2 aida gareeva pedrr workshop session 3

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2 aida gareeva pedrr workshop session 3

  1. 1. Ecosystem management for DRR Integrated Natural Resource Management for Disaster Risk Reduction on watershed level in the south of Kyrgyzstan PEDRR Workshop “Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction”. 21-23 September in Bonn, Germany
  2. 2. Context of Kyrgyzstan • The total area of Kyrgyzstan is 198,500 sq km (76,640 sq mi). The country is almost completely mountainous. More than half of Kyrgyzstan lies at an elevation higher than 2,500 m (8,200 ft) • Population 5,431,747 • Agrigalture is a significant sector of the economy. It comprises 35.3% of the total GDP and occupies 55% of the total labor force
  3. 3. Kyrgyzstan Mud flow disasters • Since 1991 decrease in governmental resources for prevention of natural disasters, and recovery in case of emergency; • Decentralisation: Responsibilities concerning disaster reduction and Landslide disasters prevention are increasingly transferred from the state level to local level; • Annual damages - 12 mln. $ • 1992-2008 more then 200 000peoples affected (www.preventionweb.net)
  4. 4. Content of presentation Experience from the ongoing project in Zerger watershed; 1. Integration of scientific results to practice for DRR 2. To enhance dialogue between scientific and practitioner communities. 3. Strengthening of local institutions for DRR management ;
  5. 5. Project area - Zerger watershed
  6. 6. Project area - Zerger watershed • The total basin area is 43’617 hectares; • Altitude 1800-2354 m; • 3 municipalities within the; basin area: Zerger, Jazy and Jylandy (17 villages); • The area’s population is 20,000; • The area is prone to land slides (Tosoi village, 1994), mudflows and floods.
  7. 7. Definition by ISDR "The combination of the probability of an event and its negative consequences." Risk = Hazards x Vulnerability frequency, magnitude exposure, asset, susceptibility
  8. 8. risk = hazards x vulnerability Hazards Participatory hazards Vulnerability assessment by & vulnerability assessment by social expert group assessment group of experts Measures, recommended by villagers Hazards assessment map with vulnerability elements Risk assessment Measures
  9. 9. Participatory hazard assessment
  10. 10. risk = hazards x vulnerability Hazards Participatory hazards Vulnerability assessment by & vulnerability assessment by social expert group assessment group of experts Measures, recommended by villagers Hazards assessment map with vulnerability elements Risk assessment Measures
  11. 11. Hazard assessment Landslide hazards map • 1st degree: very high • probability; • 2nd degree: high; • 3rd: medium; • 4th: low probability.
  12. 12. risk = hazards x vulnerability Hazards Participatory hazards Vulnerability assessment by & vulnerability assessment by social expert group assessment group of experts Measures, recommended by villagers Hazards assessment map with vulnerability elements Risk assessment Measures
  13. 13. Vulnerability assessment Poverty • 53 % of households are poor according to the National Statistical Committee (in average per capita 10 Euro per month); • More than 60% of households have income which is Rich enough only for Middle primary necessities Average Interview according to Poor Official statistics assessment of the Very poor respondents.
  14. 14. risk = hazards x vulnerability Hazards Participatory hazards Vulnerability assessment by & vulnerability assessment by social expert group assessment group of experts Measures, recommended by villagers Hazards assessment map with vulnerability elements Risk assessment Measures
  15. 15. risk = hazards x vulnerability Hazards Participatory hazards Vulnerability assessment by & vulnerability assessment by social expert group assessment group of experts Measures, recommended by villagers Hazards assessment map with vulnerability elements Risk assessment Measures
  16. 16. Strengthening of local institutions for DRR management
  17. 17. Integrated DRR approach with watershed management • Reed control by planting alfalfa and sainfoin on rain fed land; • Pasture management; • Protection from mudflow by establishment of gabions.
  18. 18. Conclusions What we are learning in Kyrgyzstan from this experience? • Need of new methods for integration of existing dates and involvement of national experts for assessment. • Integration and synthesis of interdisciplinary knowledge on the watershed level. • Broadening of understanding of local population to watershed level • Need of clear practical recommendations for mitigation and adaptation measures on watershed level (international experience is needed) • Watershed approach is sustainable but long-term (and capital- intensive?)
  19. 19. Thank you!
  20. 20. Integrated DRR approach with watershed management • Reed control by planting alfalfa and sainfoin on rain fed land; • Pasture management; • Protection from mudflow by establishment of gabions.
  21. 21. How to reduce risks? Watershed management Flood retention dam USAR Team Risk = Hazard * (Vulnerability - Coping Capacity) R=H*V Land use plan Early Warning System EQ proof construction
  22. 22. Hazard assessment Mud flow and spring flood assessment • 1st degree: very high probability; • 2nd degree: high; • 3rd: medium; • 4th: low probability
  23. 23. Main project expected results 1. Concerned institutions and selected communities are trained on measures of detection, mitigation and response to disaster risks. 2. The first stage of the integrated local disaster risk management planning on village and watershed level has been completed. 3. Practice measures in the frame of plans implementation increased adaptation potential of local institutes for the DRR management.
  24. 24. Integrated DRR approach with watershed management • Reed control by planting alfalfa and sainfoin on rain fed land; • Pasture management; • Protection from mudflow by establishment of gabions.

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