The View From the Trenches Challenges Facing the Use of ICTs in Education in General and E Learning in Particular Prof. Usha Vyasulu Reddy, Ph. D Educationist and ICTD Consultant Hyderabad 500 082 E mail: [email_address] 12/12/11 (c) Prof. Usha Vyasulu Reddy
12/12/11 (c) Prof. Usha Vyasulu Reddy Introductory remarks
12/12/11 (c) Prof. Usha Vyasulu Reddy G2G=Government to Government; G2B=Government to Business; G2C=Government to Citizen; B2B=Business to Business; B2C=Business to Citizen; C2C=Citizen to Citizen Taxonomy of ICTs—Technologies, Applications, and Services and Content Hardware— goods, Radios/TVs Computers, Modems, Mobile phone Connectivity media Telecommunications—fixed, wireless, and satellite Softwares --proprietary --open source Content --External --Local language --Locally produced Services --G2G --G2B --G2C --B2B --B2C --C2C THE USER Supporting Environments--physical --Power and energy sources --Buildings: telephone exchanges; telecentres; access points --Internet and Internet access devices Supporting environments—policy and legal and regulatory financial --Licensing arrangements for telecom operators, tariff structures --Standards (network operations, switching, transmission, languages --Licensing for broadcasters and the media --Competition regulation
What will determine trends in technology evolution?
Adaptability – The extent to which it can be adapted to a range of tasks
Leverage – How well it makes a difficult task easier—the more capable it is of producing change
Ease of mastery – How easy it is for broad audiences to understand how to adopt and adapt it
Accessibility – How easy it is to obtain and access
Affordability – How much it costs
Participatory – How much it engages it users and is interactive with them
Transferability – How easily its use can be transferred to others
Generative capacity – How easily it enables the user to create and build on its features for his/her own benefit and use
The integration of ICTs in the Indian Railway system has dramatically changed the system, removing inefficiencies and reducing both costs and corruption. It has taken away the long lines at railway stations, made the booking of a ticket as easy as the click of a mouse and it has transformed a loss making service into a profitable vibrant organization. All this was done, not in a laboratory, but in a field setting with live stations and trains operating and it was done by a government ministry.
12/12/11 (c) Prof. Usha Vyasulu Reddy
12/12/11 (c) Prof. Usha Vyasulu Reddy THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION