) is always full of life and from here you may enjoy a unique view of all of Paris. You can go some of the way to the Sacré Coeur by the funicular, which leaves within walking distance from the metro. Pay special attention to the Abesses-metro station, which is one of the few remaining stations in the original Parisian art nouveau style. Download free ebooks at 29
  31. 31. Paris Day tours from Paris 42a. Château de Versailles Day tours from Paris 42. Versailles Place d’Armes The original Versailles was built from 1624 to 1632 as Louis XIII’s hunting lodge. In 1661, his son, Louis Versailles, 30 km SW XIV, decided to build a unique and grandiose palace and move the royal residence from the centre of RER: Versailles – Rive Gauche, Château de Paris to Versailles. In 1682, the Palace of Versailles Versailles was completed and it became the absolute centre of The Sun Kings’ huge and beautiful palace complex is power in France where the king and the government a must for tourists in Paris. The complex consists of resided. Louis XIV lived here until he died in 1715. the Palace, the surrounding park and the various Later, Louis XV and Louis XIV lived in the palace buildings within the vast area. It is a good idea to go before the French Revolution broke out. After some there by the RER train. It is not a long walk from decades of disuse, the palace was opened as a the station and as soon as you look through the main museum for the first time in 1830, but the number of gate towards the marble courtyard, you will be visitors did not really amount to anything until impressed. thorough restorations were carried out at the beginning of the 20th century. In the palace, it is possible to take a guided tour of the different halls and rooms or you may go on your own. The Salon Mercure is where Louis XV lay in state for eight days. The famous Hall of Mirrors, Galerie des Glaces, is the lavishly adorned 70 metre-long hall facing the park. It was used for official receptions. All in all, there are 357 mirrors in the hall. France requested that the signing of the peace treaty of Versailles to end World War I took place in the Hall of Mirrors. The Palace Church is another highlight with some of the most beautiful interior in the entire Palace. Download free ebooks at 31
  32. 32. Paris Day tours from Paris 42a. Château de Versailles Day tours from Paris 42. Versailles Place d’Armes The original Versailles was built from 1624 to 1632 as Louis XIII’s hunting lodge. In 1661, his son, Louis Versailles, 30 km SW XIV, decided to build a unique and grandiose palace and move the royal residence from the centre of RER: Versailles – Rive Gauche, Château de Paris to Versailles. In 1682, the Palace of Versailles Versailles was completed and it became the absolute centre of The Sun Kings’ huge and beautiful palace complex is power in France where the king and the government a must for tourists in Paris. The complex consists of resided. Louis XIV lived here until he died in 1715. the Palace, the surrounding park and the various Later, Louis XV and Louis XIV lived in the palace buildings within the vast area. It is a good idea to go before the French Revolution broke out. After some there by the RER train. It is not a long walk from decades of disuse, the palace was opened as a the station and as soon as you look through the main museum for the first time in 1830, but the number of gate towards the marble courtyard, you will be visitors did not really amount to anything until impressed. thorough restorations were carried out at the beginning of the 20th century. In the palace, it is possible to take a guided tour of the different halls and rooms or you may go on your own. The Salon Mercure is where Louis XV lay in state for eight days. The famous Hall of Mirrors, Galerie des Glaces, is the lavishly adorned 70 metre-long hall facing the park. It was used for official receptions. All in all, there are 357 mirrors in the hall. France requested that the signing of the peace treaty of Versailles to end World War I took place in the Hall of Mirrors. The Palace Church is another highlight with some of the most beautiful interior in the entire Palace. Download free ebooks at 32
  33. 33. Paris Day tours from Paris In the 1330s, the erection of the 52 metre-tall 44. Claude Monet à Giverny fortified tower was begun. It was the highest fortified building in Europe at the time. The other buildings are the result of later reconstructions. In the 17th century, the last major reconstructions and extensions were carried out and from then on the kings concentrated on Versailles. The relics of the Sainte Chapelle were kept at the Château de Vincennes for a time until they could be installed in the new church in the central Royal Palace of Paris. Today, the well-preserved palace is a combination of a palace and a real medieval castle. The 14th century tower and the palace church are a Rue Claude Monet 84, Giverny, 70 km W few of the buildings that can be visited. In the palace, there is also established a museum that deals with Station: Vernon local history. The village of Giverny is where Claude Monet’s house and adjoining garden is situated. This garden was where many of the artist’s motifs originated. A visitor walking in the garden can almost imagine himself in the paintings at the sight of the water lilies and the Japanese bridge. Claude Monet lived here from 1883 until he died in 1926. We will turn your CV into an opportunity of a lifetimePlease click the advert Do you like cars? Would you like to be a part of a successful brand? Send us your CV on We will appreciate and reward both your enthusiasm and talent. Send us your CV. You will be surprised where it can take you. Download free ebooks at 33
