Enhancing the Creativity of Children through    the Use of Digital Video Technology                 Janak Bhimani, Ichiya ...
ThemeAt the crossroads of creativity and technology,   children, through the use of digital video    hardware and software...
Overview• Background and Motivation• Literature Review and Related works•Workshop Method•Workshops• Evaluation and Discuss...
Background and Motivation• Time is right   • Children as earliest “early adopters” in digital age   • Economic Factors  a...
Literature Review and Related Works• Creativity In Children   • Vygotsky –children, by their nature, are creative   • Csik...
Literature Review and Related Works• Interaction Design for Children   • Interdisciplinary – education, mobile devices, ro...
Method                                NAM++ Method                                   [1]                                  ...
Workshops Incorporating Digital Video                 Technology1.2.                        Background                   ...
Social    FingerIssues    PuppetsThroughStory          and HDTelling   Video
WEF KIDSBackgroundDesign Process and Creative Output
.               Real-time    Media      Blue    Literacy   Screen               Reporting
KIDS VIDSBackgroundDesign Process and Creative Output
3             Film-Video        makingJournalism   and editing             (Documentary)
1 Day Reporter – Behind the Scenes at Yokohama Burg 13Background             @Design Process and Creative Output
Traditional    Start to               Finish&              ProductionDigital        w/stopStorytelling   motion           ...
NendomationBackground                     @Design Process and Creative Output
Evaluation• Analysis of the four workshops    To demonstrate that workshops for children incorporating digital video     ...
EvaluationNendomation Survey Questions for Children                                      Nendomation Survey Questions for ...
Evaluation         Discussion            Researchers observation combined with quantitative and qualitative             ...
Conclusion Never stop starting    Research never ends    More work needed Future Works    More participation/involvem...
Conclusion
Conclusion
Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)
Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)
Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)
Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)
Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)
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Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)

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The role of narrative storytelling is central to almost any creative learning activity
involving children. Whether through words or images, or a combination of both,
children create and communicate their unique stories through the use of narrative.
Innovations in technology over the last few decades and, especially, within the last few
years are becoming a regular part of the educational experiences for children.

Children, by virtue of their age, are the earliest early-adopters of new technology.
However, there is a lack of education and training on how to use digital video
technology in order to expand the creative possibilities of children and their
imagination.

Our research attempts to address that deficiency by providing children
with the tools and environment to apply the knowledge they possess through the
utilization of digital video technology. In our research, we focus on the use of digital
video technology in children’s play activities. Digital video technology can be used to
enhance both the learning activities as well the creative output. The effects of mixing
traditional tools of learning with new instruments – particularly through the use of
video technology - in a group setting illustrates the importance of the creative process,
as well as creative output, in children.

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Enhancing the creativity of children through the use of digital video technology (By Janak Bhimani)

