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World Mortality 2009 Wall Chart
 

World Mortality 2009 Wall Chart

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World Mortality 2009 presents key indicators of mortality at the global, regional and country levels; it includes data for 196 countries or areas. The wall chart highlights variations among countries ...

World Mortality 2009 presents key indicators of mortality at the global, regional and country levels; it includes data for 196 countries or areas. The wall chart highlights variations among countries in a number of indicators of mortality: annual deaths; crude death rates; life expectancy at birth by sex; infant mortality; under-five mortality; and probabilities of dying from birth to age 15, from age 15 to age 60, and from birth to age 60. Estimates of mortality are complemented by information related to major causes of death, such as the proportion of deaths due to three broad groups of causes, adult HIV prevalence, AIDS deaths, and the maternal mortality ratio.

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    World Mortality 2009 Wall Chart World Mortality 2009 Wall Chart Document Transcript

    • United Nations • Department of Economic and Social Affairs • Population Division World Mortality 2009 www.unpopulation.org Life expectancy Probability of dying Percentage of Life expectancy Probability of dying Percentage of at birth (years) (per 1,000) deaths by cause 2 at birth (years) (per 1,000) deaths by cause 2 Group I: HIV Group I: HIV Commu- preva- Maternal Commu- preva- Maternal Under- nicable, lence mortal- Under- nicable, lence mortal- Infant five perinatal, (among ity ratio Infant five perinatal, (among ity ratio mortality mortality maternal, Group II: adults (maternal mortality mortality maternal, Group II: adults (maternal Annual Crude (deaths (deaths nutri- Non- aged AIDS deaths per Annual Crude (deaths (deaths nutri- Non- aged AIDS deaths per number death per 1,000 per 1,000 From From From tional communi- 15-49 as deaths 100,000 number death per 1,000 per 1,000 From From From tional communi- 15-49 as deaths 100,000 of deaths rate (per Both live live birth to age 15 to birth to condi- cable Group III: percen- (thou- live of deaths rate (per Both live live birth to age 15 to birth to condi- cable Group III: percen- (thou- live (thousands) 1,000) sexes Males Females births) births) age 15 age 60 age 60 tions diseases Injuries tage) sands) births) 3 (thousands) 1,000) sexes Males Females births) births) age 15 age 60 age 60 tions diseases Injuries tage) sands) births) 3 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16)Country or area 1 2005-2010 2004 2007 2005 Country or area 1 2005-2010 2004 2007 2005World 56 844 8.5 68 65 70 47 71 85 175 244 31 59 10 0.8 2 000 400 Europe 8 334 11.4 75 71 79 7 9 11 139 149 5 87 9 .. .. 13 More developed regions 4 12 349 10.1 77 74 81 6 8 10 116 124 6 86 8 .. .. 11 Eastern Europe 4 132 14.0 69 64 75 11 14 17 228 242 4 84 12 .. .. 21 Less developed regions 5 44 495 8.1 66 64 67 52 78 93 188 264 37 52 10 .. .. 450 Belarus 142 14.7 69 63 75 9 12 14 223 234 2 86 12 0.2 1 18 Least developed countries 6 9 232 11.4 56 55 57 82 132 160 297 410 63 30 8 .. .. 870 Bulgaria 10 111 14.6 73 70 77 12 15 18 129 144 2 94 3 .. … 11 Other less developed countries 7 35 263 7.5 68 66 70 43 62 73 173 234 30 59 11 .. .. 310 Czech Republic 10, 14 111 10.8 76 73 80 4 5 6 96 102 3 91 7 … … 4 Sub-Saharan Africa 8 11 286 13.9 51 50 53 89 148 183 385 498 66 26 8 5.0 1 500 900 Hungary 10 135 13.4 73 69 77 7 8 10 156 164 2 92 7 0.1 … 6 Poland 381 10.0 76 71 80 7 8 10 123 132 3 90 7 0.1 <0.2 8Africa 12 200 12.5 54 53 55 83 136 167 338 449 64 28 7 .. .. 820 Republic of Moldova 47 12.9 68 65 72 18 23 27 203 225 4 88 8 0.4 <0.1 22 Eastern Africa 9 3 889 12.7 53 52 54 76 124 157 390 485 70 23 7 .. .. 750 Romania 10 264 12.3 73 69 76 15 18 21 139 157 4 91 5 0.1 … 24 Burundi 111 14.0 50 49 52 98 166 208 372 503 70 21 9 2.0 11 1 100 Russian Federation 2 146 15.1 66 60 73 12 16 19 286 300 5 80 16 1.1 40 28 Comoros 10 4 6.8 65 63 67 48 63 74 203 262 51 41 7 <0.1 … 400 Slovakia 54 10.0 75 71 79 7 8 10 125 133 4 90 6 <0.1 .. 6 Djibouti 9 11.1 55 54 57 85 125 147 331 429 57 36 7 3.1 1 650 Ukraine 741 16.0 68 63 74 12 15 19 242 256 4 87 9 1.6 19 18 Eritrea 42 8.6 59 57 62 54 75 88 333 392 59 32 9 1.3 3 450 Northern Europe 20 971 9.9 79 76 81 5 6 7 80 86 7 89 5 .. .. 7 Ethiopia 955 12.0 55 54 56 79 131 164 320 431 70 24 6 2.1 67 720 Channel Islands 21 1 9.5 79 77 81 5 6 7 61 67 .. .. .. .. .. .. Kenya 11 449 11.7 54 54 55 64 104 133 410 488 71 22 7 … … 560 Denmark 10 56 10.3 78 76 81 4 6 7 86 92 4 91 5 0.2 … 3 Madagascar 176 9.3 60 59 62 65 100 126 247 342 59 34 7 0.1 <1 510 Estonia 17 12.9 73 68 78 8 10 12 171 181 3 87 10 1.3 <0.5 25 Malawi 182 12.4 53 52 54 84 121 138 427 507 77 18 5 11.9 68 1 100 Finland 10, 22 50 9.4 80 76 83 3 4 5 77 82 5 86 9 0.1 … 7 Mauritius 10, 12 9 7.2 72 69 76 15 17 20 171 188 6 88 6 1.7 … 15 Iceland 10 2 6.1 82 80 83 3 4 5 49 54 4 90 6 0.2 … 4 Mayotte 1 2.9 76 72 80 7 9 11 107 117 .. .. .. .. .. .. Ireland 28 6.4 80 78 82 4 6 7 63 69 8 87 5 0.2 <0.1 1 Mozambique 356 16.1 48 47 49 90 153 191 472 573 70 24 6 12.5 81 520 Latvia 31 13.8 72 67 77 9 11 14 173 184 3 88 10 0.8 <0.5 10 Réunion 4 5.5 76 72 81 7 9 11 103 112 .. .. .. .. .. .. Lithuania 44 13.1 72 66 78 9 12 14 189 200 3 85 12 0.1 <0.2 11 Rwanda 141 14.7 50 48 52 100 155 213 381 513 74 20 7 2.8 8 1 300 Norway 10, 23 41 8.7 81 78 83 3 5 6 61 66 6 88 6 0.1 … 7 Somalia 141 15.9 50 48 51 110 180 228 346 495 62 26 11 0.5 2 1 400 Sweden 92 10.1 81 79 83 3 4 5 58 63 5 90 5 0.1 <0.1 3 Uganda 402 12.9 52 52 53 74 122 156 416 507 71 20 9 5.4 77 550 United Kingdom 607 9.9 79 77 82 5 6 7 71 78 8 89 3 0.2 <0.5 8 United Republic of Tanzania 484 11.5 55 55 56 65 106 134 372 456 68 25 7 6.2 96 950 Southern Europe 24 1 466 9.7 80 77 83 5 6 8 72 79 4 91 5 .. .. 