  34. 34. Paris Day tours from Paris Close to Monet’s house, a museum features works of The name La Défense comes from a statue from the impressionist painters who stayed in the village 1883, La Défense de Paris, in remembrance of the at the same time as Monet. defence of Paris during the German siege in 1870. 45. Musée Marmottan Monet At the beginning of the 1950s, the first buildings emerged in the modern La Défense. The Esso Rue Louis-Boilly 2, 7 km W building of 11 storeys (was demolished in 1993) and the hotel- and conference centre CNIT were some Metro: La Muette of the very first. Throughout especially the 1960s The Marmottan-Monet Museum is set up in a and from the 1980s until today, major extensions mansion that was bought by Jules Marmottan in have taken place and today, there are housing areas, 1882. His son, Paul Marmottan, was a keen collector offices, monuments, shopping centres and and art historian, and at his death in 1932, he left his everything else that is typical of an ordinary city. works to be part of a museum here. Besides his own Yet, La Défense is something completely special collection, the Monet family left 65 paintings by with its modern architecture and materials. Claude Monet by will to the house in 1972. Later, more paintings have been added. 46a. Grande Arche Parvis de la Défense 1 The great exhibition of Monet’s works is the biggest in the world and it gives a brilliant picture of the painter’s development. Here it is possible to see both The new triumphal arch of Paris, the Grande Arche, the famous water lilies and other motifs from France was erected for the bicentenary of the French and abroad. Revolution in 1989 based on the design of the Dane Johan Otto von Spreckelsen. 46. La Défense The Grande Arche is placed on the axis from the Louvre along the Champs-Elysées to the Arc de Triomphe and on to La Défense. Therefore, there is a spectacular view of the historic centre of Paris. The Arch is built in the shape of a hive of 106 metres in all directions and besides many offices, it houses varying exhibitions. The area below and behind the Grande Arche is impressive and full of contrast. The esplanade is comfortable with people sitting on the stairs leading down towards the basins of mirrors, while the 10 km NW various skyscrapers provide a multi shaped and colourful frame for life in the street. Metro: La Défense La Défense is the new quarter in Paris and it is constructed as the western end of the historic axis of Paris from the Louvre along the Champs Elysées. La Défense is just outside the heart of Paris where there used to be a run-down working class quarter, but that is not visible anywhere today. Download free ebooks at 34
  35. 35. Paris Day tours from Paris 47. Basilique Saint-Denis 48. Cimitière du Père Lachaise Promenade Basilique Saint-Denis, 11 km N Rue du Repos, 4 km E Metro: St-Denis-Basilique Metro: Philippe-Auguste The church was built from 1137 to 1281 and is one The Père Lachaise is the largest and most famous of the earliest examples of Gothic building style. cemetery in Paris. It was laid out by Napoleon in Previously, there was a monastery here where it is 1803 but was later extended several times because said that Saint Denis is buried. Saint Denis is the of its great popularity. patron saint of France and is considered the first bishop of Paris. Many famous persons are buried here, so to many people a tour of the Père Lachaise is considered a The kings of France have been buried in the church for relaxed walk through the history of the last 200 centuries and even though many graves were years. Among the celebrities are Frédéric Chopin, desecrated during the Revolution, there are still many Simone Signoret, Yves Montand, Sarah Bernhardt, examples to see. Louis XVI and his Queen, Marie Edith Piaf, Oscar Wilde and Jim Morrison. Antoinette, are buried in the church crypt. They had first been buried at the Madeleine Cemetery but were Apart from the individual graves, there are also moved to their present location in 1815. several war memorials at the cemetery. It is also possible to see the so-called Communard Wall, Mur Only three of the French kings are not buried here, des Fédérés, where 147 communards were shot in namely Louis XVI, Louis XIV, Henri II with his 1871 and that was the end of the Communard Queen Catherine de Medici and Childebert I, who insurrection and the Paris Commune. was Merovingian king in Paris. So there are many historic kings’ names to be found. Download free ebooks at 35