  1. 1. Enhancing the Creativity of Children through the Use of Digital Video Technology Janak Bhimani, Ichiya Nakamura Keio University, Graduate School of Media Design
  2. 2. ThemeAt the crossroads of creativity and technology, children, through the use of digital video hardware and software, combined with traditional play artifacts and activities, have unique opportunities to enhance their imaginative output like never before.
  3. 3. Overview• Background and Motivation• Literature Review and Related works•Workshop Method•Workshops• Evaluation and Discussion•Conclusion
  4. 4. Background and Motivation• Time is right • Children as earliest “early adopters” in digital age • Economic Factors  affordability • Digital Video Technology  portability • Convergence Culture • Paradigm shift in media production and consumption • Parallel in education  passive to active learning• Author’s Professional Background • Elementary Education Learning Niche • Broadcast Media
  5. 5. Literature Review and Related Works• Creativity In Children • Vygotsky –children, by their nature, are creative • Csikszentmihalyi – creativity must be developed (adults) • Sternberg – outside factors affect creativity (+ and -)• Participatory Culture • Bruner – learning is collaborative; old models of education defunct in age of communication and interconnectedness • Jenkins – New Media Literacies to confront obstacles hampering progression of participatory culture
  6. 6. Literature Review and Related Works• Interaction Design for Children • Interdisciplinary – education, mobile devices, robotics, art, sociology, video technology, etc. – emphasis on creativity • Focus on narrative story telling • Activities with educational and emotional value• Related Works • Corporations, private companies, international and regional non-profit organizations • The video L.A.B. (BBC Scotland), Kidzania Tokyo, Kids with Cameras (India and Global), Canvas (Japan)
  7. 7. Method NAM++ Method [1] T2=C method[1] Decortis, F., A. Rizzo, and B. Saudelli. "Mediating effects of active distributed instruments on narrative activities." Interacting with Computers 15.6 (2003): 801-830.
  8. 8. Workshops Incorporating Digital Video Technology1.2. Background Design3. Process and Creative Output4.
  9. 9. Social FingerIssues PuppetsThroughStory and HDTelling Video
  10. 10. WEF KIDSBackgroundDesign Process and Creative Output
  11. 11. . Real-time Media Blue Literacy Screen Reporting
  12. 12. KIDS VIDSBackgroundDesign Process and Creative Output
  13. 13. 3 Film-Video makingJournalism and editing (Documentary)
  14. 14. 1 Day Reporter – Behind the Scenes at Yokohama Burg 13Background @Design Process and Creative Output
  15. 15. Traditional Start to Finish& ProductionDigital w/stopStorytelling motion filming
  16. 16. NendomationBackground @Design Process and Creative Output
  17. 17. Evaluation• Analysis of the four workshops  To demonstrate that workshops for children incorporating digital video technology provide children with means of expressing their creativity in ways which are different, and even new, from those they are exposed to in their everyday life  Quantitative: Results and Findings • Data from Interviews and/or questionnaires • Two perspectives: • Children – Participants • Parents /Guardians -- observers with intimate knowledge of the participants  Qualitative: Observation and Reflection • Lessons Learned  improvements/modifications for future workshops • Management/Design perspective
  18. 18. EvaluationNendomation Survey Questions for Children Nendomation Survey Questions for Parents/Guardians 1) How did you hear about this event? (Select as many as you like)1) Was this your first time making clay animation? 1.Flyer 2.Internet 3.Friends 4.School 5.Other__________________________ 1.Yes 2.No 2) Please tell us your reasons for having your children participate in the workshop?2) Was this workshop fun? (Select as many as you like) 1.Very Fun 2. Fun 3. Average 4. Not so fun 5. Not fun at all 1.Looked interesting/fun 2.Looked educational 3.Child/children wanted to participate 4.Wanted child/children to be familiar with digital technology 5.Other_______________________________3) Was this workshop difficult? 1.Very difficult 2.Difficult 3.Okay 4.Easy 5.Very easy 3) “What did you expect your children to learn from the workshop?”4) What was the most interesting part of the workshop? 4) What did you like the most about the workshop? 1.Story/scenario making 2.Character making 3.Filming 4.Presentation 1.Story/scenario making 2.Character making 3.Filming 4.Presentation 5) How would you rate the quality of the workshop?5) How would you describe your facilitator’s performance? 1.Very good 2.Good 3.Standard 4.Not good 5.Bad 1.Very Good 2.Good 3.Avergae 4. Not so good 5. Not good 6) How would you evaluate the structure of the workshop? 1.Very Good 2.Good 3.Average 4.Bad 5.Very bad6) How would you evaluate the structure of the workshop? 1.Very Good 2.Good 3.Average 4.Bad 5.Very bad 7) How familiar were your children with digital technology before participating in the workshop?7) How would you describe using the camera, computer and animation software? 1.Very familiar 2.Familiar 3. Average 4.Not very familiar 5.Not familiar 1.Very difficult 2.Difficult 3.Average 4. Easy 5.Very easy 8) Would you like your child to participate in a similar type of workshop? 1.Yes 2.No8) Please leave any comments or suggestions. 9) Please leave any comments or suggestions.
  19. 19. Evaluation  Discussion  Researchers observation combined with quantitative and qualitative results  Commonality: T2=C method  Ethnographic methodology[2] to evaluate research:  Substantive Contribution: creative output with technology is not possible without it  Aesthetic Merit: workshop detail, children’s enjoyment, imaginative contents by children  Reflexivity: project leader, responsible for design, management and oversight  Impact: participants moved intellectually (novelty) and emotionally (involvement and/or research)  Expresses a Reality: participants gain an understanding of digital video based workshops both in both intricate detail and state of the art in the larger scope of society[2]Richardson, Laurel. "Evaluating Ethnography." Qualitative Inquiry 6.2 (2000): 253-255.
  20. 20. Conclusion Never stop starting  Research never ends  More work needed Future Works  More participation/involvement  Manual development • First step in building a community based workshop-knowledge database • Grassroots distribution/contribution with potential global impact • Simplicity: Adaptability and Scalability  easy to modify and adapt • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License
  21. 21. Conclusion
  22. 22. Conclusion

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