MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani
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MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Sarangani Document Transcript

  • Province of SARANGANI 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  • Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Foreword This Provincial Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report was prepared in accordance with DILG Memorandum Circular No. 2004-152 dated 10 November 2004, “Guide to Local Government Units in the Localization of the MDGs”. The report contains the summary of the entire efforts rendered by the province and its component LGUs for the Sarangans through close partnership with line agencies of national government and non-government organizations. Similarly, this report serves as feedback to executive and legislative bodies for further exploration of measures that would foster the quality of life of the people. With the implementation of CBMS in the province in 2008, we were able to measure the progress towards achieving the targets of MDG in 2015. With this MDG Report, the current status, policies, programs and interventions are being assessed. This report quantifies the achievements that have been shown and provides a measure of the tasks that remain or yet to be achieved. It also summarizes progress towards the eight goals of the province. A lot of challenges were in the way in the implementation of the different programs/projects of the province. Nevertheless, these programs/projects were implemented to ensure the delivery of appropri- ate services and interventions to address the need of our constituents. As contained in this MDG report, the Provincial Government has implemented programs and projects and formulated policies in line with its thrust of Progress and Good Governance and to help achieve the targets of the MDG. This report would not have been made possible without the support and cooperation of various Provincial Government Offices including National Government Agencies for the valuable contribu- tion they provided for the completion of this report. With this, earnest appreciation and thanks are extended to them. To the staff of the Provincial Planning and Development Office, for the support that led to the completion of this work, sincere thanks and appreciation are hereby extended. To the dynamic Provincial Officials headed by the Honorable Governor Miguel Rene A. Domin- guez, Vice Governor Steve Chiongbian Solon, Members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and the Municipal Mayors of the seven component municipalities, special recognition is extended for responsive governance they pursue. To our fellow Sarangans, this humble accomplishment is hereby dedicated! RENE S. PARABA OIC- PPDC 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Acknowledgments We wish to express our deepest gratitude for the invaluable support of the following individuals / groups in the formulation of this Provincial Millennium Development Goal Report of Sarangani. To the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team and the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) Philippines for their invaluable assistance and support. To the Honorable Governor Miguel Rene A. Dominguez who leads the prioritization of this endeavor. To the Municipal Mayors and Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators of the seven component municipalities of the province, for their inputs and assistance in the preparation of this report. To the Provincial line Departments for allowing their respective staff as part of the Community-Based Monitoring System – Technical Working Group that provided techni- cal assistance and supervision to the municipalities in completing their CBMS data. And above all, to our Almighty God for his steadfast love, guidance, and manifold grace. The Provincial CBMS Team 4 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Govern- ment Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sa- rangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. Dr Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF SARANGANI OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Province of Sarangani is quite young compared to the other prov- inces. However, this fact has not deterred the officials and employees of the Provincial Government in vigorously pursuing its mission and vision. The Province ranked 4th and 11th among the poorest provinces in the country based on Small Area Estimates of the National Statistical Coordi- nation Board with poverty incidence of 63% and 52% in 2003 and 2006, respectively. However, we cannot identify who they are, where they are and what necessary interventions they need. With the implementation of Community-Based Monitoring System in the province, the ex- tent of poverty and its characteristics – face, nature and cause of poverty are identified from Municipal, Barangay to household level. CBMS is a tool to assess the progress towards the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. With this MDG report, the current status, policies, programs and interventions for the 8 goals, 18 targets, and 48 indicators are being assessed. The delivery of basic government services to the people of Sarangani is in the forefront of the local development agenda of the present administration. The efforts of the Provincial Govern- ment are all geared towards the reduction of poverty and upliftment of the living conditions of all Sarangans. A lot of challenges were in the way in the implementation of the different programs/proj- ects of the province. Nevertheless, these programs/projects were implemented to ensure the delivery of appropriate services and interventions to address the need of our constituents. As contained in this MDG report, the Provincial Government has implemented programs and projects in line with its thrust of Unity, Progress and Good Governance and to help achieve the goals and targets in the MDG. 6 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • With our aim for an improved governance system, greater transparency and accountability in resource allocation, the MDG Report provides the situation of the province and the policies/ programs/projects as well as the recommendations to improve and address the challenges identified under each goal. We have seen the need for the local government units to take initiatives and pursue dynamic programs to uplift the living condition of its constituents. With our local initiative to focus all our efforts, programs and interventions towards addressing poverty situation in the province, and with full support and commitment of the Provincial leadership, employees and its constituents, we can reduce poverty in the province! The people of Sarangani will see more dynamic projects for their own good in the near future. In fact, the present leadership is committed in developing every sector of the province and to take out the province from among the top 20 most impoverished province in the country by year 2010. With this in mind, we will be able to utilize all our resources right, with the right target and appropriate interventions with sustainability as a common ground. I would like to personally give my sincere gratitude to the people who in one way or another have contributed their efforts for the preparation of the Provincial Millennium Development Goals Report. This shows that as a team, we could do everything right. Mabuhay ang Sarangani! MIGUEL RENE A. DOMINGUEZ Governor 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Table of Contents Foreword OIC-PPDC, Rene S. Paraba ............................................... 3 Acknowledgements ................................................................................... 4 Messages s UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ................ 5 Sarangani Governor Miguel Rene A. Dominguez .................... 6 Table of Contents ....................................................................................... 8 List of Acronyms ........................................................................................ 10 List of Tables .............................................................................................. 12 List of Figures ............................................................................................ 14 Executive Summary ............................................................................. 15 Part I. Provincial Profile 1. Brief Historical Background ............................................................... 19 2. Geo-Physical Environment ................................................................. 20 3. Population & Social Environment ....................................................... 21 4. Local Economy ................................................................................... 22 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities .......................................................... 23 6. Local Institutional Capability ............................................................. 25 Part II. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ....................................... 26 2. Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education .......................................... 35 3. Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality .......................................................... 41 .. 4. Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality ............................................................. 47 5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ......................................................... 52 8 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table of Contents 6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................... 55 7. Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ..................................................... 59 8. Goal 8 - Develop Global Partnership for Development ........................................ 67 Part III. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses ........................................................ 70 2. Financing the MDGs ..................................................................................... 72 3. Monitoring the MDGs ................................................................................... 72 Explanatory Text .............................................................................................. 73 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • List of Acronyms AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome BeMONC Basic Emergency Obstetric Care BIMP EAGA Brunie Indonesia Malaysia Philippines East Asia Growth Area CBMS Community Base Monitoring System CFAD Community Fund for Agricultural Development CPC Country Program for Children CSR Corporate Social Responsibility DOH Department of Health DOTS Direct Observed Treatment Short Course DSL Digital Subscriber Line ECPC Environmental Conservation and Protection Center FIES Family Income, Expenditure and Savings GAD Gender and Development HIV Human Immuno Deficiency Virus IP Indigenous People IRA Internal Revenue Allotment IRR Internal Rules and Regulation JAGS CT Jose Abad Santos Glan Sarangani Cooperation Triangle KALAHI-CIDSS - Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan – Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services LAC Local Aids Council LCCT Local Conditional Cash Transfer LFPR Labor Force Participation Rate LGU Local Government Unit MAKIMA Maasim Kiamba Maitum MASL Meter Above Sea Level MATCH Maximizing Access to Child Health MDG Millennium Development Goals MFLUP Municipal Forest Land Use Plan MLGUs Municipal Local Government Units 10 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • List of Acronyms MOA Memorandum of Agreement NGO Non Government Organization NNE North to North East PAL Philippine Airlines PAMB Protected Area Management Board PEP Poverty and Economic Policy PILTEL Pilipino Telephone Corporation PLDT Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company POPCEN Population Census PPSS Paaral Sa Sarangan PUJ Public Utility Jeepneys PW4SP Provincial Water Supply, Sewerage and Sanitation Plan PW4SU Provincial Water Supply, Sewerage and Sanitation Unit QUEST Quality Education for Sarangan Today RA Republic Act RDT Rapid Diagnostic Treatment SENREM Sarangani Environment and Natural Resources SELAP Support to Emergency Livelihood Assistance Program SOCCSKASARGEN South Cotabato, Cotabato City, Sultan Kudarat Sarangani and General Santos City SPECTRUM Sarangani Province Empowerment and Community Transformation Forum, Incorporated SSE South to South East SSW South to South West STI Sexually Transmitted Diseases UNICEF United Nation Children Fund USAID United State Agency for International Development 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • List of Tables Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007 Table 2. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 3. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 4. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Table 5. Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 6. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 7. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 10. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 11. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 14. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 15. Ratio of Literate Females to Males (15-24 years old), by Municipality, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 16. Proportion and Magnitude of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Sarangani Table 17. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 18. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 19. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 20. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 12 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • List of Tables Table 21. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 22. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those Who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 23. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 24. Magnitude and Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 25. Magnitude and Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 28. Magnitude and Proportion of Population who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 29. Proportion of the Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural. Sarangani, 2007 Table 30. Proportion of the Households with Cellphones, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 31. Proportion of the Households with Computers, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Table 32. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition Table 33. Poverty and Food Thresholds 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • List of Figures Figure 1. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 2. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 3. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 4. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 5. Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 6. Prevalence of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 7. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 8. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 9. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 10. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 11. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 14. Ratio of Literate Females to Males (15-24 years old), by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 15. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Sarangani Figure 16. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 17. Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 18. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 19. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 20. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 21. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those Who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 22. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 23. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 24. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 25. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 26. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 27. Proportion of Population who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 28. Proportion of the Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 29. Proportion of the Households with Cellphones, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 30. Proportion of the Households with Computers, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Figure 31. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 14 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The 1st Provincial Millennium Development the target year of 2015 to achieve the MDG. Goals (MDG) Report of Sarangani Province More detailed information are contained in is a result of the collaborative efforts of the the main report. Provincial Government of Sarangani, the PEP-Community-Based Monitoring System Good news (CBMS) Network Coordinating Team and the United Nations Development Programme • Poverty gap ratio was 0.3. (UNDP), Philippines. It aims to monitor prog- • Prevalence of underweight children is 4.0, ress toward the attainment of the MDGs in which already surpassed the 2015 national the province and to increase local awareness target of 17.3. on how this report can bridge local and na- • The province also has an ideal 1:1 gender tional development strategies. ratio in primary education. • Ratio of literate females to males aged 15- The report used the results of the 2007 CBMS 24 is 0.9, which is closer to the 2015 national survey in relation to the MDG. The results pre- target of 1.0. sented in this report suggest that there have • Under-five mortality rate is 0.3. been some good news and not so good • There are no reported cases of deaths as- news in some indicators while some are pos- sociated with HIV/AIDS and malaria. ing a great challenge for the remaining five • Proportion of the population living as in- years, from the time of writing of this report to formal settlers and in makeshift housing were 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • low at 3 percent and 4 percent, respectively. culosis. Total death toll throughout the prov- • About 56 percent of the land area was cov- ince was 65 and most of them were males. ered by forest. • Proportion of the population with access to • Twenty-three percent (23%) of the total safe drinking water was 70 percent, posting area of the province was declared as pro- a shortage of about 16 percent to the nation- tected area. al target. • Proportion of urban population with access Not-so-Good-News to improved sanitation was quite high at 62.1 percent but falls short by about 17 percent • Proportion of the population with income against the 2015 national target. below the poverty threshold was 70 percent, • Proportion of households with landlines/ which is quite high relative to the national tar- telephone lines was very low despite the get of 22.7. presence of several telecommunication ser- • About 56 percent of the population were vice providers serving the province. living below the food threshold. • Proportion of children aged 6-12 who are Posing Great Challenge: enrolled in elementary education was 68 percent. This implies that close to one-third • There is a need to reduce the percentage of of the school-age population at the primary poor Sarangans by 46 percent to be at par level are not in school. with the national target of 22.7. • Literacy rate among population aged 15- • The percentage of children aged 6-12 who 24 was 91 percent but still below the 100 per- are enrolled in elementary education has to cent national target. be increased by 32 percent to meet the 100 • Wider disparity in terms of gender distribu- percent national target for 2015. tion among local officials of the province and • Gender disparity in the areas of education municipalities exists. Proportion of seats held and political participation has to be eliminat- by women in municipalities and the province ed. There is a need to level the ratio of boys was merely 15 percent. and girls in secondary and tertiary education • The province also had relatively high preva- and to increase the proportion of seats held lence and death rates associated with tuber- by women in municipalities and the province. 16 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007 (Goals 1 - 3) 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Table 1. Summary of Findings of CBMS-MDG Indicators, Province of Sarangani, 2007 (Continued, Goals 4 - 8) 18 Source: CBMS Survey Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Part 1. Provincial Profile 1.Brief History Sarangani Province, formerly third district adventurous son of a Sangil family from of South Cotabato, was created as a sepa- the coast of Celebes off Indonesia. His rate province by virtue of Republic Act 7228 sailing often brought him to the Sultanate through the effort of the then 3rd Congres- of Buayan (now General Santos City), the sional District Representative Hon. James stronghold of Maguindanaoans. His out- L. Chiongbian. The said Act was signed standing character impressed the people by former President Corazon C. Aquino on that they named the bay in his honor. March 16, 1992 constituting the seven (7) municipalities formerly under South Cota- It was during the American period when bato Province. Such include the coastal settlers from Luzon and Visayas migrated municipalities of Maitum, Kiamba, Maasim, into the area. The first migrants were Ce- Alabel, Malapatan, and Glan as well as the buanos who arrived and settled in Glan upland municipality of Malungon. along Sarangani Bay in 1914, then, Ilocano settlers set up homesteads in Kiamba in Because of their proximity to Sarangani 1918, and Ilonggo settlers arrived in Malun- Bay and Island, the name was given to the gon in the 1930s. In the ensuing years, newly created Province. The name itself is thousands more from Luzon and the Visayas legendary —it is about Saranganing, an would settle in the area. Hence Sarangani's 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • population today is largely a mix of migrant 2.1 Topography Hiligaynons, Cebuanos, Ilocanos, Tagalogs and Muslims. The terrain of Sarangani Province is char- acterized by flatlands, rolling hills, and Amidst all these, the indigenous tribes of mountains. Out of the total land area of the the land have managed to preserve their province being 3,986.64 square kilometers, culture and shared their ancestral land 29.86 percent or 1,190.32 square kilome- with the settlers. Intermarriages among the ters fall within 500-1000 meters above sea groups have made the province a land of level (masl) elevation. Constituting the harmonious coexistence. The languages least area of the province fall within 1000 and dialects spoken are interwoven with meters and above elevation which is only the lingua franca of the province's origi- 304.05 square kilometers (7.63%). The sec- nal inhabitants. But Cebuano, Ilonggo, ond biggest area share fall between 100- and Ilocano are the most widely spoken 300 meters above sea level elevation with dialects, which the natives have adopted 1,002.59 square kilometers or 25.15 percent through time. of the total land area. Only 14.5 percent fall between 0-100 masl elevation or 578.01 2. Geo-Physical Environment square kilometers; and 22.87 percent or 911.67square kilometers is in the category Sarangani Province is located in the south- of 300-500 masl. ernmost part of the island of Mindanao and part of Region XII. It is an oddly shaped prov- 2.2 Climate ince separated into two by General Santos City. It lies between latitude of about 5° The climate in Sarangani Province falls un- 33’ 41” to 6° 32’ 4” North and longitude of der the 4th Climatic Type having a rainfall of about 124° 21’ 39.6” to 125° 35’ 11” East. more or less evenly distributed throughout Its elongated western section faces south to the year with no pronounced rain periods. the Celebes Sea with its back to the Daguma The annual average rainfall in Sarangani Range and South Cotabato. Its western edge Province was 779.9 mm in 2002, 807.7 mm touches Sultan Kudarat, while the eastern tip in 2003, and 872.8 mm in 2004, which indi- ends at Sarangani Bay. The eastern section cates an increasing rainfall every year. Rain- is also elongated in a north-south direction. fall patterns of the province contribute to the Its northern tip and eastern flank is against high production levels in agriculture. Aver- Davao del Sur and the Alip Range. Its west- age annual air temperature is 27.1°C. The ern side is bounded by the province of South hottest month is April where the maximum Cotabato, General Santos City and Saran- temperature reached its highest at 33.7°C, gani Bay. Alabel, the provincial capital is while the coldest month is January which approximately 15 kilometers by road from registered at 21.5°C, the lowest. Relative General Santos City Hall, 140 kilometers humidity reading ranges from 76 percent to SSW of Davao City and 73 kilometers SSE 84 percent. Prevailing wind direction blows of Koronadal City, the regional administra- towards North to Northeast (NNE). tive seat of government of SOCCSKSARGEN Region. 20 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 3.Population and Social Environment is 0.40% lower than the average annual growth rate of 2.44 percent during the pe- The population of the province based riod 1995-2000. Among the municipalities, on 2007 Census of Population (POPCEN Maasim was the fastest growing area in 2007) was 475,514 persons registering an terms of population with an average annual increase of 64,892 persons over the 2000 growth rate of 3.79 percent from 1995-2007. population of 410,662. This figure ac- This was followed by Alabel with 3.72 per- counted for 12.42 percent of the region’s cent. Glan, Malapatan and Kiamba also total population and only 0.54 percent of registered higher growth rates than the the country’s population. Among the four province On the other hand, Maitum and provinces in the region, Sarangani has the Malungon are the municipalities registered lowest population. below the provincial growth rate Among the municipalities of the province, 3.3 Social Services around 21.59 percent of the province’s population reside in Glan, 20.19 percent in 3.3.1 Education Malungon, 15.11 percent in Alabel, 13.80 percent in Malapatan, 11.15 percent in Ki- As of SY 2005-2006, there were 211 pub- amba, 10.36 percent in Maasim, and the lic elementary schools in Sarangani, about remaining 7.79 percent in Maitum. Glan 76 percent were classified as “complete is the most thickly populated with 102,676 elementary schools” while the rest were persons. On the other hand, Maitum has either “incomplete primary schools” (6%), the least number of persons with 37,054. “complete primary schools” (14%), and “incomplete elementary schools” (4%). 3.1 Population Density Municipalities with the most number of schools were Maitum with 60 elementary Population density in the province in 2007 schools; Glan, 40 schools; and Alabel, 26 was 119 persons per square kilometer, 76 schools. As of SY 2005-2006, there were 28 persons lower than the region’s population public secondary schools in the province, density (195 persons/square kilometer) for 71 percent (20 schools) were considered the same year and 16 persons higher than main/independent secondary schools while the province’s population density level of the others were considered annex second- 103 in 2000. Of the municipalities, Glan ary schools. registered the highest population density with 147 persons per square kilometer while 3.3.2 Health Facilities and Health Workers Maasim had the lowest population density with only 98 persons per square kilometer. Sarangani Province has no Provincial Hos- pital but has one (1) private hospital and six 3.2 Population Growth Rate (6) public hospitals namely Kiamba District Hospital, Maasim Municipal Hospital, Mai- The average annual population growth tum Municipal Hospital, Malungon Municipal rate of the province during the intercensal Hospital, Glan Municipal Hospital, and Glan period 2000 to 2007 is 2.04 percent. This Medicare and Community Hospital. 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • For the existing 5 primary hospitals and 1 dis- day care centers. This can be attributed to trict hospital, the following key personnel are the massive/extensive advocacy on the day responsible for the delivery of primary hospital care service program implemented by the services—12 physicians, 23 nurses, 6 medical government, which have become widely technologists, 3 X-ray technicians, 5 pharmacists, accepted due to services it offers to pre- 1 dentist, and 2 nutritionists. school children. 3.3.3 Social Welfare 4. Local Economy For the period 2006, there were a total of 346 4.1 Economic Sector day care centers in 140 barangays in Sarangani, serving a total of 12,947 children. Out of the Based on the Family Income, Expenditures total number of barangays, 99.28 percent have and Savings (FIES, 2006), the total annual 22 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • family income of Sarangani in 2006 was Sarangani doubled from 5.34 percent in 2002 to estimated at Php9.0 billion indicating an in- 11.9 percent in 2003. LFPR was higher in urban crease of 36 percent over the 2003 estimate (76.8%) than in rural areas (66.4%). Unemploy- of Php6.6 billion. The total family expendi- ment rate on the other hand was also higher in ture was approximately Php8.7 billion, an urban areas (18.6%) than in rural areas (9.96%). increase of 45 percent over the 2003 estimate of Php6.0 billion. Adjusting for the inflation 5.Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities between 2003 and 2006, total annual family income in 2006 would be valued at Php7.4 5.1 Land Transportation billion at 2003 prices. Likewise, the total fam- ily expenditure in 2006 would be valued at Public transport of different modes serves both Php7.1 billion at 2003 prices. the inter-provincial and intra-provincial need of the province to transfer goods and people from In 2006, the average annual income of one place to another. Public Utility Jeepneys families in Sarangani was estimated at (PUJs) are still the most common mode of public Php91 thousand. The 2006 average an- transport for inter-municipality routes in the prov- nual income is 22 percent higher than the ince. Commuter vans with capacity of 14 to 18 2003 estimated average. Meanwhile, the passengers serve as alternate mode of transport average annual expenditure of families for Glan-Malapatan-General Santos; Malungon- increased from Php64 thousand in 2003 to General Santos; and Maitum-Kiamba-Maasim- Php88 thousand in 2006, or by 27 percent General Santos route. Multicab, a small utility over the three-year period. These numbers vehicle with capacity of 11 passengers serve the translate into average savings in 2006 of Alabel-General Santos route. only Php3 thousand per family, the 2003 estimate was Php7 thousand per family. Locally-assembled six-wheel PUJs with truck engines and bigger bodies known as “weapon” 4.2 Labor and Employment ply the inner mountainous route. Ordinary PUJs Based on the October 2006 Labor Force Survey of the National Statistics Office (NSO), about 39.8 percent of employed persons in the region were laborers and unskilled work- ers whose minimal incomes are most vulner- able to price increases. They numbered 615 thousand out of the region’s estimated 1,546 thousand employed persons. In 2003, Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in Sarangani was estimated at 92 percent among males while 42 percent for females. About 32 percent of the persons 15 years old and over were considered “not in the labor force”. The unemployment for 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • are not appropriate for this route owing to structed along National Roads with 2,489 its very rugged terrain. ln.m, and the least is along Municipal Roads with only 132 ln.m. Tricycles with capacity of 4-6 passengers are still the most common public transport 5.3 Air Transportation within the urban centers of the province. Un- conventional types of transport have been The province has no airport thus, it avails common in the rural areas. Among these of the air transport services of the General are single motorcycles with extended seat Santos City (GSC) Airport in Tambler. There to accommodate six passengers, locally are three major airlines regularly using the known as “Habal-habal” or “skylab”— General Santos City Airport: the Philippine usually transport goods and people from Airlines (PAL) and Cebu Pacific with daily the remotest barangays to the main high- flights from Manila-General Santos and way and vice versa; the “trisikad“ powered vice versa, and Air Philippines with flight by a single stroke motor engine commonly from Manila-General Santos via Cebu and used in pumpboats; and the “kuliglig” —a vice versa. GSC Airport has been the major cart drawn by a hand tractor for farm cul- facility in transporting fresh tuna to Metro tivation. Manila and other countries, such as Japan, United States, Europe, etc. 5.2 Roads and Bridges 5.4 Sea Transportation The road network in the province as of De- cember 2006 had a total length of 1,477.523 The Port of General Santos City (Ma- kilometers. About forty-four percent (44%) kar Wharf) is the major seaport near the of these were barangay roads, twenty-six province. At present, the Makar Wharf in percent (26%) were provincial roads, thir- General Santos City caters to international teen percent (13%) were municipal roads, vessels from Singapore, Malaysia, Indone- and seventeen percent (17%) were national sia, and Japan as well as, domestic vessels roads. The road to population ratio was such as WG&A, Superferry and other sea 3.11 kilometers per 1000 population and crafts from Manila, Cebu, Iloilo, Davao, the road density was 3.11 kilometers per and Zamboanga. thousand hectares of land area. The municipal ports in the province are Of the 88 bridges in the province, 21 are located in the municipalities of Glan and Ki- bailey, 47 are concrete, and 20 are steel amba which caters primarily to fishing vessels bridges. Most of concrete bridges (38) are of local fishermen from Kiamba, Maitum, and constructed along National Roads, while Glan. The Port of Glan is rehabilitated and bailey bridges are usually constructed upgraded to serve as terminal ports of Jose along Provincial and Barangay Roads with Abad Santos-Glan-Sarangani – Coopera- 12 and 7 bridges, respectively. Steel bridges tion Triangle (JAGS CT). on the other hand, are usually constructed along National and Provincial Roads. The 5.5 Telecommunication most extensive length of bridges were con- 24 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • As of December 2007, major private tele- 6. Local Institutional Capability phone carriers, such as PLDT, Piltel, Bayan- tel, Globe, and Smart, among others are 6.1 Local Administrative Personnel/Staff serving the province. Cellular sites, as well There are 1,299 provincial government as, Internet service providers, are generally officials and employees as of December present in the province. 2008. This number includes 15 elective of- ficials, 20 department heads, 558 perma- 5.6 Energy and Electrification nent employees, 115 employees assigned in hospitals and 626 non-career employees The Southwestern Mindanao District of the which include contractual, job orders and National Transmission Corporation (Trans- honorarium-paid employees. These per- co) transmit power from the Mindanao Grid sonnel are assigned in the different depart- through their six (6) major transmission ments of the provincial government. lines with the capacity of 138 KV. South Cotabato Electric Cooperative II (Socoteco 6.2 Government Support Organizations II), the electric cooperative in the province There are several government support or- draw power from substations namely the ganizations operating at the barangay level Sari-Malapatan-Glan S/S; Klinan-Maasim in all of the municipalities of the province. S/S; and Maasim-Kiamba-Maitum S/S. These organizations include Pulisya ng Ba- Of the total 140 barangays in the province, rangay, Lupong Tagapamayapa, Barangay 90 percent (126 barangays) have already Disaster Coordinating Council, Barangay been provided with electricity. In terms of Development Council, and Sangguniang households served with electricity, 33.11 per- Kabataan. All of these organizations are cent (27,445 households) of the total number partners of the government in the imple- of households were already provided with the mentation of development programs and services of the Socoteco II in the province. projects. 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1.A : Halve between 1990 and below poverty threshold. The annual per capita 2015, the proportion of people whose poverty threshold was placed at Php16,099 for income is less than one dollar a day. urban and Php13,044 for rural. A. Status and Trends Among the 7 municipalities of the province, the worst poverty-stricken is Malapatan with Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold 81.9 percent, while the least stricken is the As of 2007, the poverty incidence in the municipality of Maasim of about 64.4 percent. Province of Sarangani is about 69.5 percent High incidence of poverty is noticeable in rural or a total of 267,088 population with income areas, more so in Malapatan. The factors that 26 26 Province of Sarangani Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 2. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 contributed to this condition, viz: the province level. The annual per capita food threshold is rural in character and mainly dependent was placed at Php10,436 for urban and on agriculture, industries present are small Php9,288 for rural. High cases are registered scale and there is also poor road access in in the rural areas comprising 51 percent. some areas. Among its component towns, Malapatan Proportion of Population Living has the highest percentage being 72 percent, Below the Food Threshold while the lowest is Maasim wherein less than Fifty-six percent (56%) of the provincial half (48%) of its population living below food population are living below food threshold threshold. Figure 1. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Table 3. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold by Municipality, by Sex, and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Figure 2. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Poverty Gap Ratio The province has a Poverty Gap Ratio gap ratios were posted by the munici- of 0.3 which is considered low. This also palities of Malapatan and Alabel with implies that those household whose 0.5 and 0.4 ratios respectively. Among income falls within poverty threshold the municipalities, the lowest poverty has a 30 percent shortfall to eliminate gap ratio was registered in urban areas poverty in the province. Higher poverty of Kiamba and Maitum at 0.1. 28 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 3. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Target 1.B Achieve full and productive is short term or seasonal work in character employment and decent work for all, because the economy of province is mainly including women and young people dependent on agriculture. Moreover, the existing industries in the municipalities are Employment Rate small scale. The municipality that has the highest employment rate is Malapatan with Sarangani Province has a very high employment almost 100 percent. Meanwhile, Glan has rate of about 99 percent. However, majority the least employment rate with 98.9 percent. Table 5: Employment rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/ Rural, Sarangani 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Figure 4. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 30 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 1.C Halve, between 1990 and 2015, a magnitude of around 14,226 populations. the proportion of peole who suffer from Higher incidence is recorded in the rural hunger areas, more than double compared to urban areas. Among the component municipalities, Maitum has the highest rate with 13 percent Proportion of Population Who while Malungon has the most number of Experienced Food Shortage people who experienced food shortage of about 6,739 population. Mostly affected are At least 4 percent of the population of the indigenous people who live in remote areas province has experienced food shortage with wherein accessibility is very poor. Figure 5. Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Table 7. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years B. Current Policies and Programs of Age The Province is adopting a 2-pronged The prevalence of underweight children Strategy for Poverty Reduction, to wit: (under 5 years old) in the province is 4 percent. Incidence is found dominantly in 1. Promoting Opportunity – National and lo- rural areas with a rate of 5 percent or a cal governments should take strong measures magnitude of 1,941 children. Among the to support the build-up of human, land and in- component municipalities, Malapatan fared frastructure assets that poor people own or to well having registered the lowest rate which which they have access. In social settings with is merely 0.2 percent. The highest incidence high inequality, greater equity is particularly im- rate of 12.7 percent is recorded in Glan. portant for rapid progress in reducing poverty. Figure 6. Prevalence of Underweight Children under 5 Years of Age, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 32 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goa Using CBMS Data Goals
  • 2. Facilitating Empowerment – National ally for three years (CY 2010 to 2013) for and local government should respond to the the prioritized projects of the communities. needs of the poor through active and effective collaboration among poor people and other MRDP groups in society, making public administra- tion, legal institutions and public service de- This is a poverty reduction program for livery more efficient and accountable to all the rural poor, women and indigenous com- citizens including poor people. Effective and munities in Mindanao. It aimed specifically efficient delivery of social services at increasing agricultural production and efficiency; and improving rural incomes in Currently, the Province is a recipient of a sustainable manner, improving food se- several poverty alleviation/reduction pro- curity among the poor, and providing sus- grams/projects by the National Govern- tainable mechanisms for rural development ment. These include the 4Ps (or Pantawid through improved institutional service de- Pamilyang Pilipino Program), KALAHI- livery by the local government units (LGUs) CIDSS (or Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan and the agencies concerned. This program – Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery has a total package of Php154 million for of Social Services), and MRDP (Mindanao Sarangani Province which started in 2007 Rural Development Program). and ends in 2012. 4Ps Local Initiative The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program The Province has just launched the “Proj- currently covers 7,500 poorest of the poor ect 1021” as an initiative to address the families in the municipalities of Malapatan and poverty problem of its constituents. The Maasim. Beneficiaries of this program receive a project’s main objective is for the Province monthly subsidy of Php500 each. The program to get out of the top 20 most impoverished is to be expanded to the five (5) other com- provinces by 2010 and eventually eradicate ponent municipalities of the Province with an poverty in the near future. This project has estimated target of 3,500 poor families. the following components: KALAHI-CIDSS 1.) Livelihood and Employment – promo- tion of access to income and gainful em- Sarangani being one among the poorest ployment of poor households provinces in the country was selected as recipient of this project. KALAHI-CIDSS is 2.) Social Protection – provision of social a community-driven development project assistance (Local Conditional Cash Transfer, designed to improve local governance, protective and rehabilitative services for vul- empower community, and address poverty. nerable population, e.g.; youth, women, etc.) The project covers a total of 35 barangays (Municipality of Maitum – 19 and Municipal- 3.) Human Development Services – pro- ity of Maasim – 16). Each recipient baran- motion of widespread access to, and gay will be receiving Php450,000.00 annu- improved quality of social services and 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • infrastructure, especially among poor com- C. Challenges munities. Reducing the poverty incidence by 4.) Institutional Capacity Development two-thirds to be at par with the national – promotion of inter-LGU, inter-agency target by 2015 remains to be a major collaboration and civil society engage- challenge of Sarangani. To make sig- ment in poverty planning and development nificant headways, the province needs finance, accessing external resources for to mobilize support from various stake- poverty alleviation, enhancement of LGU holders by way of resource-sharing and capacity in poverty program administra- sourcing funds from other funding agen- tion and implementation, and participatory cies to finance various poverty-reduction poverty monitoring and impact evaluation. programs and projects. 34 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Target 2.A Ensure that, by 2015, (68%) of these children are enrolled in children everywhere, boys and girls elementary school which implies that 32 alike, will be able to complete a full percent or 22,500 are not in school. Partici- course of primary schooling pation rate is higher in urban areas because of the proximity of the school facilities. A. Status and Trends Among the municipalities, Kiamba has the highest enrollment rate with 75.3 percent Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled because of the presence of several public in Elementary School and private schools in the area. Meanwhile, Malapatan got the lowest participation rate The population of 6-12 years old is ap- because of the limited number of school proximately 70,000. Sixty-eight percent facilities established in the area. 35 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School In general, urban areas have higher There are about 37,000 children aged 13- participation rates than rural areas. 16 years old in the province. Of this, only Meanwhile, highest participation rate 38 percent or 14,134 are enrolled in high is registered in Kiamba at 45.4 percent school which implies that almost two-third while the lowest participation rate is (2/3) of these children are not in school. Glan at 30 percent. Figure 7. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 36 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Sarangani, 2007 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled hind this scenario are attributed to the fol- in School lowing: poverty, access, location (urban The population of 6-16 years old is about bias) and absorptive capacity of existing 107,134. Of this, only 74 percent are en- school facilities. rolled which means that more than a quarter of this population is not in school. School Seventy-seven percent (77%) of females participation is higher in urban (79%) than in this school-age were enrolled while male in the rural (73%) areas. The reasons be- is just 71 percent. Highest enrollment rate Figure 8. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 among municipalities is registered in Ki- The municipality that has the highest amba at about 83.4 percent while lowest is percentage of literate persons is Kiamba in Malapatan with 65.3 percent rate. (96.1%). Also, male and female literacy rates in Kiamba were recorded the highest Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds at 96 percent and 97 percent, respectively. Sarangani province has a 91 percent lit- On the other hand, Malapatan recorded the eracy rate of 15-24 year olds. The females lowest literacy rate at 84 percent. have higher literacy rate than males. More literates are found in urban (96%) than in Greater number of illiterate persons in the rural (90%) areas. province belongs to the poor families who Figure 9. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 38 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 cannot afford to send children to school. extension campus of the Mindanao State Most of them are indigenous people who University located in Malandag, Malungon. are living in the far-flung barangays. Graduates shall be employed to educate the IP community where they reside as soon B. Current Policies and Programs as they graduate. The province has invested Php13.2 mil- In addressing the 30 percent cohort sur- lion for education. There are 70 indigenous vival rate, the province had established people (IP) scholars taking up Bachelor 18 new integrated high school system and of Science in Elementary Education in the boarding schools in the barangays, and Figure 10. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 39 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • an additional of Php7 million for the hiring to poor and deserving Sarangans to of 300 Provincial School Board teachers to pursue College/Baccalaureate degree, meet the standard teachers– pupil ratio. Vocational/Technical courses, and Sec- ondary Education. In addition, the province has initiated several programs that aim to improve C. Challenges the quality of education and address disparities in education outcomes. These While the Department of Education are as follows: (DepEd) has been fielding more number of teachers for the remote barangays to • Quality Education for Sarangan Today complement the province's campaign (QUEST). An LGU-led education reform for education, clearly there is a need for program designed at improving the skills more interventions to address the noted of children in reading and comprehension. disparities. For instance, across all levels, This program has Php17.8M fund for CY females outnumber males. This trend is 2010. also observed in the literacy levels of the population. A huge disparity is also evi- • Paaral sa Sarangan (PPSS). A schol- dent in the participation rates of children arship program of the province intended living in urban and rural areas. 40 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality The province has an ideal gender ratio Target 3.A Eliminate gender disparity of 1.0 in primary education. This scenario in primary and secondary education, is more evident in most of the rural areas, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of however a slight disparity is noted in urban education no later than 2015 areas wherein the ratio is 0.9 or 9 girls for every 10 boys. A. Status and Trends Almost all municipalities have fared well Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education except Alabel and Kiamba which shows a little disparity with a 0.9 ratio or 9 girls for every 10 boys. 41 41 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education CBMS data shows that there are more girls than boys in sec- ondary education throughout the province having a ratio of 1.2 or 12 girls for every 10 boys. Higher disproportion is noticeable in rural areas, particularly in Glan, Kiamba, Maasim, and Malapatan with the 1.2 ratio. The biggest dif- ference is recorded in the urban area of Malapatan at 1.3. The inequality is attributed to the fact that girls are more enduring than boys in terms of schooling, and that boys of this age are likely to help in the livelihood activities of their parents whose occupation are mostly farming and fishing. Figure 11. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 42 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Girls outnumbered boys in tertiary education by a higher margin. The ratio is 1.3 or 13 girls for every 10 boys. This disparity is felt largely in the rural areas of the province. Among the municipalities, the highest difference is registered in Maasim at 1.5 or 15 girls for every 10 boys, while the lowest is recorded in Malapatan at 1.1 (11 girls for every 10 boys). Though higher inequality is noticeable in almost all rural areas of the component municipalities, Maasim however, shows a different picture. Its urban area has the biggest discrepancy at 1.7 (17 girls for ev- ery 10 boys), the highest across all levels (primary, secondary and tertiary). One possible reason for this disparity is that ma- jority of the people living in the urban area are fishermen. In this type of occupation, boys are preferred because of the strenu- ous character of the job, thereby hindering them from pursuing tertiary education. 43 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Ratio of Literate Females to Males ( terate (15-24 y old) years ) terms of population with a sex ratio of 108 males for every 100 females The ratio of literate females to males (POPCEN 2007). (15-24 years old) is 0.9 which means that there are more literate males Of the 7 component towns, only 3 are in than females in Sarangani or a sex disproportion namely: Kiamba, Maasim, & ratio of 9 girls for every 10 boys. One Malungon. Highest gap recorded is in the reason for this, is that in this province, urban area of Malungon with 0.8 ratio or there are more males than females in 8 girls for every 10 boys. Figure 14. Ratio of Literate Females to Males (15-24 years old), by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 44 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women in is in the urban comprising 75 percent, while Municipality and Province the remaining 25 percent is in rural. As to There is a big disparity in terms of gen- the component municipalities, highest rate der distribution among local officials of the of seats occupied by women is in Maasim, province and the municipalities. Out of the comprising 21.4 percent, while the low- 236 seats only 36 or a mere 15 percent are est is at 8.3 percent shared by Alabel and currently held by women. Of this, majority Malapatan. Figure 15. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Sarangani 45 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • B. Current Policies and Programs with a total amount of Php20M cutting across different sectors. The Province is in full implementation of statutory Gender and Development (GAD) The programs and projects included in CY allocation/fund (5% of the total provincial 2010 GAD fund intended to address gender Internal Revenue Allotment or IRA) for GAD disparity issues and to significantly reduce programs/projects. the poverty incidence in the province. The distribution shows that biggest priority is The GAD Code was formulated by the given to social services which constitute 66 Provincial Government for this purpose. percent of the total GAD allocation. GAD structures are in place and well func- tioning. About Php5 million each year The total amount allocated for CY 2010 during CY 2008 and CY 2009 had been corresponds to 440 percent increase from allocated for programs and projects under Php5M in 2009 to Php22M in 2010. This sig- Gender and Development. nificant increase in allocation is due to the full implementation of the statutory allocation of An Investment Plan for CY 2010 was for- 5 percent of the total IRA of the province for mulated. The plan is composed of gender- Gender and Development Programs other- responsive priority programs and projects wise known as the 5 percent GAD Fund. 46 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Target 4.A Reduce by two-thirds, Highest rate is 0.5 percent recorded in between 1990 and 2015, the under-five two municipalities (Kiamba and Maitum) mortality rate while lowest is 0.2 percent registered in Malungon and Maasim. A. Status and Trends Pneumonia is number one leading cause Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years of mortality, followed by congenital mal- Old who Died formation and diarrhea. Caretakers usu- ally seek first the services of folk healers The total number of children 0 to 5 years before consulting the health professionals old in the province is 49,594. Under 5 mor- that contribute to the delay and eventually tality rate in the province registered 0.3 leads to death. Other reasons include: (a) percent or a magnitude of 168 children. parents are unable to identify serious signs Majority of them are males and are residing of illness that need professional help and in urban areas. they cannot decide when to seek immedi- 47 47 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 ate health care; and (b) low education or or a magnitude of 60 infants. Mortality illiteracy affects the decisionmaking. rate of infant males are higher than in- fant females, comprising 65 percent of Proportion of Infants who Died the total infant deaths. Infant deaths are also higher in urban than in rural areas. The total live birth of the province is Highest infant mortality rate is registered 9,494 during year 2007. Under 1 year old in Maitum at 1.3 percent while the lowest mortality rate registered at 0.6 percent is in Alabel with 0.2 percent. Figure 16. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 48 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 The top 3 leading causes of deaths are Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years pneumonia, congenital malformation, Old who Died and infection. These can be attributed to the low turn-out of quality prenatal, The proportion of children aged 1 to less low availment of tetanus toxoid, no iron than 5 years old who died is 0.5 percent supplementation among pregnant wom- or a magnitude of 108. Eighty-four percent en, no exclusive breastfeeding and poor (84%) of the total children who died are in sanitation. the rural areas and greater number is male. Figure 17. Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 49 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Majority of them are from hard to reach B. Current Policies and Programs areas and without health workers. a. Tertiary Health Assistance Alabel and Malapatan shared the highest proportion of children aged 1 to less than 5 The provincial government has an exist- years old who died, with 0.4 percent rate a ing Executive Order on the cost sharing for piece, while Maasim and Malungon got the health related projects. The counterpart lowest rate with 0.1 percent each. sharing is 70 percent for the province and Figure 18. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 50 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 30 percent for the municipality. The same Foundation are involved in addresing the cost-sharing is followed in the tertiary hos- gaps in health service delivery. pital assistance project of the provincial government. However, not all the municipal The province has various projects funded by governments have enough funds to pay foreign development agencies such as USAID, their counterpart, thus leaving the burden UNICEF, and Global Fund. Projects supported to the provincial government. by USAID are: 1) TBLinc which aims to sustain the coordination and collaboration of TB con- b. Budget Support for PhilHealth sa Masa Enrollment trol partners from both the public and private sectors; 2) HealthGov which aims to develop Both the Provincial Government of Saran- and strengthen LGUs health system through in- gani and its seven Municipalities commit- stitutional capabilities and technical assistance ted to allocate budget for enrolment to the providers for participatory, evidence based PhilHealth Sponsored Program amounting decision making, enriched and supported by to Php7M for CY 2010. The target is to en- advocacy; and 3) Maximizing Access to Child roll 24,399 indigent families by 2012 from Health (MATCH) Project which is handled by the current enrollment of 2,685. the International Aid based in the municipality of Kiamba and the project scope is confined only c. Public and Private Partnership and Networking for the three municipalities of Kiamba, Maasim and Maitum. Sarangani is an Agri-Tourism Based province and generate majority of its Global Fund Malaria component comple- revenues from agriculture, aquaculture, ments the Malaria Program in the province and tourism. The provincial quest for a through the provision of service deliverables fast paced economic and cultural devel- such as bednets, chemicals, and medicines. opment is propelled by dynamic partner- The project also provides funds for trainings ships with private entities, NGOs, and of LGUs. UNICEF has also been giving as- foreign partners. In the province, NGOs sistance to the province since 1994 through and other partners were organized into its Country Programme for Children (CPC) a single entity with different targets and IV, V, and VI Projects. The program provides concerns. The organized group, dubbed cash assistance for trainings, meetings, and as SPECTRUM, serves as the umbrella of monitoring; medicines, supplies, equipment, all NGOs working within the province. and instruments for health facilities. Under In health aspects, various local private CPC VI, the project provided fund assistance stakeholders such as the Mahintana for the construction of water facilities in some Foundation, RD Groups of Companies, priority barangays under its Water, Sanitation Dole Philippines, and Conrado Alcantara and Hygiene (WASH) component. 51 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health Target 5.A Reduce by three quarters, The proportion of women deaths due to between 1990 and 2015, the maternal pregnancy-related causes is 0.2 percent mortality ratio or a magnitude of 21 mothers. Ninety per- cent (90%) or about 19 cases is recorded A. Status and Trends in rural areas. The reasons may attributed to spaced births, frequent pregnancies, Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy- poor detection and management of high- Related Causes risk pregnancies, poor access to health 52 Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 19. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 facilities, and lack of competence of health Target 5.B Achieve, by 2015, service providers in handling obstetrical Universal Access to Reproductive Health emergencies. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception Among the municipalities, Maitum and Glan shared the highest rate of 0.5 percent Thirty-six percent (36%) or 25,719 couples each while Maasim has zero incidence of in the province are using contraception. maternal death. Source: CBMS Survey 2007 53 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Figure 20. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Urban areas recorded a higher percentage vices, and the Municipal Investment Plan than rural areas, because advocacy on the for Health (MIPH) in achieving the Maternal use of contraception is more focused in ur- and Child Health bode well for the compre- ban centers. hensive and integrated maternal healthcare in the province. To sustain the gains, a Among the component towns, Malungon number of concerns should be addressed. got the highest rate with 44 percent while These include the following: Malapatan had the lowest rate which is • Strengthening information, education and 22 percent. communication (IEC) activities for mothers on maternal care B. Current Policies and Programs • Providing Basic Emergency Obstetric Care (BeMONC) trainings to health personnel The formulation of a Province-wide Invest- • Rationalizing of Health Facilities ment Plan for Health (PIPH) which provides • Formulating contraceptive self-reliance strategic location and intervention of ser- plan and policy support 54 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 6: Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases Target 6.A Have halted by 2015 and The proportion of couples using condom begun to reverse the spread of hiv/aids among those who are practicing contra- ception in Sarangani accounts for a mea- sly 1.3 percent equivalent to 333 couples. A. Status and Trends The municipality of Malungon has the most number with 125 couples. Malapatan has Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those the least number of only 16 couples. Con- Who are Practicing Contraception dom usage in rural areas is slightly higher than in urban areas. 55 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Target 6.C Have halted by 2015 and Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with begun to reverse the incidence of malaria Tuberculosis and other major diseases Tuberculosis is one of the causes of morbidity and mortality in the Province. The prevalence of Death Rates Associated with Malaria and HIV/AIDS death rates associated with this type of disease Based on the 2007 CBMS survey results, is 17 percent. This type of disease has affected there were no incidence of deaths associ- more males than females in the Province, and ated with malaria and HIV/AIDS. higher in the rural than in urban ar areas. Figure 21. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those Who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 56 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Among the component towns, Kiamba sional service providers that indicates poor has the highest number of cases at 20 or appreciation of the TB signs and symptoms; 37 percent rate, followed by Maasim and (b) poor adherence to Direct Observed Maitum, while the lowest is recorded in Treatment Short Course (DOTS); (c) limited Alabel at about 3 cases or 6 percent rate. number of trained DOTS treatment part- ners; (d) low treatment compliance; and The reasons attributed to these were: (a) (e) health workers are not updated on TB delayed consultation of patients to profes- treatment protocol. Figure 22. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality. Sarangani, 2007 57 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani o
  • B. Current Policies and Programs including tuberculosis. It has established linkage with NGOs for some assistance. The province is exerting efforts on Malaria awareness campaign, and is currently col- C. Recommendations laborating with local and foreign agencies/ organizations for the prevention and control The province needs to establish a social of this disease. A Municipal Malaria Task hygiene clinic specifically in Glan because Force has also been created and currently of the free entry of people from Brunei, functional. Barangay Microscopy Centers Indonesia, and Malaysia. Some health and Rapid Diagnostic Testing (RDT) sites personnel are not trained on Syndromic are also established and functional which Management for STI/HIV/AIDS. There is cater to the smearing, diagnostic and treat- also a need to train health personnel on ment of positive cases. the Management of Emerging and Re- emerging Diseases. Moreover, there should On the other hand, the province also be strengthening of community based sur- has an intensified disease prevention and veillance system for prompt reporting and control project to combat some diseases investigation of cases. 58 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 7.A Integrate the Principles of Of the total forestland area, more than one- Sustainable Development into Country half (56%) is still covered with forest trees. Policies and Programmes and Reverse Vast forest-covered areas are found in the the Loss of Environmental Resources western part of the province or the MAKIMA area (Maasim, Kiamba, and Maitum). A. Status and Trends Being a rural province, Sarangani is quite Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest free from industrial air pollution. However, its bay is threatened by pollution coming Sarangani Province has a total land area from the wastes being discharged by indus- of 398,664 hectares. Of this, 68 percent or trial establishments in General Santos City 272,433 hectares are classified as forestland. which is a highly urbanized city. 59 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 has access to safe drinking water. A higher Target 7.C Halve, by 2015, the number of households with access to safe wa- Proportion of People Without Sustainable ter is observed in the urban areas. This is at- Access to Safe Drinking Water and Basic tributed to the presence of Water Districts that Sanitation are operating Level III type of Water Systems (or individual household connections). On the Proportion of Population with Access other hand, only 67 percent of households in to Safe Drinking Water rural areas have access to safe drinking water. Based on the 2007 CBMS survey result, 71 Among the component towns, the highest percent of the total population of the Province is Alabel with 85 percent coverage followed Figure 23. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 60 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 by Kiamba and Maasim with 84 percent and to sanitary toilet facility. Households in 83 percent, respectively. The lowest is Glan urban areas have more access (79%) with less than half of its households having compared to rural areas (60 %). access to safe drinking water. Among the component towns, Proportion of Population with Access Maitum has the highest percentage to Sanitary Toilet Facility rate of population(75%) with access to sanitary toilet facility while the Sixty-two percent (62.1%) of the total lowest is Malapatan with a mere 48 population of the Province has access percent. Figure 24. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 61 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Target 7.D By 2020, to have Achieved tlers. The urban area has a higher rate of a Significant Improvement in the Lives of 7 percent than rural areas with 2 percent. at Least 100 Million Slum Dwellers Among the 7 towns of Sarangani Prov- ince, Malapatan has the most number of Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers informal settlers (724), followed by the Municipality of Glan (530). Meanwhile, About 3 percent or a magnitude of 11,242 Maitum has the least number of households population in the province are informal set- who are informal settlers (163). Figure 25. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 62 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Source: CBMS Survey 2007 Proportion of Population who are Living in Make- Among the component towns of the province, shift Housing Glan has the highest rate at 6.6 percent while Maitum got the lowest at 1.4 percent rate. Four percent (4%) of the Sarangans are living in makeshift housing. A great number Proportion of Population who are Living in Inad- of them are locted in the rural areas with a equate Living Conditions magnitude of 2,669 persons. On the other hand, lesser number is residing in urban Fifty-two percent (52%) of total popula- area with 350 or 2.6 percent rate. tion of the province is living in inadequate Figure 26. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 63 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • living condition. A great number is found the lowest with 13,239 population or 37 in rural areas constituting 39,516 (55%) in percent rate. population. The reasons attributed to this problem include: Of the seven (7) component towns, Glan (a) growing populations; (b) poverty, (c) displace- has the most number with 41,027 popula- ment due to recurrence of natural and man-made tion or 69 percent rate while Maitum has calamities; and (d) migration due to employment. Figure 27. Proportion of Population who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 64 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • B. Current Policies and Programs Meanwhile, in an effort to address the water and sanitation problems of the Prov- The Provincial Government is currently ince, the Provincial Water Supply Sewerage fast-tracking the completion of its Provincial and Sanitation Sector Plan (PW4SP) was Environment Code. It is also collaborating formulated in partnership with the Japan with other concerned agencies/stakehold- International Cooperation Agency (JICA) ers for a stricter enforcement of environ- which provided technical assistance dur- mental laws and policies. ing the preparation. A unit (PW4SU) under the Provincial Planning and Development About 23 percent of the total land area of Office was also created to focus on the the province is classified as protected area. implementation of the said Plan. This is covered under NIPAS (Network of Integrated Protected Areas System) Act. The coverage of households with access Major protected areas include the Saran- to safe water is constantly increasing year gani Bay Protected Seascape and the Mt. after year. This is the result of the province’s Matutum Protected Landscape. The man- program which provides water to waterless agement of these protected areas is gov- barangays and continuously prioritizes wa- erned by a Protected Area Management ter as an immediate need of the community. Board (PAMB). Local partners and other concerned agen- cies also contributed to this endeavor. SENREM Program (or the Sarangani En- vironment and Natural Resources Manage- Monitoring of water quality was focused ment) is the banner program of the Province on public water facilities. To ensure water related to environmental protection and potability, other than laboratory exami- natural resources management which has nation, the people are encouraged to do an annual allocation of PhP5 million. boiling, and chlorination. The Environment Control and Protection Center (ECPC) wa- The Province, at the same time, has been ter laboratory is still in the process of seek- providing financial and technical assistance ing accreditation from the Department of to the MLGUs for the formulation of their Health (DOH). respective Solid Waste Management Plans as well as Municipal Forest Land Use Plans The Province has also been addressing (MFLUPs). It is also forging partnerships this issue for the past years and even up to with private sectors/NGOs in rehabilitat- present through its Resettlement and Hous- ing micro-watersheds through its Adopt- ing Program wherein P5 million, more or a-Watershed Program. less, is allotted every year from the 5 percent Calamity Fund. The Provincial/Municipal Moreover, annually, more or less Php3M Resettlement and Housing Councils were is being invested for the operationaliza- also organized purposely to focus on the tion and maintenance of the Environmen- implementation, as well as the formulation tal Conservation and Protection Center of a Provincial Resettlement and Housing (ECPC). Code and its IRR to serve as the bible of its 65 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • implementation. It has also established tie- ups and partnership with national govern- ment agencies, civil society organizations, private sectors and other housing agencies for this endeavor. C. Challenges • The need to preserve and protect the watershed areas/water sources for continu- ous supply of water • Establishment of resettlement sites and socialized housing projects in all municipali- ties of the Province. • Minimize population growth/pressure in areas vulnerable to calamities/hazards. 66 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development there are only two (2) towns of Sarangani Target 8.F In cooperation with the Province that are connected with wired private sector, make available the telephone lines/landlines and these are Ala- benefits of new technologies, especially bel (the Capital town) and Kiamba, being information and communications served by PILTEL/PLDT and is concentrated only in the poblacion area. Other towns, Status and Trends however, are being served by wireless landline telephones. Proportion of the Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines The highest percentage of households with access to landlines/telephone lines is About 1,355 households have landlines/ registered in Malapatan (2.6%) followed telephone lines which comprises 2 percent by Alabel (2.5%). Meanwhile the lowest is of the total population. As of this writing, in Glan with less than 1 percent. 67 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Proportion of the Households with Cell- phones A total of 15,756 households (19%) has cellphones. Most of the owners are in the urban areas. A cellphone is a very useful tool for communication. Despite of the presence of telecommunication ser- vice providers, still majority (81%) of the Sarangans do not have this. Poverty is the main reason; they do not have the capacity to maintain the cost of having it. The Municipality of Maitum (27%) have the most cellphone owners, followed by the Municipality of Ki- amba (25%). On the other hand, Municipality of Glan has few cell- phone owners (9%). Like other places in the country, Sarangani is being served by major telecom- munications companies like Smart, Globe, and Sun Cellular. Figure 28. Proportion of the Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 68 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goa Using CBMS Data Goals
  • Figure 29. Proportion of the Households with Cellphones, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 Proportion of the Households with Computers The 2007 CBMS survey result showed that only 2 percent of the total house- holds of the province have computers. Alabel (being the capital town) leads the most number of households with computer at 4 percent followed by the municipalities of Kiamba and Maasim with 3 percent and 2 percent, respec- tively. On the other hand, all of the seven (7) towns are already served with wireless internet connections made available by service providers like Smart and Globe. Meanwhile, fast DSL wired connection is already serving the Capitol as well as the entire poblacion of the capital town. Figure 30. Proportion of the Households with Computers, by Municipality, Sarangani, 2007 69 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge Persistent and chronic poverty existing in constitutes major reforms toward strength- Sarangani provided the Provincial Govern- ening poverty program administration and ment the impetus to review and strengthen implementation, and ultimately, developing its anti-poverty policy and program thrusts. inclusive and coordinated social policy. It A high poverty incidence (52% estimate, supports the following policy directives of SAE, NSCB, 2006 and 70% of total popula- the Governor: “No Sarangan shall be left tions, CBMS, 2007; 11th poorest province behind”; “CBMS is Sarangani’s develop- in the country in 2006), low educational ment Bible”; and “Free Sarangani from Top attainment (74% of 6-16 years old chil- 20 most impoverished provinces by 2010”. dren attending in school), and presence of marginalized groups (IPs/Muslims/upland The Project’s operational approach is dwellers) in terms of access to basic public geographic convergence of multi-sector services are among the critical concerns development services in five most impov- that need to be addressed. erished barangays (disparity barangays identified based on simple composite in- The widespread inequality among the dex) of the 7 component municipalities in populace of the province still exists. Thus, order to reduce poverty incidence by 20 government responses on poverty allevia- percentage points (from 65% in 2007 to tion and institutional capacities need to be 45% by the end of 2010). A total of 13,544 improved. It is timely that the following pro- poor households determined through proxy grams/projects and policy responses were means test shall be targeted for assistance. planned and designed for the achievement To monitor their progress out of poverty, a of the Millennium Development Goals project tracking system shall be developed. (MDGs): Civil society and community engagement, as well as LGU counterparting schemes 1. Priority Programs / Projects and Policy shall be encouraged for stakeholder-driven Responses partnership and project management. Co- ordination and harmonization of private Project 1021 sector corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds, national and donor programs shall The project 1021 was conceptualized be undertaken to strengthen development and initiated in January 2010. The project cooperation in poverty reduction. 70 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • The province has an initial investment of age and has the following four (4) main Php985,950.00 in support to the operation components: of the project. Other services to cover the total project cost will be identified based Natural Resource Management (NRM) on the actual needs as assessed during community emersion by the province this This component is designed to conserve current year. coastal resources and marine biodiversity through co-management of critical ma- The project will be achieved through rine habitats, better resources manage- social protection in provision of social ment practices and the introduction of assistance (Localized Conditional Cash improved, upstream land management Transfer or LCCT, protective and rehabili- practices that would arrest land degra- tative services for vulnerable population, dation and enhance the integration of e.g., youth, women, etc.), livelihood and coastal ecosystem. employment through promotion of access to income and gainful employment for Rural Infrastructure (RI) poor households and human development through promotion of widespread access A component aimed at financing local to, and improved quality of social services infrastructure priorities responsive to the and infrastructure, especially among poor needs and priorities of LGUs and communi- communities. ties, for increasing agricultural and fisheries productivity and market development. Positive outcomes of this project will be as follows: Community Fund for Agricultural Development Short-term effects on poverty reduc- (CFAD) tion due to income transfer and multiplier effects. This aims to address diverse investment  Long-term effects: significant im- priorities of rural communities, through the provements in human capital outcomes financing of subprojects which meet com- (education outcomes, health and nutrition munity preferences and local priorities. improvements, economic opportunities, se- curity, dignity and participation) Investment in Governance Reform (IGR) Institutional Synergy One major component which aims to  Standardized poverty targeting/policy strengthen institutional capacities of the – National, Local, NGOs/POs others LGUs in operationalizing a decentralized  Strengthened communication and agricultural and fisheries support service accountability delivery system. Mindanao Rural Development Program (MRDP) Support to Emergency and Livelihood Assistance Program (SELAP) The province is a recipient of Mind- anao Rural Development Program - APL Implementation of Phase II program will 2. The program involves Php154M pack- be implemented in the coming year 71 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • 2010 considering the major policy thrusts  Instituting reforms in education policy of the province. and programs to increase access to formal education and/or community based learn- Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) ing opportunities in areas affected by pov- erty and conflict This program is focused to 3-5 years old  Convergent delivery of public and children that help for the brain development other support services and psychosocial motors of the child.  Promoting economic policies and programs with an equity orientation Among program partners, UNICEF is one   Raising local revenues through that provides financial assistance amount- strengthening and computerization of real ing to Php2.5M annually for trainings and property tax administration learning materials. On the other hand, the  Promoting a more transparent and honorarium of day care teachers is shoul- accountable governance through system- dered by the province. atic reform towards evidence-based pro- gramming and performance budgeting. Food Security Program 2. Financing Millennium Development Goals A national program implemented in the province to ensure food security and suf- The following are the sources of funds to ficiency thereby addressing hunger and finance the programs/projects that would poverty in the province. address the gaps identified: • 20 percent Local Development Fund of the IRA Resettlement and Housing Project • 5 percent Gender and Development (GAD) Fund The housing project is financed by the • Children Fund province and implemented by the mu- • External Commitments (UNICEF, MRDP, nicipalities. Those residents in the ar- SELAP, Food Security, and others.) eas that are deemed vulnerable to any hazard or calamity are eligible under the project. 3. Monitoring the Millennium Development Goals Major policy thrusts of the province: Regular updating of the CBMS should be  Providing better health and other conducted to monitor and assess the prov- social services to the poorest of the poor ince’s progress in achieving the Millennium  Reducing vulnerability of the poor Development Goals. In the case of Saran- to economic and other adverse shocks gani, the CBMS database will be updated through subsidy programs, social insurance in 2011 to measure the achievement of the and improved judicial efficiency MDG targets. 72 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • EXPLANATORY TEXT A. Preparation of Provincial World Bank and Asian Development Bank Millennium Development Goals report, to wit: “the most comprehensive and (MDGs) Report Using CBMS Data consistent comparative subnational data (are) is at the regional level although this 1. Background and Justification is simply an administrative level of govern- ment that has no responsibilities for delivery The availability of good statistics and the capacity of governments, donors and of social services. More data (are) is gradu- international organizations to systematically measure, monitor and report on ally becoming available at the provincial progress in all social and economic spheres are at the heart of development level, but not at lower levels which are at policy and the achievement of the MDGs. the frontline of efforts to reduce poverty1.” The Millennium Development Goals Report 2007 In response, the Philippine Government has embarked on an initiative to localize While progress toward the attainment of the MDGs using the Community-Based the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Monitoring System (CBMS). In 2005, the is systematically being measured, moni- National Statistical Coordination Board tored and reported at the national level, (NSCB) issued Resolution No. 6 “recog- clearly, there must be a parallel effort at the nizing and enjoining support to the CBMS local level to bring the MDGs into the main- as a tool for strengthening the statistical stream of the local development agenda. system at the local level that will generate statistics for monitoring and evaluation of This is especially called for under decen- development plans, including the progress tralized regimes where local government of the local governments in attaining the units (LGUs) are at the forefront of policy Millennium Development Goals.” or program execution. Unfortunately, how- ever, national statistical systems have yet to Meanwhile, several approaches are be- respond adequately to the demand for mi- ing carried out by the Department of the cro-level statistics that can aid LGUs in their Interior and Local Government (DILG) in poverty alleviation efforts, as noted in a joint capacitating LGUs to contribute to the at- 1 Decentralization in the Philippines: Strengthening Local Government Financing and Resource Management in the Short-Term, 2005 (A Joint Document of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank) 73 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • tainment of the MDGs and uplifting the Meeting on Localizing the MDGs held on quality of life of their constituents. These November 28, 2006 at the United Nations interventions are particularly stated in DILG Economic and Social Commission for Asia Memorandum Circular (MC) No. 2004-152 and the Pacific (UN ESCAP) in Bangkok, “Guide to Local Government Units in the Thailand. The Committee on Poverty Reduc- Localization of the MDGs” dated Novem- tion composed of 24 nation-states agreed ber 2004, which provides for the: (a) menu that the CBMS could complement the of- of Programs, Projects and Activities (PPAs) ficial data collection activities of national per MDG goal and target to guide LGUs statistical offices and improve the availabil- in responding to the MDGs; (b) diagnosis ity of the MDG and other indicators at the of the local situation using existing local local level. It also agreed that localizing the indicators and monitoring system; and (c) MDGs through CBMS would help integrate call for documentation and replication of the goals into the national development good practices. strategies. It therefore urged other devel- oping countries to initiate and implement The CBMS that is being implemented in similar innovative systems that would help the Philippines is indeed well-positioned to localize the MDGs. track progress toward the attainment of the MDGs at the local level. For one, a number As of May 12, 2010, CBMS is being of indicators being monitored in the CBMS implemented in 59 provinces (32 of which are included in the indicators for monitor- are province-wide), 687 municipalities and ing the progress in achieving the MDGs. 43 cities in the Philippines, covering 17,848 Moreover, CBMS is intended to be done on barangays all over the country (see Figure a regular basis and can therefore be used 33). A good number of these LGUs have for updating MDG indicators and facilitat- already consolidated their CBMS data- ing preparation of regular MDG reports. bases and are well-positioned to generate The CBMS can also be used as basis by their own local MDG Reports. For one thing, national and local governments for costing CBMS collects information that reflects the and identifying appropriate interventions multi-faceted nature of poverty. In addi- needed to achieve the MDGs as well as tion, data generated by the CBMS can be for resource allocation. Finally, given the broken down by municipal, barangay, pu- large spatial disparities, the CBMS can rok and even down to the household level, help identify where focus has to be given thereby presenting meaningful information to achieve the targets. and enabling deeper analysis of the poverty situation. Moreover, the CBMS can gener- The CBMS’ role in localizing the MDGs ate color-coded maps showing the poverty was recognized during an Experts Group status at each geopolitical level. 