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Province of SARANGANI
                                                                                                    ...
Status Report on the
Millennium Development Goals
          (MDGs)
      Using CBMS Data




    Province of Sarangani
Foreword
 This Provincial Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report was prepared in accordance with
DILG Memorandum Circul...
Acknowledgments




      We wish to express our deepest gratitude for the invaluable support of the following
    individ...
Message
                                      The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Gov...
Message



                                    Republic of the Philippines
                                    PROVINCE OF...
With our aim for an improved governance system, greater transparency and accountability
in resource allocation, the MDG Re...
Table of Contents

    Foreword OIC-PPDC, Rene S. Paraba ............................................... 3
    Acknowledge...
Table of Contents


6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................... 55

7. ...
List of Acronyms



     AIDS                    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
     BeMONC                  Basic Em...
List of Acronyms



MOA                                           Memorandum of Agreement
NGO                             ...
List of Tables



     Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007
     Table 2. Magn...
List of Tables



Table 21. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 20...
List of Figures



     Figure 1.    Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007
  ...
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY




The 1st Provincial Millennium Development                           the target year of 2015 to achie...
low at 3 percent and 4 percent, respectively.       culosis. Total death toll throughout the prov-
     • About 56 percent...
Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007                           (Goals 1 - 3)

...
Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007                                          ...
Part 1.


                                                                    Provincial Profile


1.Brief History

  Sara...
population today is largely a mix of migrant      2.1 Topography
     Hiligaynons, Cebuanos, Ilocanos, Tagalogs
     and M...
3.Population and Social Environment                                 is 0.40% lower than the average annual
               ...
For the existing 5 primary hospitals and 1 dis-   day care centers. This can be attributed to
     trict hospital, the fol...
family income of Sarangani in 2006 was                              Sarangani doubled from 5.34 percent in 2002 to
estimat...
are not appropriate for this route owing to     structed along National Roads with 2,489
     its very rugged terrain.    ...
As of December 2007, major private tele-                          6. Local Institutional Capability
phone carriers, such a...
Part 2. Status Report
                  on the Millennium
                  Development Goals




     Goal 1: Eradicate E...
Table 2. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex, and by...
Table 3. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold by Municipality, by Sex, and by Urb...
Figure 3. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007




                                                        ...
Target 1.B Achieve full and productive                           is short term or seasonal work in character
     employme...
Source: CBMS Survey 2007


    1.C Halve, between 1990 and 2015,                                                a magnitud...
Table 7. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural...
2. Facilitating Empowerment – National                           ally for three years (CY 2010 to 2013) for
and local gove...
infrastructure, especially among poor com-   C. Challenges
     munities.
                                                ...
Goal 2: Achieve Universal
Primary Education

Target 2.A Ensure that, by 2015,                                    (68%) of ...
Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality,
      by...
Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by
          ...
Source: CBMS Survey 2007


     among municipalities is registered in Ki-                                    The municipal...
Source: CBMS Survey 2007
cannot afford to send children to school.                                           extension cam...
an additional of Php7 million for the hiring   to poor and deserving Sarangans to
     of 300 Provincial School Board teac...
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality


                                                                      The province has a...
Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary
                                                                                      ...
Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007




Ratio of Girls to Boys in T...
Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007




     Ratio of Literate Femal...
Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women in                                      is in the urban comprising 75 percent, ...
B. Current Policies and Programs              with a total amount of Php20M cutting
                                      ...
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Target 4.A Reduce by two-thirds,                                      Highest rate is 0.5 ...
Source: CBMS Survey 2007

     ate health care; and (b) low education or                                 or a magnitude of...
Source: CBMS Survey 2007

  The top 3 leading causes of deaths are                                         Proportion of C...
Source: CBMS Survey 2007

     Majority of them are from hard to reach                                   B. Current Polici...
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
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Transcript of "MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani"

