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Growing together: Youth and the Work of the United Nations


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The brochure is a welcome example of how the United Nations system and the young people it serves are growing together. By taking stock of UN system activities related to youth development, the …

The brochure is a welcome example of how the United Nations system and the young people it serves are growing together. By taking stock of UN system activities related to youth development, the brochure provides a chance to assess how effectively the United Nations system is responding to this important development challenge, and it helps to identify any gaps that may exist in our approach.

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  • 1. E c o n o m i c & S o c ia l A ff a irsasdf Growing Together Youth and the Work of the United Nations
  • 2. E c o n o m i c & S o c ia l A ff a irsasdf Growing Together Youth and the Work of the United Nations
  • 3. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA PREFACE
  • 4. The United Nations has long recognized the With activities ranging from data collection and This brochure is a welcome example of howimportance of investing in youth. In 1995, the analysis to direct country support to Governments, the United Nations system and the youngUnited Nations General Assembly adopted the civil society and other stakeholders, the United people it serves are growing together. ByWorld Programme of Action for Youth to guide Nations system is well-positioned to provide taking stock of UN system activities related tonational and international action to create an comprehensive, specialized assistance in youth development, the brochure provides aenvironment in which young people can flourish support of global youth development. Particular chance to assess how effectively the Unitedand develop their potential to the fullest. Since attention is being given by many UN system Nations system is responding to this importantthen, opportunities for young people to benefit offices to areas such as health, education and development challenge, and it helps to identifyfrom development have expanded around the employment, and the special circumstances of any gaps that may exist in our approach. It isworld. Nonetheless, youth continue to face many girls and young women—areas which present intended as a source of information to assistconstraints and challenges that hinder their persistent challenges to youth development in all stakeholders and to ensure that the Unitedsmooth transition to adulthood. many parts of the world. Nations truly delivers as one in the area of youth development, in an effective and forward-lookingAlthough the United Nations Programme on Youth Now is the time to make strategic investments fashion. Only by working together to advanceof the Department of Economic and Social Affairs in youth. Investments which target the large the implementation of the World Programme ofis the only part of the United Nations Secretariat numbers of young people today will not only Action for Youth as a comprehensive strategywith the explicit mandate to address youth issues, improve the wellbeing of a large generation to promote youth development will we be ablethis brochure shows how the United Nations of young people, but will also produce long- to make a lasting difference in the lives of thesystem, as a whole, supports youth development lasting benefits for the social and economic youth of today and tomorrow.with a diverse range of programmes and activities. development of countries and regions. Indeed,As the brochure demonstrates, the work of the our ability to achieve several of the Millenniumvarious parts of the United Nations system relating Development Goals is directly linked to our SHA Zukangto youth is complementary and covers all 15 progress in improving young people’s health, (Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs)priority areas of the World Programme of Action. education and socio-economic opportunities.
  • 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS 4 Preface 8 List of Acronyms 10 Introduction 14 Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) 34 Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) 14 United Nations Programme on Youth (UNPY) 38 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) 18 Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW) 40 Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) 20 Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) 42 Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) 24 Population Division (UNPD) 44 International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 26 Statistics Division (UNSD) 46 International Labour Organization (ILO) 30 Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID) 50 Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 32 Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) 54 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
  • 6. 58 United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) 78 United Nations Millennium Campaign60 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 80 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) 60 Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) 82 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) 62 Human Development Report Office (HDRO) 86 United Nations Volunteers (UNV)64 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 90 The World Bank68 United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 94 World Food Programme (WFP)72 United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) 96 World Health Organization (WHO)76 United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 100 Youth Employment Network (YEN)
  • 7. LIST OF ACRONYMS ADF-V Fifth African Development Forum ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ESID Emerging Social Issues Division AISI African Information Society Initiative FGM Female genital mutilation BCPR Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery GAID Global Alliance for ICT and Development CAH Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development GGP Generations and Gender Programme CIS Commonwealth of Independent States GGS Generations and Gender Survey CSD Commission on Sustainable Development GPI Global Partnership Initiative on Urban Youth Development CSW Commission on the Status of Women HDRO Human Development Report Office DAW Division for the Advancement of Women HIV Human immunodeficiency virus DESA Department of Economic and Social Affairs IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development DSD Division for Sustainable Development ICPD International Conference on Population and Development DSPD Division for Social Policy and Development ICT Information and Communication Technologies ECA Economic Commission for Africa IDA International Development Association ECE Economic Commission for Europe IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ILO International Labour Organization
  • 8. J8 Junior 8 Summit UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationMDGs Millennium Development Goals UNIFEM United Nations Development Fund for WomenMRU Mano River Union UNFPA United Nations Population FundNAP National action plans on youth employment UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and CrimeNGO Non-governmental organization UNDP United Nations Population DivisionPAHO Pan American Health Organization UNPY United Nations Programme on YouthPATH Poverty Alleviation through Tourism and Heritage UNSD United Nations Statistics DivisionSRH Sexual and reproductive health UNV United Nations VolunteersUNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS VIP Violence and Injury PreventionUNDP United Nations Development Programme VOY Voices of YouthUNEP United Nations Environment Programme WFP World Food ProgrammeUNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization WHO World Health OrganizationUNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session WPAY World Programme of Action for YouthUN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlement Programme YAP Youth Advisory PanelUNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund YEN Youth Employment Network YEP Youth Employment Programme
  • 9. INTRODUCTION 10 HOW DID A UNITED NATIONS Year, with the theme “Participation, Development and action in the area of youth development (see YOUTH DEVELOPMENT and Peace”. The Year drew international attention the table). Recognizing the major changes that to the important role that young people play in the were occurring in national and international devel- AGENDA EMERGE? world, and in particular, to their potential contribu- opment environments at the end of the twentieth Although there are small variations in the group tion to development and to the goals of the United century and to align the Programme of Action bet- considered as youth in the agencies, funds, offices Nations Charter. ter to new challenges in the twenty-first century, and programmes of the United Nations system, the General Assembly added five additional prior- “youth” is often defined by the United Nations as International debate and discussions reached a high ity areas in 2005. These five areas (Globalization, those aged 15-24 years old. This age group makes point in 1995 when, on the tenth anniversary of Information and Communication Technology, HIV/ up nearly one fifth of the world’s population. Youth International Youth Year, the United Nations adopted AIDS, Armed Conflict and Intergenerational issues) are frequently referred to as representing the the World Programme of Action for Youth to the Year were elaborated in a supplement to the WPAY, future, but their sheer numbers, complemented by 2000 and Beyond. The adoption of the Programme which was adopted at the sixty-second session of their imagination, ideals and energy, make young of Action, which provides a framework to guide pub- the General Assembly in 2007. people a major force in the world today. lic, private and international action on youth develop- ment, was evidence of the commitment of the inter- For each priority area, the WPAY outlines the nature The imagination, ideals and energies of young national community to young people and of a resolve of the challenges young people face and presents women and men are vital for the continuing to address the challenges to youth development in a proposals for action to improve the well-being of development of the societies in which they live. comprehensive and collaborative manner. young people. The WPAY also outlines the means The Member States of the United Nations first of implementation of the Programme of Action. acknowledged this officially in 1965 when they THE WORLD PROGRAMME OF endorsed the Declaration on the Promotion among ACTION FOR YOUTH TO THE YEAR Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and 2000 AND BEYOND: A GUIDE FOR Understanding between Peoples. ACTION ON YOUTH DEVELOPMENT Two decades later, the United Nations General The World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) Assembly observed 1985 as International Youth initially identified 10 priority areas to guide policy
  • 10. 11 The 15 priority areas of the WPAY are clearly sought their specific inputs on their work. UN system PRIORITY AREAS OF THE WORLD interrelated. They also cut across areas in which offices whose work covers aspects of youth devel- PROGRAMME OF ACTION FOR organizations of the United Nations system opment were invited to contribute to the brochure. YOUTH specialize and provide technical advisory and Responses received were reviewed and supple- other services to Governments. They therefore mented where necessary with information readily asdf 1 Education form an appropriate foundation for a coordinated available in public sources, such as websites and 2 Employment collaborative effort from the United Nations system. publications. The summaries were then shared with 3 Hunger and poverty United Nations system offices have, by focusing on UN system offices for their preview, corrections and independent areas of expertise, addressed many of amendments. The brochure is therefore the result of 4 Health the issues, goals and objectives of the WPAY. a collaborative effort across offices. 5 Environment 6 Drug abuse Despite the broad coverage of areas, lack of 7 Juvenile delinquency information on the specific activities and programmes that each part of the UN system 8 Leisure-time activities engages in hampers youth development work. It is 9 Girls and young women vital that this information becomes widely available,10 Youth participation in society not only within the UN system, but also to others and in decision-making working in the area of youth development. This11 Globalization brochure responds to this need.12 Information and communications technology13 HIV/AIDS SOURCES OF INFORMATION14 Armed conflict PRESENTED IN THIS BROCHURE15 Intergenerational issues The brochure summarizes responses of United Nations offices and agencies to questionnaires that
  • 11. Summaries of United Nations system activities 12
  • 12. 13
  • 13. United Nations Programme on Youth (UNPY)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 1 The United Nations Programme on Youth is the REPORTING ON YOUTH DEVELOPMENT focal point within the United Nations Secretariat on issues related to youth. It is the only part of The Programme on Youth conducts research about key developments in the area of youth the Secretariat that is mandated exclusively to and analysis on youth and provides information and, especially, on progress made in the 15 deal with youth issues. The Programme is part to Governments, youth, civil society and other priority areas of the WPAY. The Programme of the Division for Social Policy and Development parts of the United Nations system on issues services the Commission on Social Development (DSPD) of the Department of Economic and Social and activities relating to youth development. and the Third Committee of the General It publishes the biannual World Youth Report, Assembly, providing draft texts for consideration Affairs (DESA). The Programme on Youth is, in which presents analytical discussions on selected of these bodies and assisting with negotiations of particular, responsible for monitoring progress topics related to youth development. Taking a resolutions on youth. and constraints in addressing the objectives regional approach, the 2007 Report, for example, of the World Programme of Action for Youth. examined the opportunities and challenges that To promote information sharing on activities within The Programme is also charged with playing a youth face during their transition to adulthood. and outside the UN system on youth issues, the lead role in inter-agency consultations on youth Through Reports of the Secretary-General and Programme on Youth also produces Youth Flash, development. The compilation and production other documentation for the General Assembly an electronic newsletter. Youth Flash includes of this brochure by the UN Programme on Youth and the Commission on Social Development, the an in-depth feature on a topical youth issue and is intended to support and foster the inter- Youth Programme also contributes to informing provides an overview of youth-related activities agency dialogue. Governments and the international community organized by the entire UN system.
  • 14. 1INTERNATIONAL YOUTH DAYInternational Youth Day is commemorated everyyear on 12 August. The Programme on Youthselects a theme for the day in consultation withyouth organizations, the Department of PublicInformation and other UN system offices andagencies. It also organizes a commemoration ofthe Day at United Nations Headquarters in NewYork. The Programme encourages youth aroundthe world to organize activities to raise awarenessabout the situation of youth in their country. Youthare encouraged to send in a description of theirplanned activities to The most crea-tive activities are featured on the Programme’s web-site to provide a sense of how International YouthDay is being commemorated around the world andto encourage other youth to take action. UN DPI Photo
  • 15. United Nations Programme on Youth (UNPY)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 1 PARTNERSHIPS AND COLLABORA- TECHNICAL COOPERATION Africa; and enhancing capacity to deal effec- tively with issues related to illicit small arms TION WITH CIVIL SOCIETY AND The Programme collaborates closely with the and violence. YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS Technical Cooperation Unit of the Division for Social Policy and Development. The Unit works ENSURING YOUTH PARTICIPATION A major part of the work of the UN Programme directly with Governments and other stakehold- on Youth involves working with civil society, An important dimension of the Programme ers to translate international agreements— especially youth-led organizations that are working on Youth’s work relates to strengthening the such as the World Programme of Action for with young people, particularly at the grassroots participation of youth in decision-making Youth—into practical strategies and projects at level, to address various areas of the World processes at all levels in order to increase the regional and national levels. The Technical Programme of Action for Youth. The Programme their contribution to national and international Cooperation Unit draws on the expertise of the on Youth cooperates with and assists these development. The Programme provides advisory Programme on Youth and, in turn, feeds experi- youth-led organizations. It arranges consultative services to other United Nations system offices ences gained from the field into the Programme’s meetings, briefings and other discussions with and other stakeholders on how to ensure active work in support of the intergovernmental policy them to guide their work, and it also gathers their youth engagement in their initiatives. development process. Cooperation is often inputs and feeds them into intergovernmental initiated at the request of a Government or UN discussions. Young people, both as individual Through publications, advocacy and the provision counterpart, and technical cooperation advis- experts and as representatives of organizations, of advisory services, the Programme on Youth ers work closely with other parts of the UN sys- are also involved in Expert Group Meetings and facilitates the inclusion of youth representatives tem. In 2007/2008, activities of the technical other substantive discussions organized by the in Member States’ official delegations to the cooperation unit that relate to youth included Programme on Youth. General Assembly and other intergovernmental providing support for the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Young People bodies. Youth delegates frequently deliver in Iberoamerica; working to integrate youth official statements on behalf of the youth in their concerns into poverty reduction strategies in countries, and some negotiate actively on the
  • 16. 1text of resolutions. The Programme provides KEY PUBLICATIONSinformation, advisory and orientation services to • World Youth Reports 2003, 2005 and 2007youth delegates before and during their stay in • Guide to the Implementation of the WorldNew York to facilitate their effective participation Programme of Action for Youthat UN meetings. • Making commitments matter: a toolkit for young people to evaluate national youth policyVarious activities of the Programme aim to • A brief guide to youth delegates to the Unitedsupport and encourage youth initiatives and their Nations General Assemblymeaningful engagement in the development • Various Reports of the Secretary-Generaldialogue. The Programme supports and related to youth issuesencourages youth to plan and carry out projectsin support of youth development. A toolkit, Contact:Making commitments matter, for example, United Nations Programme on Youthguides youth organizations on how to evaluate Division for Social Policy and Developmenttheir Governments’ efforts to implement the Department of Economic and Social AffairsWPAY. The website of the Programme on Youth 2 UN Plaza, DC2-1336provides a wealth of information to support New York, NY 10017, USAyouth participation and it also provides an Fax: +1 212 963 3062opportunity for youth to provide feedback tothe Programme. E-mail: Website:
  • 17. Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 1 The Division for the Advancement of Women RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- YOUTH AND THE COMMISSION (DAW) of the Department of Economic and RELATED WORK ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN Social Affairs focuses on promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women and DAW examines issues that affect young women A major area of DAW’s work is to provide girls of all ages. The Division supports the and girls in the context of the 12 critical areas of substantive support to the Commission implementation of the Beijing Platform for concern of the Beijing Platform for Action as well as on the Status of Women (CSW) and other Action adopted at the Fourth World Conference emerging issues, many of which coincide with the intergovernmental bodies working to advance on Women in 1995, which seeks to promote priority areas of the World Programme of Action for the global policy agenda on gender equality. and protect the full enjoyment of all human Youth. Among the areas addressed are education, In this context, DAW covers issues related rights and the fundamental freedoms of all employment, poverty and hunger, health, care- to the improvement of the situation of young women throughout their life cycle. DAW also giving, environment, sport, participation in women and girls. The annual sessions of the supports the implementation of the Convention decision-making, information and communication Commission on the Status of Women provide on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination technology, HIV/AIDS, and armed conflict. space for young women and girls to participate against Women and its Optional Protocol. The actively in informing global policymaking on Division strives to promote the mainstreaming of RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS gender equality and the empowerment of women a gender perspective both within and outside the and girls. At its fifty-first session in 2007, the DAW conducts research and develops policy United Nations system. Commission on the Status of Women addressed options to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment. The Division has a “The elimination of all forms of discrimination publications programme, which includes and violence against the girl child” as its resources for Governments, civil society and priority theme. Over 200 girls participated in the other stakeholders to enhance work on gender session and were involved in official interactive equality, women’s human rights and the meetings of the Commission, such as the High- empowerment of women. level Roundtable on the priority theme, and
  • 18. 1 KEY PUBLICATIONS • Women 2000 and Beyond: Women, Gender Equality and Sport (2007) • Women 2000 and Beyond: Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women through ICT (2005) • Women 2000 and Beyond: Women and Water (2005)other CSW-related events and activities. The • World Survey on the Role of Women in2007 Commission’s agreed conclusions on the Development (1999, 2004)priority theme include recommendations forthe development of programmes and projects Contact:aimed at young women and girls affected by Division for the Advancement of Womenpoverty, armed conflict, HIV/AIDS, violence and Department of Economic and Social Affairsdiscrimination. 2 UN Plaza, DC2-12th floor New York, NY 10017, USAIn preparation for the annual sessions of the Tel: +1 212 963 8535 | Fax: +1 212 963 3463Commission on the Status of Women, the E-mail: daw@un.orgDivision for the Advancement of Women holds Website: online discussion of the priority theme to beconsidered by the Commission. The discussionsare open to all and give girls and young womena platform from which to share their views onissues affecting them.
  • 19. Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 20 The Division for Sustainable Development (DSD) RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- Groups Programme within the Division for of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development works actively to RELATED WORK promotes sustainable development by providing ensure the involvement of youth in protecting technical cooperation and capacity-building at The Division’s focus on youth is based on the environment and promoting economic and the international, regional and national levels. chapter 25 of Agenda 21, which was adopted social development. The Division is the substantive secretariat to the at the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro UN Commission on Sustainable Development in 1992. Agenda 21 identified Children and COLLABORATION WITH YOUTH FOR (CSD). Besides supporting the CSD, the Division Youth as one of the nine major groups of civil is also the secretariat for the Mauritius Strategy society whose participation in implementing SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT for the Further Implementation of the Programme the Agenda is a prerequisite for sustainable The Major Groups Programme is responsible of Action for the Sustainable Development development. In particular, Chapter 25 states for engaging and liaising with youth and for of Small Island Developing States, which that the involvement of youth in environment enhancing their participation in the work of includes provisions for youth involvement in its and development decision-making and in the the CSD and its intersessional processes. It implementation. In addition, it is the secretariat implementation of programmes related to the disseminates CSD-related information to youth for the Ten-year Framework for Changing environment is critical to the long-term success networks and publishes on its website annual Unsustainable Consumption and Production of Agenda 21. The chapter notes also that it guidelines to support the participation of youth Patterns—an area of increasing relevance for is imperative that youth from all parts of the and other civil society groups in CSD. The young people. world participate actively in all relevant levels Division also supports children and youth in their of decision-making processes because these efforts to influence the integration of sustainable affect their lives today and have implications development into education at all levels. for their futures. In addition to their intellectual contribution and their ability to mobilize support, youth bring unique perspectives that need to be taken into account. The Major
  • 20. 21YOUTH IN THE COMMISSION ON society and Government officials is now integrated in the Partnerships Fair and the Learning throughout the various official sessions of the CSD, Centre, which are both part of the CSD officialSUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT including thematic discussions, expert panels and programme. The Partnerships Fair provides aSince the creation of the Commission on interactive discussions with Ministers during the venue for registered Partnerships for SustainableSustainable Development in 1992, youth High-level Segment. Youth and other major groups Development to showcase progress, launch newhave played an important role as partners contribute their expertise to technical discussions partnerships, network with existing and potentialin sustainable development and in informing on thematic issue areas and offer solutions for partners, create synergies between partnershipsthe Commission’s decision-making processes. ensuring sustainable development. and learn from each other’s experiences. TheYouth continue to infuse the CSD with new Learning Centre provides teaching and trainingideas and information, and present challenges at a practical level on topics of relevance to the THE CSD YOUTH CAUCUSthat enrich the intergovernmental debate. Youth specific themes being considered by the CSD,and other major groups participate in interactive As part of the preparatory work leading up to as well as on selective cross-cutting themes ofdialogues, develop coordinated statements the CSD meetings, the Division for Sustainable sustainable development.through thematic caucus groups, and lobby Development collaborates closely with the CSDfor particular initiatives that they feel should be Youth Caucus to facilitate the engagement of SUPPORT FOR YOUTH FROMsupported. They also contribute significantly youth during CSD meetings. The Youth Caucusto the registered Partnerships for Sustainable is a group of representatives of youth-led DEVELOPING COUNTRIESDevelopment in the context of the CSD. NGOs who work together to influence decision- The Division for Sustainable Development making at the CSD. Youth prepare official receives extrabudgetary funds from donorsThe CSD continues to explore innovative formats papers addressing the thematic areas on the to support the participation of youth fromfor the participation of youth and other major CSD agenda and are invited to contribute to developing countries and countries withgroups of civil society. Substantive exchange the many side events that take place during economies in transition at CSD. These limitedbetween representatives of the major groups of civil CSD sessions. Young people also participate funds are allocated to representatives identified
  • 21. Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 22 in close consultation with the young people who KEY PUBLICATIONS coordinate the CSD Youth Caucus. The Division • Sustainable development needs also has access to limited financial resources to you (brochure) support youth-related work, including research and publications. Contact: Major Groups Programme Division for Sustainable Development Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 UN Plaza, DC2-2210 New York, NY 10017, USA Tel: +1 212 963 8497 | Fax: +1 917 367 2341 E-mail: Website:
  • 22. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 23
  • 23. Population Division (UNPD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 The work programme of the Population Division RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- means to protect themselves, the risk of contracting (UNPD) of the Department of Economic and a sexually transmitted disease is often higher among RELATED WORK Social Affairs is aimed at enabling the international young people than among older adults. community to understand better and address Globally, there are nearly 1.2 billion people aged 15 effectively current and foreseeable population to 24. The number of young people has never been The Population Division also studies the implications issues as well as the population dimensions of higher and is expected to remain near its current of demographic trends for development. In this development at the national and international level until 2050. Demographically, young people are regard, the role of young people in the labour force levels. The Division produces and disseminates the focus of special attention because they have and their access to education and training is par- demographic estimates and projections at the clearly differentiated demographic behaviours. In ticularly relevant. Recent analysis of the age and sex national, regional and global levels, and analyses most societies, entry into marriage or cohabitation structure of the urban and rural population for all demographic data by age, sex and selected starts when people are young, and fertility is highest regions of the world has confirmed that young socio-economic characteristics, including youth, among women aged 20 to 24. Migration rates also adults, particularly men, tend to be more urbanized conventionally defined as the population aged tend to peak, for both men and women, over the age than the rest of the population, indicating that the 15 to 24. range of 15 to 24. In societies unaffected by en- young are more willing and able to take advantage demic violence, mortality over the age range 15-24 of the opportunities that cities offer. tends to be the lowest over the life course, but young people, particularly men, are at greater risk of dying ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS because of external causes (accidents, suicide and violence) than people at older ages. In high-fertility BY AGE AND SEx countries, an early start of childbearing exposes The United Nations Population Division produces young women to higher risks of maternal death over and publishes the World Population Prospects every their lifetime, though risks of maternal death are two years. This publication presents the official generally lower among women aged 18-24 years United Nations population estimates and projec- than among those in other age groups. Because the tions for the world, major areas, regions and 228 onset of sexual activity usually occurs when people countries or areas (see reference below). Population are young, and when they lack the knowledge and data classified by age group and sex permits the
  • 24. 2analysis of trends in the young population for every 1950 and 2005 in the World Mortality Report, the KEY PUBLICATIONScountry in the world. These data are widely used by latest of which is 2007 (a CD-ROM version is alsointernational organizations, national Governments available). The report includes estimates of life • World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision.and researchers. They are also used for the calcula- expectancy at birth and at age 15. A wall chart Available in print or online, attion of indicators to measure progress in attaining entitled World Mortality 2007 presents estimates agreed development goals, including of the survival probability from birth to age 15 and • World Fertility Patterns 2007 (wall chart)the Millennium Development Goals. from age 15 to age 60. It also contains information • World Mortality 2007 (wall chart) on maternal mortality and HIV prevalence. Contact:ADOLESCENT FERTILITY Ms. Hania Zlotnik, DirectorThe Population Division produces the estimates MIGRATION United Nations Population Divisionof adolescent birth rate, a target under Goal 5 The Population Division compiles and analyses data Department of Economic and Social Affairsfocusing on the reduction of maternal mortality, as on international migrant stocks and flows. The 2 UN Plaza, DC2-19th floorestablished by the Millennium Development Goals. Division has developed a database containing data New York, NY 10017, USAAdolescent birth rates have been published in the on the number of foreign-born persons or foreigners Tel: +1 212 963 3179 | Fax: +1 212 963 2147wall chart entitled World Fertility Patterns 2007. A enumerated in the population censuses carried outreport on Adolescent Reproductive Behaviour is in Website: since 1960 or obtained from population registers.preparation. The Division also collects and analyses The database includes information classified by ageinformation on the views of Governments concern- and sex, which is being used to estimate the numbering adolescent fertility and on the policies or pro- of international migrants in each country of thegrammes they have adopted to ensure that women world, classified by age and sex. The estimates willdo not become pregnant at too young an age. permit a global assessment of the participation of youth in international migration. The development ofMORTALITY the database has benefited from the financial sup-The Population Division prepares and publishes port of UNICEF and the UNDP South-South Unit asdata on the levels and trends of mortality between well as from the collaboration of the World Bank.
  • 25. Statistics Division (UNSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 The United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) RATIONALE FOR COLLECTING, data are collected, on a regular basis, through of the Department of Economic and Social questionnaires sent to national statistical offices. COLLATING AND DISSEMINATING Affairs is mandated, among other functions, Questionnaires collect data classified by age and sex to compile and disseminate global statistical STATISTICS ON YOUTH on variables related to population estimates, popula- information, develop standards and norms for Age is an inherent attribute of individuals and rep- tion count, migration, economic characteristics of the statistical activities and support countries’ efforts resents one of the most basic types of demographic population and household characteristics. Information to strengthen their national statistical systems. information collected about individuals in censuses on marital status, in particular, is classified by five- Through these activities, the Division promotes and surveys, as well as through administrative record year age groups including 15-19 and 20-24 years. the development and availability of statistics and systems (such as vital registration). Through its vari- With respect to education characteristics, all data are indicators needed to identify and address issues ous activities, UNSD promotes the collection, com- available by age. For example, population 10 years of of relevance to youth at national, regional and pilation and dissemination of basic socio-economic age and over by literacy; population 15 years and over global levels. and demographic data cross-classified by five-year by education attainment; population 5 to 24 years age age groups and by sex, thereby permitting the calcu- by school attendance. lation of statistics and indicators relevant to the age- group 15-24 years. The Division also sets principles 2010 WORLD CENSUS PROGRAMME and methods for population and housing censuses, ON POPULATION AND HOUSING provides technical assistance, and collects, compiles and disseminates census data worldwide. The United Nations Statistics Division plays a pivotal role in coordinating the World Census Programme on DATA COLLECTION AND Population and Housing. UNSD encourages coun- tries or areas to conduct censuses during the 2005- DISSEMINATION 2014 decade, and to disseminate the results. In this UNSD directly collects, collates and disseminates way the Division is encouraging countries or areas to national population data and vital statistics. The produce relevant information pertaining to youth.
  • 26. 2The population census is among the main sources of and manuals on various census-related topics. by activity status and educational attainment;demographic data, such as information on fertility, With regard to the 2010 round of censuses, currently active population by activity status,mortality and migration. This information is valuable UNSD revised and updated the publication main industry and main occupation; main sta-for taking stock of the current size and age-sex com- “Principles and recommendations for popula- tus in employment; population with and withoutposition of the population, including the relative size tion and housing censuses”, which provides disability by sex; population 5 years of age andand composition of the youth population. It also helps revised and updated concepts, definitions and over by disability status and current or usualto gauge future trends in population dynamics, classifications as well as a set of recommend- activity status.including those likely to affect the future size and ed tabulations which, in most cases, have agecomposition of the youth population. This information as a critical cross-classifying variable. TRAINING WORKSHOPSalso provides the context within which all other social Some of the tabulations from which information An integral part of the 2010 World Censusand/or economic data can be placed. In addition, specific to youth can be extracted include those Programme is the provision of technicallycensuses collect a variety of other relevant informa- on: native and foreign-born population; popula- sound advice that builds upon the existingtion on such areas as literacy, educational attainment, tion by place of usual residence; population by strengths of national statistical offices whileparticipation in the labour force, housing and house-hold structure, which can be cross-tabulated by age country of birth; economically active population considering ways to strengthen overall nationaland sex to provide information on the situation of by main occupation; head or other reference statistical capacity in conducting censuses andyouth in various areas of policy concern. member of household; population (by single intercensal national surveys. For example in years); population by marital status; female 2007/2008, the Division conducted a seriesDEVELOPMENT AND population 10 years of age and over by number of regional workshops on census management of children ever born alive including children and cartography as well as on data capture andDISSEMINATION OF APPROPRIATE living or dead; household deaths by age; popu- processing. This training programme continues,METHODOLOGIES lation 5 to 29 years (youth are a subset of this covering various aspects of census implemen-The Division has continued to play an impor- population) by school attendance; population tation, throughout the period of the 2010 roundtant role in publishing technical handbooks 10 years of age and over by literacy; population of censuses. Training workshops help in build-
  • 27. Statistics Division (UNSD)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2 ing national capacity in planning and managing KEY PUBLICATIONS census processes. They enable Governments to • Principles and recommendations for population and hone their ability to collect accurate data on all housing censuses demographic groups, including youth. • Millennium Development Goals Report (yearly publication) MONITORING THE MILLENNIUM • 2005 Demographic Yearbook DEVELOPMENT GOALS Contact: Most of the data collected through censuses and national sample surveys are used to pro- Demographic and Social Statistics Branch duce the relevant MDG indicators that facilitate United Nations Statistics Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs the study and monitoring of the situation of youth. 2 UN Plaza, DC2-15th floor For example, the Millennium Development Goals New York, NY 10017, USA Report, which is coordinated by UNSD, provides Fax: +1 212 963 9851 indicators by age, such as number of people living with HIV, youth unemployment and literacy rates. E-mail: Website:
  • 28. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 2
  • 29. Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID)(DESA)Department of Economic and Social Affairs 30 The Global Alliance for ICT and Development RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- initiatives and created a space to foster youth-adult (GAID) is part of the United Nations Department cooperation to encourage an intergenerational RELATED WORK of Economic and Social Affairs. The Global transfer of skills and resources. Young people Alliance promotes and advocates for the use of While the areas of education, entrepreneurship, shared ideas and learned from peers who have information and communication technologies as health and governance are the four focus areas successfully used ICT as a tool in promoting their a tool for development. of GAID’s work on ICT and development, youth own economic and social advancement as well and gender are seen as cross-cutting issues and as that of their communities. Some 30 partners, therefore feature prominently in the work of the including the International Telecommunication Global Alliance. Union, UNESCO, ILO, WHO, UNFPA, UN-HABITAT, the UN Programme on Youth, Intel, Microsoft GLOBAL FORUM ON YOUTH AND ICT and civil society organizations contributed to the organization of the Forum. GAID’s work on youth has been catalysed through a Global Forum on Youth and ICT, which the Alliance organized in September 2007 on the theme “Youth ENGAGING YOUTH— as agents of change”. The Forum was attended by THE GLOBAL YOUTH COALITION more than 500 participants and engaged young As a follow-up to the Forum, GAID established a people in debates and discussions with their Global Youth Coalition to support the agenda of peers, policymakers and technology leaders in the United Nations on harnessing information and exploring ways to empower the community and communication technologies for the achievement of to participate more fully in society through the the Millennium Development Goals. The coalition is appropriate and responsible use of ICT. The Forum intended to serve as an information hub on Youth also provided a platform to showcase youth-led and ICTs by hosting a matrix of best practices and
  • 30. 31ICT policies from the world’s regions. The Global • Serving as a platform for dialogue among youth Contact:Youth Coalition enables youth around the world to on information society issues. Secretariat of the Global Alliance for ICTexchange knowledge and experiences on ICT and • Encouraging the exchange of ideas and practices and Developmentyouth issues and to spearhead youth-led initiatives among youth. Department of Economic and Social Affairsand programmes. It also allows youth to communicate 1 UN Plaza, DC1-1464with other organizations and stakeholders working on • Organizing global and regional youth forums. New York, NY 10017, USAthe MDG agenda for youth and ICT. • Helping to create centres of excellence for youth in Tel: +1 212 963 5796 | Fax: +1 212 963 2812 order to develop and implement more focused workThe Youth Coalition supports the work of the Global programmes in the four focus areas (education, E-mail: gaid@un-gaid.orgAlliance by: health, governance and entrepreneurship). Website: • Identifying and mobilizing the resources necessary• Establishing an active online community engaged to carry out the Coalition’s work policy discussions, online collaboration, researchand advocacy. The Coalition is composed of youth networks• Conveying GAID’s goals and objectives to youth from around the world and is coordinated by aaround the world, especially in the developing Committee of GAID E-leaders for Youth and ICT,world. an executive body composed of 10-12 youth• Bringing youth perspectives and needs relevant representatives from each region and of successfulto ICT for development to the attention of the youth leaders from various fields. The CommitteeGlobal Alliance. provides project advice and acts as a repository of efforts and best practices.• Informing the Alliance of significant regionaldevelopments and initiatives.
  • 31. Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) 32 The United Nations Economic Commission for RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- ECA prepares reports and country-level analyses Africa (ECA) promotes regional integration and on pressing youth issues and began publishing RELATED WORK focuses attention on Africa’s special needs, a biennial African Youth Report in 2008. The first particularly within the context of achieving the The Commission’s work on youth must be seen in issue of the African Youth Report analyses trends Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In this the context of the size of the youth population in in education, youth employment, HIV/AIDS and regard, ECA places emphasis on supporting the region: young people aged between 15 and 24 the health situation of young Africans, as well efforts to eradicate poverty, placing African years alone account for about 20 per cent of the as their participation in political decision-making countries on the path of growth and sustainable population. Africa’s youth often face considerable processes. The Report also reviews policies and development, reversing the marginalization hurdles to participating in economic, social and strategies to address these issues. of Africa in the globalization process, and political spheres of life. Inadequate access to edu- accelerating the empowerment of women. cation and training, poor health and vulnerability PROMOTING DIALOGUE AND to HIV/AIDS, lack of decent jobs, frequent armed conflicts and few opportunities to contribute to DECISION-MAKING ON YOUTH decision-making processes are among the major In November 2006, ECA and the African Union, obstacles to youth development in the region. together with the United Nations system, the African Development Bank and the Organisation RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Internationale de la Francophonie, organized the A major part of ECA’s work on youth is conduct- Fifth African Development Forum (ADF-V) on ing research and analysing trends and policies in “Youth and leadership in the 21st century”. ADF-V WPAY priority areas, notably in the areas of educa- brought together almost 300 youth representatives tion, employment, health and HIV/AIDS, girls and from all five subregions of the continent, various young women, and the participation of youth in Heads of State and Ministers of Youth, experts from society and decision-making. ECA also supports Ministries of Youth, NGOs and civil society, and country efforts to gain knowledge in these areas. regional and international organizations to arrive at
  • 32. 33a Consensus Statement that highlighted key actions the Year of African Youth through a website and KEY PUBLICATIONSto be taken by Governments and partners to knowledge management initiative. • African Youth Report 2008strengthen youth participation and empowerment.The Forum also launched the African Youth Charter, YOUTH AND ICT Contact:an initiative of the African Union Commission, to Human and Social Development Sectionpromote youth development in the region. ECA places particular attention to information African Centre for Gender and communication technologies (ICT) and how and Social Development they can contribute to youth development and toTHE POST-ADF-V STEERING United Nations Economic overcoming the challenges facing young people inCOMMITTEE Commission for Africa (ECA) Africa. Young people are often the leading innova- P.O. Box 3005ECA serves as the Secretariat of the Post-ADF-V tors in the use and spread of information and com- Addis Ababa, EthiopiaSteering Committee, which follows up on the imple- munications technologies. ECA’s activities in this Tel: +251 11 544 3144 | Fax: +251 11 551 2785mentation of the ADF-V recommendations. The area are guided by the African Information SocietyCommittee consists of the African Union and United Initiative (AISI), a regional framework adopted by E-mail: sverick@uneca.orgNations agencies working in the area of youth, African countries in 1996 aimed at harnessing the Website: UNICEF, UNFPA, ILO, UNDP and the potentials of ICT for socio-economic development.International Organization for Migration. In additionto supporting the popularization, ratification and ECA builds the capacities of youth groups for theimplementation of the African Youth Charter, the implementation of AISI through meetings, forums,Committee is also working with the African Union to workshops and online information and knowledgeimplement activities for the Year of African Youth sharing. A continental Africa Youth Network in the2008. In particular, ECA is providing technical sup- Information Society has also been launched toport to the development of documents and planning coordinate activities at subregional and nationalto help promote both the African Youth Charter and levels (
  • 33. Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) 3 The United Nations Economic Commission RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- GENERATIONS AND for Europe (ECE) strives to foster sustainable RELATED WORK GENDER PROGRAMME economic growth among its 56 Member States located in the European Union (EU), non-EU ECE recognizes that young people represent an ECE is coordinating the Generations and Gender Western and Eastern Europe, South-East Europe, asset upon which the future of any society depends. Programme (GGP) of data collection and research. Central Asia and North America. All these The ECE region is home to about 179 million youth, GGP is a system of national Generations and countries dialogue and cooperate under the aegis representing approximately 15 per cent of the total Gender Surveys (GGS) and contextual databases, of ECE on economic and sectoral issues. To this population. In many countries of the ECE region, which aims at improving the knowledge base for end, ECE provides a forum for analysis, policy young people are facing an erosion of their oppor- policymaking in UNECE countries. The surveys con- advice and assistance to Governments. Through tunities to gain education, employable skills, and a ducted in this programme cover the age range from the development of conventions, norms and decent job and income. It is estimated that 18 mil- 18 to 79 years. Many of the issues studied, however, standards, ECE aims to harmonize action and lion young people in the countries in transition and are specifically relevant for young people, such as facilitate exchanges between Member States. emerging market economies are neither at school the processes of family formation and home-leaving This process results in consumer guarantees of nor in employment. Concerned with this situation, and a broad range of their determinants, including safety and quality, helps protect the environment, ECE launched a youth entrepreneurship programme education, the labour market, housing, intergen- and facilitates trade and the greater integration in the early 2000s which led to two Regional Youth erational relationships and contraception. The GGP of member countries at the regional level and Forums in 2002 and 2003. Currently, ECE’s key contextual database, which includes age-specific also with the global economy. The key areas of engagement on youth is in the area of road safety ini- data on population processes and employment, is expertise of the ECE are economic cooperation tiatives, in recognition of the fact that road accidents a comparative collection of around 200 variables on and integration, energy, environment, housing are the leading cause of death for youth. In addition, the national and regional level for each participating and land management, population, statistics, ECE focuses on improving knowledge for policymak- country. These data serve to complement the micro- timber and forests, trade and transport. ing on issues that directly affect youth. level data collected in the GGS.
  • 34. 3POLICY DISCUSSION ROAD SAFETY electronically to share their ideas and experiences. A number of young delegates have also taken stepsECE organized the conference “How generations and The First United Nations Global Road Safety Week in to implement the Declaration. For example, thegender shape demographic change” in May 2008. April 2007 was organized at the Palais des Nations Canadian delegates set up a national youth com-The event discussed the research findings from the in Geneva jointly by ECE, WHO and the four other mittee for future work on road safety. The ZambianGenerations and Gender Programme and the policy United Nations regional commissions. Targeted at delegate submitted the Declaration to all relevantactions of Governments in the related areas. One young people, including young drivers, the Week ministries (health, community development andpanel session of the conference was specifically commenced with a World Youth Assembly, which transport). In Algeria, the Declaration was printed indevoted to the better integration of young people in was attended by over 400 young people from more national newspapers, and in Belize, the Ministry ofsociety and addressed various facets of transition to than 100 countries. The Assembly culminated in Education agreed to include road safety in primaryadulthood. The keynote paper and the summary of the adoption of a Youth Declaration for Road Safety, and secondary school curricula.this youth-related session are included in the con- which describes the views of young people on whatference proceedings, which are available at: www. they, their parents, teachers, Government leaders and others can do to improve road safety. At the close The full Global Road Safety Week focused on road users, including drivers. Young people are of the Assembly, the Declaration was presented to the President of the United Nations General Assembly. over-represented in road accidents, which are the leading cause of death for people aged between 10- The Youth Assembly also provided the opportunity 24 years. The objectives of the Week were to give a to showcase the results of a youth essay competition voice to youth on the road safety issue, contribute launched by UNICEF on road safety. The momen- to a shift in attitudes and behaviour towards road tum that was generated by the Assembly resulted, safety among young people, encourage and sup- among other things, in an international network of port a cadre of national leaders for road safety and young people who are motivated to address the launch the Youth Declaration for Road Safety. The issue in their countries and are communicating slogan for the Week was “Road safety is no acci-
  • 35. Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) 3 dent”. ECE recognized that creating a network of was issued called Youth in the UNECE Region: KEY PUBLICATIONS AND CD-ROMS young ambassadors for road safety, which can Realities, Challenges and Opportunities, which represent and engage their peers, was one way of represents a collection of the presentations made Publications putting this slogan into action. by participants at this Youth Forum. • Youth of the XXI Century: Realities and Perspectives (2004) REGIONAL YOUTH FORUMS As a follow-up activity in 2003, ECE organized • Youth in the UNECE Region: Realities, the CIS Forum on Youth with the theme “Youth Challenges and Opportunities (2003) The First Regional Forum on Youth was initiated of the 21st century: realities and perspectives” • The Musketeers Conquer the Net—A “Teen” and organized in Geneva in 2002 by ECE in col- in Kiev. The event was held at the invitation of Guide to Getting Online (2003) Available in laboration with the ILO, UNICEF, UNAIDS, UN- the Government of Ukraine in cooperation with English, French, Russian and Spanish DESA and the Office of the High Commissioner the Executive Committee of the Commonwealth for Human Rights. The Forum, with the theme of Independent States (CIS) and with the sup- CD-ROMs “Security, opportunity and prosperity”, included a port of UN-DESA, the ILO, UNAIDS and UNICEF. focus on HIV/AIDS, trafficking/sexual exploitation, • Mission Seagull: A Change of Air! (2004) The Forum was designed to discuss the complex youth empowerment and prevention of violence. Available in English, French, Russian, range of problems facing youth in the CIS coun- German and Spanish The discussions on these issues were based on tries during the difficult period of transition, as • Discover the UN Family and Have Fun! the recognition that the situation regarding HIV/ well as to identify the best possible approaches —From 4 to 94 years (2004) Available in AIDS prevalence in European transition countries and solutions to these problems. English, French and Spanish was alarming in terms of the growth rates of the • Discover the UN and Have Fun!—From 6 to epidemic. Evidence was presented on selected 96 years (2003) Available in English, aspects to which special risk groups (such as French and Russian/Uzbek young refugees, youth soldiers, and other young men and women) are exposed. A publication
  • 36. 3Contact:Mr. Andres VikatFocal Point on YouthChief, Population Activities UnitUnited Nations EconomicCommission for EuropePalais des NationsCH-1211 Geneva 10, SwitzerlandTel: +41 22 917 2468Fax: +41 22 917 0107E-mail: pau@unece.orgWebsite: 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA
  • 37. Economic Commission for Latin America and theEconomic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) 3 The United Nations Economic Commission RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- contrasting youth and adult levels of unemployment, for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) precarious jobs, income levels and educational returns RELATED WORK serves as a knowledge centre in the region. It as well as gender gaps among employed youth. Trends collaborates with its Member States and with Latin America is home to about 100 million youth in the levels of poverty and extreme poverty among a variety of local, national and international who represent 18.5 per cent of the region’s popu- youth and non-youth are monitored and differences institutions in undertaking comprehensive lation. ECLAC recognizes that the prospects for between rural and urban areas as well as indigenous analyses of development processes based these young people differ significantly depending and non-indigenous populations are tracked. ECLAC on in-depth examinations of public policies. on their socio-economic background and whether also analyses the main health problems among the Many of the ECLAC divisions that carry out they come from rural or urban areas. region’s youth population, with a special emphasis these analyses and research tasks also provide on violence, accidents, homicide and drug abuse. In technical assistance, training and information terms of information and communication technology, MONITORING AND RESEARCH services. ECLAC collects data on access to ICT and internet ECLAC is the focal agency for the production of connectivity by age and socio-economic background information and documents regarding youth in Latin of youth. Regarding participation in society and deci- America and the Caribbean. It collects data on the sion-making, special attention is given to the extent to situation of young people and on the opportunities which young people have a sense of belonging, and available to them in several priority areas of the WPAY, their political participation and access to decision- such as education, employment, poverty, health, making by youth. ICT and participation in society and decision-making (social cohesion). In the area of education, ECLAC collects data on enrolment and progression at differ- TECHNICAL COOPERATION ent levels for 15-29 year-olds and compares differ- ECLAC assists Governments to develop social ences by income, ethnicity, gender and geographical protection policies for youth and advocates for the distribution. ECLAC also analyses employment data, promotion of young people’s rights. In addition,
  • 38. Caribbean (ECLAC) 3 ECLAC assists Governments with educational of Reproductive Health in Groups of Afro- Contact: reforms and provides evidence-based policy Descendants Populations in the Caribbean. Focal Point on Youth analysis on a variety of youth-related issues, Social Development Division such as youth and crime and gender aspects. ECLAC is also preparing documentation on Comisión Económica para América Latina y youth for the Iberoamerican Summit and the el Caribe PARTNERSHIPS Iberoamerican Conference of Ministers of Casilla 179-D Youth, including new findings and updated Santiago de Chile, Chile In collaboration with the Iberoamerican Youth information on various aspects of young peo- Tel: +56 2 2102272 | Fax: +56 2 2102523 Organization, an intergovernmental organization ple’s lives in the region. that coordinates all official Government youth E-mail: institutions within the region, ECLAC has pub- Website: KEY PUBLICATIONS lished the most detailed analysis of the situation of youth in Latin America in the last decade: • La Juventud en Iberoamérica: Contact for the Caribbean: La Juventud en Iberoamérica: tendencias y tendencias y urgencias (2004) Karoline Schmid urgencias. • Disability in the Caribbean—A Study of Four ECLAC Subregional Headquarters for Countries: A Socio-demographic Analysis of the Caribbean ECLAC also engages in initiatives related to youth the Disabled (2007) Port of Spain with the UN system and other international • Series of bulletins entitled Desafíos Trinidad and Tobago, W.I. organizations. For example, in collaboration with (Challenges), published jointly by ECLAC and Tel: +1 868 623 5595 | Fax: +1 868 623 8485 UNICEF, a regional conference on children and UNICEF, available at youth is planned in the Caribbean for 2008. • Situación y desafíos de la juventud en E-mail: Together with UNFPA, ECLAC’s subregional Iberoamérica (2008) Website: headquarters for the Caribbean prepared a study on Perspectives of Adolescents on Policies
  • 39. Economic and Social Commission for Asia andEconomic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) 0 The United Nations Economic and Social RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- Through community participation and training net- Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) works that promote life skills, these projects aim to RELATED WORK is the regional development arm of the United promote positive health behaviour among youth. Nations for the Asia-Pacific region. ESCAP ESCAP’s work on youth mainly focuses on the ESCAP also works in the Greater Mekong Subregion carries out work in three main thematic areas: health-related challenges faced by youth in the to reduce drug use among young people and to poverty reduction, managing globalization and region, in particular HIV/AIDS and substance use. engender a supportive legislative environment which tackling emerging social issues. Within ESCAP, ESCAP’s focus on HIV/AIDS and substance use is promotes the diversion of young drug users from the Emerging Social Issues Division (ESID) works based on the recognition that young people, espe- custodial settings to effective treatment provision in on youth issues. The Division adopts a three- cially those living under socially and economically community settings. Particular components of these pronged approach in its work on youth. It raises disadvantaged conditions and those who are out of projects include: awareness on the situation of young people, school, are often poorly equipped to protect them- • Training peer educators and counsellors in youth- assists Governments to develop comprehensive selves from HIV/AIDS, drug abuse and other risks. Furthermore, those who are infected with HIV and/ friendly approaches to prevention and treatment. national youth policies and works directly with young people through concrete projects to or experiencing problematic substance use often • Working with and offering counselling to young address youth development issues. do not have effective and youth-friendly treatment drug users and orphaned and separated youth to and rehabilitation facilities to turn to. ESCAP thus keep away from crime and delinquency. advocates for policy change in these areas and has • Working with youth centres and other organiza- developed a number of related projects. tions to encourage young people at risk of drug use and HIV/AIDS to engage in sports, drama, PROJECTS art, music and other positive leisure-time activities ESCAP has supported projects targeting disadvan- while avoiding risky behaviour. taged youth at risk of HIV/AIDS and substance abuse • Undertaking training and counselling work to in Cambodia, China, the Philippines and Sri Lanka. prevent and treat HIV/AIDS.
  • 40. the Pacific (ESCAP) 1 • Developing evidence on effective community- training of local health workers in psychosocial KEY PUBLICATIONS based life skills interventions as a reference for care and increasing activities aimed at devel- • HIV Prevention among Young People: policy and programme development. oping livelihood skills and generating income. Life Skills Training Kit (2005) • HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care and Support: ENGAGING YOUTH Stories from the Community (2003) • Young People—Partners in HIV/AIDS Prevention (2003) Youth are engaged in these projects in a variety of • Adolescent Substance Use: Risk and Protection (2003) ways. They come to project workshops and meet- • A Tool Kit for Building Capacity for Community-based ings to participate in deliberations and express the Treatment and Continuing Care of Young Drug Users concerns of the group they represent. Young peo- in the Greater Mekong Subregion (2008) ple are also used as peer educators and counsel- lors as well as trainers of trainers with regard to Contact: HIV/AIDS and substance use prevention and treat- Emerging Social Issues Division ment. Finally, the feedback of young people par- United Nations Economic and Social Commission ticipating in projects is used in developing resource for Asia and the Pacific materials and policy recommendations. The United Nations Building, 6th Floor Rajadamnern Nok Avenue POST-TSUNAMI PROJECT Bangkok 10200, Thailand Tel: +66 2 288 1572 | Fax: +66 2 288 1030 ESCAP has a post-tsunami project in Aceh, Indonesia, which seeks to create a more sup- E-mail: portive policy environment and build capacity Website: to support orphans and separated youth in fam- ily and community settings by promoting the
  • 41. Economic and Social Commission for WesternEconomic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) 2 The United Nations Economic and Social RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) RELATED WORK ESCWA undertakes situation analyses and base- promotes economic and social development through regional and subregional cooperation ESCWA monitors the implementation of the line studies to assess and understand the set- and integration. It formulates and promotes World Programme of Action for Youth in the ting, the problems, the goals and the percep- development assistance activities and projects Arab region. ESCWA’s work on youth is based tions of youth in the countries and subregions commensurate with the needs and priorities of on the recognition that the future development that comprise the Arab region. It conducts the region and acts as an executing agency for of the region will hinge greatly on the ability of research to identify groups of vulnerable youth relevant operational projects. countries to take advantage of a demographic and analyses the situation of the region’s young “window of opportunity” that can potentially people in the areas of education, employment, promote higher rates of economic growth. poverty, health and their impact on decision- This window is created by a sharp decline in making. Special attention is paid to the situation fertility and infant mortality over the past two of girls and young women. decades, which is leading to an increase in the proportion of the working age population (15 ESCWA organizes expert group meetings to con- to 60 years) relative to the dependent population tribute to these analyses. These meetings serve in the younger and older age groups over the to exchange lessons learned and good practices next few decades. The ability of countries in and help to generate a regional strategy to inte- the region to take advantage of this opportunity grate youth in the development process. depends on whether young people entering the workforce are healthy, educated, and skilled Based on these situation analyses, ESCWA and whether adequate investments are made to makes policy recommendations geared at expand productive capacity and create jobs. improving the well-being of youth. In the area
  • 42. Asia (ESCWA) 3of HIV/AIDS, in particular, ESCWA attempts to NGOs. The website’s aim is to stimulate KEY PUBLICATIONSinfluence the extent of inequity and exclusion in communication and cooperation among ESCWA’s Population and Development Report—the formulation of youth HIV policy. To promote youth NGOs in the region. The Arab Youth The Demographic Window: An Opportunity forsocial equity and security, ESCWA is developing Directory can be accessed at www.escwa. Development in the Arab Countriesmodels to integrate young people into national plans and programmes. Contact: UN-ESCWASOCIAL POLICY BRIEFS P.O. Box 11-8575 Riad el-Solh SquareESCWA publishes a series of Social Policy Briefs. Beirut, LebanonThe aim of the briefs is to raise awareness of the Tel: + 961 1 981301 | Fax: + 961 1 981510significance of age-structural transitions, and ofthe “youth bulge” in particular, for development Website:in Arab countries and to bring information on this www.escwa.un.orgemerging issue into the policymaking process Arab countries. In addition, the Social PolicyBriefs are intended to promote the implementa-tion of World Programme of Action of Youth.ARAB YOUTH DIRECTORYESCWA has established the Arab YouthDirectory, a website on and for Arab youth
  • 43. International Fund for Agricultural DevelopmentInternational Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) The International Fund for Agricultural RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- Egypt and Syria, among others, IFAD supports Development (IFAD) is dedicated to eradicating projects to promote enterprise development RELATED WORK rural poverty and hunger in developing countries among youth in mainly agro-processing and by empowering poor rural women and men in IFAD-supported programmes are based on marketing activities in high-value agricultural developing countries to achieve higher incomes the recognition that in many of the poorest export sectors. These projects include creating and improved food security. Through low-interest developing countries young people represent a links to financial institutions as well as to agri- loans and grants, IFAD develops and finances large proportion of the rural population. IFAD’s cultural exporters. Some projects also promote programmes and projects that enable poor commitment to enable poor rural people to apprenticeship opportunities. The projects are rural people, including rural youth, to overcome overcome poverty is therefore highly dependent implemented through community development poverty themselves, for example, by increasing on finding ways for young women and men organizations, which take the lead in identifying their access to financial services, markets, in rural areas to use their productive capacity young participants. IFAD has also supported technology, land and other resources. and energy. the establishment of rural banks in Benin that provided much-needed finance for enterprise PROJECTS development among youth. IFAD supports projects in many countries to In other countries, such as in Haiti and Nigeria, promote rural youth employment and address IFAD’s projects and programmes contribute rural food security and poverty. These include to poverty reduction through diversifying and skills training and vocational training for young increasing incomes and improving food security. women and men in deprived rural areas. Participants are poor rural people living below the In Uganda, for example, IFAD, through the poverty line, which includes households headed Belgian Survival Fund, supported the Uganda by youth. Women’s Effort to Save Orphans to provide skills training to AIDS orphans. In Rwanda,
  • 44. (IFAD) Several IFAD-supported projects also sup- YOUTH AND IFAD’S Contact: port the demilitarization and reintegration of FARMERS’ FORUM Maria Hartl former rebels and child soldiers, for example, Technical Advisory Division in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rural youth organizations and farmers’ International Fund for Agricultural Development in Rwanda. organizations, which also include young peo- (IFAD) ple, participate in IFAD’s Farmers’ Forum. Via del Serafico 107 EMPHASIS ON YOUNG WOMEN The Farmers’ Forum is a bottom-up process 00142 Rome, Italy of consultation and dialogue among small Tel: +39 06 5459 2455 | Fax: +39 06 5459 3455 In many countries, lack of alternatives is the main farmers and rural producers’ organizations, reason given for very high levels of marriage and IFAD and Governments, which focuses on E-mail: childbearing among rural adolescent girls and rural development and poverty reduction. Website: young women. Activities for young women, in par- ticular income-generating activities and skills train- ing, are therefore a major component of IFAD’s gender programme. IFAD-supported programmes and projects in countries in transition in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States are addressing the trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation. Projects identify the needs of poor rural women and girls and reduce their vul- nerability by enabling them to find fairly paid work or start small businesses of their own.
  • 45. International Labour Organization (ILO)International Labour Organization (ILO) The International Labour Organization (ILO) is RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- DEFINING THE YOUTH the tripartite UN agency that brings together RELATED WORK EMPLOYMENT AGENDA Governments, employers and workers of its Member States in common action to promote The ILO is actively engaged in promoting decent Recognizing that a failure to integrate young people decent work throughout the world. The ILO is employment opportunities for youth. Youth successfully into the labour market has broader con- devoted to advancing opportunities for women represent 44 per cent of the total unemployed, sequences for the future prosperity and development and men to obtain decent and productive work although they only make up 25 per cent of the of countries, the ILO’s constituents (Governments, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and working-age population. Many young people workers and employers’ organizations) adopted a human dignity. Its main aims are to promote cannot afford to be unemployed and must take resolution on youth employment in June 2005, which rights at work, encourage decent employment any employment they can find. The result is an spelled out an “ILO plan of action to promote path- opportunities, enhance social protection and estimated 125 million young working poor. Youth ways to decent work” which now guides most of the strengthen dialogue in handling work-related employment therefore features prominently on ILO’s work in the domain of youth employment. issues. the international development agenda and is a Almost every branch of the organization deals in one major focus of the Millennium Development Goals way or another with issues directly related to youth. (MDGs). Both developing and developed Besides employment, ILO focuses on youth as an economies are confronted with the challenge of integral part of the ILO’s efforts to promote social creating decent and sustainable jobs for the large protection, labour standards and social dialogue cohort of young women and men entering the between representatives of employers, workers and labour market every year. Governments.
  • 46. THE YOUTH EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT INITIATIVES HIV/AIDS AND THE WORKPLACEPROGRAMME (YEP) FOR Ex-COMBATANTS To the extent that youth are among the peopleThe ILO’s Youth Employment Programme (YEP) Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration bearing the direct or indirect consequences ofis an intra-departmental “umbrella” programme programmes have increasingly had to deal with AIDS, they are beneficiaries and participants ofthat coordinates ILO action on youth employment. situations where the majority of ex-combatants specific ILO initiatives and programmes aimed at HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support inIts activities include advocacy and awareness- are young people. These latter require specific the workplace. AIDS is a workplace issue notraising for youth employment issues (with the actions and measures addressing their needs. only because it affects labour and productivity,specific goal of promoting employability, employ- The ILO has provided policy advice and training but also because the workplace has a vital rolement creation and workers rights), broadening programmes tailored to this specific group. In to play in the wider struggle to limit the spreadthe knowledge base on youth employment, Kosovo, for instance, the ILO implemented a pilot and effects of the epidemic. HIV/AIDS threatensproviding services for the ILO’s constituents, integrated employment and training programme the livelihoods of many workers and those whodrafting and implementing strategies to promote to deal with the training and employment needs depend on them—families, communities andyouth employment, and coordinating the techni- of youth in a post-conflict situation, including enterprises, and it also weakens national econo-cal assistance work carried out by the ILO field demobilized young combatants. The programme mies. Discrimination and stigmatization againstoffices and headquarters. included cost-sharing arrangements with private women and men with HIV threaten fundamental enterprises hiring young people who were at risk principles and rights at work, and undermine of discrimination and social exclusion. efforts for prevention and care.
  • 47. International Labour Organization (ILO)International Labour Organization (ILO) ENGAGING YOUTH foster interactions with academic KEY PUBLICATIONS institutions are also in place. An The ILO aims at increasing young people’s partici- • Global Employment Trends for Youth (2006, 2008) internship programme and the • Youth Unemployment and Employment Policy (2001) pation as essential stakeholders in social dialogue. Associated Experts Programme offer It also has a variety of initiatives to strengthen • Youth: pathways to decent work. Background young professionals the chance to report of the International Labour Conference, 93rd young people’s participation in the democratic life work for the organization. of societies, often through direct collaboration with Session (2005) its constituents. For example, the ILO encourages • Stimulating youth entrepreneurship: barriers and young people’s direct participation in trade unions incentives to enterprise start-ups by young people (2006) and employers organizations. Moreover, when • Guide for the preparation of National Action Plans on developing National Action Plans on youth employ- Youth Employment (2008) ment—or youth employment-related policies in general—the ILO explicitly advises countries to Contact: involve youth groups. Another example is within the HIV/AIDS and the workplace programmes in International Labour Organization which organizations of young people are called to 4 route des Morillons participate in meetings. CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland Tel: +41 22 799 6111 | Fax: +41 22 798 8685 The ILO periodically organizes visiting tours of its headquarters for students from secondary school E-mail: and universities. Students have the chance to get Website: acquainted with the ILO’s structure and organiza- tion and to meet personally and exchange ideas with ILO professionals. Several programmes to
  • 48. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA
  • 49. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDSJoint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 0 The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/ RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- Secretariat, in partnership with the World AIDS AIDS (UNAIDS) is an innovative joint venture Campaign, has a large programme on youth RELATED WORK of the United Nations family. It brings together campaigning and outreach with financial sup- the efforts and resources of 10 UN system Young people are at the centre of the global HIV port from UNFPA. UNAIDS also advocates for organizations to the global AIDS response epidemic. It is estimated that 5.4 million youth adequate access for adolescents to confidential covering HIV prevention, treatment, care and are living with HIV, 58.5 per cent of them female. sexual and reproductive health services, includ- support for people living with HIV and their More than one third of the estimated 6,800 new ing information about sex, sexuality, prevention families. infections each day are among youth. Despite of unwanted pregnancy and prevention of sexu- the high numbers of young people living with ally transmitted infections, including HIV. HIV, youth-friendly services, such as access to HIV information to prevent future transmission of STRATEGIC INFORMATION HIV among this group, and adequate health and social support services, are insufficient. There AND POLICIES is still a need to mobilize policy makers, parents, UNAIDS provides strategic information and media and faith-based organizations to influ- policies to leaders, policymakers and planners ence public opinions and policies on HIV and worldwide to guide the AIDS response with young people. actions that must be taken to stop the spread of HIV infections. It also provides Governments ADVOCACY AND CAMPAIGNING and other stakeholders with practical guidance to tailor their national HIV prevention response The UNAIDS Secretariat facilitates increased par- in different epidemic scenarios to the specific ticipation of young people in international AIDS HIV prevention needs of young people (see key conferences around the world. The UNAIDS publications 1 and 2).
  • 50. (UNAIDS) 1 TRACKING, MONITORING of the Scout Movement, World Association of Girl The UNAIDS Secretariat works in more than 85 AND EVALUATION Guides and Girl Scouts, International Federation countries worldwide and has seven regional support of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the teams. At the regional and national level, the UNAIDS UNAIDS tracks, monitors and evaluates the AIDS epi- International Award Association. Secretariat organizes a range of activities and pro- demic among young people. The UNAIDS Secretariat grammes on HIV and young people in collabora- has prepared guidelines and supported countries to UNAIDS also mobilizes financial, human and techni- tion with its co-sponsors and/or with national and report on the progress made on the implementation cal resources to support an effective AIDS response international partners. In collaboration with UNFPA of the United Nations General Assembly Special among young people. It supports advocacy efforts and other co-sponsors, the UNAIDS Secretariat is Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS) through a set of by developing partnerships with civil society and producing documentation on what works in joint indicators on young people. The UNGASS reports mobilizing leadership among youth. programmes on HIV and young people in order to received by the UNAIDS Secretariat are used to better coordinate harmonized programming among prepare the Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, In addition, the UNAIDS Secretariat in collabora- partners at country level on HIV and young people. which includes data disaggregated by sex and age tion with UNFPA has formed a partnership with and allows effective tracking of resources and the “Designers Against AIDS” to educate young people ENGAGING YOUTH programmatic response on HIV and young people. on AIDS through a clothing line launched by the clothing retailer HM. The clothing line, “Fashion Young people are important stakeholders in all ESTABLISHING PARTNERSHIPS Against AIDS”, aims to alert young people to AIDS aspects of the work of the UNAIDS Secretariat. The The UNAIDS Secretariat works very closely with, and to make them think about prevention and caring senior management team of the UNAIDS Secretariat and provides technical support to, the Alliance for themselves and their loved ones. All clothing tags has made a commitment to include young people at of Youth Chief Executive Officers. The Alliance and materials direct youth to the Designers Against all the major meetings, consultations and events on is represented by the Chief Executive Officers AIDS website ( where HIV in order to provide a platform for a meaningful of the World Alliance of YMCAs, World Young they can buy products, join the community and learn dialogue between young people and adult lead- Women’s Christian Association, World Organization more about HIV prevention. ers on HIV. In addition, the UNAIDS Programme
  • 51. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDSJoint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 2 Coordinating Board is providing a platform for expres- KEY PUBLICATIONS sion for networks of young people. Networks of young • Intensifying HIV prevention: a UNAIDS people are also members of the Global UNAIDS policy position paper (2005) Interagency Task Team on young people and HIV. • UNAIDS practical guidelines for intensifying HIV prevention: towards universal access (2007) UNAIDS aims to strengthen the coordination among • Preventing HIV/AIDS in young people: evidence youth networks, and provide them with the necessary from developing countries on what works. A summary skills and space to influence the global agenda on of the WHO Technical Report Series No. 938 (2006) young people and HIV. In this context, the Secretariat • HIV/AIDS and human rights—young people take action. A has provided both technical and financial support to the kit of ideas for youth organizations (UNESCO/UNAIDS, 2001) Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS and to the World • Global guidance briefs on HIV and young people (2008) Scientific Congress of the World Scouts Movement. Contact: UNAIDS has initiated a Special Youth Programme, UNAIDS Secretariat modelled on UNFPA’s Special Youth Programme, in 20, Avenue Appia which two young people from developing countries CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland are selected for a nine-month remunerated fellow- Tel: +41 22 791 3666 | Fax: +41 22 791 4187 ship to work within the UNAIDS Secretariat in Geneva and also in the UNAIDS country offices in E-mail: (to request UNAIDS publications) their home countries. The main objective of the Website: programme is to build the leadership skills and capacity of young people to contribute to the AIDS response, especially at the country level.
  • 52. (UNAIDS)2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 3
  • 53. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- izes the Junior 8 (J8) Summits each year with the advocates for the protection of children’s rights, RELATED WORK host Government of the G8 Summit. The Junior 8 helps meet their basic needs and expands their is held parallel to the G8 Summit of world leaders. opportunities to reach their full potential. In its When they are appreciated as sources of energy, Over the course of several days, young people work, UNICEF is guided by the Convention on imagination and passion, young people flourish and take part in workshops, round-table discussions the Rights of the Child, the most widely ratified so do their communities. UNICEF recognizes that and participatory exercises to help them discuss human rights treaty in history. While UNICEF’s young people are speaking out and taking active and agree on the priority issues and recommen- focus is on children, defined as those 0-18 years leadership roles throughout society. These young dations that are on the G8 agenda. At the end of old, it pays special attention to adolescents (10- leaders are making a difference in their communi- their discussions, the J8 delegates write a joint 18 years). ties, campaigning in their schools and are key activ- communiqué outlining their conclusions and rec- ists for child rights. They are representing the con- ommendations, which is presented to the G8 cerns and views of their peers in forums from youth leaders in a face-to-face dialogue. The J8 seeks parliaments to international meetings, and engag- to synthesize and reflect the major national and ing in inter-generational dialogues with adults in key regional agendas put forward by young people, in decision-making positions. UNICEF works with and its attempt towards global advocacy as part of the for adolescents to promote their rights to meaning- G8 summit process. Over the past three years, ful participation and positive development. the Junior 8 Summit has helped to put forward the views and recommendations of young people PROMOTING YOUNG PEOPLE’S to the G8 leaders and to advocate for these recom- ENGAGEMENT—THE JUNIOR 8 mendations to be taken into account in decision- making on global issues. The main topics that SUMMITS have been included in the J8 agenda in the past To ensure the participation of young people in the years have included education, HIV/AIDS, climate highest levels of decision-making, UNICEF organ- change, development in Africa, tolerance and
  • 54. global health—which were the topics of discussion provides thousands of young people from over 180 • Education: UNICEF focuses on providingamong the G8 leaders during their summits. countries with an opportunity to self-inform, engage in education in emergency situations, second chanceParticipants to the Junior 8 Summit include teams lively debate, and partner with their peers and decision- primary education, non-formal education, life-skillsof young people representing the G8 countries makers to create a world fit for children. Voices of Youth education and girls’ education. UNICEF is theas well as a delegation of young people from non- is available in Arabic, English, French and Spanish at lead agency of the United Nations Girls EducationG8 countries representing the various regions Initiative.of the world. Participants are encouraged to • Environment: UNICEF is concerned about thebring their experiences back to their youth organi- FOCUS ON HIV/AIDS impact of climate change on the health andzations and communities. This collectivelysupports the creation of a stronger J8 community, UNICEF is very active in the area of children and economic opportunities for young people. Throughjoint advocacy for social transformation and active adolescents and HIV/AIDS. In close collaboration UNICEF programmes, young people have access tocivic engagement. More information is available at with partners, UNICEF provides support to treatment for respiratory illnesses and scale up efforts to prevent mother-to-child diseases and receive support for livelihoods and transmission of HIV, to promote paediatric HIV skills-development for meaningful employment. diagnosis and treatment, the protection, care and The Child Friendly Cities Initiative in partnershipVOICES OF YOUTH with UN-HABITAT aims to create safe spaces and support for children affected by AIDS, and theOne of UNICEF’s best-known youth initiatives is the prevention of HIV transmission in adolescents in opportunities for participation for children andVoices of Youth (VOY) website. Since 1995, VOY has over 100 countries. adolescents in the world’s most rapidly urbanizingfocused on exploring the educational and community- environments.building potential of the Internet, and facilitating the COVERAGE OF OTHER • Substance use: UNICEF promotes the preventionactive and substantive participation of young people in AREAS OF THE WPAY of substance abuse and works with adolescentsdiscussions on child rights and development-related who engage in injecting drug use, particularly inissues. Through web boards, interactive quizzes, youth UNICEF’s activities span most areas of the WPAY. situations with high HIV/AIDS infection rates.leadership profiles, live chats and more, Voices of Youth Examples include:
  • 55. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) • Justice for children and adolescents: UNICEF Contact: promotes respect for the rights of children in Adolescent Development and Participation Unit conflict with the law and the effective application of Division of Policy and Practice international protective measures for young people UNICEF involved with the justice system. 3 United Nations Plaza • Girls and young women: To promote the rights New York, NY 10017, USA of girls and young women, UNICEF focuses on Tel: +1 212 326 7000 | Fax: +1 212 887 7465 girls’ empowerment through education, life-skills education and participation. UNICEF also has E-Mail: initiatives to combat harmful traditional practices Website: such as female genital mutilation and child marriage. • Armed conflict: UNICEF assists youth in armed conflict through the demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers, by promoting non- formal education, life skills and vocational training, and by making the voices of young people affected by conflict heard.