8 Zambia 219 17.5 45 45 46 95 160 205 540 634 77 18 5 15.2 56 830 Albania 14 19 6.2 76 73 80 16 18 20 78 97 6 87 7 … .. 92 Zimbabwe 203 16.2 44 43 44 58 94 128 700 738 79 16 5 15.3 140 880 Bosnia and Herzegovina 37 9.8 75 72 78 13 15 16 98 112 3 93 5 <0.1 .. 3 Middle Africa 1 990 16.4 48 47 50 112 189 235 380 526 71 22 8 .. .. 1 200 Croatia 51 11.5 76 73 80 6 8 9 103 111 4 90 6 <0.1 .. 7 Angola 305 17.1 47 45 49 117 205 255 383 540 73 20 7 2.1 11 1 400 Greece 113 10.2 79 77 81 4 4 5 65 70 4 92 4 0.2 <0.1 3 Cameroon 270 14.3 51 50 52 87 144 180 405 513 65 29 6 5.1 39 1 000 Italy 589 9.9 81 78 84 4 5 6 62 68 3 92 5 0.4 2 3 Central African Republic 73 17.1 47 45 48 105 180 225 443 568 65 26 8 6.3 11 980 Malta 10 3 7.8 80 78 81 6 7 9 59 68 8 88 4 0.1 … 8 Chad 181 16.8 49 47 50 130 211 240 340 498 71 23 6 3.5 14 1 500 Montenegro 25 6 10.2 74 72 76 9 10 11 125 135 .. .. .. .. .. .. Congo 46 12.9 54 53 55 79 128 162 367 470 65 28 7 3.5 6 740 Portugal 108 10.1 79 75 82 4 5 7 81 87 7 88 5 0.5 <0.5 11 Dem. Republic of the Congo 13 1 089 17.2 47 46 49 117 198 247 376 531 72 19 9 … … 1 100 Serbia 25 114 11.6 74 72 76 12 14 16 118 132 .. .. .. 0.1 <0.1 .. Equatorial Guinea 10 10 15.1 50 49 51 100 168 210 372 504 64 29 7 3.4 … 680 Slovenia 19 9.5 78 75 82 4 5 6 88 93 6 86 8 <0.1 <0.1 6 Gabon 14 9.8 60 59 62 51 80 99 303 372 51 41 8 5.9 2 520 Spain 386 8.7 81 78 84 4 5 6 66 71 5 91 5 0.5 2 4 Sao Tome and Principe 1 7.5 66 64 67 72 95 104 143 232 53 38 9 .. .. .. TFYR Macedonia 26 19 9.1 74 72 77 15 17 19 109 126 3 89 8 <0.1 .. 10 Northern Africa 1 337 6.6 68 66 70 42 56 67 155 211 28 62 10 .. .. 230 Western Europe 27 1 764 9.4 80 77 83 4 5 6 71 77 5 90 5 .. .. 6 Algeria 169 4.9 72 71 74 31 33 39 113 147 30 60 9 0.1 <1 180 Austria 10 77 9.3 80 77 83 4 5 6 70 76 3 91 6 0.2 … 4 Egypt 14 475 5.9 70 68 72 35 41 45 136 175 17 78 5 … <0.5 130 Belgium 103 9.7 80 77 83 4 5 6 74 80 6 89 6 0.2 <0.1 8 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 14 25 4.1 74 72 77 18 20 22 124 143 16 73 11 … .. 97 France 530 8.6 81 78 85 4 5 6 72 77 6 87 7 0.4 2 8 Morocco 183 5.8 71 69 73 31 36 41 122 158 20 72 8 0.1 <1 240 Germany 849 10.3 80 77 82 4 5 6 70 76 4 92 4 0.1 <0.5 4 Sudan 423 10.3 58 56 60 69 111 139 286 385 43 39 18 1.4 25 450 Luxembourg 10 4 8.2 79 77 82 4 6 7 71 78 7 86 7 0.2 … 12 Tunisia 60 5.9 74 72 76 20 22 24 98 120 27 65 8 0.1 <0.2 100 Netherlands 138 8.4 80 78 82 4 6 7 65 71 7 90 4 0.2 <0.2 6 Western Sahara 3 5.8 66 64 68 44 56 66 196 249 .. .. .. .. .. .. Switzerland 62 8.3 82 79 84 4 5 6 58 64 4 90 6 0.6 <0.5 5 Southern Africa 839 14.8 52 50 53 49 72 89 537 578 59 32 9 .. .. 410 Latin America and the Caribbean 3 409 6.0 73 70 77 22 28 33 147 175 19 69 12 .. .. 130 Botswana 22 11.7 55 55 55 36 54 71 485 521 76 18 6 23.9 11 380 Lesotho 34 16.9 45 44 46 70 104 126 642 687 72 24 4 23.2 18 960 Caribbean 28 304 7.3 72 69 74 34 45 52 153 197 30 59 11 1.1 14 300 Namibia 18 8.5 61 60 62 35 52 64 331 373 70 25 6 15.3 5 210 Aruba 1 7.3 75 72 77 16 18 20 99 117 .. .. .. .. .. .. South Africa 746 15.1 52 50 53 49 72 88 541 581 57 33 9 18.1 350 400 Bahamas 2 6.0 73 71 76 9 13 18 168 183 25 64 11 3.0 <0.2 16 Swaziland 18 15.7 46 46 45 66 102 127 626 673 74 20 6 26.1 10 390 Barbados 2 7.7 77 74 80 10 11 13 84 96 14 81 5 1.2 <0.1 16 Cuba 77 6.8 79 77 81 5 8 10 89 98 9 82 8 0.1 <0.1 45 Western Africa 15 4 146 14.4 51 50 52 98 166 202 353 484 68 26 6 .. .. 1 100 Dominican Republic 58 5.9 72 70 75 30 33 38 172 204 23 66 12 1.1 4 150 Benin 79 9.3 61 60 62 85 121 134 194 302 66 28 6 1.2 3 840 Grenada 1 6.2 75 74 77 13 15 17 92 107 17 78 5 .. .. .. Burkina Faso 197 13.1 53 52 54 80 157 185 308 436 68 26 6 1.6 9 700 Guadeloupe 4 7.9 79 76 82 7 9 10 87 96 .. .. .. .. .. .. Cape Verde 2 5.0 71 68 74 26 31 36 132 163 37 53 10 .. .. 210 Haiti 89 9.1 61 59 63 62 85 100 256 331 54 32 14 2.2 7 670 Côte d’Ivoire 223 10.9 57 56 59 87 123 139 301 398 64 25 11 3.9 38 810 Jamaica 20 7.4 72 68 75 23 28 32 173 200 17 75 8 1.6 2 170 Gambia 10 19 11.4 56 54 57 77 116 138 301 397 56 38 6 0.9 … 690 Martinique 3 7.7 80 77 82 7 8 10 85 94 .. .. .. .. .. .. Ghana 258 11.2 57 56 57 73 117 147 310 411 60 34 6 1.9 21 560 Netherlands Antilles 1 7.4 76 73 79 13 14 16 115 129 .. .. .. .. .. .. Guinea 109 11.2 58 56 60 98 148 166 229 356 64 30 7 1.6 5 910 Puerto Rico 31 7.8 79 75 83 7 9 10 92 101 .. .. .. .. .. 18 Guinea-Bissau 27 17.4 48 46 49 114 196 244 378 530 72 23 5 1.8 1 1 100 Saint Lucia 1 6.6 74 72 76 13 16 19 135 151 11 78 11 .. .. .. Liberia 39 10.6 58 57 59 95 140 157 233 353 76 17 7 1.7 2 1 200 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 7.5 72 69 74 23 28 32 132 160 20 72 8 .. .. .. Mali 200 15.9 48 48 49 106 191 223 375 515 69 26 5 1.5 6 970 Trinidad and Tobago 10 11 8.0 69 66 73 26 33 38 190 220 15 78 7 1.5 … 45 Mauritania 33 10.5 57 55 59 73 120 142 277 379 56 37 7 0.8 <1 820 United States Virgin Islands 1 6.9 79 76 82 9 10 11 75 86 .. .. .. .. .. .. Niger 220 15.2 51 50 52 88 172 201 331 466 75 21 4 0.8 4 1 800 Nigeria 2 467 16.5 48 47 48 109 187 233 395 536 70 25 6 3.1 170 1 100 Central America 731 4.9 75 73 78 20 25 29 120 146 18 71 11 .. .. 