  1. 1. Province of SARANGANI 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  2. 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  3. 3. Foreword This Provincial Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report was prepared in accordance with DILG Memorandum Circular No. 2004-152 dated 10 November 2004, “Guide to Local Government Units in the Localization of the MDGs”. The report contains the summary of the entire efforts rendered by the province and its component LGUs for the Sarangans through close partnership with line agencies of national government and non-government organizations. Similarly, this report serves as feedback to executive and legislative bodies for further exploration of measures that would foster the quality of life of the people. With the implementation of CBMS in the province in 2008, we were able to measure the progress towards achieving the targets of MDG in 2015. With this MDG Report, the current status, policies, programs and interventions are being assessed. This report quantifies the achievements that have been shown and provides a measure of the tasks that remain or yet to be achieved. It also summarizes progress towards the eight goals of the province. A lot of challenges were in the way in the implementation of the different programs/projects of the province. Nevertheless, these programs/projects were implemented to ensure the delivery of appropri- ate services and interventions to address the need of our constituents. As contained in this MDG report, the Provincial Government has implemented programs and projects and formulated policies in line with its thrust of Progress and Good Governance and to help achieve the targets of the MDG. This report would not have been made possible without the support and cooperation of various Provincial Government Offices including National Government Agencies for the valuable contribu- tion they provided for the completion of this report. With this, earnest appreciation and thanks are extended to them. To the staff of the Provincial Planning and Development Office, for the support that led to the completion of this work, sincere thanks and appreciation are hereby extended. To the dynamic Provincial Officials headed by the Honorable Governor Miguel Rene A. Domin- guez, Vice Governor Steve Chiongbian Solon, Members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and the Municipal Mayors of the seven component municipalities, special recognition is extended for responsive governance they pursue. To our fellow Sarangans, this humble accomplishment is hereby dedicated! RENE S. PARABA OIC- PPDC 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  4. 4. Acknowledgments We wish to express our deepest gratitude for the invaluable support of the following individuals / groups in the formulation of this Provincial Millennium Development Goal Report of Sarangani. To the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team and the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) Philippines for their invaluable assistance and support. To the Honorable Governor Miguel Rene A. Dominguez who leads the prioritization of this endeavor. To the Municipal Mayors and Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators of the seven component municipalities of the province, for their inputs and assistance in the preparation of this report. To the Provincial line Departments for allowing their respective staff as part of the Community-Based Monitoring System – Technical Working Group that provided techni- cal assistance and supervision to the municipalities in completing their CBMS data. And above all, to our Almighty God for his steadfast love, guidance, and manifold grace. The Provincial CBMS Team 4 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  5. 5. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Govern- ment Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sa- rangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. Dr Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  6. 6. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF SARANGANI OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Province of Sarangani is quite young compared to the other prov- inces. However, this fact has not deterred the officials and employees of the Provincial Government in vigorously pursuing its mission and vision. The Province ranked 4th and 11th among the poorest provinces in the country based on Small Area Estimates of the National Statistical Coordi- nation Board with poverty incidence of 63% and 52% in 2003 and 2006, respectively. However, we cannot identify who they are, where they are and what necessary interventions they need. With the implementation of Community-Based Monitoring System in the province, the ex- tent of poverty and its characteristics – face, nature and cause of poverty are identified from Municipal, Barangay to household level. CBMS is a tool to assess the progress towards the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. With this MDG report, the current status, policies, programs and interventions for the 8 goals, 18 targets, and 48 indicators are being assessed. The delivery of basic government services to the people of Sarangani is in the forefront of the local development agenda of the present administration. The efforts of the Provincial Govern- ment are all geared towards the reduction of poverty and upliftment of the living conditions of all Sarangans. A lot of challenges were in the way in the implementation of the different programs/proj- ects of the province. Nevertheless, these programs/projects were implemented to ensure the delivery of appropriate services and interventions to address the need of our constituents. As contained in this MDG report, the Provincial Government has implemented programs and projects in line with its thrust of Unity, Progress and Good Governance and to help achieve the goals and targets in the MDG. 6 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  7. 7. With our aim for an improved governance system, greater transparency and accountability in resource allocation, the MDG Report provides the situation of the province and the policies/ programs/projects as well as the recommendations to improve and address the challenges identified under each goal. We have seen the need for the local government units to take initiatives and pursue dynamic programs to uplift the living condition of its constituents. With our local initiative to focus all our efforts, programs and interventions towards addressing poverty situation in the province, and with full support and commitment of the Provincial leadership, employees and its constituents, we can reduce poverty in the province! The people of Sarangani will see more dynamic projects for their own good in the near future. In fact, the present leadership is committed in developing every sector of the province and to take out the province from among the top 20 most impoverished province in the country by year 2010. With this in mind, we will be able to utilize all our resources right, with the right target and appropriate interventions with sustainability as a common ground. I would like to personally give my sincere gratitude to the people who in one way or another have contributed their efforts for the preparation of the Provincial Millennium Development Goals Report. This shows that as a team, we could do everything right. Mabuhay ang Sarangani! MIGUEL RENE A. DOMINGUEZ Governor 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  8. 8. Table of Contents Foreword OIC-PPDC, Rene S. Paraba ............................................... 3 Acknowledgements ................................................................................... 4 Messages s UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ................ 5 Sarangani Governor Miguel Rene A. Dominguez .................... 6 Table of Contents ....................................................................................... 8 List of Acronyms ........................................................................................ 10 List of Tables .............................................................................................. 12 List of Figures ............................................................................................ 14 Executive Summary ............................................................................. 15 Part I. Provincial Profile 1. Brief Historical Background ............................................................... 19 2. Geo-Physical Environment ................................................................. 