  • 56. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA
  • 57. United Nations Development Fund for WomenUnited Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) The United Nations Development Fund for RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay”. The Women (UNIFEM) provides financial and project, with a duration from 2007 to 2010, aims RELATED WORK technical assistance to innovative programmes at consolidating the political agenda of young and strategies to foster women’s empowerment UNIFEM’s target population spans the range from women in these countries and at expanding and gender equality. Placing the advancement young women (adolescents) to older women. their opportunities to influence decision-making of the human rights of women at the centre of UNIFEM recognizes, however, that due to the processes. By building the knowledge base all of its efforts, UNIFEM focuses its activities on double discrimination they suffer based on their and the capacity of young women activists, four strategic areas: reducing feminized poverty; gender and age, young women face particular organizations, and networks to advocate ending violence against women; reversing the challenges in the areas of poverty, education, effectively for their human rights and citizenship spread of HIV/AIDS among women and girls; employment, migration, health, and participation in different arenas, UNIFEM hopes the project and achieving gender equality in democratic in decision-making. It is therefore vital that will help to achieve its ultimate goal of promoting governance in times of peace as well as war. public policies and legislation targeting young gender equality in democratic governance. UNIFEM’s work is guided by the priorities set in people take into account a gender perspective, the Beijing Platform for Action, the Convention and, likewise, that public policies and legislation Various strategies are being adopted to achieve to Eliminate All Forms of Discrimination Against targeting women take into account a youth the goals of the project: Women and the Millennium Development perspective. Goals. • Production and dissemination of information and knowledge: Since there is a need for a greater PROJECTS insight into the realities, perceptions, needs and demands of young women, quantitative One example of UNIFEM’s activities focusing and qualitative research is conducted in all specifically on younger women is the project programme countries. “Young women as citizens: strengthening young women’s leadership and networking in Argentina, • Strengthening young women’s empowerment
  • 58. (UNIFEM) and leadership: Young women participating in the communities about the causes and consequences Contact: project take part in workshops which question of sexual violence through a communications UNIFEM traditional power relations, power structures and campaign. 304 East 45th Street, 15th Floor political processes. The workshops also provide A grant from UNIFEM’s Trust Fund to End Violence New York, NY 10017, USA young women with advocacy tools and strategies. Against Women has helped finance educational Tel: +1 212 906 6400 | Fax: +1 212 906 6705 Participants learn to identify challenges and materials and brochures for adolescents in the opportunities to influence existing power relations, Commonwealth of Independent States which Website: structures and processes. explain how trafficking of women can happen and • Small grants to young women-led projects: To ways to prevent it. strengthen young women’s organizations and networks, a Small Grants Fund supports local innovative initiatives on women’s rights and citizenship. Young women who participate in the capacity-development workshops are encouraged to present proposals to the Fund to enable them to put their newly gained skills into practice. UNIFEM also participates in an inter-agency project in Haiti that aims to build national capacity in the areas of prevention and care for women and girls who have suffered sexual violence. The project facilitates women’s and girls’ access to medical, psycho-social and legal assistance and educates
  • 59. Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR)(UNDP)United Nations Development Programme 0 The Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- ACTIVITIES (BCPR) is the practice leader for crisis preven- RELATED WORK tion and recovery within the United Nations The BCPR initiative—Youth Programming in Development Programme (UNDP). A repository In the context of its conflict prevention and recovery Conflict Prevention and Recovery—which was for tools, methods and experience, BCPR sup- work, UNDP is working extensively for, and with, launched in 2005 has the following objectives: ports country offices and advises UNDP Senior youth at the country level. Examples of UNDP’s Management on issues related to conflict preven- youth-related work include the promotion of youth • To gain a better understanding of UNDP tion and recovery, natural disaster risk reduction employment and youth volunteerism, programmes experience in working with youth in the context of and recovery and cross-cutting issues, such as aimed at increasing young people’s participation conflict prevention and recovery. early recovery and gender equality. BCPR works and voice, support to the development of youth • To identify key areas and/or roles for which closely with UNDP country offices and, through policies, and the promotion of social cohesion, UNDP has a particular value added vis-à-vis other them, with their national counterparts, by pro- cross-cultural communication and a culture of actors. viding technical assistance, best practices and non-violence among youth. • To capture lessons learned from UNDP experience financial resources in support of their prevention in working with youth. and recovery activities. BCPR works to ensure The Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery that UNDP long-term development policies and (BCPR) has recognized the need for knowledge • To develop programming guidance for UNDP programmes incorporate opportunities for disas- codification and cross-country learning on this and partners. ter reduction and conflict prevention. BCPR is issue, and has embarked on a sustained global effort to develop a better understanding of the In order to achieve these objectives, a number of also responsible for ensuring that UNDP’s com- youth-violence linkage and its programmatic activities have been undertaken over the past three mitment to gender equality is reflected through- implications. years, namely: out its crisis prevention and recovery work.
  • 60. 1• Publication of the report Youth and Violent Building on these experiences, as well as KEY PUBLICATIONSConflict: Society and Development in Crisis? (2006). additional resources and inputs, BCPR is • Youth and Violent Conflict: Society andThe report reviews existing analytical and policy now moving towards the development of a Development in Crisis? (2006),frameworks, and provides a preliminary mapping of “How to” Guide on Youth and Violence, available at strategies and programming efforts put in which is expected to be completed in 2008. UNDP_Youth_PN.pdfplace by UNDP and partners, and identifies gaps andareas in need of further reflection. Contact:• Development of case studies, each reviewing a Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recoveryspecific UNDP programme on youth in Cyprus, El United Nations Development ProgrammeSalvador, Kosovo and Liberia. 1 UN Plaza New York, NY 10017 USA• E-discussion on Youth programming in crisis Tel +1 212 906 6616 | Fax +1 212 906 6887prevention and recovery” (30 April–15 May 2007).The e-discussion brought together a selected number E-mail: bcpr@undp.orgof UNDP practitioners with extensive experience on Website: topic, as well as a limited number of non-UNDPexperts, and explored the rationale, value addedand challenges of UNDP in youth programming.• Desk Review of over 20 UNDP youth-relatedprogrammes.
  • 61. Human Development Report Office (HDRO)(UNDP)United Nations Development Programme 2 The Human Development Report Office (HDRO), RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- ENGAGING YOUTH based at the United Nations Development RELATED WORK The entire process of creating the youth version Programme (UNDP), annually produces the Human Development Report in which it addresses Recognizing that the Human Development of the Human Development Report is managed a topic of global relevance. Topics covered in the Report is addressed to policymakers and that by young people. They are in charge of writing, past include climate change, water, international its messages may need to be tailored to its designing and editing the brochure. cooperation, cultural liberty, the Millennium young readers, HDRO produces a youth version Development Goals and democracy. of the global Human Development Report in To find young people to contribute to the brochure, cooperation with civil society organizations. These a letter is sent to youth organizations and youth youth versions are short, colourful summaries networks around the world, explaining the key of the main report. Past brochures have been messages of the main Human Development widely distributed and were successfully received Report and asking young people to participate by youth organizations and UN agencies as in the youth brochure’s task force. Youth who important advocacy and learning tools. have signed up can contribute stories, paintings, poems, videos and reports related to the Report’s theme. The best contributors are invited to work with UNDP officials and civil society partners on editing the final brochure. To sign up for the task force to work on future editions, send an e-mail to
  • 62. 3 KEY PUBLICATIONS Past editions of the youth brochure can be found at publications/title,1280,en.html (2007 edition) title,1058,en.html (2006 edition) Contact: Human Development Report Office United Nations Development Programme 304 E. 45th Street, 12th Floor New York, NY 10017, USA Tel: +1 212 906 3661 | Fax: +1 212 906 36772005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA E-mail: Website:
  • 63. United Nations Educational, Scientific andUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) With the ultimate goal of building peace, the RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- by taking targeted actions for young people in all United Nations Educational, Scientific and spheres of its work. RELATED WORK Cultural Organization (UNESCO) promotes international cooperation among its Member Youth has always been a major focus in UNESCO’s UNESCO YOUTH SECTION: ACTING States in the fields of education, natural programmes. UNESCO was the first agency of the WITH AND FOR YOUTH sciences, social and human sciences, culture UN system to define and develop specific pro- and communication. grammes for young people. Youth-specific activi- ties are developed by the UNESCO Section for FOSTERING YOUTH PARTICIPATION: Youth, Sport and Physical Education (in the Sector UNESCO YOUTH FORUMS of Social and Human Sciences), with an emphasis The UNESCO Youth Section stimulates youth partic- on youth participation and intercultural dialogue. ipation based on the conviction that no one is better The UNESCO Youth Section stimulates youth suited to identify the issues of importance to youth participation and lends youth organizations, move- within UNESCO’s fields of work than young people ments and associations technical support to imple- themselves. UNESCO not only encourages youth ment youth-led initiatives. In addition, through participation in its programmatic work, but also youth focal points in each specialized sector of promotes participation through its biennial Youth the organization (education, culture, communica- Forum. The UNESCO Youth Forums, held since tion and information, natural sciences), UNESCO’s 1999, have been institutionalized as an integral part work also focuses on access to and quality of of all sessions of the UNESCO General Conference, education and explores youth cultures and iden- UNESCO’s highest decision-making body, and have tities, as well as young people’s interaction with the environment, science and culture in general. become an important mechanism for channel- For the next medium-term strategy 2008-2013, ling young people’s voices into the organization’s UNESCO is reinforcing its commitment to youth work. The Forum fosters intercultural dialogue and
  • 64. Cultural Organization (UNESCO) encourages participants and youth organizations Section has developed a set of guidelines covering DEVELOPING NETWORKS ANDto develop networks and partnerships. Following policy formulation, implementation and monitoring PARTNERSHIPS WITH YOUTH NGOSthe recommendations of the 2005 UNESCO Youth and evaluation. The organization has also producedForum, the Youth Section also organized or co- good practice examples of youth-adult partnerships The UNESCO Youth Section works closely with aorganized a series of UNESCO regional youth as well as a series of training and capacity- variety of international, regional and local youthforums in the Pacific, Euro-Mediterranean region, building modules highlighting the requirements of and student organizations to identify, test andAsia, Americas and Africa. and challenges involved in “mainstreaming” the implement youth-initiated ideas and innovative rights and needs of young people. For example, approaches. Through regional listservs and aThe Youth Forums provide a unique space for the Section has implemented an “Adolescent girls directory of youth-led and/or youth-servicinginteraction that is of immense value to young breaking the poverty cycle” project, which seeks organizations entitled “Who is who”, the Youthpeople with vision and initiative. Bringing together to empower marginalized girls in Bangladesh, Section stimulates networking across borders,young delegates from all over the world to exchange India, Nepal and Pakistan through a broad-based continents and cultures and encourages youth toviews, share experiences, reflect together and, capacity-building programme and the formulation get involved and make their voices heard.above all, detect common preoccupations and of policy guidelines to ensure equal developmentproblems, the Forums allow youth to form networks opportunities for girls and young women living in PREVENTING YOUTH VIOLENCEand partnerships on issues that are of particular poverty. Young people participate in this project’srelevance to them. implementation as monitors and evaluators. IN CENTRAL AMERICA The UNESCO Youth Section also has an intersectoral Furthermore, following up on UNESCO regional programme on youth violence (Maras) prevention inPROMOTING YOUTH POLICIES Youth Forums, the Section increasingly works Central America. Four major projects are underwayIn order to support Member States in the development at the regional level on youth participation in in El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala and Hondurasand implementation of integrated national youth the development of regional youth agendas in cooperation with national authorities, while apolicies and programmes, the UNESCO Youth and policies. fifth will be launched in Ecuador.
  • 65. United Nations Educational, Scientific andUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) RAISING AWARENESS ON HIV/AIDS EDUCATION innovative educational approaches and materials to develop young people’s capacities. UNESCO is one of the co-sponsors of UNAIDS and Today’s challenge in education is to prepare is the lead organization for HIV prevention among unprecedented numbers of young people and adults young people in education institutions. UNESCO’s for further learning and sustainable livelihoods. NATURAL SCIENCES work in this area includes developing educational UNESCO promotes quality education at the post- UNESCO’s natural sciences sector promotes information and advocacy tools in cooperation primary levels by assisting policymakers, curriculum national and regional science and technology with young people; advocating for appropriate developers, trainers and teachers to reform national policies and capacity-building in the sciences, learning opportunities for youth; supporting education systems. For learners who are outside engineering and renewable energy. It also youth participation in HIV and AIDS policy and the formal school system and disadvantaged youth, implements programmes designed to respond programming; and creating partnerships with youth UNESCO advocates flexible secondary-level learning to the international goals and challenges of organizations to involve and empower young people opportunities. To translate innovative ideas into climate change, gender equality, the eradication to make informed choices, take action and develop concrete action, UNESCO organizes seminars and of poverty and sustainable development, in responsible attitudes and behaviour. workshops for policymakers and conducts research particular in small island developing States. In this into emerging trends and challenges for education sense, UNESCO is supporting the Youth Visioning at the national, regional and international levels. for Island Living process. In this programme YOUTH-RELATED PROJECTS IN UNESCO’S SECTORS UNESCO also has a large number of projects in young people living in small islands work to countries around the world to promote access to quality secondary education for all. These projects implement their visions, proposals and plans for While the main UNESCO youth programme is run range from integrating disadvantaged groups and helping their islands develop. Youth Visioning by the Youth Section within the social and human girls into school, promoting ICT-based secondary seeks to build capacity among island youth, to sciences sector, a series of youth-related projects education and stimulating an entrepreneurial spirit give youth a voice in sustainable development have been developed by youth focal points in in secondary schooling. The Associated Schools matters, and to make positive changes at the local UNESCO’s various specialized sectors. Project network provides a platform to identify and national levels.
  • 66. Cultural Organization (UNESCO) KEY PUBLICATIONS • UNESCO’s commitment to youth—the Youth Forum (2004)CULTURE are promoting the free flow of ideas and universal • Assessing youth empowerment through access to information, promoting the expression peer-group monitoring and evaluation (2007)UNESCO’s overall goal in the area of culture is of pluralism and cultural diversity in the media • Empowering youth through national policies—to promote cultural diversity and dialogue among and world information networks, and promot- UNESCO’s contribution (2004)peoples. The organization notably contributes to ing access for all to ICTs. In this perspective, • All different, all unique: young people and the UNESCOmutual cultural understanding through the Young UNESCO’s Infoyouth International Information and Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2004)Digital Creators project. This UNESCO initiative was Data Exchange Network on Youth was initiated in • Youth, HIV/AIDS and human rights—young people takelaunched in 2003 to encourage communities to build order to meet two main challenges: the necessity action. A kit of ideas for youth organizationstheir own creative learning environments through to counteract the splintering of various and scat- (UNESCO/UNAIDS, 2001)the use of digital tools and online applications. The tered information sources and networks on youth,Youth PATH (Poverty Alleviation through Tourism UNESCO’s social and human sciences sector magazine, and the urgent need to implement appropriateand Heritage) project actively involves youth from SHSViews, No. 17, with a special file entitled “Young and coherent youth policies from local to globalthe Caribbean in both the preservation of the natural people—making tomorrow’s world” as well as Issue 164 levels. Among the main objectives of the Infoyouthand cultural heritage and the economic development of the International Social Science Journal on “Youth in Network are spreading worldwide data, experi-of their islands. The project focuses on building or transition” can be downloaded at ences and analyses on which national and inter-strengthening the capacities, knowledge and skills of national youth policies are based through the use Contact:young people to conserve and manage natural and of new communication and information technolo-cultural heritage properties while creating employment Section for Youth, Sport Physical Education | UNESCO gies; improving awareness and understanding ofavenues for them. 7, place Fontenoy the problems and expectations of young people in different types of societies; and backing innovative 75352 Paris 07 SP, FranceCOMMUNICATION projects aimed at stimulating the active participa- Tel: +33 1 4568 0949 | Fax: +33 1 4568 5790The three principal strategic objectives of the com- tion of young people in the political, economic and E-mail: cultural life of society. Website: and information sector’s programmes
  • 67. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) The United Nations Environment Programme RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- strategy aimed at promoting the participation of (UNEP) acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and children and youth in environmental activities. RELATED WORK facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable It consolidates all UNEP’s activities for young development of the global environment. To Deteriorating environmental conditions have a people into a unified global programme accomplish this, UNEP works with a wide profound effect on young people’s health as implemented through the Children and Youth Unit range of partners, including United Nations well as on their socio-economic situation. It is of UNEP’s Division of Communications and Public entities, international organizations, national therefore important to have the concerns of young Information. Governments, non-governmental organizations, people on environmental issues heard, and also the private sector and civil society. to engage them in actions that help to mitigate The Tunza strategy focuses on four thematic areas: environmental challenges. UNEP engages young awareness creation and information exchange, people in environmental activities in order to foster capacity-building, and youth participation in a generation of environmentally conscious citizens, decision-making. All Tunza activities have an capable of positive action. UNEP recognizes the emphasis on the involvement and participation of critical role young people can and must play in girls and young women and concerted efforts are addressing environmental issues. made to mainstream gender issues and concerns into the Tunza programme. PROMOTING YOUNG PEOPLE’S UNEP also engages young people through the ENGAGEMENT: THE TUNZA STRATEGY Nature and Sport Camps, which combine sport UNEP has adopted a programme for children with environmental awareness activities and and youth named “Tunza”, which in the Kiswahili campaigns. The camps provide an effective vehicle language of Eastern Africa means to treat with care for mobilizing young people into environmental and affection. The Tunza Programme is a six-year action.