120 Senegal 132 11.0 55 54 57 58 120 143 302 402 56 38 7 1.0 2 980 Belize 1 3.7 76 74 78 17 21 23 109 130 22 62 16 2.1 <0.2 52 Sierra Leone 88 16.0 47 46 49 104 148 180 489 581 73 21 6 1.7 3 2 100 Costa Rica 18 4.1 79 76 81 10 11 14 87 99 8 80 12 0.4 <0.2 30 Togo 52 8.2 62 61 64 71 98 109 221 305 65 29 6 3.3 9 510 El Salvador 42 6.8 71 67 76 22 26 31 203 228 25 60 15 0.8 2 170 Guatemala 77 5.7 70 67 74 30 39 47 180 218 40 47 13 0.8 4 290Asia 29 980 7.4 69 67 71 42 58 68 160 217 27 61 11 .. .. 320 Honduras 37 5.1 72 70 75 28 39 48 147 188 27 64 9 0.7 2 280 Eastern Asia 11 046 7.2 74 72 76 22 28 33 116 145 11 79 10 .. .. 48 Mexico 512 4.7 76 74 79 17 20 24 109 130 14 76 10 0.3 11 60 China 16 9 321 7.0 73 71 75 23 29 34 122 152 10 79 10 0.1 39 45 Nicaragua 27 4.7 73 70 76 21 26 31 163 189 22 67 10 0.2 <0.5 170 China, Hong Kong SAR 17 42 6.1 82 79 85 4 5 5 55 60 .. .. .. .. .. .. Panama 17 5.0 76 73 78 18 24 28 106 131 20 69 11 1.0 <1 130 China, Macao SAR 18 2 4.4 81 79 83 5 6 7 59 65 .. .. .. .. .. .. South America 29 2 374 6.2 73 70 77 21 28 33 155 183 18 70 12 .. .. 120 Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea 236 9.9 67 65 69 48 63 70 149 209 30 63 6 .. .. 370 Argentina 309 7.8 75 72 79 13 16 18 122 138 13 80 6 0.5 7 77 Japan 14 1 164 9.1 83 79 86 3 4 5 57 62 12 80 7 … <0.1 6 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 73 7.6 66 63 68 46 61 80 206 269 37 55 8 0.2 <0.5 290 Mongolia 10 17 6.7 66 63 70 42 44 51 242 281 18 71 11 0.1 … 46 Brazil 1 214 6.4 72 69 76 23 29 34 176 204 19 70 11 0.6 15 110 Republic of Korea 263 5.5 79 76 83 4 6 7 74 81 5 83 12 <0.1 <0.5 14 Chile 90 5.4 78 76 82 7 9 11 93 103 8 83 8 0.3 1 16 South-Central Asia 19 13 976 8.1 64 63 65 56 82 95 210 285 40 50 11 .. .. 480 Colombia 246 5.5 73 69 77 19 26 31 148 174 14 59 26 0.6 10 130 Afghanistan 10 528 19.7 44 44 44 157 235 276 428 586 68 28 4 .. … 1 800 Ecuador 69 5.2 75 72 78 21 26 31 127 154 22 64 13 0.3 1 210 Bangladesh 14 1 053 6.6 66 65 67 45 57 67 195 249 45 45 10 … <0.5 570 French Guiana 1 3.7 76 73 80 13 15 17 90 106 .. .. .. .. .. .. Bhutan 10 5 7.2 66 64 68 44 64 80 195 259 40 50 10 0.1 … 440 Guyana 6 8.2 67 64 70 42 56 66 207 260 27 62 11 2.5 <1 470 India 9 960 8.5 63 62 65 55 81 96 221 296 39 50 11 0.3 .. 450 Paraguay 34 5.6 72 70 74 32 38 44 150 188 20 68 12 0.6 <1 150 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 419 5.7 71 70 73 29 34 37 123 156 15 70 15 0.2 4 140 Peru 155 5.4 73 71 76 21 33 40 134 168 31 61 9 0.5 3 240 Kazakhstan 174 11.3 65 59 71 26 30 35 281 306 12 77 12 0.1 <0.5 140 Suriname 10 4 7.6 69 65 73 22 31 36 205 233 20 69 11 2.4 … 72 Kyrgyzstan 40 7.4 68 64 72 37 46 50 196 237 17 73 9 0.1 <0.2 150 Uruguay 31 9.3 76 73 80 13 16 18 103 119 8 86 6 0.6 <0.5 20 Maldives 10, 14 1 4.6 71 70 73 24 28 33 134 163 19 62 18 … … 120 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 142 5.1 74 71 77 17 22 26 136 159 14 66 20 .. .. 57 Nepal 185 6.5 67 66 67 42 54 63 188 239 46 44 11 0.5 5 830 Northern America 30 2 678 7.8 79 77 82 6 7 9 87 94 6 87 7 .. .. 10 Pakistan 1 225 7.0 66 66 67 64 89 100 151 236 46 45 8 0.1 5 320 Canada 245 7.4 81 78 83 5 6 7 67 73 5 89 6 0.4 <0.5 7 Sri Lanka 10, 14 129 6.5 74 70 78 16 20 24 137 158 9 52 40 … … 58 United States of America 2 432 7.8 79 77 81 6 7 9 89 97 6 87 7 0.6 22 11 Tajikistan 44 6.4 67 64 69 60 78 90 177 251 46 50 4 0.3 <.5 170 Turkmenistan 39 7.7 65 61 69 50 64 75 231 288 27 66 7 <0.1 .. 130 Oceania 243 7.0 76 74 79 23 30 35 101 132 16 77 7 0.4 1 180 Uzbekistan 176 6.5 68 65 71 48 58 67 191 245 25 69 6 0.1 <0.5 24 Australia/New Zealand 173 6.9 81 79 84 5 6 7 59 66 4 90 6 .. .. 5 South-Eastern Asia 3 736 6.5 70 68 72 28 37 43 160 196 29 55 16 .. .. 300 Australia 31 144 6.9 81 79 84 5 6 7 58 64 5 89 6 0.2 <0.1 4 Brunei Darussalam 1 2.8 77 75 80 6 7 8 81 88 10 80 10 .. .. 13 New Zealand 10 30 7.0 80 78 82 5 6 7 69 76 3 91 6 0.1 … 9 Cambodia 121 8.4 61 59 63 62 89 104 259 335 55 38 6 0.8 7 540 Melanesia 63 7.6 63 61 65 47 63 74 275 328 48 43 9 .. .. 430 Indonesia 1 429 6.3 71 69 73 27 32 37 143 174 25 51 24 0.2 9 420 10 Fiji 6 6.6 69 67 71 20 24 29 192 215 19 75 5 0.1 … 210 Lao People’s Dem. Republic 44 7.1 65 63 66 50 65 76 207 268 46 43 11 0.2 <0.1 660 New Caledonia 1 5.5 76 73 80 6 9 11 104 114 .. .. .. .. .. .. Malaysia 120 4.5 74 72 77 9 11 14 120 133 21 70 9 0.5 4 62 Papua New Guinea 52 8.0 61 59 63 51 69 81 306 362 53 38 9 1.5 <1 470 Myanmar 491 9.9 61 59 63 75 111 130 228 328 41 51 8 0.7 25 380 Solomon Islands 3 6.2 66 65 67 44 57 66 194 248 37 57 6 .. .. 220 Philippines 14 431 4.8 72 70 74 23 27 31 130 157 35 57 8 … <0.2 230 Vanuatu 1 5.0 70 68 72 28 34 40 149 182 29 66 6 .. .. .. Singapore 23 5.1 80 78 83 3 4 5 62 67 17 77 6 0.2 <0.2 14 Micronesia 32 3 5.1 72 70 74 25 30 35 125 155 24 71 5 .. .. .. Thailand 599 8.9 69 66 72 7 10 17 237 250 28 61 11 1.4 30 110 Timor-Leste 10 8.8 61 60 62 67 92 108 250 331 56 36 8 .. .. 380 Guam 1 5.5 76 73 78 9 10 13 94 106 .. .. .. .. .. .. Viet Nam 467 5.4 74 72 76 20 23 28 113 138 23 68 9 0.5 24 150 Micronesia (Fed. States of) 1 6.1 69 68 69 34 42 49 166 207 24 71 5 .. .. .. Western Asia 1 222 5.5 71 69 74 30 37 42 132 169 23 63 14 .. .. 160 Polynesia 33 4 5.4 73 70 76 17 21 24 136 157 24 72 5 .. .. .. Armenia 27 8.7 74 70 77 25 28 30 119 146 4 92 3 0.1 <0.2 76 French Polynesia 1 5.1 74 72 77 8 10 13 123 134 .. .. .. .. .. .. Azerbaijan 59 6.8 70 68 72 43 53 58 146 195 17 80 3 0.2 <0.1 82 Samoa 1 5.3 72 69 75 22 27 30 155 181 24 71 5 .. .. .. Bahrain 14 2 2.6 76 74 77 10 13 15 88 102 9 81 10 … .. 32 Tonga 1 6.1 72 69 75 22 26 29 150 175 23 73 4 .. .. .. Cyprus 14 6 7.1 80 77 82 5 7 7 59 66 7 89 4 … .. 10 Georgia 10 52 11.9 72 68 75 35 36 39 136 170 8 89 3 0.1 … 66 Under-five mortality by major area, 1950-2010 Life expectancy at birth by development group, 1950-2010 Iraq 14 182 6.1 67 63 72 33 41 50 174 215 33 36 30 … .. 300 Israel 38 5.5 81 79 83 5 6 7 59 65 6 88 6 0.1 <0.2 4 300 80 Jordan 14 25 4.2 73 71 74 19 22 26 140 162 17 72 11 … .. 62 75 Kuwait 14 5 1.9 78 76 80 9 10 12 74 86 10 74 16 … .. 4 250 70 Deaths under age 5 per 1,000 live births Lebanon 29 6.9 72 70 74 22 26 30 126 152 10 78 11 0.1 <0.2 150 65 200 Occupied Palestinian Territory 15 3.7 73 72 75 18 20 23 109 130 .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 Years Oman 14 7 2.7 76 74 77 12 14 16 90 104 8 81 11 … .. 64 150 55 Qatar 14 2 2.0 76 75 77 8 10 13 110 122 12 72 16 … .. 12 50 Saudi Arabia 14 91 3.6 73 71 75 19 22 25 120 142 16 67 17 … .. 18 100 45 Syrian Arab Republic 14 71 3.4 74 72 76 16 18 21 103 122 14 76 9 … .. 130 40 Turkey 14 437 6.0 72 69 74 28 32 35 118 149 13 81 6 … .. 44 50 35 United Arab Emirates 14 7 1.5 77 77 79 10 11 12 75 86 16 64 20 … .. 37 0 30 Yemen 14 166 7.4 63 61 64 59 79 93 229 301 47 42 10 … .. 430 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 5 0 195 195 196 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 200 201 195 195 196 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 200 5 201 0 Definitions and sources Africa Europe Northern America World More developed regions Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Oceania Least developed countries Other less developed countries Annual number of deaths: Source: World as deaths per 1,000 live births. Source: World and it represents survivors per 1,000 persons. unaids.org/pub/GlobalReport/2008/20080820_ Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. Source: World Population Prospects: The 2008 gr08_annex1_table_en.xls. CD-ROM Edition—Extended Dataset in Excel CD-ROM Edition—Extended Dataset in Excel Revision. CD-ROM Edition—Extended Dataset and ASCII formats, United Nations publication, and ASCII formats, United Nations publica- in Excel and ASCII formats, United Nations AIDS deaths: The number of adults and Life expectancy at birth, 2005-2010 Share of world population children who died from AIDS during the Sales No. E.09.XII.6, 2009. tion, Sales No. E.09.XII.6, 2009. publication, Sales No. E.09.XII.6, 2009. year. Source: UNAIDS (2008). 2008 Report by level of life expectancy at birth Crude death rate: Number of deaths over Under-five mortality: Probability of dying Percentage of deaths by cause: Group I refers on the Global AIDS Epidemic (Geneva). Data between birth and exact age 5. It is expressed to deaths from communicable, maternal, peri- 100 a given period divided by the person-years available online at http://data.unaids.org/pub/ as deaths per 1,000 live births. Source: World natal and nutritional conditions; Group II refers Percentage of world population lived by the population over that period. It is GlobalReport/2008/20080820_gr08_annex1_ expressed as number of deaths per 1,000 pop- Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. to deaths from non-communicable diseases; table_en.xls. 80 ulation. Source: World Population Prospects: CD-ROM Edition—Extended Dataset in Excel and Group III refers to deaths from injuries, The 2008 Revision. CD-ROM Edition—Extended and ASCII formats, United Nations publication, including homicides and suicides. Estimates of Maternal mortality ratio: The number of Dataset in Excel and ASCII formats, United Sales No. E.09.XII.6, 2009. the proportion of deaths by cause for regional maternal deaths during a given time period per 100,000 live births during the same time 60 Nations publication, Sales No. E.09.XII.6, 2009. and other country aggregates exclude areas Probability of dying: The probability that, that are not member States of the World Health period. A maternal death is defined as the Life expectancy at birth:The average number given the mortality conditions of the given year Organization (WHO). Source: World Health death of a woman while pregnant or within of years of life expected by a hypothetical or period, an individual alive at exact age x 40 Organization (2009). Death and DALY Estimates 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespec- cohort of individuals who would be subject would die before exact age x+n; this wallchart for 2004 by Cause for WHO Member States tive of the duration and site of the pregnancy, Life expectancy during all their lives to the mortality rates of a presents the probability of dying between (Geneva). Data available online at http://www. from any cause related to or aggravated by the at birth (years) given period. It is expressed in years. Source: birth and exact age 15 (column 8), between 20 who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/ pregnancy or its management but not from exact age 15 and exact age 60 (column 9) and Less than 50 World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision. gbddeathdalycountryestimates2004.xls. accidental or incidental causes. Source: World between birth and exact age 60 (column 10). 