20 3. Population & Social Environment ....................................................... 21 4. Local Economy ................................................................................... 22 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities .......................................................... 23 6. Local Institutional Capability ............................................................. 25 Part II. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ....................................... 26 2. Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education .......................................... 35 3. Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality .......................................................... 41 .. 4. Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality ............................................................. 47 5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ......................................................... 52 8 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  9. 9. Table of Contents 6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................... 55 7. Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ..................................................... 59 8. Goal 8 - Develop Global Partnership for Development ........................................ 67 Part III. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses ........................................................ 70 2. Financing the MDGs ..................................................................................... 72 3. Monitoring the MDGs ................................................................................... 72 Explanatory Text .............................................................................................. 73 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  10. 10. List of Acronyms AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome BeMONC Basic Emergency Obstetric Care BIMP EAGA Brunie Indonesia Malaysia Philippines East Asia Growth Area CBMS Community Base Monitoring System CFAD Community Fund for Agricultural Development CPC Country Program for Children CSR Corporate Social Responsibility DOH Department of Health DOTS Direct Observed Treatment Short Course DSL Digital Subscriber Line ECPC Environmental Conservation and Protection Center FIES Family Income, Expenditure and Savings GAD Gender and Development HIV Human Immuno Deficiency Virus IP Indigenous People IRA Internal Revenue Allotment IRR Internal Rules and Regulation JAGS CT Jose Abad Santos Glan Sarangani Cooperation Triangle KALAHI-CIDSS - Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan – Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services LAC Local Aids Council LCCT Local Conditional Cash Transfer LFPR Labor Force Participation Rate LGU Local Government Unit MAKIMA Maasim Kiamba Maitum MASL Meter Above Sea Level MATCH Maximizing Access to Child Health MDG Millennium Development Goals MFLUP Municipal Forest Land Use Plan MLGUs Municipal Local Government Units 10 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  11. 11. List of Acronyms MOA Memorandum of Agreement NGO Non Government Organization NNE North to North East PAL Philippine Airlines PAMB Protected Area Management Board PEP Poverty and Economic Policy PILTEL Pilipino Telephone Corporation PLDT Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company POPCEN Population Census PPSS Paaral Sa Sarangan PUJ Public Utility Jeepneys PW4SP Provincial Water Supply, Sewerage and Sanitation Plan PW4SU Provincial Water Supply, Sewerage and Sanitation Unit QUEST Quality Education for Sarangan Today RA Republic Act RDT Rapid Diagnostic Treatment SENREM Sarangani Environment and Natural Resources SELAP Support to Emergency Livelihood Assistance Program SOCCSKASARGEN South Cotabato, Cotabato City, Sultan Kudarat Sarangani and General Santos City SPECTRUM Sarangani Province Empowerment and Community Transformation Forum, Incorporated SSE South to South East SSW South to South West STI Sexually Transmitted Diseases UNICEF United Nation Children Fund USAID United State Agency for International Development 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  12. 12. List of Tables Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007 Table 2. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 3. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 4. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Table 5. Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 6. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 7. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 10. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 11. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 14. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 15. Ratio of Literate Females to Males (15-24 years old), by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 16. Proportion and Magnitude of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Sarangani Table 17. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 18. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 19. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 20. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 12 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  13. 13. List of Tables Table 21. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 22. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those Who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 23. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 24. Magnitude and Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 25. Magnitude and Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 28. Magnitude and Proportion of Population who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 29. Proportion of the Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural. Sarangani, 2007 Table 30. Proportion of the Households with Cellphones, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 31. Proportion of the Households with Computers, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 32. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition Table 33. Poverty and Food Thresholds 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  14. 14. List of Figures Figure 1. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 2. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 3. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 4. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 5. Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 6. Prevalence of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 7. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 8. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 9. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 10. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 11. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 14. Ratio of Literate Females to Males (15-24 years old), by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 15. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Sarangani Figure 16. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 17. Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 18. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 19. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 20. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 21. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those Who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 22. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 23. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 24. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 25. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 26. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 27. Proportion of Population who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 28. Proportion of the Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 29. Proportion of the Households with Cellphones, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 30. Proportion of the Households with Computers, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 31. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 14 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  15. 15. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The 1st Provincial Millennium Development the target year of 2015 to achieve the MDG. Goals (MDG) Report of Sarangani Province More detailed information are contained in is a result of the collaborative efforts of the the main report. Provincial Government of Sarangani, the PEP-Community-Based Monitoring System Good news (CBMS) Network Coordinating Team and the United Nations Development Programme • Poverty gap ratio was 0.3. (UNDP), Philippines. It aims to monitor prog- • Prevalence of underweight children is 4.0, ress toward the attainment of the MDGs in which already surpassed the 2015 national the province and to increase local awareness target of 17.3. on how this report can bridge local and na- • The province also has an ideal 1:1 gender tional development strategies. ratio in primary education. • Ratio of literate females to males aged 15- The report used the results of the 2007 CBMS 24 is 0.9, which is closer to the 2015 national survey in relation to the MDG. The results pre- target of 1.0. sented in this report suggest that there have • Under-five mortality rate is 0.3. been some good news and not so good • There are no reported cases of deaths as- news in some indicators while some are pos- sociated with HIV/AIDS and malaria. ing a great challenge for the remaining five • Proportion of the population living as in- years, from the time of writing of this report to formal settlers and in makeshift housing were 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  16. 16. low at 3 percent and 4 percent, respectively. culosis. Total death toll throughout the prov- • About 56 percent of the land area was cov- ince was 65 and most of them were males. ered by forest. • Proportion of the population with access to • Twenty-three percent (23%) of the total safe drinking water was 70 percent, posting area of the province was declared as pro- a shortage of about 16 percent to the nation- tected area. al target. • Proportion of urban population with access Not-so-Good-News to improved sanitation was quite high at 62.1 percent but falls short by about 17 percent • Proportion of the population with income against the 2015 national target. below the poverty threshold was 70 percent, • Proportion of households with landlines/ which is quite high relative to the national tar- telephone lines was very low despite the get of 22.7. presence of several telecommunication ser- • About 56 percent of the population were vice providers serving the province. living below the food threshold. • Proportion of children aged 6-12 who are Posing Great Challenge: enrolled in elementary education was 68 percent. This implies that close to one-third • There is a need to reduce the percentage of of the school-age population at the primary poor Sarangans by 46 percent to be at par level are not in school. with the national target of 22.7. • Literacy rate among population aged 15- • The percentage of children aged 6-12 who 24 was 91 percent but still below the 100 per- are enrolled in elementary education has to cent national target. be increased by 32 percent to meet the 100 • Wider disparity in terms of gender distribu- percent national target for 2015. tion among local officials of the province and • Gender disparity in the areas of education municipalities exists. Proportion of seats held and political participation has to be eliminat- by women in municipalities and the province ed. There is a need to level the ratio of boys was merely 15 percent. and girls in secondary and tertiary education • The province also had relatively high preva- and to increase the proportion of seats held lence and death rates associated with tuber- by women in municipalities and the province. 16 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  17. 17. Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007 (Goals 1 - 3) 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  18. 18. Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007 (Continued, Goals 4 - 8) 18 Source: CBMS Survey Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  19. 19. Part 1. Provincial Profile 1.Brief History Sarangani Province, formerly third district adventurous son of a Sangil family from of South Cotabato, was created as a sepa- the coast of Celebes off Indonesia. His rate province by virtue of Republic Act 7228 sailing often brought him to the Sultanate through the effort of the then 3rd Congres- of Buayan (now General Santos City), the sional District Representative Hon. James stronghold of Maguindanaoans. His out- L. Chiongbian. The said Act was signed standing character impressed the people by former President Corazon C. Aquino on that they named the bay in his honor. March 16, 1992 constituting the seven (7) municipalities formerly under South Cota- It was during the American period when bato Province. Such include the coastal settlers from Luzon and Visayas migrated municipalities of Maitum, Kiamba, Maasim, into the area. The first migrants were Ce- Alabel, Malapatan, and Glan as well as the buanos who arrived and settled in Glan upland municipality of Malungon. along Sarangani Bay in 1914, then, Ilocano settlers set up homesteads in Kiamba in Because of their proximity to Sarangani 1918, and Ilonggo settlers arrived in Malun- Bay and Island, the name was given to the gon in the 1930s. In the ensuing years, newly created Province. The name itself is thousands more from Luzon and the Visayas legendary —it is about Saranganing, an would settle in the area. Hence Sarangani's 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  20. 20. population today is largely a mix of migrant 2.1 Topography Hiligaynons, Cebuanos, Ilocanos, Tagalogs and Muslims. The terrain of Sarangani Province is char- acterized by flatlands, rolling hills, and Amidst all these, the indigenous tribes of mountains. Out of the total land area of the the land have managed to preserve their province being 3,986.64 square kilometers, culture and shared their ancestral land 29.86 percent or 1,190.32 square kilome- with the settlers. Intermarriages among the ters fall within 500-1000 meters above sea groups have made the province a land of level (masl) elevation. Constituting the harmonious coexistence. The languages least area of the province fall within 1000 and dialects spoken are interwoven with meters and above elevation which is only the lingua franca of the province's origi- 304.05 square kilometers (7.63%). The sec- nal inhabitants. But Cebuano, Ilonggo, ond biggest area share fall between 100- and Ilocano are the most widely spoken 300 meters above sea level elevation with dialects, which the natives have adopted 1,002.59 square kilometers or 25.15 percent through time. of the total land area. Only 14.5 percent fall between 0-100 masl elevation or 578.01 2. Geo-Physical Environment square kilometers; and 22.87 percent or 911.67square kilometers is in the category Sarangani Province is located in the south- of 300-500 masl. ernmost part of the island of Mindanao and part of Region XII. It is an oddly shaped prov- 2.2 Climate ince separated into two by General Santos City. It lies between latitude of about 5° The climate in Sarangani Province falls un- 33’ 41” to 6° 32’ 4” North and longitude of der the 4th Climatic Type having a rainfall of about 124° 21’ 39.6” to 125° 35’ 11” East. more or less evenly distributed throughout Its elongated western section faces south to the year with no pronounced rain periods. the Celebes Sea with its back to the Daguma The annual average rainfall in Sarangani Range and South Cotabato. Its western edge Province was 779.9 mm in 2002, 807.7 mm touches Sultan Kudarat, while the eastern tip in 2003, and 872.8 mm in 2004, which indi- ends at Sarangani Bay. The eastern section cates an increasing rainfall every year. Rain- is also elongated in a north-south direction. fall patterns of the province contribute to the Its northern tip and eastern flank is against high production levels in agriculture. Aver- Davao del Sur and the Alip Range. Its west- age annual air temperature is 27.1°C. The ern side is bounded by the province of South hottest month is April where the maximum Cotabato, General Santos City and Saran- temperature reached its highest at 33.7°C, gani Bay. Alabel, the provincial capital is while the coldest month is January which approximately 15 kilometers by road from registered at 21.5°C, the lowest. Relative General Santos City Hall, 140 kilometers humidity reading ranges from 76 percent to SSW of Davao City and 73 kilometers SSE 84 percent. Prevailing wind direction blows of Koronadal City, the regional administra- towards North to Northeast (NNE). tive seat of government of SOCCSKSARGEN Region. 20 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  21. 21. 3.Population and Social Environment is 0.40% lower than the average annual growth rate of 2.44 percent during the pe- The population of the province based riod 1995-2000. Among the municipalities, on 2007 Census of Population (POPCEN Maasim was the fastest growing area in 2007) was 475,514 persons registering an terms of population with an average annual increase of 64,892 persons over the 2000 growth rate of 3.79 percent from 1995-2007. population of 410,662. This figure ac- This was followed by Alabel with 3.72 per- counted for 12.42 percent of the region’s cent. Glan, Malapatan and Kiamba also total population and only 0.54 percent of registered higher growth rates than the the country’s population. Among the four province On the other hand, Maitum and provinces in the region, Sarangani has the Malungon are the municipalities registered lowest population. below the provincial growth rate Among the municipalities of the province, 3.3 Social Services around 21.59 percent of the province’s population reside in Glan, 20.19 percent in 3.3.1 Education Malungon, 15.11 percent in Alabel, 13.80 percent in Malapatan, 11.15 percent in Ki- As of SY 2005-2006, there were 211 pub- amba, 10.36 percent in Maasim, and the lic elementary schools in Sarangani, about remaining 7.79 percent in Maitum. Glan 76 percent were classified as “complete is the most thickly populated with 102,676 elementary schools” while the rest were persons. On the other hand, Maitum has either “incomplete primary schools” (6%), the least number of persons with 37,054. “complete primary schools” (14%), and “incomplete elementary schools” (4%). 3.1 Population Density Municipalities with the most number of schools were Maitum with 60 elementary Population density in the province in 2007 schools; Glan, 40 schools; and Alabel, 26 was 119 persons per square kilometer, 76 schools. As of SY 2005-2006, there were 28 persons lower than the region’s population public secondary schools in the province, density (195 persons/square kilometer) for 71 percent (20 schools) were considered the same year and 16 persons higher than main/independent secondary schools while the province’s population density level of the others were considered annex second- 103 in 2000. Of the municipalities, Glan ary schools. registered the highest population density with 147 persons per square kilometer while 3.3.2 Health Facilities and Health Workers Maasim had the lowest population density with only 98 persons per square kilometer. Sarangani Province has no Provincial Hos- pital but has one (1) private hospital and six 3.2 Population Growth Rate (6) public hospitals namely Kiamba District Hospital, Maasim Municipal Hospital, Mai- The average annual population growth tum Municipal Hospital, Malungon Municipal rate of the province during the intercensal Hospital, Glan Municipal Hospital, and Glan period 2000 to 2007 is 2.04 percent. This Medicare and Community Hospital. 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  22. 22. For the existing 5 primary hospitals and 1 dis- day care centers. This can be attributed to trict hospital, the following key personnel are the massive/extensive advocacy on the day responsible for the delivery of primary hospital care service program implemented by the services—12 physicians, 23 nurses, 6 medical government, which have become widely technologists, 3 X-ray technicians, 5 pharmacists, accepted due to services it offers to pre- 1 dentist, and 2 nutritionists. school children. 3.3.3 Social Welfare 4. Local Economy For the period 2006, there were a total of 346 4.1 Economic Sector day care centers in 140 barangays in Sarangani, serving a total of 12,947 children. Out of the Based on the Family Income, Expenditures total number of barangays, 99.28 percent have and Savings (FIES, 2006), the total annual 22 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  23. 23. family income of Sarangani in 2006 was Sarangani doubled from 5.34 percent in 2002 to estimated at Php9.0 billion indicating an in- 11.9 percent in 2003. LFPR was higher in urban crease of 36 percent over the 2003 estimate (76.8%) than in rural areas (66.4%). Unemploy- of Php6.6 billion. The total family expendi- ment rate on the other hand was also higher in ture was approximately Php8.7 billion, an urban areas (18.6%) than in rural areas (9.96%). increase of 45 percent over the 2003 estimate of Php6.0 billion. Adjusting for the inflation 5.Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities between 2003 and 2006, total annual family income in 2006 would be valued at Php7.4 5.1 Land Transportation billion at 2003 prices. Likewise, the total fam- ily expenditure in 2006 would be valued at Public transport of different modes serves both Php7.1 billion at 2003 prices. the inter-provincial and intra-provincial need of the province to transfer goods and people from In 2006, the average annual income of one place to another. Public Utility Jeepneys families in Sarangani was estimated at (PUJs) are still the most common mode of public Php91 thousand. The 2006 average an- transport for inter-municipality routes in the prov- nual income is 22 percent higher than the ince. Commuter vans with capacity of 14 to 18 2003 estimated average. Meanwhile, the passengers serve as alternate mode of transport average annual expenditure of families for Glan-Malapatan-General Santos; Malungon- increased from Php64 thousand in 2003 to General Santos; and Maitum-Kiamba-Maasim- Php88 thousand in 2006, or by 27 percent General Santos route. Multicab, a small utility over the three-year period. These numbers vehicle with capacity of 11 passengers serve the translate into average savings in 2006 of Alabel-General Santos route. only Php3 thousand per family, the 2003 estimate was Php7 thousand per family. Locally-assembled six-wheel PUJs with truck engines and bigger bodies known as “weapon” 4.2 Labor and Employment ply the inner mountainous route. Ordinary PUJs Based on the October 2006 Labor Force Survey of the National Statistics Office (NSO), about 39.8 percent of employed persons in the region were laborers and unskilled work- ers whose minimal incomes are most vulner- able to price increases. They numbered 615 thousand out of the region’s estimated 1,546 thousand employed persons. In 2003, Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in Sarangani was estimated at 92 percent among males while 42 percent for females. About 32 percent of the persons 15 years old and over were considered “not in the labor force”. The unemployment for 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  24. 24. are not appropriate for this route owing to structed along National Roads with 2,489 its very rugged terrain. ln.m, and the least is along Municipal Roads with only 132 ln.m. Tricycles with capacity of 4-6 passengers are still the most common public transport 5.3 Air Transportation within the urban centers of the province. Un- conventional types of transport have been The province has no airport thus, it avails common in the rural areas. Among these of the air transport services of the General are single motorcycles with extended seat Santos City (GSC) Airport in Tambler. There to accommodate six passengers, locally are three major airlines regularly using the known as “Habal-habal” or “skylab”— General Santos City Airport: the Philippine usually transport goods and people from Airlines (PAL) and Cebu Pacific with daily the remotest barangays to the main high- flights from Manila-General Santos and way and vice versa; the “trisikad“ powered vice versa, and Air Philippines with flight by a single stroke motor engine commonly from Manila-General Santos via Cebu and used in pumpboats; and the “kuliglig” —a vice versa. GSC Airport has been the major cart drawn by a hand tractor for farm cul- facility in transporting fresh tuna to Metro tivation. Manila and other countries, such as Japan, United States, Europe, etc. 5.2 Roads and Bridges 5.4 Sea Transportation The road network in the province as of De- cember 2006 had a total length of 1,477.523 The Port of General Santos City (Ma- kilometers. About forty-four percent (44%) kar Wharf) is the major seaport near the of these were barangay roads, twenty-six province. At present, the Makar Wharf in percent (26%) were provincial roads, thir- General Santos City caters to international teen percent (13%) were municipal roads, vessels from Singapore, Malaysia, Indone- and seventeen percent (17%) were national sia, and Japan as well as, domestic vessels roads. The road to population ratio was such as WG&A, Superferry and other sea 3.11 kilometers per 1000 population and crafts from Manila, Cebu, Iloilo, Davao, the road density was 3.11 kilometers per and Zamboanga. thousand hectares of land area. The municipal ports in the province are Of the 88 bridges in the province, 21 are located in the municipalities of Glan and Ki- bailey, 47 are concrete, and 20 are steel amba which caters primarily to fishing vessels bridges. Most of concrete bridges (38) are of local fishermen from Kiamba, Maitum, and constructed along National Roads, while Glan. The Port of Glan is rehabilitated and bailey bridges are usually constructed upgraded to serve as terminal ports of Jose along Provincial and Barangay Roads with Abad Santos-Glan-Sarangani – Coopera- 12 and 7 bridges, respectively. Steel bridges tion Triangle (JAGS CT). on the other hand, are usually constructed along National and Provincial Roads. The 5.5 Telecommunication most extensive length of bridges were con- 24 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  25. 