74 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 31. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 2. Objectives level. The CBMS Census was conducted in these provinces between 2005 and 2007 This technical collaboration aims to ca- (for detailed information on census years, pacitate nine provincial governments to see Table 38). systematically measure, monitor and report their status with respect to the MDGs. The In particular, the technical collaboration operative word here is status since the prov- was carried out to meet the following ob- inces used their first round of CBMS data jectives: in formulating this report. These provinces (i) to track the status on the attain- include Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, ment of the MDGs in the identified Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, provinces; (ii) to assist these provinc- Marinduque, Romblon, Sarangani and es in preparing their Provincial MDG Siquijor. The abovementioned provinces Reports; and (iii) to increase local were selected since they were among the awareness on how these reports can first LGUs that were able to consolidate bridge local and national development their CBMS databases at the provincial strategies. 75 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • 3. Expected Technical Collaboration Outputs Presentation and Critiquing of Provin- cial MDG Reports. This 3-day activity was The technical collaboration is expected to designed to finalize the Provincial MDG produce the following outputs: (i) mentored Reports and at the same time provide an technical staff of the nine CBMS-partner opportunity for an exchange of views and provinces on how to prepare Provincial possible harmonization of approaches as MDG Reports, and (ii) Provincial MDG Re- well as for the provision of consistent guid- ports of the nine provinces. ance to all the Provincial MDG Teams. The expected output from this workshop was the 4. Capacity-Building complete manuscript of the MDG Report which already incorporates the comments/ The capacity-building of the Provincial inputs of the assigned mentor and resource MDG Teams consists of three workshops persons who were invited to share their ex- and one-on-one mentoring process. pertise during the workshop. Processing of CBMS Data to Generate MDG Mentor/Mentee Relationship. In order to Indicators. This 2-day activity was designed ensure a sustained and focused mentoring to provide participants with: (i) a deeper ap- program, a mentor from the Research Team preciation of the importance of the CBMS of the CBMS Network was matched to one in benchmarking/tracking local progress Provincial MDG Team. toward the attainment of the MDGs; (ii) a satisfactory level of knowledge in process- The assigned mentor was expected to ing CBMS data to facilitate analyses of ac- set a specific time each week to interact complishments versus targets; (iii) some basic with his/her Provincial MDG Team and skills on how to incorporate MDG targets in discuss the following: (1) review progress local development plans and facilitate cor- in drafting the Provincial MDG Report, (2) responding increase in budget allocation for set/identify targets for the coming weeks, MDG-responsive PPAs; and (iv) tools and and (3) draw up an action plan to achieve methodologies in formulating MDG reports. those targets. In addition, the mentor was expected to assist his/her assigned MDG Preparation of Provincial MDG Reports Team in identifying and solving problem Using CBMS Data. This 2-day activity was areas. designed to build on the gains of the first workshop by providing technical assistance Meanwhile, Dr. Celia M. Reyes, Anne to the Project Teams in (i) processing CBMS Bernadette E. Mandap and Marsmath A. data to generate the additional MDG indi- Baris, Jr. reviewed all partial and final re- cators and consolidating their data at the ports. The technical staff of the NEDA Social provincial level, (ii) benchmarking/tracking Development Staff headed by Director Er- their progress toward the attainment of the linda Capones also reviewed and provided MDGs , (iii) reviewing partial provincial valuable comments on the reports. reports based on the indicators generated using the first workshop, and (iv) finalizing list of indicators to be included in the report. 76 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • B. CBMS-MDG Indicators Unless otherwise indicated, all the statisti- cal tables, graphs, charts and poverty maps presented in this report were generated us- ing the CBMS methodology. Box 1. Community-Based Monitoring System The CBMS is an organized way of col- It involves the following steps: lecting data at the local level to be used by Step 1 – Advocacy/organization local governments, national government Step 2 – Data collection and field editing agencies, nongovernment organizations Step 3 – Data encoding and map digitization (NGOs) and civil society for planning, Step 4 – Data consolidation, database-building budgeting, and implementing local devel- & poverty mapping opment programs as well as for monitor- Step 5 – Data validation and community con- ing and evaluating their performance. It is sultation a tool for improved local governance and Step 6 – Knowledge (database) management democratic decision-making that promotes Step 7 – Plan formulation greater transparency and accountability in Step 8 – Dissemination, implementation, and resource allocation. monitoring The MDG Indicators, which were esti- mated using CBMS data, are presented in Table 31. 77 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • Table 32. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition 78 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 79 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • 80 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • C. Poverty and Food Thresholds E. Survey Operations All survey operations were undertaken un- Official poverty thresholds computed by der the supervision of the CBMS Technical the NSCB were used and, in some cases, Working Groups (TWGs) at the Provincial updated to the reference period for the and Municipal Levels. They identified the CBMS data by inflating these thresholds local personnel who were trained as enu- using the appropriate Consumer Price Index merators and field supervisors. Technical (CPI). The poverty and food thresholds used assistance was provided by the PEP-CBMS for each province are presented in Table 38. Network Coordinating Team, the Bureau of Local Government Development (BLGD) D. Authority for the CBMS Census and Regional Office IV-B of the Depart- ment of the Interior and Local Government The NSCB has issued Resolution No. 6 (DILG), National Anti-Poverty Commission (2005) which recognizes and enjoins sup- (NAPC), National Economic and Develop- port to the CBMS as a tool for strengthen- ment Authority (NEDA) Regional Office IV-B ing the statistical system at the local level. and the Institute for Democratic Participa- It also directs the NSCB Technical Staff tion in Governance (IDPG). to initiate and coordinate an advocacy program for the adoption of the CBMS by Training was mainly conducted at two the LGUs, through the Regional Statisti- levels. The first level training (Training of cal Coordination Committees (RSCCs), Trainors) is conducted for members of the the technical arm of the NSCB Executive TWGs. This is usually conducted by mem- Board in the regions. bers of the research staff of the CBMS Net- work and CBMS accredited trainors from The NSCB has also approved the CBMS the DILG, NAPC and NEDA. Meanwhile, a Survey Instruments through NSCB Approval second level training (Training of Enumera- No. DILG-0903-01. tors) is conducted for enumerators who are 81 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Sarangani
  • usually composed of barangay health workers These softwares were provided for free to and students. The members of the TWG acted the nine provinces which formulated their as trainors in this training. reports under this project. F. Data Processing System G. CBMS Poverty Maps The data processing software used under this project includes the CBMS Data Encoding The poverty map for each indicator shows System, the CBMS-Natural Resources Data- the provincial map disaggregated by mu- base and Stata. nicipality. The CBMS encoding system uses CSPro A simple color scheme is used (green, (Census and Survey Processing), a software light green, pink and red) to represent the developed by the United States Bureau of four ranges of data for each indicator. Each Census for entering, editing, tabulating, and indicator, however, used a different range disseminating data from censuses and sur- relative to the provincial data. veys. The CSPro-based (Census and Survey Processing) Encoding System converts survey data into electronic data. It produces text files H. Limitations of the Data (ASCII) described by data dictionaries, which adds flexibility to the output data. This feature While observations are taken from the facilitates the interface between the CBMS entire population, the user of the data pre- data and other database systems and statisti- sented in this report should bear in mind cal softwares. that the municipalities in two provinces (Eastern Samar and Biliran) were not able The CBMS Mapping system employs the to collect their data over the same period. Natural Resources Database (NRDB) for For instance, CBMS was piloted in a num- CBMS-based poverty mapping and for stor- ber of municipalities in Eastern Samar and ing and displaying household- and individual- Biliran in 2005 and was implemented prov- level information, The CBMS-NRDB is capable incewide in 2006. Moreover, due to some of creating and storing spatial (shapefiles) and difficulties, the CBMS census could not be non-spatial (texts and numbers) data as well carried out in 1 barangay in Romblon, and as generating maps, reports and graphs ideal 2 barangays each in Camarines Norte and for presentation and analysis of poverty attri- Eastern Samar. butes in the community. This has significantly addressed the need for a simple yet powerful Estimates on poverty and subsistence inci- and free geographically-oriented database. dence may also be affected by under- and/ or over-reporting of income or reluctance Meanwhile, the CBMS data presented in on the part of the respondents to reveal their this report through tables, graphs, charts and true levels of income. As in other surveys, poverty maps were processed using Stata, a the CBMS enumerators may also have en- general-purpose statistical software package countered interview non-response and item created in 1985 by StataCorp. non-response. 82 Province of Sarangani Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Available in this series: NATIONAL REPORT • Philippines Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals 2010 PROVINCIAL REPORTS •Status ReportofonAgusan del NorteDevelopment Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonAgusan del Sur Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonBiliranMillennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the •Status ReportofonCamarines Norte Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonEastern Samar Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonMarinduque Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium • Status Report onRomblon Province of the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data •Status ReportofonSiquijor Province the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data •Status ReportofonSarangani Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium