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1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4
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1 ioana creitaru pedrr workshop session 4

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  • 1. Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disaster Risk Reduction Workshop Bonn, Bonn, Germany, 21-23 September 2010 21- Session 4: Synthesis What have we learned? learned?
  • 2. Ecosystems, livelihoods and DRR: Key issues • Multidisciplinarity > Interdisciplinarity > TRANSDISCIPLINARITY • Multi-hazards, cross-sectoral approaches • Holistic ecology: Adopting a ‘broader’ landscape perspective/ ‘Ridge to Reef’ approach • Acknowledge the limits of ecosystem services for DRR • Understand thresholds and tipping points • Acknowledge positive outcomes of hazards & learning to ‘live with hazards’ • Include poverty alleviation and social justice • Communication, knowledge transfer, education and advocacy between all levels and spheres • Strengthen and link existing platforms, networks and partnerships • Relationship between chronic and episodic hazards and of how episodic events that become chronic hazards Take knowledge outside of this room!!!
  • 3. Ecosystems, livelihoods and DRR: Key issues • Precautionary principle as long as DRR is being addressed by other means • Applied research • Underscore multiple use of ecosystems • Integrate ecosystem based DRR into development planning/ governance • Trans-boundary and urbanization issues • Climate change impact on disaster risk and vulnerability • Difficulty in measuring vulnerability • Influence policy-making • Short term political timeframe vs long term return and investment for ecosystem services • Include of economics (valuation, experts, etc) > economic ecology Take knowledge outside of this room!!!
  • 4. Scientific Knowledge, Tools & Methods Measurement • Remote sensing • Community monitoring • GIS • Mapping • Modeling • Participatory risk analysis • Stakeholder mapping • Institutional analysis • Economic assessment & total economic valuation technique • ‘Smart’ indicators • Measurement of provisioning services • Computational tools
  • 5. Scientific Knowledge, Tools & Methods Tools • Ecosystem management is a tool to be combined with other elements • Stakeholder platforms • Community-based DRR • Livelihood impact assessments and scenario modeling • Joint and comprehensive terminology • Integrated watershed management • Manuals, guidelines • Protected area management • Land use planning, management and tenure • Enforcement, control, restoration of ecosystems • Fuel management for wildfire • Living with the hazard (becoming hazard-wise) • Traditional knowledge • Fire danger rating systems
  • 6. Practitioners’ Knowledge, Tools & Methods Success criteria • Government buy-in and multi-sectoral cooperation • Country-driven processes • Community participation • Dialogue among multiple stakeholders • Build on existing work • Long term vision for sustainability • Demonstrable outcomes & targeted and useful tools • Learning and knowledge networks • Clarity on challenges and gaps • Innovation • Interdisciplinary
  • 7. Practitioners’ Knowledge, Tools & Methods Driving forces • Hazard events, post-disaster rehabilitation, memory of recent disaster • Donor support, INGOs, private sector • Disaster funds available • Local needs • Threat to infrastructure • Multiple uses of ecosystem >, involvment • Cost effectiveness • Holistic approaches • Ecosystem degradation • Increased awareness on climate change • Science influence on policies • Paradigm shift toward prevention and mitigation • ISDR Hyogo framework for Action (AP 4: Sustainable development)
  • 8. Practitioners’ Knowledge, Tools & Methods Obstacles • Lack of data, experise, capacity • Expertise, time, cost • Change in donor policies • Benefits take a long time to manifest • Working with traumatised communities • Terminology • Coordination • Perceptions and cultural differences • Misfit between policies and scientific results • Difficulty to replicate and upscale • Corruption • Short term interests • Dichotomy between humanitarian and prevention • Guidance on mitigation and prevention is not adequate and specific
  • 9. What gaps still need to be addessed?
  • 10. 1. Research/ knowledge on ecosystem and livelihood thresholds and uncertainties for different types of hazards
  • 11. 2. Institutional capacity building at country level
  • 12. 3. Mainstreaming E-based approaches into DRR and development planning
  • 13. 4. Valuing ecosystem functions and services (economic and non- economic)

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