25. As of December 2007, major private tele- 6. Local Institutional Capability phone carriers, such as PLDT, Piltel, Bayan- tel, Globe, and Smart, among others are 6.1 Local Administrative Personnel/Staff serving the province. Cellular sites, as well There are 1,299 provincial government as, Internet service providers, are generally officials and employees as of December present in the province. 2008. This number includes 15 elective of- ficials, 20 department heads, 558 perma- 5.6 Energy and Electrification nent employees, 115 employees assigned in hospitals and 626 non-career employees The Southwestern Mindanao District of the which include contractual, job orders and National Transmission Corporation (Trans- honorarium-paid employees. These per- co) transmit power from the Mindanao Grid sonnel are assigned in the different depart- through their six (6) major transmission ments of the provincial government. lines with the capacity of 138 KV. South Cotabato Electric Cooperative II (Socoteco 6.2 Government Support Organizations II), the electric cooperative in the province There are several government support or- draw power from substations namely the ganizations operating at the barangay level Sari-Malapatan-Glan S/S; Klinan-Maasim in all of the municipalities of the province. S/S; and Maasim-Kiamba-Maitum S/S. These organizations include Pulisya ng Ba- Of the total 140 barangays in the province, rangay, Lupong Tagapamayapa, Barangay 90 percent (126 barangays) have already Disaster Coordinating Council, Barangay been provided with electricity. In terms of Development Council, and Sangguniang households served with electricity, 33.11 per- Kabataan. All of these organizations are cent (27,445 households) of the total number partners of the government in the imple- of households were already provided with the mentation of development programs and services of the Socoteco II in the province. projects. 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  26. 26. Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1.A : Halve between 1990 and below poverty threshold. The annual per capita 2015, the proportion of people whose poverty threshold was placed at Php16,099 for income is less than one dollar a day. urban and Php13,044 for rural. A. Status and Trends Among the 7 municipalities of the province, the worst poverty-stricken is Malapatan with Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold 81.9 percent, while the least stricken is the As of 2007, the poverty incidence in the municipality of Maasim of about 64.4 percent. Province of Sarangani is about 69.5 percent High incidence of poverty is noticeable in rural or a total of 267,088 population with income areas, more so in Malapatan. The factors that 26 26 Province of Sarangani Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  27. 27. Table 2. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 contributed to this condition, viz: the province level. The annual per capita food threshold is rural in character and mainly dependent was placed at Php10,436 for urban and on agriculture, industries present are small Php9,288 for rural. High cases are registered scale and there is also poor road access in in the rural areas comprising 51 percent. some areas. Among its component towns, Malapatan Proportion of Population Living has the highest percentage being 72 percent, Below the Food Threshold while the lowest is Maasim wherein less than Fifty-six percent (56%) of the provincial half (48%) of its population living below food population are living below food threshold threshold. Figure 1. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  28. 28. Table 3. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold by Municipality, by Sex, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Figure 2. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Poverty Gap Ratio The province has a Poverty Gap Ratio gap ratios were posted by the munici- of 0.3 which is considered low. This also palities of Malapatan and Alabel with implies that those household whose 0.5 and 0.4 ratios respectively. Among income falls within poverty threshold the municipalities, the lowest poverty has a 30 percent shortfall to eliminate gap ratio was registered in urban areas poverty in the province. Higher poverty of Kiamba and Maitum at 0.1. 28 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  29. 29. Figure 3. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  30. 30. Target 1.B Achieve full and productive is short term or seasonal work in character employment and decent work for all, because the economy of province is mainly including women and young people dependent on agriculture. Moreover, the existing industries in the municipalities are Employment Rate small scale. The municipality that has the highest employment rate is Malapatan with Sarangani Province has a very high employment almost 100 percent. Meanwhile, Glan has rate of about 99 percent. However, majority the least employment rate with 98.9 percent. Table 5: Employment rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/ Rural, Sarangani 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Figure 4. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 30 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  31. 31. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 1.C Halve, between 1990 and 2015, a magnitude of around 14,226 populations. the proportion of peole who suffer from Higher incidence is recorded in the rural hunger areas, more than double compared to urban areas. Among the component municipalities, Maitum has the highest rate with 13 percent Proportion of Population Who while Malungon has the most number of Experienced Food Shortage people who experienced food shortage of about 6,739 population. Mostly affected are At least 4 percent of the population of the indigenous people who live in remote areas province has experienced food shortage with wherein accessibility is very poor. Figure 5. Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  32. 32. Table 7. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years B. Current Policies and Programs of Age The Province is adopting a 2-pronged The prevalence of underweight children Strategy for Poverty Reduction, to wit: (under 5 years old) in the province is 4 percent. Incidence is found dominantly in 1. Promoting Opportunity – National and lo- rural areas with a rate of 5 percent or a cal governments should take strong measures magnitude of 1,941 children. Among the to support the build-up of human, land and in- component municipalities, Malapatan fared frastructure assets that poor people own or to well having registered the lowest rate which which they have access. In social settings with is merely 0.2 percent. The highest incidence high inequality, greater equity is particularly im- rate of 12.7 percent is recorded in Glan. portant for rapid progress in reducing poverty. Figure 6. Prevalence of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 32 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goa Using CBMS Data Goals
  33. 33. 2. Facilitating Empowerment – National ally for three years (CY 2010 to 2013) for and local government should respond to the the prioritized projects of the communities. needs of the poor through active and effective collaboration among poor people and other MRDP groups in society, making public administra- tion, legal institutions and public service de- This is a poverty reduction program for livery more efficient and accountable to all the rural poor, women and indigenous com- citizens including poor people. Effective and munities in Mindanao. It aimed specifically efficient delivery of social services at increasing agricultural production and efficiency; and improving rural incomes in Currently, the Province is a recipient of a sustainable manner, improving food se- several poverty alleviation/reduction pro- curity among the poor, and providing sus- grams/projects by the National Govern- tainable mechanisms for rural development ment. These include the 4Ps (or Pantawid through improved institutional service de- Pamilyang Pilipino Program), KALAHI- livery by the local government units (LGUs) CIDSS (or Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan and the agencies concerned. This program – Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery has a total package of Php154 million for of Social Services), and MRDP (Mindanao Sarangani Province which started in 2007 Rural Development Program). and ends in 2012. 4Ps Local Initiative The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program The Province has just launched the “Proj- currently covers 7,500 poorest of the poor ect 1021” as an initiative to address the families in the municipalities of Malapatan and poverty problem of its constituents. The Maasim. Beneficiaries of this program receive a project’s main objective is for the Province monthly subsidy of Php500 each. The program to get out of the top 20 most impoverished is to be expanded to the five (5) other com- provinces by 2010 and eventually eradicate ponent municipalities of the Province with an poverty in the near future. This project has estimated target of 3,500 poor families. the following components: KALAHI-CIDSS 1.) Livelihood and Employment – promo- tion of access to income and gainful em- Sarangani being one among the poorest ployment of poor households provinces in the country was selected as recipient of this project. KALAHI-CIDSS is 2.) Social Protection – provision of social a community-driven development project assistance (Local Conditional Cash Transfer, designed to improve local governance, protective and rehabilitative services for vul- empower community, and address poverty. nerable population, e.g.; youth, women, etc.) The project covers a total of 35 barangays (Municipality of Maitum – 19 and Municipal- 3.) Human Development Services – pro- ity of Maasim – 16). Each recipient baran- motion of widespread access to, and gay will be receiving Php450,000.00 annu- improved quality of social services and 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  34. 34. infrastructure, especially among poor com- C. Challenges munities. Reducing the poverty incidence by 4.) Institutional Capacity Development two-thirds to be at par with the national – promotion of inter-LGU, inter-agency target by 2015 remains to be a major collaboration and civil society engage- challenge of Sarangani. To make sig- ment in poverty planning and development nificant headways, the province needs finance, accessing external resources for to mobilize support from various stake- poverty alleviation, enhancement of LGU holders by way of resource-sharing and capacity in poverty program administra- sourcing funds from other funding agen- tion and implementation, and participatory cies to finance various poverty-reduction poverty monitoring and impact evaluation. programs and projects. 34 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  35. 35. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Target 2.A Ensure that, by 2015, (68%) of these children are enrolled in children everywhere, boys and girls elementary school which implies that 32 alike, will be able to complete a full percent or 22,500 are not in school. Partici- course of primary schooling pation rate is higher in urban areas because of the proximity of the school facilities. A. Status and Trends Among the municipalities, Kiamba has the highest enrollment rate with 75.3 percent Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled because of the presence of several public in Elementary School and private schools in the area. Meanwhile, Malapatan got the lowest participation rate The population of 6-12 years old is ap- because of the limited number of school proximately 70,000. Sixty-eight percent facilities established in the area. 35 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  36. 36. Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School In general, urban areas have higher There are about 37,000 children aged 13- participation rates than rural areas. 16 years old in the province. Of this, only Meanwhile, highest participation rate 38 percent or 14,134 are enrolled in high is registered in Kiamba at 45.4 percent school which implies that almost two-third while the lowest participation rate is (2/3) of these children are not in school. Glan at 30 percent. Figure 7. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 36 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  37. 37. Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled hind this scenario are attributed to the fol- in School lowing: poverty, access, location (urban The population of 6-16 years old is about bias) and absorptive capacity of existing 107,134. Of this, only 74 percent are en- school facilities. rolled which means that more than a quarter of this population is not in school. School Seventy-seven percent (77%) of females participation is higher in urban (79%) than in this school-age were enrolled while male in the rural (73%) areas. The reasons be- is just 71 percent. Highest enrollment rate Figure 8. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  38. 38. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 among municipalities is registered in Ki- The municipality that has the highest amba at about 83.4 percent while lowest is percentage of literate persons is Kiamba in Malapatan with 65.3 percent rate. (96.1%). Also, male and female literacy rates in Kiamba were recorded the highest Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds at 96 percent and 97 percent, respectively. Sarangani province has a 91 percent lit- On the other hand, Malapatan recorded the eracy rate of 15-24 year olds. The females lowest literacy rate at 84 percent. have higher literacy rate than males. More literates are found in urban (96%) than in Greater number of illiterate persons in the rural (90%) areas. province belongs to the poor families who Figure 9. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 38 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  39. 39. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 cannot afford to send children to school. extension campus of the Mindanao State Most of them are indigenous people who University located in Malandag, Malungon. are living in the far-flung barangays. Graduates shall be employed to educate the IP community where they reside as soon B. Current Policies and Programs as they graduate. The province has invested Php13.2 mil- In addressing the 30 percent cohort sur- lion for education. There are 70 indigenous vival rate, the province had established people (IP) scholars taking up Bachelor 18 new integrated high school system and of Science in Elementary Education in the boarding schools in the barangays, and Figure 10. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 39 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  40. 40. an additional of Php7 million for the hiring to poor and deserving Sarangans to of 300 Provincial School Board teachers to pursue College/Baccalaureate degree, meet the standard teachers– pupil ratio. Vocational/Technical courses, and Sec- ondary Education. In addition, the province has initiated several programs that aim to improve C. Challenges the quality of education and address disparities in education outcomes. These While the Department of Education are as follows: (DepEd) has been fielding more number of teachers for the remote barangays to • Quality Education for Sarangan Today complement the province's campaign (QUEST). An LGU-led education reform for education, clearly there is a need for program designed at improving the skills more interventions to address the noted of children in reading and comprehension. disparities. For instance, across all levels, This program has Php17.8M fund for CY females outnumber males. This trend is 2010. also observed in the literacy levels of the population. A huge disparity is also evi- • Paaral sa Sarangan (PPSS). A schol- dent in the participation rates of children arship program of the province intended living in urban and rural areas. 40 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  41. 41. Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality The province has an ideal gender ratio Target 3.A Eliminate gender disparity of 1.0 in primary education. This scenario in primary and secondary education, is more evident in most of the rural areas, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of however a slight disparity is noted in urban education no later than 2015 areas wherein the ratio is 0.9 or 9 girls for every 10 boys. A. Status and Trends Almost all municipalities have fared well Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education except Alabel and Kiamba which shows a little disparity with a 0.9 ratio or 9 girls for every 10 boys. 41 41 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  42. 42. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education CBMS data shows that there are more girls than boys in sec- ondary education throughout the province having a ratio of 1.2 or 12 girls for every 10 boys. Higher disproportion is noticeable in rural areas, particularly in Glan, Kiamba, Maasim, and Malapatan with the 1.2 ratio. The biggest dif- ference is recorded in the urban area of Malapatan at 1.3. The inequality is attributed to the fact that girls are more enduring than boys in terms of schooling, and that boys of this age are likely to help in the livelihood activities of their parents whose occupation are mostly farming and fishing. Figure 11. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 42 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  43. 43. Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Girls outnumbered boys in tertiary education by a higher margin. The ratio is 1.3 or 13 girls for every 10 boys. This disparity is felt largely in the rural areas of the province. Among the municipalities, the highest difference is registered in Maasim at 1.5 or 15 girls for every 10 boys, while the lowest is recorded in Malapatan at 1.1 (11 girls for every 10 boys). Though higher inequality is noticeable in almost all rural areas of the component municipalities, Maasim however, shows a different picture. Its urban area has the biggest discrepancy at 1.7 (17 girls for ev- ery 10 boys), the highest across all levels (primary, secondary and tertiary). One possible reason for this disparity is that ma- jority of the people living in the urban area are fishermen. In this type of occupation, boys are preferred because of the strenu- ous character of the job, thereby hindering them from pursuing tertiary education. 43 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  44. 44. Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Ratio of Literate Females to Males ( terate (15-24 y old) years ) terms of population with a sex ratio of 108 males for every 100 females The ratio of literate females to males (POPCEN 2007). (15-24 years old) is 0.9 which means that there are more literate males Of the 7 component towns, only 3 are in than females in Sarangani or a sex disproportion namely: Kiamba, Maasim, & ratio of 9 girls for every 10 boys. One Malungon. Highest gap recorded is in the reason for this, is that in this province, urban area of Malungon with 0.8 ratio or there are more males than females in 8 girls for every 10 boys. Figure 14. Ratio of Literate Females to Males (15-24 years old), by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 44 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  45. 45. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women in is in the urban comprising 75 percent, while Municipality and Province the remaining 25 percent is in rural. As to There is a big disparity in terms of gen- the component municipalities, highest rate der distribution among local officials of the of seats occupied by women is in Maasim, province and the municipalities. Out of the comprising 21.4 percent, while the low- 236 seats only 36 or a mere 15 percent are est is at 8.3 percent shared by Alabel and currently held by women. Of this, majority Malapatan. Figure 15. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Sarangani 45 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  46. 46. B. Current Policies and Programs with a total amount of Php20M cutting across different sectors. The Province is in full implementation of statutory Gender and Development (GAD) The programs and projects included in CY allocation/fund (5% of the total provincial 2010 GAD fund intended to address gender Internal Revenue Allotment or IRA) for GAD disparity issues and to significantly reduce programs/projects. the poverty incidence in the province. The distribution shows that biggest priority is The GAD Code was formulated by the given to social services which constitute 66 Provincial Government for this purpose. percent of the total GAD allocation. GAD structures are in place and well func- tioning. About Php5 million each year The total amount allocated for CY 2010 during CY 2008 and CY 2009 had been corresponds to 440 percent increase from allocated for programs and projects under Php5M in 2009 to Php22M in 2010. This sig- Gender and Development. nificant increase in allocation is due to the full implementation of the statutory allocation of An Investment Plan for CY 2010 was for- 5 percent of the total IRA of the province for mulated. The plan is composed of gender- Gender and Development Programs other- responsive priority programs and projects wise known as the 5 percent GAD Fund. 46 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  47. 47. Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Target 4.A Reduce by two-thirds, Highest rate is 0.5 percent recorded in between 1990 and 2015, the under-five two municipalities (Kiamba and Maitum) mortality rate while lowest is 0.2 percent registered in Malungon and Maasim. A. Status and Trends Pneumonia is number one leading cause Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years of mortality, followed by congenital mal- Old who Died formation and diarrhea. Caretakers usu- ally seek first the services of folk healers The total number of children 0 to 5 years before consulting the health professionals old in the province is 49,594. Under 5 mor- that contribute to the delay and eventually tality rate in the province registered 0.3 leads to death. Other reasons include: (a) percent or a magnitude of 168 children. parents are unable to identify serious signs Majority of them are males and are residing of illness that need professional help and in urban areas. they cannot decide when to seek immedi- 47 47 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  48. 48. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 ate health care; and (b) low education or or a magnitude of 60 infants. Mortality illiteracy affects the decisionmaking. rate of infant males are higher than in- fant females, comprising 65 percent of Proportion of Infants who Died the total infant deaths. Infant deaths are also higher in urban than in rural areas. The total live birth of the province is Highest infant mortality rate is registered 9,494 during year 2007. Under 1 year old in Maitum at 1.3 percent while the lowest mortality rate registered at 0.6 percent is in Alabel with 0.2 percent. Figure 16. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 48 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  49. 49. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 The top 3 leading causes of deaths are Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years pneumonia, congenital malformation, Old who Died and infection. These can be attributed to the low turn-out of quality prenatal, The proportion of children aged 1 to less low availment of tetanus toxoid, no iron than 5 years old who died is 0.5 percent supplementation among pregnant wom- or a magnitude of 108. Eighty-four percent en, no exclusive breastfeeding and poor (84%) of the total children who died are in sanitation. the rural areas and greater number is male. Figure 17. Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 49 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  50. 50. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Majority of them are from hard to reach B. Current Policies and Programs areas and without health workers. a. Tertiary Health Assistance Alabel and Malapatan shared the highest proportion of children aged 1 to less than 5 The provincial government has an exist- years old who died, with 0.4 percent rate a ing Executive Order on the cost sharing for piece, while Maasim and Malungon got the health related projects. The counterpart lowest rate with 0.1 percent each. sharing is 70 percent for the province and Figure 18. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 50 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data

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