50 to 60 CD-ROM Edition—Extended Dataset in Excel Health Organization, UNICEF UNFPA and The , 0 It is expressed as deaths per 1,000 live births HIV prevalence: The percentage of adults 60 to 70 and ASCII formats, United Nations publication, 1950-1955 1975-1980 2005-2010 (columns 8 and 10) or per 1,000 persons living aged 15 to 49 who were living with HIV at World Bank (2007). Maternal Mortality in 2005 Sales No. E.09.XII.6, 2009. 70 to 80 at exact age 15 (column 9). The probability of the end of the year. Source: UNAIDS (2008). (Geneva). Data available online at http://www. 80 or over Infant mortality: Probability of dying survival is the complement of these figures, 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/ Less than 40 50-60 70-80 No data between birth and exact age 1. It is expressed that is, 1,000 minus the probability of dying, (Geneva). Data available online at http://data. monitoring/9789241596213/en/index.html. 40-50 60-70 80 or over Notes The designations employed and the material 1 Countries or areas listed individually are only of Africa, Asia (excluding Japan), Latin America 7 Other less developed countries are those www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/HIVData/ countries: Albania, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Cyprus, 20 Including the Faeroe Islands and the Isle 28 Including Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, in this publication do not imply the expression those with 100,000 inhabitants or more in 2009; and the Caribbean plus Melanesia, Micronesia in the less developed regions minus the least GlobalReport/2008/2008_Global_report.asp. the Czech Republic, Egypt, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, of Man. the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the the rest are included in the regional aggregates and Polynesia. developed countries. Kuwait, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Maldives, Dominica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, 11 UNAIDS estimated that, at the end of 2007 , 21 Refers to Guernsey and Jersey. Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the but are not listed separately. Oman, the Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri and the Turks and Caicos Islands. 6 The current list of least developed countries, 8 Sub-Saharan Africa includes the countries adult HIV prevalence in Kenya was between legal status of any country, territory or area or of Lanka, the Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, the 22 Including the Åland Islands. 2 Estimates for regional aggregates exclude as defined by the United Nations General in Africa minus those in Northern Africa plus 7 per cent and 8.5 per cent and that between .1 29 Including the Falkland Islands (Malvinas). its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of United Arab Emirates and Yemen. For more infor- areas that are not member States of WHO. Assembly, includes 49 countries: Afghanistan, the Sudan. 85,000 and 130,000 AIDS deaths occurred in 23 Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands. mation see the 2008 Report on the Global AIDS 30 Including Bermuda, Greenland, and Saint its frontiers or boundaries. This exclusion affects particularly the estimates Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina the country that year. No point estimates were 9 Including Seychelles. Epidemic by UNAIDS, available online at http:// 24 Including Andorra, Gibraltar, the Holy See Pierre and Miquelon. The designations “more developed” and “less for the Caribbean (13 per cent of the regional Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, the Central African presented. www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/HIVData/ (refers to the Vatican City State) and San Marino. deaths were excluded), Micronesia (37 per cent Republic, Chad, Comoros, the Democratic 10 For some countries, UNAIDS published an 31 Including Christmas Island, the Cocos developed” regions are intended for statistical 12Including Agalega, Rodrigues and Saint GlobalReport/2008/2008_Global_report.asp. 25 Montenegro and Serbia formally dissolved of deaths were excluded) and Polynesia (47 per Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial upper bound estimate of the number of AIDS (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island. convenience and do not necessarily express Brandon. 15Including Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan into two independent countries on 3 June 2006. cent of deaths were excluded). Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Guinea, deaths in 2007 but no point estimate. The upper , 32Including Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, a judgement about the stage reached by a da Cunha. WHO estimated that in 2004 the distribution of Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, the Lao People’s bound indicated that each of the following 13 UNAIDS estimated that, at the end of 2007 , particular country or area in the development 3 Estimated maternal mortality ratios (MMR) deaths by cause for the combined populations Nauru, the Northern Mariana Islands and Palau. Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Mada- countries had fewer than 1,000 AIDS deaths in adult HIV prevalence in the Democratic Republic 16For statistical purposes, the data for China process. The term “country” as used in this for regional aggregates assume that countries of Serbia and Montenegro was: 2 per cent of Including American Samoa, the Cook Islands, gascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, 2007: Afghanistan, Austria, Bhutan, Bulgaria, of the Congo was between 1.2 per cent and do not include Hong Kong and Macao, Special 33 publication also refers, as appropriate, to ter- or areas for which estimates were not avail- deaths were due to Group I causes; 94 per cent Niue, Pitcairn, Tokelau, Tuvalu, and the Wallis Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Comoros, the Czech Republic, Denmark, 1.5 per cent and that between 24,000 and 34,000 Administrative Regions (SAR) of China. ritories or areas. able have an MMR equal to the average for to Group II causes; and 4 per cent to Group III and Futuna Islands. Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Finland, the Gambia, AIDS deaths occurred in the country that year. other countries in the region with estimates 17As of 1 July 1997 Hong Kong became a , causes. WHO and others (2007) estimated that Two dots (..) indicate that data are not available. Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, the Sudan, Georgia, Hungary, Iceland, Luxembourg, No point estimates were presented. available. Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. the maternal mortality ratio for the combined Suggested citation: United Nations, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, the United Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mongolia, New 14 For some countries, UNAIDS published an populations of Serbia and Montenegro in 2005 Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Three dots (…) indicate that UNAIDS published 4 More developed regions comprise all regions 18As of 20 December 1999, Macao became a Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Yemen and Zealand, Norway, Romania, Sri Lanka, Suriname, upper bound estimate of adult HIV prevalence was 14 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Population Division (2009). World Mortality a range of estimates for the country, but no of Europe plus Northern America, Australia/ Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. Zambia. The least developed countries are a and Trinidad and Tobago. For more informa- in 2007 but no point estimate. The upper bound , 2009. Wallchart (United Nations publication, point estimate. New Zealand and Japan. 26 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. subset of all less developed countries and are tion see the 2008 Report on the Global AIDS indicated that adult HIV prevalence was below 19The regions of Southern Asia and Central Sales No. E.09.XIII.4). Figures may not add to totals because of rounding. 5 Less developed regions comprise all regions located in the less developed regions. Epidemic by UNAIDS, available online at http:// 0.2 per cent at the end of 2007 in the following Asia are combined into South-Central Asia. 27 Including Liechtenstein and Monaco.
    • World Mortality 2009 between specific ages, expressed per 1,000 individuals alive at the initial age. The probability of dying between birth and age 15 reflects the likelihood of dying during the full period of childhood. In Western Europe, just 6 out of every 1,000 children born alive die before age 15 at current mortality rates, whereas in Middle Africa 6 per cent of the deaths occurring in 2004 were due to Group I causes, whereas 86 per cent were attributable to Group II causes. In the least developed countries, where both communicable and non-communicable diseases contribute to high morbidity and mortality, 63 per cent of all deaths in 2004 were the result of Maternal mortality. The Millennium Declaration urged the inter- national community to strive for a dramatic reduction in maternal mortality. The World Health Organization defines a maternal death as “the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site ofIntroduction. The potential to live a long and healthy life is a Life expectancy at birth. The life expectancy at birth is a meas- the equivalent figure ascends to 235 out of every 1,000 children Group I causes, while 30 per cent were attributable to Group II the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by thefundamental aspect of human development. In recent decades, ure of the average length of life that a hypothetical population born alive. The probability of dying between ages 15 and 60 is causes. Injuries are the third major category of causes of death pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or inci-enormous progress has been achieved in health and survival would have if it were subject during all its life to the mortality risks an indicator of mortality in the working ages. This probability is and include those caused by accidents as well as