  • 68. CAPACITY-BUILDING apply for internships, which are normally limited to 6 PARTNERSHIPS months. Each year about 30 interns from about 20Since 1985, UNEP has been organizing international countries participate in this programme. An online UNEP has signed agreements with variousconferences to help build young people’s capacity to application form can be found at organizations dealing with children and youth. Theaddress environmental issues. The UNEP TUNZA agreements govern how both organizations willInternational Youth Conference is a biennial event work together to foster environmental actions by YOUTH IN DECISION-MAKING young people. An example is a Memorandum offor about 150 youth between 15 and 24 years fromaround the world. The aim of the Conference is to UNEP recognizes the need to get young people Understanding with the World Organization of theshare experiences and develop joint strategies for more actively involved in decision-making regarding Scout Movement, which enables UNEP to utilize theenvironmental networking and community-based the environment. The Tunza Global Youth Retreat, vast Scout network that reaches about 30 millionactivities. The Conference is also used to promote which takes place in Nairobi every two years, people worldwide to convey environmental messagesenvironmental awareness and good practices by brings together the Tunza Youth Advisory Council to young people around the world.young people, to develop regional plans of action members and other youth leaders to review UNEPand to get commitments from the participants on Governing Council documents and to develop a In addition, the UNEP Environmental Educationenvironmental actions and projects they will pursue. youth statement to the Governing Council. During the and Training Unit collaborates with universities toConference participants also elect members of the retreat, the young people are given the opportunity enhance environmental education.Tunza Youth Advisory Council—a group of 12 youth to exchange ideas and build their capacity toleaders who advise UNEP and represent youth in address environmental issues globally and in their AWARENESS CREATION ANDinternational environmental forums such as the communities. The retreat also gives them the INFORMATION ExCHANGEUNEP Governing Council. opportunity to review UNEP’s activities for young people and make suggestions on how to better UNEP utilizes the Tunza magazine, a quarterlyUNEP also has an internship programme aimed at involve young people in environmental issues. publication, to disseminate environmentalcapacity-building for young people on environmen- information to young people. The magazinetal issues. Young people from around the world can highlights issues of concern to young people and is
  • 69. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 0 produced by young people. Previous topics included KEY PUBLICATIONS biodiversity, the Millennium Development Goals, A Tunza Folder containing fact sheets on the forests, energy, technology and the environment various activities for children and youth is and North-South cooperation. The magazine is available for use as a reference tool for youth published in English, French, Spanish and through organizations, partners and donors. special arrangements in Japanese, Chinese, Korean and Mongolian. It is available in hard copy and via Contact: the website UNEP Children and Youth Unit P.O. Box 30552 Information about youth and the environment Nairobi, Kenya is disseminated to young people via a listserve Tel: 254 20 7623937 | Fax : 254 20 763927 database of approximately 10,000 children and youth organizations. The listserve continues to grow E-mail: with new addresses received from conferences Website: and meetings. In order to ensure wide dissemination of information and to bring UNEP services closer to young people, UNEP has established Tunza Focal Points in its six UNEP regional offices (Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, North America, and West Asia) and in its divisions.
  • 70. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 1
  • 71. United Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeUnited Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) 2 The United Nations Human Settlements RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- UN-HABITAT has many programmes that engage Programme (UN-HABITAT) aims to promote with young people. These include the Safer Cities RELATED WORK socially and environmentally sustainable towns Programme, which aims at building capacities and cities, with the goal of providing adequate UN-HABITAT regards young people as a of local authorities and youth to address urban shelter for all. To this end, UN-HABITAT works major force for a better world and as active insecurity adequately and thereby contribute to to expand the global understanding of urban partners in meeting the challenges posed by the establishment of a culture of prevention; development, shelter and poverty. It advocates the world’s human settlements crisis. Young the Sustainable Cities Programme that focuses for sustainable urbanization and urban poverty people constitute a large proportion of the urban on building capacities in urban environmental reduction, provides technical cooperation and population in rapidly urbanizing developing planning and management using broad-based innovative financing for urbanization and specific countries. Often, they have no jobs and no stakeholder participatory approaches; and the shelter needs of the urban poor and creates voice. Any effective intervention to improve Water and Sanitation Branch programme, which strategic partnerships to leverage resources and the living conditions of the urban poor and promotes water conservation in schools and local coordinate international programme activities slum-dwellers must deal with the challenges communities in many developing countries. that work toward similar ends. facing youth. GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE The work of UN-HABITAT with respect to youth is The Global Partnership Initiative on Urban Youth guided by the Habitat Agenda, which was adopted Development (GPI), launched at the Second World by 171 countries at the 1996 City Summit in Urban Forum in 2004, is the lead youth programme Istanbul, Turkey. The Agenda recommends a within UN-HABITAT. The GPI seeks to integrate the participatory approach to promote employment, Millennium Development Goals with development training, and crime prevention and stresses the programmes at the city level focusing on and role of young people in the alleviation of poverty working with urban youth, local governments, civil and inequality. society, other relevant United Nations agencies,
  • 72. (UN-HABITAT) 3multilateral institutions and private foundations centres are hubs for youth to engage in cultural the sharing of best practices. It also promotesto provide meaningful solutions to urban youth and physical activities such as music and sports, vocational training and credit mechanisms tochallenges. Utilizing an integrated approach to allowing them to interact positively with their encourage entrepreneurship and employment forurban youth development, the initiative aims to community and their peers. young women and men, in collaboration with thecontribute towards the improvement of livelihoods private sector, civil society and other UN bodies.for marginalized youth in cities, especially those Similarly, the agency has set up special “We are the UN-HABITAT is establishing a Youth Advisorywho live in slums. The GPI will also strengthen the future” centres in towns and cities recovering from Council to oversee the Youth Fund.capacities of local authorities and other institutions conflict and disaster. These centres concentrateto engage youth effectively in policy formulation on youth-led services for orphans and vulnerable ENGAGING YOUTH—WORLDand the implementation of programmes. children. The focus of this rehabilitation work is on health, nutrition, arts, sports and computer URBAN YOUTH FORUMSYOUTH RESOURCE CENTRES technology with the final aim of peacebuilding and UN-HABITAT is committed to increasing the entrepreneurship creation. number of youth actively involved in policy andOne of the key programmes of the GlobalPartnership Initiative has been the creation of decision-making mechanisms. Since 2006, UN-resource centres for youth. UN-HABITAT and OPPORTUNITIES FUND FOR HABITAT has organized the World Urban Youthlocal governments have set up computerized Forums leading up to the World Urban Forums. URBAN YOUTH-LED DEVELOPMENT The Youth Forums are a response to a requestOne-Stop Youth Information Resource Centres inseveral African cities to prepare young people for UN-HABITAT has established an Opportunities from youth participants at the Second Worldemployment through training in entrepreneurship, Fund for Urban Youth-led Development to Urban Forum in Barcelona in 2004 and providecomputer technologies and apprenticeships. The strengthen the capacity of youth-led initiatives in youth with the opportunity to exchange views oncentres also provide health-related training and improving young people’s livelihoods. The Fund sustainable urbanization and to share opinionsprevention programmes and activities, as well helps test new approaches to good governance, in order to make meaningful contributions at theas information on local governance. Lastly, the adequate shelter and secure tenure, and promotes main forum.
  • 73. United Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeUnited Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) Besides the World Urban Forum, youth can also KEY PUBLICATIONS participate in UN-HABITAT’s work through the • UN-HABITAT Youth (brochure) Governing Council and through UN-HABITAT’s • Habitat Debate, Vol. 9, No. 2: “Young people in online discussion forums, accessible through UN- an urbanizing world” HABITAT’s youth website. • Youth entrepreneurship and employment (2008) • State of the World’s Cities 2006/2007 • Global Report on Human Settlements 2007: Enhancing Urban Safety and Security Contact: Partners and Youth Section UN-HABITAT P. O. Box 30030 Nairobi 00100, Kenya Tel: +254 20 7623900 | Fax: +254 20 7624588 E-mail: Website:
  • 74. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA (UN-HABITAT)
  • 75. United Nations Industrial DevelopmentUnited Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) The mission of the United Nations Industrial RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- have political ramifications as well. The members Development Organization (UNIDO) is to of the Mano River Union (MRU)—Guinea, RELATED WORK reduce poverty in countries with developing Liberia and Sierra Leone—and Côte d’Ivoire are and transition economies through sustainable Although youth-related activities are not at the particularly acute examples of the dangers of high industrial growth. core of UNIDO’s mandate, the organization recog- youth unemployment. In these countries, youth nizes that promoting decent employment opportu- unemployment and subregional security have nities for youth is an important component of become intimately linked. achieving industrial development. All four countries are confronted with large youth UNIDO has worked towards implementing a vari- populations, which have been protagonists as well ety of programmes and projects specifically aimed as victims of political instability and conflict. Many at empowering and assisting youth in need. young people who were not directly involved as UNIDO is active in entrepreneurship development combatants have lost their employment or have and education, provides young men and women had to interrupt their education. Unemployed with technical skills and vocational training and youth can be ready recruits for anyone looking promotes women’s entrepreneurship programmes to profit from instability. In addition, the young in a number of countries. people in these countries face pressures to A MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PARTNER- migrate, at considerable risk to themselves and with potentially adverse consequences for both SHIP FOR PRODUCTIVE AND the home and the host country. DECENT WORK IN THE MANO RIVER UNION AND CôTE D’IVOIRE To overcome these threats and generate prospects High youth unemployment and underemployment for a better future for youth in the region, UNIDO is not only a social and economic problem, it can launched a Youth Employment Initiative, the
  • 76. Organization (UNIDO) “Multi-stakeholder Programme on Productive and and an ICT network for youth, while at the same KEY PUBLICATIONSDecent Work for Youth in the MRU countries time monitoring experiences and lessons learned. • West Africa’s Youth Employment Challenge—Theand Côte d’Ivoire”. In this initiative, UNIDO Case of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d’Ivoireis joining forces with the ILO, UNDP and the Youth have participated in all meetings that • Best Practices, Policy Environment, Tools, andYouth Employment Network to support youth- led to the formulation of the multi-stakeholder Methodologies for Youth Employment in West Africaled employment initiatives and to complement programme. During a joint exploratory mission by • Productive and decent work for youth in the Manoexisting national efforts on youth employment. UNIDO, the ILO, UNDP, the Youth Employment River Union: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and CôteThe multi-stakeholder programme can be seen Network and the United Nations Office for West d’Ivoire—4.5 million need employment: an agendaas a sign of the commitment of United Nations Africa to the Mano River Union countries and for a multi-stakeholder programme. Issues Paperagencies to “deliver as one” in the area of youth Côte d’Ivoire, particular emphasis was placed onemployment. meeting with youth and listening to their views, Contact: needs and ideas. Youth representatives were also UNIDOThe programme directly addresses the needs of part of the Technical Working Group, which helped Special Programmes Groupyouth by linking them to employment opportunities to develop and operationalize the programme, Vienna International Centrein the dynamic private sector and training youth in as well as in the Steering Committee, which P.O. Box 300various skills that are required by sectors such as establishes programme policies and oversees A-1400 Vienna, Austriamining, forestry, agriculture, agro-industries and implementation. Tel: +43 1 26026 3708 | Fax: +43 1 26026 6839construction. The programme will assist and trainyouth in identifying, designing and implementing In addition, UNIDO is establishing a subregional E-mail: D.Hribernigg@unido.orgprojects in self-employment and collective activities youth forum designed to facilitate contacts and Website: will improve access to finance for youth-led experience sharing between youth groups in Westprojects. The programme will also set up a sub- Africa. An Internet communication platform linkingregional information system on supply and demand up the relevant stakeholders of the programme isin labour markets and provide a forum for outreach also being developed.
  • 77. United Nations Millennium CampaignUnited Nations Millennium Campaign The United Nations Millennium Campaign RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS informs, inspires and encourages people’s RELATED WORK The Campaign has established a number of key involvement and action for the realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Millennium Campaign recognizes that youth strategic partnerships at the global level to increase It supports citizens’ efforts to hold their are significantly affected by poor socio-economic young people’s awareness on the MDGs, and to Governments to account for the promises they conditions. Estimates suggest that over 462 million bolster the formation of national level linkages made at the Millennium Summit in 2000. At youth live on less than $2 per day, 133 million are between youth groups and the national Millennium that Summit, 189 Government leaders from the illiterate and every day thousands of young people Campaigns. Key partners included the World highest political level agreed to a set of eight are infected with HIV/AIDS. Yet, young people Organization of the Scout Movement, TakingITGlobal, time-bound goals that, when achieved, will are unable to gain the political leverage to make the Global Youth Action Network, the International have a significant impact on ending poverty in any significant contribution to the advancement of Young Catholic Students and the World Alliance all its dimensions. Working at both the national society. Although they constitute almost 20 per cent of YMCAs. Each partner develops unique material and international levels, the ambition of the of the world’s population and have a particularly for their constituents and undertakes specific MDG Campaign is to inspire a global movement to intense resolve to affect change, young people are activities on both a global and national level. achieve the Goals and eradicate extreme poverty often left voiceless in the political process. by 2015. The Millennium Campaign’s premise is NATIONAL CAMPAIGNS simple: we are the first generation that can put The Millennium Campaign seeks to address this At a national level, youth have now been included as an end to extreme poverty around the world, and situation by focusing on youth as a primary constitu- a key constituency in each national Millennium we refuse to miss this opportunity! ency to partner with and mobilize as part of the Campaign. Several national Youth Consultations Campaign. It encourages youth to play a role in were held in 2006 including in Canada, Bangladesh holding their Governments accountable and to cre- and India. The Canada Youth Millennium Campaign, ate awareness on poverty. for example, began its programme in September 2006, linking the major Canadian NGOs—including Make Poverty History Canada, Rights and
  • 78. Democracy, and Amnesty International—together networking sites including Facebook, MySpace KEY PUBLICATIONSto develop a youth-centred programme on the and MSN Spaces. For the “Stand Up Against An MDG Action Guide for young people isMDGs. In Bangladesh, over 55 youth organizations Poverty” Campaign on the International Day for available at the country came together in July 2007 for the Eradication of Poverty, a unique Facebookthe first national youth consultation on the application was developed which allowed users Contact:Millennium Development Goals. Representatives to place a Stand Up banner on their profilefrom various youth organizations discussed how to page. Users could also add daily MDG pictures, United Nations Millennium Campaignpromote the Goals and ensure that Government and post comments to a global wall. A custom 304 East 45th Street, FF-612officials listen to the voices of young people in the design was created for which New York, 10017 NY, USAcountry. The meeting concluded with the estab- featured the Campaign’s End Poverty Blog. Tel: +1 212 906 6242 | Fax: +1 212 906 6057lishment of a new youth network called “Youth for The Campaign established a partnership withthe Millennium Development Goals”, which will Website: MSN Spaces during the Stand Up event,work to unite the many youth groups in Bangladesh which promoted the Campaign’s profile on thearound the MDGs. In India, over 250 young people homepage of MSN As a resultfrom 16 States assembled in Nagpur for a National of these developments, over 7,000 membersYouth Consultation on the Millennium Goals. The have joined the Millennium Campaign’s socialevent marked the first time young people from networking sites. The Campaign’s youth websiteacross the country came together to discuss the was developedrole of youth achieving the MDGs. to provide information on the Millennium Development Goals to young people inUSING SOCIAL NETWORKING elementary and high school. The portal remainsSITES TO MOBILIZE YOUTH the most trafficked website of the MillenniumTo mobilize young people online, the Millennium Campaign with over 300,000 unique visitorsCampaign set up portals on popular social per month.