homicide and dental causes” (WHO et al., 2007; see the source of column 16 foraround the world. Life expectancy at birth for the world population prevalent during a given period. In 2005-2010, the global life expect- particularly high in the Russian Federation, where 286 of every suicide. Injuries accounted for 10 per cent of deaths worldwide in a full reference). The usual indicator of maternal mortality is therose from 47 years in 1950-1955 to 68 years in 2005-2010. However, ancy at birth is 68 years. The population of the least developed 1,000 persons who reach age 15 are expected to die before age 60 2004, with their share ranging from a low 3 per cent in a number maternal mortality ratio (MMR), defined as the number of mater-wide disparities remain in levels of mortality across countries countries, whose life expectancy amounts to a low 56 years, is the at current mortality rates. Such a high probability of dying in the of countries to a high 40 per cent in Sri Lanka as a result of the nal deaths per 100,000 live births. At the global level, an estimatedand regions. These differentials reflect inequalities in access to most disadvantaged in terms of survival prospects. The population adult ages contrasts with the low probability of death from birth to tsunami that hit that country at the end of the year. 536,000 women died because of maternal causes in 2005, resultingfood, safe drinking water, sanitation, medical care and other basic of the other developing countries has an average life expectancy of age 15 in the Russian Federation, which stands at just 19 persons in an MMR of 400 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. In devel-human needs. They also reflect risk factors, behavioural choices 68 years and that of people living in the more developed regions HIV prevalence. The Millennium Declaration called for halt- out of every 1,000 born alive. In developed countries as a whole, oping countries as a whole, the MMR was estimated at 450 mater-and societal contexts that affect the survival of individuals. The ascended to 77 years. At the country level, life expectancy at birth ing and reversing the spread of HIV by 2015. Despite recent the probability of dying between ages 15 and 60 is 116 per 1,000 downward revisions of the estimated HIV prevalence in several nal deaths per 100,000 live births, while in developed countries itreduction of mortality, particularly child and maternal mortality, is ranges from a low of 44 years in Afghanistan and Zimbabwe to a in 2005-2010, while in developing countries it is over 60 per cent countries, the number of people living with HIV has continued to averaged 11 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Mothers ina core target in the internationally agreed development goals, such high of 83 years in Japan. In nearly all countries, women have a higher, at 188 per 1,000. The probability of dying during adulthood increase in all world regions, although this increase is partly due the least developed countries face the highest risks of death, withas those contained in the Programme of Action of the International higher life expectancy at birth than men, and at the global level, is particularly high in populations that are highly affected by the to the expansion of the number of persons getting antiretroviral 870 maternal deaths occurring for every 100,000 live births. EffortsConference on Population and Development and in the United female life expectancy exceeds that of males by 5 years (70 years HIV/AIDS epidemic because the disease afflicts adults dispropor- therapy and the resulting increase in survival. In 2007, 33 million to reduce maternal mortality must be targeted to the most disad-Nations Millennium Declaration. This wallchart presents key indi- vs. 65 years). tionately. In Zimbabwe in 2005-2010, for instance, the probability people were living with HIV, including 31 million persons aged 15 vantaged populations.cators of mortality at the global, regional and country levels for the Infant and under-five mortality. The United Nations Millennium of dying between age 15 and age 60 ascends to 700 per 1,000. or over and 2 million children under age 15. Adult HIV prevalence,period 2005-2010 and for other recent years. A note on the data: The quality of the data available for Declaration identified the reduction of child mortality as a critical The probability of dying between birth and age 60 reflects the measured as the percentage of HIV-positive persons amongAnnual deaths. Worldwide, 56.8 million deaths are estimated cumulative impact of mortality through the life course to age 60. In estimating mortality varies widely from country to country. challenge for the twenty-first century. Every year millions of young those aged 15 to 49, varied widely across regions and countries.to occur on average each year during 2005-2010. Of these, countries with low mortality, the great majority of people survive Data for countries with high-quality vital registration systems children die of preventable causes. Mortality in childhood is high- Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole had an adult HIV prevalence of12.3 million deaths are estimated to occur in the more developed to their sixtieth birthday. In Iceland, where the probability of dying are the most reliable. For other countries, estimates of overall est in the least developed countries, where infant mortality aver- 5 per cent, with the populations of the countries in Southernregions and 44.5 million in the less developed regions. India has by age 60 is lowest, only 54 out of every 1,000 children born alive mortality are most often based on data gathered via special ages 82 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2005-2010 and 132 children Africa being especially hard hit by the epidemic (the adult HIVthe highest average number of annual deaths (10.0 million) and is would die before age 60 given the mortality risks prevalent dur- questions included in sample surveys or population censuses. out of every 1,000 born alive are expected to die before age 5. prevalence among those countries ranged from 15 per cent tofollowed by China with an estimated 9.3 million deaths per year. Among the world’s major areas, Africa has the highest level of ing 2005-2010. In contrast, in sub-Saharan Africa the probability of Such sources can produce robust estimates of child mortality 26 per cent). Following Africa, the Caribbean has the second high- under-five mortality in 2005-2010, at 136 deaths per 1,000 births, dying before age 60 is a high 498 per 1,000. but are less successful in producing adequate estimates of adult est HIV prevalence, with 1.1 per cent of the population aged 15 toCrude death rate. The crude death rate (CDR) is a measure of the mortality. Therefore, estimates for those countries are frequently and the region has experienced a slower decline in child mortality 49 living with HIV.overall frequency of deaths in a population and is expressed as the Distribution of deaths by cause. As countries undergo the based on model mortality schedules that permit extrapolating than other developing regions. Differences in the survival chancesaverage annual number of deaths per 1,000 population. Worldwide, transition from high to low mortality, they experience a shift AIDS deaths. The number of deaths caused by AIDS increased the estimated mortality in childhood to the full age range. Data of young children reflect major disparities among countries inthe CDR in 2005-2010 is estimated at 8.5 deaths per 1,000 popula- in the distribution of deaths by major cause. When mortality is dramatically from 1990 to 2005, but recent estimates by UNAIDS on causes of death, including HIV/AIDS and maternal causes, terms of health and development. In 2005-2010, under-five mortal-tion. Afghanistan has the highest CDR in the world at 19.7 deaths high, large proportions of deaths are caused by communicable indicate that the number of AIDS deaths has decreased slightly, are less commonly available than data on overall mortality and ity is highest in Afghanistan, where 235 out of every 1,000 childrenper 1,000 population, while the United Arab Emirates has the low- diseases, as well as by maternal, perinatal and nutritional condi- amounting to 2 million in 2007. This outcome owes much to the reported causes of death are more prone to error than reports born alive die before age 5. In sharp contrast, countries such asest, at 1.5 deaths per 1,000 population. The more developed regions tions (collectively called Group I causes), while lower proportions rising coverage of antiretroviral therapy, which is lengthening the on the occurrence of deaths even in countries with good vital Finland, Greece, Iceland, Japan, Singapore, and Sweden have veryhave a CDR of 10.1 deaths per 1,000 population, compared to of deaths are caused by non-communicable diseases, which lives of people living with HIV. More than three quarters of AIDS registration coverage. Readers are encouraged to consult the low under-five mortality, with only 4 out of every 1,000 children8.1 deaths per 1,000 population in the less developed regions. The include cardiovascular diseases and cancers (collectively called deaths occurred in Africa. AIDS remains a major cause of death references for columns (11) to (16), which shed light on the issue born alive dying before their fifth birthday.CDR is higher in the more developed regions because, despite their Group II causes). In low-mortality populations, the majority of worldwide and is the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa, of data quality and the uncertainty associated with the estimateslower overall mortality levels, their population has a higher propor- Probability of dying. Another useful indicator of mortality deaths are due to Group II causes. In developed countries, whose where the provision of treatment to all those who need it remains of deaths by cause, the prevalence of HIV, the number of deathstion of older persons than that of the less developed regions. across different parts of the age range is the probability of dying populations are generally characterized by low mortality, just a major challenge. caused by AIDS, and maternal mortality. World Mortality 2009 Copyright © United Nations, 2009 All rights reserved ST/ESA/SER.A/286 Sales No. E.09.XIII.4 Enquiries should be directed to: Ms. Hania Zlotnik, Director Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs USD 10 United Nations ISBN 978-92-1-151452-0 New York, NY 10017 Fax number: 1-212-963-2147 Printed at the United Nations, New York 09-45960—October 2009—3,570 United Nations