  • 79. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) 0 The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- AIDS and other social and health consequences. (UNODC) assists Member States in their struggle UNODC also assists Governments in reforming RELATED WORK against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. The juvenile justice systems and in preventing crimes by three pillars of the UNODC work programme are UNODC recognizes that young people use illicit drugs young people in urban areas. (a) field-based technical cooperation projects much more than adults. In a country with a medium to enhance the capacity of Member States to level of drug abuse, 1-5 per cent of the general CONNECTING YOUTH IN ACTION: counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism; population will have used illicit drugs in the past year, (b) research and analytical work to increase while 10-20 per cent of its young people will have THE GLOBAL YOUTH NETWORK knowledge and understanding of drugs and used drugs in their lifetime. The use of illicit drugs UNODC (then UNDCP) started involving young crime issues and expand the evidence-base has a range of serious negative physical and psycho- people in the development of prevention activities for policy and operational decisions; and (c) logical effects, such as physical and psychological in 1997 by mobilizing a number of innovative youth normative work to assist States in the ratification dependence, mental illnesses (such as depression or programmes around the world. The Youth Vision and implementation of international treaties, paranoia), HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C. These in turn Jeunesse Drug Abuse Prevention Forum, held in the development of domestic legislation on can exact a high toll on families and communities. 1998 in Canada, provided an opportunity for several drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision The use of psychoactive substances, whether legal or youth programmes to share their ideas about how of secretariat and substantive services to the illegal, by young people is particularly problematic as to prevent drug abuse. These ideas and proposals treaty-based and governing bodies. it affects their healthy development. The younger peo- were brought to the attention of Government leaders ple start using substances, the higher the probability during the Special Session of the General Assembly of developing substance dependence later in life. on the World Drug Problem in 1998. One of the For the past decade, UNODC has had a programme needs articulated was the creation of a worldwide focusing on the prevention of substance abuse and network that would enable youth to remain in has worked on the treatment and rehabilitation of contact and to continue to learn from each other. drug dependence, including the prevention of HIV/ The network should provide access to up-to-date
  • 80. 1materials and information on effective methods of trainees with the most innovative proposals on how KEY PUBLICATIONSdrug abuse prevention among youth. This was the to involve youth in drug abuse prevention. • A Participatory Handbook for Youth Druggenesis of the Global Youth Network, which now Prevention Programmes, and related publicationsconnects some 500 member organizations in more • Involving youth in the identification of good on planning prevention of youth drug abusethan 100 countries. practices. The Network has identified and published • Publications on preventing youth drug use through various good practices on a range of drug abuse prevention activities (performance, sports, internet-based, peer-to-peer)The prevention of drug use is not only about topics through a participatory process. This process • School-based education for drug abuse preventionproviding young people with information about the typically involves the review of the scientific • Publications on preventing drug use among particularlynegative consequences of drugs, but also about literature by both practitioners and youth to distil vulnerable groups (e.g. ethnic minorities, injecting drug users)helping young people to obtain the opportunities, good practices on the basis of both research and • Monitoring and Evaluating Youth Substanceskills and information to avoid risky behaviours and practical experience. The results are disseminated Abuse Prevention Programmesmake healthy choices. The Global Youth Network through the website of the Network, a mailing list, atherefore seeks to increase the participation of Newsletter and, in some cases, through training. Contact:youth in drug abuse prevention by: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) • Supporting the creation of regional networks to Vienna International Centre• Providing technical and financial support. The sustain and adapt its work at the regional level. P.O. Box 500Network has, for example, provided training in needs In 2008, six Networks were operational: Eastern A-1400 Vienna, Austriaassessment and programme planning for youth Europe, Eastern Africa, South Asia, East Asia and Tel: + 43 1 26060 0 | Fax: + 43 1 263 3389substance abuse prevention to non-governmental the Pacific, Mexico and Central America and Southorganizations working with youth in six regions. America. E-mail: Website: organization was represented at the trainingsby a young person and a youth worker. Followingthe training, small grants were provided to the
  • 81. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) 2 Active in 150 countries, areas and territories around RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- fertility has declined sharply in the last two the world, the United Nations Population Fund decades, the proportion of the working age RELATED WORK (UNFPA) promotes the right of every woman, man population will increase relative to younger and and child to enjoy a life of health and equal oppor- UNFPA’s focus on youth is based on the recognition older dependent populations over the next few tunity. UNFPA supports countries in collecting and that young people, particularly those living in decades. With appropriate investments, policies analysing population data that can help Governments poverty, have been virtually ignored in policies and and governance, countries can take advantage understand population trends. The Fund also helps programmes. Yet, of the 1.2 billion young people in of this low dependency ratio, or “demographic Governments to use these data to formulate policies the world today, about half survive on less than $2 bonus”, to launch economic, social, cultural and and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure a day, while more than 100 million adolescents do structural transformations. that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, not attend school. Fifteen million adolescent girls every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every become mothers every year. Almost 40 per cent of At the policy level, UNFPA frames adolescent girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect. the 6,800 new HIV infections each day are among and youth issues within the larger development young people, the majority of whom are young girls context of poverty reduction. At the programme UNFPA’s work is guided by the Programme of in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. level, it advocates for an essential package of Action adopted at the 1994 International Conference social protection interventions for youth that on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo. At UNFPA regards investments in young people’s includes education, sexual and reproductive the conference, 179 countries agreed that meeting human capital development, that is in their health, health services, support for establishing livelihoods needs for education and health, including reproduc- education and employment, as one of the most and recognition of young people’s rights to tive health, is a prerequisite for sustainable develop- cost-effective development expenditures in terms participation. At both levels, the Fund encourages ment over the longer term and agreed on a set of of the social returns they generate. The current intergenerational alliances that pair the energy, targets for charting progress. Reaching ICPD’s goals “youth bulge” in the population structure of many perspectives and motivation of young people with is not only essential for achieving the Millennium countries offers a one-time window of economic the experience and know-how of adult coaches Development Goals, but also for improving the pros- pects for youth. opportunity. For a large group of countries where and facilitators.
  • 82. 3UNFPA’S FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION dynamics and the “demographic bonus” argument, the delivery of educational interventions through for increased investments in education, health a gender equality promotion and skills approachON ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH (including sexual and reproductive health) and that will equip girls and boys with the abilities toUNFPA’s Framework for Action on Adolescents and employment. UNFPA also supports capacity- turn knowledge into practice. It focuses policy onYouth articulates the organization’s multisectoral building of young people, their networks and inclusion of SRH education in school curricula andstrategy to promote the comprehensive development organizations to advocate for young people’s rights informal education programmes within the contextof young people worldwide. The Framework for and needs in policy dialogue and decision-making of sector-wide approaches, poverty reductionAction identifies the four key areas of interventions processes. For example, UNFPA, in collaboration strategies and education reforms.of the Fund in regard to young people: creating a with the World Bank and UNDESA, has developedsupportive policy environment; expanding access an online course on Young People and Poverty CORE PACKAGE OF SExUAL ANDto gender-sensitive, life skills–based sexual and Reduction Strategies, which prepares youngreproductive health (SRH) education in schools people in developing countries to participate in REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICESand community settings; promoting a core package the development and monitoring of their country’s UNFPA works with ministries, NGOs and otherof sexual and reproductive health services; and Poverty Reduction Strategy. partners to allow for efficient and youth-friendlyencouraging young people’s leadership and delivery of a holistic health-care package thatparticipation. GENDER-SENSITIVE, LIFE SKILLS– includes universal access to accurate sexual and BASED SExUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE reproductive health information, a range of safeSUPPORTIVE POLICY ENVIRONMENT HEALTH EDUCATION and affordable contraceptive methods, sensitive counselling, quality obstetric and antenatal care forUNFPA actively engages in policy dialogues on The Fund proactively pursues policy discussions, all pregnant women and girls, and the preventionpoverty reduction strategies and national MDG- dialogue and advocacy on improving the quality of and management of sexually transmitted infections,based development plans advocating, based education systems, postponing age at marriage, including HIV.on analyses of population structure and poverty and retaining girls in schools. UNFPA promotes
  • 83. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) UNFPA is the lead United Nations agency in the pro- UNFPA invests in capacity-building and leadership an emphasis on the special needs of women and vision of HIV/AIDS information and education, con- skills of youth to make them advocates for their young people. It also supports various data collec- dom programming, HIV prevention for out-of school own rights and the rights of those among them who tion activities necessary for efficient relief efforts. young people and prevention efforts targeting vulner- are most vulnerable and marginalized. UNFPA also UNFPA also provides assistance to stricken able groups. UNFPA strives to build on and expand promotes and supports the meaningful participation communities, including their youth, as they move rights-based policies and programmes that promote of young people in international meetings and beyond the acute crisis and enter the reconstruc- young people’s healthy development and provides conferences. Many of the youth networks UNFPA tion phase. them with age-appropriate knowledge and tools to supports have been effective advocates for youth make informed choices and exercise their reproduc- issues in international and regional forums. GLOBAL YOUTH ADVISORY PANEL tive rights. It proactively pursues policy discussions, dialogue and advocacy on improving young people’s UNFPA encourages the participation of youth UNFPA has a strong track record of partnering access to sexual and reproductive services within the in its projects and programmes by promoting with youth networks and organizations at the context of sector-wide approaches, poverty reduction peer educators as agents for transmitting safe country, regional and global levels. In 2004, strategies and health sector reforms. sexuality messages, linking peers with services UNFPA established its Global Youth Advisory and partnering with young people’s networks Panel (YAP) as a mechanism of open dialogue and coalitions. The Fund taps into the dynamism YOUNG PEOPLE’S LEADERSHIP and exchange between the Fund and young of youth movements and their communication people. Panel members, aged 15 to 24, represent AND PARTICIPATION networks for advocacy and action on issues, such national, regional and international youth networks The Fund pays special attention to working with as HIV/AIDS and age at marriage. and organizations, and meet annually to make young people through youth-adult partnerships. It recommendations on the strategic opportunities works towards identifying institutional mechanisms UNFPA IN CRISIS SITUATIONS and actions to address adolescent and youth for incorporating young people’s input into all In humanitarian situations, UNFPA works to pro- issues within all areas of the Fund’s mandate. stages of policy and programming processes. tect the reproductive health of those affected, with Members also share ideas and communicate
  • 84. among themselves and with UNFPA throughout STATE OF THE WORLD KEY PUBLICATIONSthe year via an online forum. Numerous Youth POPULATION—YOUTH • Framework for Action on Adolescents and Youth:Advisory Panels have also been established at Opening Doors with Young People: 4 Keys SUPPLEMENT • Putting Young People Into National Poverty Reductionthe country level over the past few years toprovide inputs in country-level programming for Since 2006, UNFPA has been Strategies: A Guide to Statistics on Young People in PovertyUNFPA and increasingly to the UN country team publishing a Youth Supplement • Giving Girls Today and Tomorrow: Breaking theas a whole. as a parallel report to its annual Cycle of Adolescent Pregnancy flagship publication State of World • Will You Listen? Young Voices from Conflict ZonesUNFPA’S SPECIAL YOUTH Population. The Supplement • Case for Investing in Young People—As Part explores the theme of the main of a National Poverty Reduction StrategyPROGRAMME report through the experiences Contact:UNFPA has initiated the Special Youth Programme, and perceptions of young people. Adolescent Youth Clusterwhich recruits outstanding young people aged 20 Previous themes have included United Nations Population Fundto 24 from developing countries to join UNFPA migration and urbanization: 220 East 42nd St.for a 9-month paid fellowship that is divided New York, NY 10017, USA • Growing Up Urban: State ofbetween UNFPA’s New York headquarters and Tel: +1 212 297 5000 | Fax: +1 212 297 4915 World Population 2007 Youththeir home country. Through this programme, SupplementUNFPA engages young people in policy E-mail: • Moving Young: State of Worlddevelopment and programming and builds their Website: Population 2006 Youthcapacity and leadership skills in addressing Supplementpopulation, sexual and reproductive health, andgender issues.
  • 85. United Nations Volunteers (UNV)United Nations Volunteers (UNV) In 1971, the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- and legislation as well as volunteer associations programme was created by the General and networks and to measure the economic RELATED WORK Assembly as a development partner to serve contributions of volunteerism. the entire UN system. UNV is entrusted with Through General Assembly resolution 31/131, UNV raising awareness of the role and contribution has a special mandate to work with youth. UNV In addition, UNV places between 7,000 to 8,000 of volunteerism to development, providing believes that young people must be approached qualified and experienced professional women technical assistance to develop volunteerism, as assets for development. Youth volunteerism and men, drawn from over 160 countries, as and mobilizing volunteers nationally and programmes encourage policymakers, communities UNV volunteers each year. They serve both internationally. It supports the efforts of the and youth themselves to see young people as internationally and nationally in 144 countries— UN system, Governments and civil society valuable, underutilized resources for local and often in areas of direct concern to the challenges in all developing regions to meet national national development and the achievement of the facing young people. development objectives within the context of MDGs. the MDGs. PROJECTS PROMOTION OF YOUTH UNV is engaged in work related to all of the priority VOLUNTEERISM areas of the WPAY through specialized UNV UNV is closely involved in the formulation and volunteer assignments and through community implementation of youth-related projects and volunteerism partnerships and projects, many programmes that promote the participation of of which involve youth themselves in voluntary young people in the development of their societies. action. Some of the diverse examples of how UNV provides direct technical assistance to youth are engaged as volunteers to address both countries in establishing volunteer infrastructure, national and youth development objectives are: including youth volunteering schemes. It also assists Governments to develop supportive policies
  • 86. SUPPORTING YOUTH LIVELIHOODS— RAISING AWARENESS OF FEMALE GENITAL people. Youth volunteers work throughout theSIERRA LEONE MUTILATION—EGYPT country before elections to raise awareness of the upcoming vote, political structures and voter rightsThrough a joint UNDP, UNV and Ministry of Youth In Egypt, UNV is supporting a national campaign and responsibilities. They spend several days in eachand Sport programme entitled “Youth engagement led by the National Council for Childhood and community fostering discussions between youth andand job creation through agriculture”, some Motherhood and UNDP to stop the practice of political candidates. These one-on-one interactions15,000 young men and women between 15 female genital mutilation (FGM). Working with enable youth and politicians to understand eachand 35 years are involved in improving food youth organizations, the UNV volunteers, including other’s views and concerns in Sierra Leone. In addition to supporting victims of FGM, raise awareness on the issue andyoung people in farming activities, this community- provoke debate. Starting at high school level, they TECHNOLOGY LEARNING CENTRE—based programme also provides training and work to generate understanding of what FGM means UGANDAresources that help the young people sustain and what impact it has on women, both physicallytheir businesses and livelihoods. Young people and emotionally. At universities and youth centres, A team of six online volunteers, including youthare thus improving their skills and gaining access the UNV volunteers have informal talks on FGM with backgrounds ranging from IT consultancyto resources, which in turn demonstrates that with their peers in a non-threatening environment. to media management, supported the Youththere are viable livelihood alternatives outside To reach out to larger groups, youth conferences for Technology Foundation in establishing thethe cities. In addition, the programme organizes are organized to encourage student participation in Sironko Digital Village, a community technologyand supports various voluntary group projects discussions on medical and religious issues. and learning centre in Uganda, by creatingand establishes networks between engaged youth a webpage, mobilizing funding and providinggroups for sharing good practices. ADDRESSING POLITICAL PARTICIPATION— strategic advice. For their work, the Youth for KYRGYZSTAN Technology Foundation Team won the Online Volunteer of the Year 2007 Award. In Kyrgyzstan, UNV has helped establish volunteer networks to tackle voter apathy among young
  • 87. United Nations Volunteers (UNV) PREFACEUnited Nations Volunteers (UNV) ONLINE VOLUNTEERING Contact: Anybody interested in learning how to become an United Nations Volunteers online volunteer can do so at www.onlinevolunteer- Postfach 260 111 UNV’s online volunteering service provides D-53153 Bonn, Germany development organizations access to a global pool of Tel: +49 228 815 2000 | Fax: +49 228 815 2001 knowledge and resources to enhance their capacities, while offering individuals worldwide additional oppor- E-mail: tunities to volunteer for development and contribute Website: to achieving the MDGs. The online volunteering service has enabled over 900 non-profit development organizations (civil society organizations, Government institutions, academic institutions and United Nations organizations) to benefit from the support of more than 9,500 individuals from 172 countries. MORE INFORMATION Further examples of youth volunteerism and UNV project partnerships can be found on the UNV website ( and the World Volunteer Website ( Interested young people and others should check with the UNV/UNDP Country Office in their country for relevant projects and volunteer opportunities.
  • 88. WFP/ Penny Ferguson
  • 89. The World BankThe World Bank 0 The World Bank is a vital source of financial RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- and early adulthood are far more productive if they and technical assistance to developing countries RELATED WORK build on a strong foundation, rather than attempt to around the world. It is made up of two development compensate for earlier weaknesses. institutions owned by 185 member countries, The Children and Youth Unit within the World the International Bank for Reconstruction and Bank’s Human Development Network is charged GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR THE Development (IBRD) and the International with managing the Bank’s youth agenda and with maintaining a cross-sectoral perspective, to ensure WORLD BANK’S WORK WITH AND Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in the harmonization of investments across sectors and FOR YOUTH Bank’s mission of global poverty reduction and across the life-cycle. The Unit focuses on coordination, The World Bank’s work on youth is guided by the improvement of living standards. The IBRD rather than direct execution, and relies on strategic the logical framework for youth investment across focuses on middle-income and creditworthy partnerships within and outside the Bank. The World sectors outlined in the World Development Report poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest Bank has expanded its work on youth in response 2007. This framework focuses on the opportunities countries in the world. Together, these institutions to increasing demands from country clients, donors facing youth as they grow, their capabilities to choose provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and civil society and in recognition that the current wisely and the importance of second chances to and grants to developing countries for overall global youth bulge provides an unprecedented recover from harm received or poor decisions made development, including specific assistance to opportunity to take advantage of the largest pool of earlier in youth. The Bank’s Children and Youth sectors such as education, health, infrastructure children and youth in recorded history. The World Framework for Action helps systematically to identify and communications, among others. Bank recognizes that youth can be a positive force for key vulnerabilities and strategic opportunities for change, but that unemployed and disenfranchised scaling up investment in children and youth. It youth are susceptible to disruptive activities. It emphasizes a life-cycle approach and emphasizes believes that growth and poverty reduction are that risks are not homogeneously distributed along enhanced by strategic investments in human capital, the life-cycle and are typically higher in earlier stages in particular in young children. Investments in youth of life, with important long-term and sometimes
  • 90. 1irreversible consequences on later stages of life. in response to rapidly growing demand, especially for ACTIVITIES IN 2008 AND 2009The World Bank’s work on youth is consistent with youth employment, youth at risk, vulnerable childrenand coordinated with the Bank’s priorities of poverty and children and youth in fragile States. In fiscal years 2008 and 2009, the Children andreduction and the development of sub-Saharan Youth Unit is focusing on the following areas: • Strengthening the evidence base. The evidenceAfrica, fragile States, middle-income and Arab base for what works in youth development is weak.countries, the Education for All Fast-track Initiative, • Facilitating the economic empowerment of Many countries continue to spend scarce resources young women. In collaboration with bilateral andgood governance and anti-corruption. on programmes that have no proven impact. For private-sector donors, the Children and Youth example, only 2 per cent of evaluated youth HIV Unit is developing a programme to enhance theKEY ACTIVITIES IN THE AREA interventions show a positive, objectively measured skills and labour force success of young womenOF YOUTH impact. The Bank is therefore compiling and around the world. disseminating knowledge of what works, providing• Increased lending. In fiscal year 2005, the World • Understanding preference formation and risky technical assistance and developing practical toolsBank lent nearly $1 billion for youth. decision-making. In collaboration with the World for the operations and for clients.• Investments in all sectors and regions. Non- Bank’s research department and others, theeducation lending has grown to roughly 35 per cent of World Bank is launching a work programme tothe total during the years 2000-2005, up from 5 per understand decision-making, in particular whatcent in 1995-2000. Latin America and the Caribbean determines an individual’s sense of the future andhas historically received the bulk of youth-oriented why people make choices that put their futureinvestments. In recent years, Africa and South Asia at risk.have seen the fastest growth in lending. • Enhancing voice, reducing violence and crime.• Increased analytical and advisory activities. The In collaboration with the Bank’s Post-conflict Unit,World Bank has increased its non-lending activities partners in other United Nations agencies and civil
  • 91. The World PREFACE BankThe World Bank 2 society, the Children and Youth Unit is launching KEY PUBLICATIONS a programme to develop interventions to engage • World Development Report 2007: young people in post-conflict reconstruction, Development and the Next Generation participation and conflict resolution. • Supporting Youth at Risk—A Policy Toolkit for • Assisting in the school-to-work transition. Middle-Income Countries (2008) The Children and Youth Unit is continuing • Youth advisory groups—new allies in the World its work with the Bank’s regions and with Bank’s work, Working Paper Series No. 6 (2008) the Social Protection Department to design and facilitate evaluations of school-to-work Contact: assistance programmes around the world. Children and Youth Unit The World Bank 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433, USA Tel: +1 202 473 1000 | Fax: +1 202 477 6391 E-mail: Website:
  • 92. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA 3
  • 93. World Food Programme (WFP)World Food Programme (WFP) The United Nations World Food Programme RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- • Food Force—Launched in 2005, Food Force (WFP) is the world’s largest humanitarian RELATED WORK was the world’s first humanitarian video game. It organization and the United Nations frontline explores the problem of global hunger and the logis- agency in the fight against world hunger. WFP seeks to educate youth on the significance tics of humanitarian aid work. The game is available Over the years, WFP has reached hundreds of global hunger throughout the world, and also in 12 languages as a free Internet download from of millions of people in about 80 countries, hopes to demonstrate the impact that adolescents, with over six million players using food assistance to meet emergency needs can make toward alleviating this worldwide issue. worldwide. The website also has a teachers’ section, and support economic and social development. The World Food Programme believes in the poten- where educators can find lesson plans and a wealth On average, WFP feeds over 70 million people tial of today’s youth as successful future decision of information about WFP and hunger. per year. makers, and hopes that by raising awareness • Free Rice—This engaging, hunger-fighting vocab- about hunger, the young adults who WFP reaches ulary game expands adolescents’ language skills can become well-informed leaders. Furthermore, while donating free rice to the hungry. For every WFP understands that by supporting youth in vocabulary challenge answered correctly, sponsors vulnerable communities through safety-net pro- donate 20 grains of rice to WFP. The rice donated grammes, it is ensuring that those children and has already translated into WFP food rations young people affected by world hunger can maxi- for thousands of hungry, poor people, including mize their potential for future success. pregnant women in Cambodia, schoolchildren in Uganda and Bhutanese refugees in Nepal. It can PROMOTING YOUNG PEOPLE’S be played online at ENGAGEMENT • The Team: Emergency in Ristanga—Released at Knowing that today’s youth are significantly proficient in the Children’s Book Fair in Bologna, Italy, in April media and technology, WFP is continually incorporat- 2008, this children’s novel depicts the exciting story ing programmes through which youth can learn about of three humanitarian aid workers who become global hunger using entertainment and media outlets. heroes through their work with WFP. The reader
  • 94. follows Carlos, Rachel and Joe (characters from the insecure areas. In these targeted areas, the agency KEY PUBLICATIONSFood Force video game) through their mission in the secures food supplies and transport, as well as • World Hunger Series (2007)—flood-struck Ristanga, an imaginary country reflect- ensuring delivery and distribution. Where appropri- Hunger and Healthing the traits of innumerable WFP operations. ate, take-home rations are also provided as part of • World Hunger Series (2006)— school feeding programmes. These are especially Hunger and LearningSCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMMES useful for encouraging girls—future mothers and food-providers for families—to attend school. Contact:When hunger strikes a community, children suffermost. Hunger drains them of their will and ability The United Nations World Food Programmeto learn. WFP school meals encourage hungry chil- REACHING YOUNG COMMUNITIES Via C. G. Viola 68dren to attend school and help them concentrate WFP believes that young adults have great poten- Parco de Medicion their studies. The promise of at least one nutri- tial to promote change throughout the world. 00148 Rome, Italytious meal each day attracts children to school, Therefore, the World Food Programme supports Tel: +39 06 65131 | Fax: +39 06 6513 2840boosts enrolment, promotes regular attendance groups such as Universities Fighting World Hungerand enhances student performance. In the poor- on college campuses, as well as virtual groups on E-mail: wfpinfo@wfp.orgest pockets of the world, WFP has seen that social networks like Facebook that promote WFP’s Website: www.wfp.orgguaranteeing one school meal a day can nearly cause. WFP hopes to energize and motivate thesedouble primary school enrolment in one year. groups to act as a leading member at eventsWFP has also used school feeding programmes to such as the annual University Hunger Summit. Aencourage girls to continue secondary schooling student-created initiative, the University Hungerand some of WFP’s “food for education” initiatives Summit seeks to mobilize universities in supportinclude vocational training for young adults. of global goals to end world hunger. WFP knows that through its engagement in these young com-WFP works with Governments and partners to munities, young adults will understand that theirprovide school feeding programmes in rural, food- participation in global issues is vital.
  • 95. World Health Organization (WHO)World Health Organization (WHO) WHO is the directing and coordinating authority RATIONALE FOR YOUTH- adolescent health and development, it focuses its tech- for health within the United Nations system. nical assistance on the contribution of the health sector. RELATED WORK It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health Although many adolescents are healthy, a significant WHO’s technical support is organized around the research agenda, setting norms and standards, proportion of them face a range of problems which four key roles of the health sector, which are expressed articulating evidence-based policy options, have implications for their health now and in the future. in the “4S” framework: Supportive, evidence-based providing technical support to countries and In line with the Millennium Development Goals 5 and policies; Services and commodities; Strategic informa- monitoring and assessing health trends. 6, the WHO focuses on health challenges related to tion; and Supporting other sectors. HIV and maternal mortality. The organization also addresses other health issues that affect adolescents SUPPORTIVE, EVIDENCE-BASED such as mental health, substance use, nutrition, POLICIES injuries and violence and endemic diseases. CAH raises awareness, promotes research and WHO’s Department of Child and Adolescent Health and synthesizes information to develop standards Development (CAH) envisions a world in which children and guidelines. It facilitates the adaptation and and adolescents enjoy the highest attainable standard implementation of these guidelines at national and of health and development, a world that meets their local levels to sustain the health of adolescents. CAH needs, as well as respects their rights, enabling them to also develops and disseminates the evidence base live to their full potential. Within the Department, there for interventions that promote and protect the health is a specialized team working exclusively on adolescent of young people, and advocates for the development health and development, covering the health needs of and delivery of effective programming. It has done the population aged 10 to 24 years. While CAH advo- reviews on adolescent-friendly health services, HIV cates for a comprehensive, multi-sectoral approach to interventions and parenting interventions.
  • 96. SERVICES AND COMMODITIES ments a Global Student Health Survey ( guides programme management and implementation. chp/gshs/en/) and is involved in regional surveys such In addition, capacity-building materials for healthCAH also provides technical assistance to support as the Health Behaviours among School-aged Children workers to prevent and care for HIV among younga systematic approach to scaling up the provision Survey in Europe ( people have been developed.and use of quality health services to adolescents.This includes developing consensus among keystakeholders and developing national standards STRENGTHENING OTHER SECTORS SExUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHfor youth-friendly health services. CAH supports An important role of the health sector is to call on CAH produces technical materials to deal with sexualefforts to achieve these standards by training health other sectors to implement effective interventions for and reproductive health. An orientation programme toworkers to deal with adolescents effectively and adolescent health. WHO helps the education sector to train health-care providers dealing with the key sexualsensitively, making health facilities welcoming to develop health promoting schools and supports many and reproductive health issues has been adapted foradolescents, and generating adolescent demand for regional networks, such as the European Network of use in more than 30 countries around the services and community acceptance for their Health Promoting Schools. WHO also supports initia- CAH provides support to incorporate adolescentprovision. CAH produces training materials for health tives to strengthen the health of adolescents by working health in curricula of nursing and medical teachingworkers, job aids and tools for assessing the quality with parents and sport coaches. institutes and in distance education courses.and coverage of services. HIV SUBSTANCE USESTRATEGIC INFORMATION CAH produces technical materials to strengthen Substance use is dealt with in CAH’s training materialsWHO provides guidance to countries on the infor- national HIV programmes to deal with youth. It has for health workers, in particular in relation to HIVmation that needs to be collected to guide health published evidence of effective interventions to prevent and injecting drug use. WHO has a keen interest inpolicies and programmes. It has produced guidance HIV among young people. CAH has also developed reducing tobacco use which, together with alcoholdocuments on indicators for HIV programmes and for national-level indicators for HIV and young people to use, are two of the largest public health challenges inmonitoring the MDG goals. The organization imple- support the collection of strategic information which the world. The organization organizes the Global Youth
  • 97. World Health Organization (WHO) PREFACEWorld Health Organization (WHO) Tobacco Survey ( Violence and Injury Prevention (VIP)—using the KEY PUBLICATIONS gyts/en/index.html), which has been implemented VIP-TEACH youth module—is being carried out in • Adolescent Friendly Health Services—An Agenda in 129 countries. the Americas and generic attention to violence for Change (2002) prevention is being generated by the global WHO • Broadening the Horizon—Balancing Protection VIOLENCE PREVENTION VIP programme. and Risk for Adolescents (2001) • Helping Parents Improve Adolescents’ Health in WHO has a Violence and Injury Prevention Unit ENGAGING YOUTH Developing Countries (2007) which addresses various issues like road safety, Youth participation is a principle promoted in all • Preventing HIV/AIDS in Young People— child and adolescent maltreatment and other WHO supported activities. CAH works to ensure A Systematic Review of the Evidence from injury prevention at the global level. In some adolescent participation in its research and Developing Countries (2006) regions, violence is a major issue affecting young development work, as well as in its country-level • Orientation Programme on Adolescent Health for people’s health and is therefore a focus of WHO’s work. For example, CAH promotes adolescent Health-care Providers (2006) activities in these regions. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), WHO’s regional participation in workshops on adolescent health Contact: office in the Americas, for example, has imple- for health-care providers. In the Americas region, national adolescent health programmes have been Department of Child and Adolescent Health and mented a violence prevention project in Argentina, supported to institutionalize youth participation and Development (CAH) Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, WHO-PAHO has developed a guide on youth World Health Organization Nicaragua and Peru. The project’s aim is to foster participation which is available at 20 Avenue Appia the participation of youth in programmes promot- english/ad/fch/ca/ADOLHome.htm. 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland ing youth development and violence prevention Tel.: +41 22 791 2668 | Fax: +41 22 791 4853 through advocacy, development of public policy, knowledge management and dissemination, and E-mail: the promotion of innovative and participative Website: experiences. In addition, capacity-building on
  • 98. 2005 | Diego Goldberg | Pixel Press | UNFPA
  • 99. Youth Employment Network (YEN)Youth Employment Network (YEN) 100 The Youth Employment Network (YEN) supports MAJOR ACTIVITIES the combined strength of an inter-agency effort employment-generating activities, programmes and providing strategic guidance to the YEN lead The YEN’s activities and contributions include: countries in the development of NAPs. and policies for youth. It was established in 2001 as a partnership between the United Nations, the • Ensuring political buy-in and national backing for • Adopting a network approach. The complexity ILO and the World Bank to give effect to the glo- the National Action Plan process. United Nations of the youth employment challenge underscores bal commitment in the Millennium Declaration of General Assembly resolutions request countries to the need for the engagement of a broad range of “developing and implementing strategies that give develop National Action Plans on youth employ- actors. The YEN with its wide network and national young people everywhere a real chance to find ment (NAPs). The YEN supports the formulation mandate provides outreach and network support decent and productive work”. of NAPs in its lead countries—those countries by generating buy-in from other stakeholders as that have committed at the highest political level necessary, allowing for a more holistic and sustain- The YEN secretariat, based at the ILO in Geneva, to creating decent and productive work for young able approach to NAP development. This includes promotes coherent approaches, which integrate people and to preparing a national review and engagement across ministries and with the private supply- and demand-side strategies, in stimulating action plan on youth employment. The YEN works sector, municipal authorities, parliamentarians and youth employment. The YEN combines a political in close partnership with its core partners to moti- civil society groups at the international and national strategy with the technical experience and imple- vate Governments to operationalize their commit- levels and youth. mentation capacity of its partner organizations to ments. Much of this work can be seen as helping • Promoting youth participation. Building on General address the ongoing challenges of unemployment to create the basic conditions required for a multi- Assembly resolutions which encourage youth partic- and underemployment of young people. The YEN stakeholder approach. ipation in the NAPs, the YEN has built a strong rela- therefore plays an important role in facilitating com- munication and information sharing, linking impor- • Promoting policy coherence and the engage- tionship with youth through its Youth Consultative tant initiatives and stakeholders. It also fills a key ment of the core partners. The YEN works to bring Group on the global level and with national youth international coordinating role in operationalizing together its three core agencies, both at headquar- groups in the lead countries. The YEN has a track peer partnerships among participating countries. ters level and in the field, thereby demonstrating record in capacity-building activities to support
  • 100. 101the engagement of youth in the development of policy messages into forums such as the General KEY PUBLICATIONSemployment policy. Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the • Youth Employment Promotion: A Review of• Developing relationships with supportive coun- Commission for Social Development and the World ILO Work and the Lessons Learned (2005)tries. The YEN secretariat has the ability to lever- Bank’s Annual Meetings, and open doors for par- • Improving Prospects for Young Women andage a range of resources—political, technical and ticipation in YEN partner activities. Men in the World of Work (2004)financial—to support the development of NAPs, • Joining Forces with Young People: Acomplementing resources mobilized by core part- THE YOUTH CONSULTATIVE GROUP Practical Guide to Collaboration for Youthner agencies. Employment (2007) The YEN promotes young people as assets—as • Best practices in private sector• Facilitating knowledge sharing, production and catalysts for development—rather than as pas- collaboration for youth employment (2008)dissemination of tools and resources. The YEN sec- sive beneficiaries for whom employment must • Is youth employment a priority in Westretariat facilitates the sharing of knowledge on NAP be found. In 2004, a YEN Youth Consultative Africa? An analysis of national policies anddevelopment through its lead country network and Group was launched, comprising representa- budgets from a youth perspective (2008)beyond. In addition, it develops tools and resources tives of large international and regional youthto assist countries in the formulation of their NAPs organizations to provide advice and guidance to Contact:and promotes the tools of its core partners. the YEN’s work. The Youth Consultative• Supporting monitoring, evaluation and ongoing Youth Employment Network Group also assists the YEN secretariat to iden- International Labour Officeimprovement of NAPs. The YEN is developing indi- tify youth organizations on the national level CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerlandcators on youth employment and benchmarks to for country-level activities such as youth con- Tel: +41 22 799 8055 | Fax: +41 22 799 7978measure progress. It facilitates peer partnerships sultations or different youth capacity-buildingto improve NAPs. activities. E-mail:• Providing a platform and access to the interna- Website: arena. It can assist the partners in bringing
  • 101. asdfFor more information contact the United Nations Programme on Youth at |